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mea nest
his own




But yesterday, the word of Cæsar might Ayainst the world, Have stood against the world *—now lies he the Roman Empire, there,

which Cæsar ruled, included nearly And none so poor

as to do him reverence ! the whole of the then O masters ! if I were disposed to stir known world. Your hearts and mind to mutiny and rage,

40 None so poor, &c: I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius* wrong, person is

too Who, you all know, are honourable men ! high in opinion to do honour

I will not do them wrong; I rather choose to Cæsar.

To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you, Cassius was a Roman Than I will wrong such honourable men !-- 45 noble, upon whom Cæsar bestowed great

But here's a parchment * with the seal of Cæsarhonours. He was the I found it in his closet *_'tis his will ! author of the conspi- Let but the commons * hear his testamentracy to murder his benefactor,

(Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read), Parchment, the skin and they will go and kiss dead Cæsar's wounds, 50 prepared for writing and dip their napkins in his sacred blood;

Yea, beg a hair of him for memory;
Closet, private And, dying, mention it within their wills,
Commons, the com- Bequeathing it, as a rich legacy,*
mon people. Unto their issue !

55 Legacy, anything left by will

If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
Issue, children, de. You all do know this mantle. I remember

The first time that ever Cæsar put it on :
'Twas on a summer's evening, in his tent-
That day he overcame the Nervii ! *

60 The Nervii were the most warlike of the Look! in this place ran Cassius' dagger Belgic tribes. Their

through! country was in the north-eastern portion See what a rent the envious Casca * made !of France. Iu 57 B.C. Through this, the well-beloved Brutus stabbed ! Cæsar so totally de; And as he pluck'd his cursed steel away, had only sco fighting Mark how the blood of Cæsar followed it!

65 men left out of 60,000. As rushing out of doors, to be resolved * spirator who aimed If Brutus so unkindly knocked, or no ;the first thrust at For Brutus, as you know, was Cæsar's angel !* To be resolred, to be Judge, O ye gods, how dearly Cæsar loved him! certrin, This, this was the unkindest cut of all !

70 Ca sar's annel here for when the noble Cæsar saw him stab,

best friend

Ingratitude, more strong than traitors'* arms, Traitor, whio Quite vanquished bim. Then burst his mighty plots against his sove.

heart; reign or the govern

And, in his mantle muffling up his face,
Pompey's statue, a
Even at the base of Pompey's statue

75 statue set up in the Which all the while ran blood !-great Cæsar Forum to the honour

fell ! of Pompey the Great, the predecessor o Oh! what a fall was there, my countrymen !

Then I, and you, and all of us fell down ;












Whilst bloody treason * flourished over us ! Bloody treason, &c., 80 Oh! now you weep, and I perceive you feel

caused Cæsar's blood The dint of pity : these are gracious drops ! to be shed, triumphed Kind souls ! what! weep you when you but for the time being. behold

Dint of pity, the ef

fect of pity which Our Cæsar's vesture wounded ? look you here ! causes you to shed Here is himself-marred,* as you see, by

Marred, disfigured. traitors ! 85 Good friends! sweet friends ! let me not stir

you up
To such a sudden flood of mutiny !
They that have done this deed are honourable !
What private griefs they have, alas, I know

That made them do it: they are wise and

honourable, 90 And will, no doubt, with reason answer you. Orator, one who is I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts. able to make a gcod

speech, I am no orator,* as Brutus is ;


speaker. But, as you know me all, a plain blunt * man, Blunt, honest and That loves his friend—and that they know straightforward.

Wit, knowledge. full well

Worth, influence. 95 That gave me public leave to speak of him-. Speak right on, say

For I have neither wit,* nor words, nor worth,* Dumb nouths, hero
Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech, the wounds of 'Cæsar
To stir men's blood : I only speak right on ! *


mouths having no I tell you that which you yourselves do know; power of speech. 100 Show you sweet Cæsar's wounds, poor, poor And Brutus Antony, dumb mouths ! *

&c. If Antony were

as clever a speaker And bid them speak for me. But, were I as Brutus, he would Brutus,

so work upon their

feelings as to make And Brutus Antony,* there were an Antony them instantly rise Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue up against the traitors

who had so foully In every wound of Cæsar, that should move

murdered their great105 The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny!




est benefactor,

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used to lend







Shakspeare Magnificoes were Enter the DUKE; the MAGNIFICOES ;* ANTONIO, BASSANIO, the higher or

GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALANIO, and others. chief nobles of Antonio, a young

Duke. What, is Antonio * here? merchant, who Ant. Ready, so please your grace.

Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to money to distressed people

answer without receiving A stony adversary,* an inhuman wretch any interest for Uncapable* of pity, void and empty

5 Adversary, an From any dram * of mercy. Ant.

I have heard, Uncapable (now written incap- Your grace hath ta'en great pains to qualify able), not being His rigorous* course; but, since he stands obdurate," Dram, the small. And that no lawful means can carry me est quantity. Out of his envy's reach, I do oppose

, , to turn him from My patience to his fury; and an arm’d his cruel inten- To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,

The very tyranny and rage of his. Rigorous, severe, stern, cruel

Duke. Go one, and call the Jew* into the court. 15 Obdurate, harsh, Salan. He's ready at the door : he comes, my very cruel, stub

lord. born. The Jew, Shylock, who hated An

Enter SHYLOCK. Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our the streets and

face. public places, and Shylock, the world * thinks, and I think so too, him for lending

That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice money at a high To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, rate of interest. Thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse more strange The world, those interested in the Than is thy strange apparent cruelty, matter; here And, where* thou now exact'st the penalty, means the people which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh, IV here, whereas. Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,

25 But, touch'd with human gentleness and love, Moiety, portion. Forgive a moiety* of the principal,

Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
That have of late brought down such ruin on him,


tonio because the latter had often insulted him in

found fault with


of Venice

* Venice was once an important commercial city. It is situated on the islands at the mouth of the river Po, in northern Italy. It has canals for streets, and above 300 bridges over them, the chief of which is the Rialto, built of white marble.

had claims on


were written,


30 Enough to press a royal merchant* down.

Royal merchant, We all expect a gentle answer, Jew.

the great Italian

merchants who Shy. I have possess'd* your grace of what I purpose ;

kingdoms, and

sometimes And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn

acquired princi To have the due and forfeit of my bond.*

palities for them. 35 If you deny it, let the danger light

Possessed, inUpon your charter * and your city's freedom. *

formed. You'll ask me why I rather choose to have

Bond, a binding A weight of carrion flesh than to receive


Charter, that on Three thousand ducats.* I'll not answer that, which the laws 40 But say it is my humour. Is it answer'd ?

What if my house be troubled with a rat,


the power to proAnd I be pleased to give ten thousand ducats tect thefree rights

of the citizens. To have it baned ?* What, are you answer'd yet ?

Ducat, a silver Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, coin, varying in 45 To excuse the current* of thy cruelty.

value in different

countries, so callShy. I am not bound to please thee with my, ed because coin.

ed in the domin. Ant. I pray you, think you question with the A silver ducat is

ions of a Duke. Jew :*

worth about 45. You may as well go stand upon the beach,

60. ; a gold one,

twice as much, And bid the main flood* bate* his usual height ; Baned, destroyed, 50 You may as well use question with the wolf

poisoned. Why he hath made the ewe * bleat for the lamb,

Current, course.

Think you quesAs try to melt his Jewish heart to kindness.

tion with the Jew, Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here are six. remember you

are dealing with Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats 55 Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,

heart is hardened I would not draw them ; I would have my bond.

against argu

ment. Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering Main flood, the none ?

ocean, the rising

tide. Shy. What judgment* shall I dread, doing no

Bate, to stop, lowwrong?

er, or diminish. The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,

Ewe, a female

sheep. 60 Is dearly bought; 'tis mine, and I will have it : Judgment, If you deny me, fie upon your law !


sentence. There is no force in the decrees * of Venice :

Decrees, laws. I stand for judgment : answer; shall I have it ?

Judgment here Duke. Upon my power * I may dismiss this court, Upon my power,

means a verdict. 65 Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,

on my authority. Whom I have sent for to determine * this, Determine, de

cide, Come here to-day.

New, just now,

My lord, here stays without
A messenger with letters from the doctor,

Padua, an an-

cient city in Lom. from Padua.*

bardy, about Duke. Bring us the letters ; call the messenger. twenty miles



who e


this instant.








Buss. Good cheer, Antonio! What, man ? courage


The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, Lose for me, it Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. was in order to

Ant. I am a tainted wether * of the flock, Assist Bassanio

75 that Antonio bor. Meetest* for death ; the weakest kind of fruit rowed the money. Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me : A tainted wether, You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio, ries infection or Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.* disease the finck. Meetest, fittest, Enter NERISSA,* dressed like a lawyer's clerk. most proper or suitable. Epitaph, that Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario ? which is written Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets * your on a tombstone to the memory of


[Presents a letter. the dead.

Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? Nerissa, wife of Shy. To cut the forfeiture * from that bankrupt Gratiano

there. Greets, salutes, sends his compli- Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew, ments.

Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can, Forfeiture, the fine or penalty. No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenness Bankrupt, a Of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee ? tradesman who cannot fulfil his Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. engagements,one Gra. O, for thy life let justice be accused. * who has lost his Thou almost mak’st me waver in my faith, credit.

90 Let justice be ac

To hold opinion with Pythagoras,* cused, justice That souls of animals infuse themselves should be blamed for allowing such

Into the trunks of men : for thy desires a wretch to live. Are wolfish, bloody, starved, and ravenous. Pythagoras, an

Shy. Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, ancient Grecian

95 philosopher, who Thou but offend'st * thy lungs to speak so loud : said that the souls Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall of men, after death, passed

To cureless * ruin.--I stand here for law. into the bodies of Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend animals. Offend, to annoy A young and learned doctor to our court :

100 or hurt.

Where is he?
Cureless, cannot Ner. He attendeth here hard by,
be restored.

To know your answer whether you'll admit him.
Duke. With all my heart :—some three or four of

Go give him cordial conduct to this place.



Portia, wife of

Enter PORTIA,* dressed like a doctor of laws.
Duke. Give me your hand. Came you from old

Por I did, my lord.

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