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120 The Chieftain's gripe his throat compressed,
His knee was planted on his breast;
From blood and mist * to clear his sight, 125 Then gleamed aloft * his dagger bright !
But hate and fury * ill supplied
To turn the odds of deadly game;
Reeled soul and sense, reeled brain and eye.
The struggling foe may now unclasp 135 The fainting chief's relaxing * grasp ;
Unwounded from the dreadful close,
ELEGY WRITTEN IN A COUNTRY CHURCHYARD.
bell rung in England
during Norman times The ploughman homeward plods * bis weary to warn the people to way,
put out all fires and And leaves the world to darkness and to me.
lights at eight o'clock.
Parting, departing. 5 Now fades the glimmering * landscape on the untilled meadow.
Lea, grass-land, an sight,
Plods, walks as if And all the air a solemn stillness holds,
very tired. Save where the beetle wheels his droning
Glimmering, fading flight,
like a bee. And drowsy tinklings * lull the distant
Drowsy tinklings, &c., the sound of bells
tied round the necks Save that from yonder ivy-mantled tower of some of the sheep. To The moping* owl does to the moon complain Moping, dull, gloomy.
Of such as, wandering near her secret bower,
Molest, injure, dis
turb. Beneath those rugged * elms, that yew-tree's Rugged, rough, of shade,
uneven surface. Where heaves the turf in many a moulder
ing heap, 15 Each in his narrow cell for ever laid,
Hamlet, a small vil The rude forefathers of the hamlet * sleep. lage.
Breezy call, &c., fresh The breezy call* of incense-breathing morn, sweet air of the morn
The swallow twittering from the straw-built ing.
shed, Clarion, a narrow- The cock's shrill clarion,* or the echoing horn, tubed trumpet. No more shall rouse them from their lowly 20 Horn, the hunter's horn heard early in
For them no more the blazing hearth shall
burn, Ply, &c., attend to Or busy housewife ply * her evening care :
No children run to lisp their sire's return,
Or climb his knees the envied kiss to share.
Oft did the harvest to their sickle yield, 25 Furrow, the trench Their furrow * oft the stubborn glebe * has made by the plough.
broke; Glebe, land for culti
[afield ! * vating.
How jocund* did they drive their team * Jocund, cheerful,
How bowed the woods beneath their sturdy merry. Team, two or more
stroke ! horses, or other beasts of burden, harnessed Let not Ambition mock their useful toil, together. Afield, on towards the Their homely joys, and destiny * obscure ; 30
Nor Grandeur hear with a disdainful smile Destiny, our state of
The short and simple annals * of the poor. Annals, the account of what takes place The boast of heraldry, the
power, from year to year. And all that beauty, all that wealth e'er
gave, Inevitable, sure to Await alike the inevitable
The paths of glory lead but to the grave. Impute, to blame.
Nor you, ye proud, impute* to these the fault, Anthem, a sacred
If Memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise, Storied urn, a vessel Where through the long-drawn aisle and fretted containing the ashes vault of the deado person. The pealing anthem * swells the note of praise. 40 life written upon it. Bust, a representa- Can storied urn or animated bust *
Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? shoulders in solid substance.
Can Honour's voice provoke * the silent dust, Provoke, here means Or Flattery soothe the dull cold ear of to call forth.
45 Rod of empire, the Some heart once pregnant * with celestial sceptre, marking the power given to sovereigns to rule or Hands that the rod of empire * might have govern. Ecstasy, great joy.
swayed, Lyre, a kind of harp. Or waked to ecstasy * the living lyre.*
tion of the head and
But Knowledge to their eyes her ample * page, Ample, large, wide, 50 Rich with the spoils * of time, did ne'er
Spoils, things taken unroll ;
from an enemy, here Chill Penury * repressed * their noble rage, means knowledge acAnd froze the genial current of the soul.
quired through prede
Penury, poverty. Full * many a gem, of purest ray serene, Repressed, stopped,
checked. The dark unfathomed * caves of ocean bear :
Genial, gay, cheerful. 55 Full many a lower is born to blush unseen, Full, &c., very many. And waste its sweetness on the desert air. Unfathomed, un
sounded, depth not
known. Some village Hampden,* that with dauntless Hampden (John) breast
lived in the reign of
Charles I. He would The little tyrant of his fields withstood ;
not pay the tax of Some mute inglorious Milton,* here may “ship money," and
became one of the rest,
leaders of the insur60 Some Cromwell,* guiltless of his country's rection. blood.
Milton (John) was one the greatest Eng
lish poets who ever The applause * of listening senates * to com- lived! mand,
Cromwell, the great
leader in the rebellion The threats of pain and ruin to despise,
against Charles I.; To scatter plenty o'er a smiling land,
afterwards became And read their history in a nation's eyes,
Senate, an assembly 65 Their lot forbade : nor circumscribed * alone for managing the af.
fairs of a country. Their growing virtues, but their crimes con
Lot forbade, denied
this privilege from Forbade to wade through slaughter to a their position in life. throne,
Circumscribe, to put
boundaries And shut the gates of Mercy on mankind; about a thing, to
confine. The struggling pangs of conscious truth * to Conscious truth, what
one knows and feels hide,
to be true.
. 7; Along the cool sequestered * vale of life
Sequestered, lonely, They kept the noiseless tenor* of their way. set apart, private.
Tenor, here means
their course of life. Yet even these bones from insult to protect,
Some frail memorial still erected nigh,
Tribute, something So Implores the passing tribute * of a sigh. given or paid.
Their name, their years, spelt by the unUnlettered, not learned.
lettered * Muse, Elegy here
The place of fame and elegy supply; praise of the dead.
And many a holy text around she strews, Moralist, one who That teach the rustic moralist * to die. tries to learn lessons from what happens For who to dumb Forgetfulness a prey,
This pleasing, anxious being, e'er resigned ; Precinct, an enclosd Left the warm precincts* of the cheerful day,
Nor cast one longing, lingering look behind? Parting, departing. On some fond breast the parting * soul relies, Pious, loving, affec- Some pious * drops the
closing eye requires; 90 Even from the tomb the voice of Nature
For thee, who, mindful of the unhonoured
dead, Artless, simple, with- Dost in these lines their artless * tale relate ;
If chance, by lonely Contemplation led, 95 Kindred spirit, one Some kindred spirit * shall inquire thy fate, having habits and ideas. Haply, perhaps.
Haply * some hoary-headed swain * may say, Swain, a peasant. «Oft have we seen him at the peep of dawn
Brushing with hasty steps the dews away, Lawn, a smooth piece To meet the sun upon the upland lawn. * of grass-land.
“There, at the foot of yonder nodding beech, Fantastic, odd, curi.
That wreathes its old fantastic * roots so
high, Listless, heedless, His listless * length at noontide would he careless.
stretch, Pore, look
And pore * upon the brook that babbles by. steadily, as Hard by, close to, “Hard by. * yon wood, now smiling as in scorn, 105
Muttering his wayward fancies he would
rove ; Wan, pale, faint.
Now drooping, woful, wan,* like one forlorn, Forlorn, forsaken. Crazed, one who is Or crazed * with care, or crossed in hopeless deranged in mind.
« One morn
missed him on the accustomed
hill, Heath, uncultivated
Along the heath * and near his favourite 110
tree; Rill. a small running Another came, nor yet beside the rill, *
Nor up the lawn, nor at the wood was be ;
« The next, with dirges * due, in sad array, Dirge, a funeral ser.
vice. Slow through the church-way path we saw
Array, procession, him borne :
order. 115 Approach and read (for thou canst read) the lay
Lay, the song or verse
carved on the stone;
Epitaph, an inscrip
tion on a tomb.
A youth to Fortune and to Fame unknown;
And Melancholy * marked him for her own. state of mind, sad-
Heaven did a recompense as largely send : Sincere, truthful,
a friend. 125 No further seek his merits * to disclose, Merits, goodness.
Or draw his frailties * from their dread Frailties, weakabode, *
Dread abode, the (There they alike in trembling hope repose),
The bosom of his Father and his God.
Foreign strand, countries other than one's own native land.
LOVE OF COUNTRY.-Scott.
“ This is my own, my native land !”
Whose heart hath ne'er within him burned, 5
As home his footsteps he hath turned,
From wandering on a foreign strand ! *
And, doubly dying, shall go down
Unwept, unhonoured, and unsung.