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beloved brother in Christ.” The he never knew it was given to sacerdotal reverend delegates seemed com


" Rev. Mr. E. D. Neil said he had pletely to ignore the fact that

never worn a gown until one had been things were in a bad state, socially offered to bim by Bishop Cummins that and spiritually, when one morning, and yet he did not know that doesn't know whether another man he was encouraging idolatry. He desired is his father or his brother. The

a plain table, supported on

an open

frainework. two solitary lights of the Reformed Episcopacy, Cummins and Cheney, tect had done as much as anybody to

“ Bishop Cummins said that the archiacted with that suavity of non- corrupt the church of God, innocently commitalism concerning their titles perhaps, but none the less effectively. wbich seemed clearly to say, “ How

" The article, after an hour's discushappy could we be with either!" sion: was tinally adopted to read us fol

lows: After a long discussion the matter ". Nothing calculated to teach, either was solved for a time in the usual directly or symbolically, that the Chriseasy-going style, so appropriate to tian ministry possesses a sacerdotal chara " free” church, viz., a ""laying acter, or that the Lord's Supper is a sacon" the table during the vote, upon

ritice, shallever be allowed in this Church.

Nor shall any communion table be conwhich motion a contented delegate structed in the form of an altar, but shall of Shaksperian tastes was heard to be plain, and supported on an open frameexclaim, solto voce, “ Lay on, Mac- work.'' duff!" et sequitur.

We seriously think that in view “ Article 9 was the occasion of a grand of the great pressure of time and fight, and the text upon which most, if business which Bishop Cummins not all, of the delegates proceeded to ex- stated was afflicting the council, pluin the reasons which induced them to

that the “ Fathers” thereof might sever connection with the mother church. The original article read:

have saved themselves a great deal ". No church decorations, ornaments, of time and thought in drawing up vestments, postures, or ceremonies calcus and discussing this last article. lated to teach, either directly or symbol. Not even “a plain table, supported ically, that the Christian ministry possesses a sacerdotal character, or that the

on an open framework,” would ever Lord's Supper is a sacrifice, 'shall ever be convey to any right-witted person allowed in the worship of this Church, the most delicate suspicion of their nor shall any communion table be con- sacerdotalism, or of the presence of structed in the form of an altar.'

“The enumeration of nll the particu- any altar of sacrifice, except that of lars of what seemed abominations in the good sense and honest doctrine in church services was first objected to, and

the “worship" of their church. a general negation moved in substitution. It must be clearly understood Bishop Cummins said:

that all this discussion on the can66. It is this very altar which has been a principal, if not the main cause of business of the convention,—the re

ons was but preliminary to the real driving me out of the Church, and it is ruining thousands and leading them to

vision of the prayer-book. Upon idolatry, the teachings thereof being a the basis of that prayer-book had Dr. most fruitful source of error. Bishop Cummins repeatedly declared was McIlvaine never would consecrate church in which the altar graced or dis- established. Its corner-stone was

the spiritual edifice of his church graced the chancel, and yet now, immediately on his death, the very churches neither Jesus Christ nor the Bible, in which he worked have adopted the the wbole Bible and nothing but altar; I would rather be right on that the Bible, as is the most general point than on any other.'

pretence of the other Protestant Bishop Cheney contributed much to the merriment, by stating that Christ churches, but the prayer-book of Church in Chicago, over which he pre- 1789, a very uncertain basis we sided, bad always had an altar, though think it may prove. No wonder



then that all other subjects were selves; but thero was no objection to hurried over as of ininor considera- adding to their heritage these beautiful tion to the revision of the prayer- did not want to spoil the old book, so

sentences on essential bolidays. They book.

that no Episcopalian could feel at home Before, however, proceeding to in their Church. this great work, a reverend delegate “ The theological tinkering, however, rose to narrate what liberties the proceeded vehemently.

“ The Secretary, Herbert B. Turner, paternal ancestry of Cummins's

made a brief but powerful speech, opposchild had taken in the same direc- ing the mere handful present going in tion, among which he announced with paste and scissors to patch up a new the gratifying fact that Queen and nondescript liturgy. Elizabeth, of virginal memory, had permitted the Anglican Church, the " The danger imminent now is of reoriginal founder of the family line, pelling friends, giving aid and comfort to strike out from the litany the to enemies, and rejecting recruits. Where petition, “From the tyranny of the

no change is necessary, let none be made. Bishop of Rome and his detestable by them. Festina lente should be their

Stumbling-blocks should not be placed enormities, good Lord deliver us!”

motto. which to say the least was chari- " Mr. Leacock was for radical changes, table.

and declaration of liberty, which they

could not get in the Protestant Episcopal " The proposed new prayer-book was

Church. He wanted 9 new service, so distributed in revise proof-slips, and dis- beautiful as to attract people from all cussed seriatim. The discussion was very

other churches. He would rather have animated.

a heart service with one hundred in cum“ Colonel Ayerigg, as a layman, said munion, than a bald compromise to suit time should not be wasted. He was

millions. opposed to unnecessary change. Doc

"The Latimer sentences were read for trinal wrong and ritualism alone should Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Good be their targets.

Friday, Easter, Ascension, Whitsunday, “Rev. Mr. Wilson made a motion- and Innocents' Day, and passed. which, after a brisk debate, he withdrew "A fight on the absolution' followed; -to adopt special services for special another on the wordt amen,' and whether days. As on the day before, he took a

it should be roman or italic. very prominent part in the proceedings,

" The council adjourned after prayer." and might, in parliamentary phrase, be styled the leader of the opposition; while In view of the great horror of Rev. Marshall B. Smith was leader on ritualism which pervaded the counthe government benches. Theone fought, cil, it seems to us that the delegates tooth and nail, for the work as he had left it; the other discovered each joint

were rather blind not to see that in the armor, and launched the insinuat- they were jumping "out of the frying shaft in the crevices.

ing-pan into the fire," since, by their * There was a fight over substituting intense desire to eliminate any docthe word "may' for shall' in the ru- trines or phrases which smacked of brics, and Rev. Mr. McCormick said let,' as in "Let there be light,' was

high churchism, they were paying mandatory.

more attention to the formal than “Mr. Wilson moved the adoption of the spiritual simplicity of their the Latimer service for holidays, to en- prayers, and the discordant strugrich the service.

gle over the “amen” strongly im" Bishop Cheney warmly supported this; and, speaking of a meeting at Chi. presses us with the idea that the cago just before he left, said the feeling delegates had been listening to then was that the Sunday services should some “Romish

masses by the old be similar to those of their old church- musical composers. that the occasional services for special

And now comes, next in order, days might be revised They wished to extract no root of bitterness, not to

an evening session of the council, estrange the brethren of old days by a remarkable not so much for the ritual wholly foreign to them and them- extreme “nasty niceness" of the



elegant divines, as the almost the council was receiving hospitalblasphemous extremes to which ity. The Herald reporter recounts their assumed fastidiousness most feelingly the interview with which was but a cover for their which he was favored with the seimpudence-was permitted to run; ceding apostle, as well as the effor, not content with the wholesale forts of his former congregation of transformation of the ordinary the Church of the Atonement to prepages of their prayer-book-writ- vent any large accessions from ten by men of their own kind- their ranks to the seceder's banner. they discovered that the Apostles, As we read the touching and terriwho were nothing but rude fisher. ble story, we could not help heaving men, unaccustomed to the refine- a sigh, and exclaiming, “ JIow hisments of elegant society, had, in tory repeats itself in this new Raid compiling the creed, made use of a on the Sabines !!! word most insufferable to ears po- The third day's session of the lite, and to minds too elevated to council was startled into activity ever lend credit of so shocking a by the Rev. J. D. Wilson, who of doctrine as that of future punish- fered a motion that the rubric ment. So the passage containing preceding the prayer for those in the words, "He descended into civil authority should be altered

, hell," was recommended as fitly to by expunging therefrom the words, be changed into “He descended 6 Grant them in health and prosinto the place of departed spirits;" perity long to live." He thought

” but, terrible to relate, while the this was appropriate, perhaps, wordy battle of expediency was under a monarchical government, waging hottest, a new alarm was but not in a government like ours, sounded from an unforescen quar- where our rulers do not continue ter,-a lynx-eyed delegate having in office during life, and where he discovered that the innovation con- probably intended to insinuate that tained a latent leaven of popery. it was not always desirable that Might not that region of departed they should, in view of which fact spirits he construed to mean PUR- we think that the suggestion was GATORY? Perish the thought! A one of the very few evidences of compromise was, we learn from the wisdom displayed in the convenminutes, at length effected, though tion, that is, supposing there was as to how that compromise affected any eflicacy in the prayers of rethe venerable creed of the Apostles formed Episcopalians. Unfortuwe must plead nul tiel record; but nately, however, either that body at query: if any change was adopted, large did not think tbat such was the altered prayer any longer merits really accompanied their pethe Apostles' Creed?

titions, or else it maliciously deterThe historian of the

mined to inflict, as far as laid in its tion gives us, at this stage of the power, a life-long prolongation of proceedingy, a little respite, much “ring rule" upon its fellow-citizens. needed, indeed, after the desper- Hon. Stuart L. Woodford thought ate work of this famous "evening Congress needed praying for at all session,” and he improves the op- times. Another saw no harm in portunity by detailing for us the praying for ex-members of Congress terrible difficulties and complica- and retired oflicials; he probably tions engendered by the secession had an eye on the grace of repenfrom the Low Church proper to tance; but a third delegate, whose Dr. Cummins's communion of the name we unluckily have not before venerable and Rev. Mr. Sabine, us, had serious doubts about the under the roof of whose new church propriety of praying at all for



That I believe and take it."

salary-grabbers, back-pay stealers, excommunicant. After more than an and governmental subsidizers. His hour and a half of debate the notice and voice was drowned down, however, the following form: Immediately after

invitation were amended and adopted in by other members of the conven- the sermon the minister shall give the tion, who evidently was looking to following or a similar invitation: Our a state church arrangement, in the fellow-Christians of other branches of shape of a so-called charitable appro- Divine Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ in

Christ's Church, and all who love our priation, although they did sugges- sincerity, are affectionately invited to the tively resolve to put the prayer for Lord's Table.' Some modifications were Congress “ within brackets." Next made in the charge of self-examination followed a revision of the rubric for to communicants, and then came quite a the administration of the “Holy discussion on the form of the paragraph Communion.” The question of accompanying the giving of the bread

Rev. Mr. Sabine moved to what that communion really and amend by inserting the words, “Take, intrinsically was, seems to have eat, this is my body: (Matthew xxvi been gotten over with the diplo- chapter, 26th verse). It was adopted matic nonchalance of cunning old after considerable debate, and then a

motion was carried to reconsider the Queen Bess, who, when pressed to

vote, which wis taken rather sharply. give a decision on that point, re- The council then adjourned until 8 o'clock plied in the well-known distich :

“On reassembling, the paragraphs "Christ was the word that spake it, He took the bread and brake it;

were amended by substituting the folAnd what that word did make it,


6. The body of our Lord Jesus Christ An animated discussion as to bread, in remembrance that Christ died

was given for thee. Take and eat this whether those outside the church for thee; feed on him in thy heart by pale were to be admitted to the faith with thanksgiving. Lord's table is herewith given in 16. The blood of our Lord Jesus Christ detail, as the refusal of the Episco- was shed for thee. Drink this wine in pal Church to permit such a practice remembrance thereof, and be thankful.'

“A motion was subsequently carried was the professed reason for the se

so to modify the exhortation to the comcession therefrom of Bishop Cum- munion us to eliminate therefrom the immins.

plication of condemnation against those

who partake thereof unworthily.” 1. The rubric · Here the minister shall invite communicants of other churches

A very able suggestion. Whoever to partake with him and his people at heard of anybody partaking of the Lord's table, was the subject of a baker's bread and a glass of sherry very protracted discussion on a motion

or madeira unworthily? by Rev. Mr. McGuire to insert after the word churches,'the words in communion " Rev. Mr. Smith moved that the fol. with this church.' At least ten amen- lowing be added to the communion order uatory motions were made before the as a rubric to precede the final note: · In subject was disposed of, some desiring to conducting this service, except when insert the word 'evangelical,' others kneeling, the minister shall face the the words, other Christian churches;' people, and at no time shall bis back be still another the words, “all persons turned to the people.' living in the exercise of faith and repen. "Bishop Cheney opposed the proposed tance are invited to partake,' &c. The rubric, holding that starting out on its Chairman finally invited Ex-Lieut. new course, he did not think it worth Gov. Woodford to preside, as the parlia- while for this church to pay attention to mentary business was becoming very so slight an outward matter of ceremonial complex. In the debate a majority of as this. The Reformed Church had begun those who spoke on the subject were in the battle on stronger issues than those favor of making the invitation as broad of mere ritualism. It had struck at the and as open as possible to all Christians, errors of sacramentarianism. The rubric whether communicants or excommuni- was adopted by a vote of 17 to 15. The cants, the case of Bishop Cheney being communion order was then adopted as a cited by one of them as being that of an whole."

From this we would infer that spirit of Christ could make the vows and the bishop thought the minister's assume the obligations required of those

who present the child as sponsors. On postore to be pretty much like the

the other hand, it was claimed that the position of the church itself, “ back- refusal to baptize children presented by wards or forwards it's ever the unregenerate parents would be an assame” piece of immaterial hum. sumption by the Reformed Church of the buggery.

doctrine of visiting the sins of the A lively debate on the question, parents upon the children,

" Rev. Mr. Smith offered a compromise as to whether the communion table amendment, to the effect that if the paof the Lord should be styled rents be not communicants, the children " the table of the Father," or that shall be presented by at least one person of the Son, resulted in decreeing who is a communicant of this or some that it should be known as the

other evangelical church. This amend.

ment was adopted. table of the Saviour, which was a

“Mr. Turner, secretary of the council, clear distinction without a clear moved that the rubric relating to the ditference; the disputants had mani- manual act of baptism be so amended as festly forgotten the words of Christ, to leave it optional with the sponsors - I and the Father are one, who should be made on the forehead

whether the manual sign of the cross

the spelh the Father seeth me.” How- child. For himself, he would almost go ever, as neither the Father nor the to the extent of endeavoring to induce a Son had anything to do with the minister to violate the rubric so that this table in question, we must simply sign, under which we conquer, should be say, in commenting on this point of placed on the head of his child.

" Rev. Mr. Smith opposed it strenudiscussion, cui bono?

ously, denouncing it as a heathen abomi

dation, a form of superstitious exorcism # The next business taken under con

of evil, savoring of popery and the dark sideration wis the revision of the order for the administration of baptism to in- ral cross on a building as an emblem of


He had no objection to a structufants. * Rev Mr. Smith gave an explanation of its reintroduction he could make no

Christianity, but with this proposed form of the changes and omissions made in compromise, even as an alternative. the order as reported from the commit

Kev. Mr. Power and Mr Turner tee, and the reasons which governed the spoke in support of the motion, the latter committee in regard to such alterations.

siating that he was contending for that * Rev. Mr. Powers then moved that

wbich was very dear to him the sign of the service reported be adopted. the Christian faith, the sign by which Among the most marked omissions are

he lived, and in which he hoped to die." the introductory questions to the persons presenting the infant for baptism, as to whether this child has ever before been

Passing by the principal points baptiz d,' &c., and the declaration at the of this dispute on baptism as sufclure of the baptisin, . Now, therefore, is ficiently ludicrous to raise a broad this child regenerate, &c. In regard to laugh for themselves, we will simply the first it was deemed superfluous to ask add that we feel confident that if if the child had uready been baptized, as

his Satanic Majesty had had a voice tbe fuct of its presentation for baptism was prima facie reason to suppose that it in this debate he would have hearthad not been previously baptized. In ily approved of the caution of the regard to the regeneration of the child, delegates in waiting till a child had Mr. Smith said the committee thought it would be better to wait until the child to see if he himself had been “cast

grown up, and a good deal longer, was grown up before determining as to tbe completeness of its regeneration.

out” of it by baptism unaccom* Rev. Mr. McGuire moved the inser- panied with the sign of the cross. tion of a rubric requiring that the per- 5 Keep on waiting, gentlemen !” be sons presenting the child for baptism be would have said, " keep on waiting ; also communicants.. Quite a discussion he of you who dies first will know ensued on the subject, it being maintained by the supporters of the motion soonest.” The matter was left to that none but one regenerated through the the choice of the person baptizing,

VOL. VII.--7


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