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Duke. You are welcome : take your place.
Are you ac-
quainted, &c., do
you know the Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew? particulars and Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. the nature of the
case before the Por. Is your name Shylock ?
Shylock is my name. 115 Por. (to Ant.) You stand within his danger,* do Within his dan
in his power
as a captive.
confess the bond ? Confess, acknow. Ant. I do.
ledge or own it.
Twice blest, it has
a double blessing. It blesses him that gives, and him that takes. 125 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest : it becomes
The throned monarch better than his crown.
Seasons, tempers, And earthly pow'r doth then show* likest God's
modifies. 130 When mercy seasons* justice. Therefore, Jew, Render, to give or Though justice be thy plea, consider this,
bestow. That in the course of justice none of us
My deeds, &c.,
he determines to Should see salvation : we do
bear the respon.
sibility of his
actions. 135 The deeds of mercy.
Crave, demand, Shy. My deeds * upon my head! I crave* the law, Equity
, justice, The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
fairness. Bass. For once I beg the court to bend the law Precedent, that To equity.* 'Tis worth a little wrong
which may serve
as an example or 140 To curb this cruel savage of his will.
rule in the future. Por. It must not be. There is no power in Daniel, the pro; Venice
in the Old Testa. Can alter a decree established :
ment, who was
the 'Twill be recorded as a precedent, *
preventing And many an error by the same example
carrying out of 145 Will rush into the state. It cannot be.
an unjust senShy. A Daniel * come to judgment! yea, a Daniel ! chaste Susannah. O wise young judge, how do I honour thee!
Here great Por. I
compliment pray you, let me look upon the bond.
intended by Shy. Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor ; here it is. lock in compar150 Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd ling
the violation of an oath.
Shy. An oath, an oath! I have an oath in
No, not for Venice.
Why, this bond is forfeit,
Take thrice thy money. Bid me tear the bond. Tenor, the agree- Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor. * ment.
160 No power,
There is no power * in the tongue of man
&c., neither the words To alter me: I stay upon my bond. or arguments of
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court
Why, then, thus it is :
Shy. Ay, his breast;
Nearest his heart; those are the very words.
170 Have by, have Por. Have by* a surgeon, Shylock, at your charge, * At your charge,
To stop his wounds, lest he should bleed to death. at your expense. Shy. Is it so nominated * in the bond ? Nominated, mentioned, named,
Por. It is not so express'd ; but what of that ? agreed to. 'Twere good you do so much for charity.
175 Shy. I cannot find it. 'Tis not in the bond. Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is
tion in this affair.
of scales used for
The court awards it, and the law doth give it.
Shy. Most rightful judge !
pare. Tarry, wait.
Por. Tarry a little : there is something else. Jot, the smallest This bond doth give thee here no jot* of blood; possible tity. The words expressly are, a pound of flesh.
185 Then take thy bond : take thou thy pound of flesh; But, in the cutting it, if thou dost shed
One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods Confiscate, seized for the public use,
Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate. * forfeited.
Gra. O upright judge! Mark, Jew! O learned 190
the exact sum lent as
taining the law, 195 Gra. O learned judge !- Mark, Jew !-a learned
Here is the money.
Soft! 200 The Jew shall have all justice; soft !-no haste:
He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Gra. A second Daniel, Jew!
Gra. A Daniel, still say I; a second Daniel ! 210 I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.
Shy. Shall I not barely have my principal ?
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture,
Alien, foreigner. 215 It is enacted by the laws of Venice, If it be proved against an alien*
ted by law to That by direct or indirect attempts
the privileges of
a foreign country He seek the life of any citizen, The party 'gainst the which he doth contrive
jects 220 Shalf seize one half his goods; the other half
country. Goes to the privy coffer * of the state ;
Privy coffer, pri. And the offender's life lies in the mercy
holding money. Of the Duke only, 'gainst all other voice.* Other voice, other In which predicament,* I say, thou stand'st;
Predicament, 225 For it appears by manifest proceeding,
position, state. That indirectly, and directly too,
name given in
law to the person Of the defendant;* and thou hast incurr'd who is charged The danger formerly * by me rehears’d.
with an offence,
has, 230 Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the Duke. therefore, to de Duke. That thou may'st see the difference of our fend himself. spirit,
viously. I pardon thee thy life, before thou ask it.
Pardon, &c., do Shy. Nay, take my life and all; pardon not that:* not remit You take my life, taking whereon I live.
you take my 235 Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio ? wealth.
are said to be naturalised sub
vate chest for
the sentence of death
Quit the fine, &c.
Ant. So please my lord the Duke and all the court,
Duke. He shall do this, or else do I recant * 240
Por. Art thou contented, Jew, What dost thou say?
Shy. I pray you give me leave to go from hence;
Get thee gone ; but do it.
about 610 B.O.
Teian muse was
THE ISLES OF GREECE.* — Byron.
The isles of Greece! the isles of Greece! Sappho, a Greek lyric Where burning Sappho * loved and sung, poetess, who wrote
Where grew the arts of war and peace,
Where Delos * rose and Phæbus sprung! Delos, the island where Apollo (Pho- Eternal summer gilds them yet,
3 bus) was born.
But all,* except their sun, is set. But all, &c., their power has departed, but the memory of
The Scian * and the Teian * muse, their past greatness The hero's harp, the lover's lute, still remains.
Have found the fame your shores refuse : Homer,
Their place of birth, alone, is mute Grecian poet, B.C. 800. To sounds that echo farther west Anacreon,
Than your sires' “ Islands of the Blest.” * brated lyric poet, B.O.
The mountains look on Marathon, * Islands of the Blest,
And Marathon looks on the sea : supposed to be thé Cape de Verde Islands And musing there an hour alone,
15 or the Canaries, off
I dreamed that Greece might still be free : coast of Africa.
For standing on the Persians' grave, Marathon, near I could not deem myself a slave. Athens, of a famous battle in which the Greeks de- A king sate on the rocky brow feated the Persians, Which looks o'er sea-born Salamis, * Salamis, an islet of
And ships by thousands lay below, Greece, off which the And men in nations ;-all were his ! Greeks defeated the
He counted them at break of day,
And when the sun set where were they ?
My country? On thy voiceless shore
The heroic bosom beats no more !
* Greece, a mountainous country in the south of Europe. With the aid of England, France, and Russia, it threw off the Turkish yoke in 1829, and became an independer: kingdom.
Thy lyre. Poetry is
Remnant, a part.
And must thy lyre,* so long divine, 30 Degenerate into hands like mine ?
'Tis something, in the dearth * of fame,
Though linked among a fettered race,
E'en as I sing, suffuse my face ; 35 For what is left the poet here?
For Greeks a blush- for Greece a tear,
Must we but blush ? Our fathers bled.
Earth ! render back from out thy breast 40 A remnant* of our Spartan * dead !
Of the three hundred * grant but three
Ah! no ;-the voices of the dead 45 Sound like a distant torrent's fall,
And answer, “ Let one living head,
In vain-in vain : strike other chords ; 50 Fill high the cup of Samian wine ! *
Leave battles to the Turkish hordes,
And shed * the blood of Scio's vine !
How answers each bold bacchanal ! * 55 You have the Pyrrhic dance as yet
Where is the Pyrrhic phalanx * gone?
The nobler and the manlier one ?
You have the letters Cadmus * gave60 Think ye he meant them for a slave ?
Fill high the bowl with Samian wine !
We will not think of themes like these !
He served—but served Polycrates 65 A tyrant; but our masters then
Were still, at least, our countrymen.
Was freedoin's best and bravest friend :
Oh that the present hour would lend
Samian winel Samos, an island on the coast of Asia Minor, opposite Ionia, famous for its wine. And shed, &c. Make wine from the juice of the grape that grows on the island of Scio, off the coast of Asia Minor Bacchanal, a worship. per of Bacchus, one whoindulgesin drink. Pyrrhic phalanx, a compact body of sol. diers formed in the shape of a wedge. Cadmus, the inventor of letters, and king of Thebes, which city he founded.
He came to Greece B.C. 1550. Polycrates, a king of Samos. The Chersonese, the peninsula of the Morea, Greece. The inhabitants invested Miltiades, the hero of Marathon, with the sovereign power.