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matter of their teaching to be the ference from any other source, and things which he commanded to be a most absolute condemnation of observed.Who will take up the the opinion that Scripture alone is Bible and enumerate methodically the medium of heaven's instructhose things, saying this, that, &c., tion. Although St. Paul had are exactly and precisely what preached the Gospel at Ephesus, Christ commanded ? The Saviour he left Timothy there for the purpromised that the Holy Ghost pose explained in the following would come to teach the ministry words: "That thou (Timothy) all things, and to bring all things mightest charge some not to teach to their mind, whatsoever he had otherwise, who desired to be the said to them. If the Scripture teachers of the law, understanding were alone a rule of faith, we should neither the things they say, nor be able to discover and distinguish whereof they affirm.

With a in it three classes of matter, in similar view of guarding the word, three orders of instruction : 1st. which he says was committed to The things communicated hy Christ. him according to the command2d. The things communicated by ment of God, his Saviour, he left the teaching of the Holy Ghost. Titus at Crete: 66 For this cause 3d. The things suggested, brought I left thee in Crete, that thou back to the mind by the Holy shouldst set in order the things that Ghost. But we know very well that are wanting, and shouldst ordain private reading, private interpreta- priests in every city, as I also aption of any kind, or the sole and pointed thee." In his second episexclusive adoption of the Scripture, tle to Timothy (second chapter), bas never effected anything of the St. Paul describes the order for kind.

transmitting the word thus deposAs Christ, whilst on earth, could ited, thus guarded: “And the not forfeit nor resign the right of things which thou hast heard from being the expounder and judge of me, through many witnesses, the his own doctrine, neither could the same command to faithful men apostles, on account of committing who shall be fit to teach others to writing some of the things they also.Continue thou in the things had heard, or by any subsequent thou hast learned, and which have event, resign the authority of teach- been committed to thee, knowing of ing and expounding with which the whom thou hast learned.Saviour had invested them, be- So far from any Scripture being cause their right and authority constituted a sole and exclusive was one and the same with that of guide; so far from any portion of Christ: “As the Father sent me, I the Church, either lay or clerical, send you ; he that heareth you hear. being allowed to mould the doceth me.” In fact, so far from al- trine of the law under the influence lowing any Scripture to supersede of private interpretation; so far their instruction, so far from allow- from any persons being allowed to ing free individual interpretation, filter the word of God through pitiso far from admitting an assumed ful human judgment, we find it privilege of acting independently steadily guarded by those with of a fixed and infallible authority whom it was deposited, and we of teaching, they give us, on all find those persons excluding the due occasions, practical proof of busy interference of self-appointed their maintenance of this author teachers. In the passages quoted, ity, of its conveyance to others the excellence, integrity, and purduly appointed like themselves, ity of the word are manifested in also a decided exclusion of inter- the fact of its having been trans



mitted by Christ to the apostles, Paul designates the authorized and by them to their successors minister of the Church, for he (such Timothy and Titus), speaks of him who is to teach, to thence commended to other faith- reprove, to correct, to instruct. ful men. There is set before us Now these are offices of the authe whole organization of the teach- thorized minister, as is proved by ing ministry-its call, its commis- what we read at the opening of the sion, its qualification, its work, its subsequent fourth chapter, where duration. Then we have the doc- the apostle, instead of referring trine, its source, its channel, its every individual to his Bible for transmission. No mention is made instruction reproof, charges of Scripture, of the present or of Timothy before God to instruct the future. No theory admissible and correct the fock in virtue of about any religious knowledge ac- the authority vested in him : quired by prayerful research, by “ Preach the word, reprove, entreat, presumed special inspiration, by rebuke in all patience and doctrine." capricious independent interpreta- He assigns the reason for this urgtion. No. On the contrary, mention ent charge: For there shall be a is made constantly, invariably, of time when they will not endure things heard, things learned from a sound doctrine, but according to certain authority. These are to be their own desires they will heap to continued in, without wavering, themselves teachers haring itching without doubt, without any fear or ears, and will indeed turn away danger of deceit, on account of their hearing from the truth." "knowing from whom they had been To the same Timothy he had learned." When St. Paul reminds already written in the first epistle, Titus of his succession and duty in fourth chapter, "Attend unto readthe ministry, he says, “ These things ing, to exhortation, and to doctrine, .. speak, and exhort, and rebuke with take heed to thyself and doctrine, all authority;" hence it is manifest for in doing this thou shalt both that Titus being this empowered, save thyself and them that hear the Christians of Crete were bound thee." The duty and responsibility to rely on the authority, not, indeed, of teacher and disciple is plainly of any individual opinion or view set forth, and an exclusion of any of Titus, but of that word which pretence of the sole sufficiency of he bad received, in common with Scripture. It is as if the apostle Timothy and other faithful men, had said, Teacher, thou shall save from St. Paul, and through him thyself by reading, and save others from Jesus Christ. This plain by instruction ; disciple, thou shall statement concerning the divinely be saved not by arbitrary reading, appointed means of religious in- &c., but by hearing the duly coinstruction, to the total exclusion of missioned ministry, preaching the Scripture as a solely sufficient rule things which Christ ordered to be of faith, is considerably confirmed observed. This salvation, arising and illustrated when we find St. out of the circumstance of the peoPaul giving instruction about the ple hearing sound doctrine from utility of Scripture. In his second those persons having authority, epistle to Timothy, he says: “All was in the view of the apostle when Scripture inspired of God is prof- writing to the Thessalonians (secitable to teach, to reprove, to cor- ond epistle, second chapter); he rect, lo instruct in justice, that the says: “ Therefore, brethren, stand man of God may be perfect, fur. fast, and hold the traditions which nished to every good work” (third you have learned, whether by word chapter). By the man of God, St. or by our epistle.Here we must

observe that the oral tradition, or ing of the Church at the present in other words, the ministerial hour, that to express our doctrine teaching of which St. Paul speaks, we need not alter a word. It is so regarded matters not contained in self-evident, that if at any time the Scripture; the apostle places them Bible would become the only adeon an equality with those doctrines quate guide in faith, this order, this which he himself had committed to arrangement, and this language, writing in a former epistle. Why set forth by the apostle, would be does the apostle speak so impera- inapplicable and absurd. tively when he thus identifies in There is undoubted proof that the one tradition, oral and written the Scriptures have been designedly instruction ? Because (as he wrote left incomplete by the apostles. to Timothy), it is the word which This we discover in the Epistle of God manifested in preaching which St. Paul to the Hebrews, fifth is committed to me according to the chapter, where speaking of Christ

commandment of God our Saviour.” he says: " Called by God a high · Hence he tells the same Thessalo- priest according to the order of nians (second epistle, third chap- Melchisedech, of whom we have ter), That they withdraw them- much to say, and hard to be intelselves from every brother walking ligibly ultered ; because you are disorderly, and not according to the become weak to hear. For whereus tradition which they have received for the time you ought to be masters, from him."

And he orders Timo- you have need to be taught again thy, first epistle, sixth chapter: what are the first elements of the " Timothy, keep that which is word of God; and you are become committeil to thy trust, avoiding the such as have need of milk and not profane novelty of words. ... Hold of strong meat. For every one that the form of sound words which is a partaker of milk is unskilful thou has heard of me.

in the word of justice, for he is a If anything more were required little child. But strong meat is for to show that the system pretending the perfect ; for them who by custo erect the Scripture into a sole tom have their senses exercised to and exclusive guide in matters of the discovering of good and, is condemned by the most Precisely akin to this was the conexpressive language of the Bible, duct of our divine Saviour, who in we have it in the Epistle of St. his last discourse said to his aposPaul to the Romans, tenth chapter: tles: “ I have many things to say Whoever shall call upon the name unto you, but you cannot hear them of the Lord shall be saved.Then

A similar silence was obhe asks the following important served by St. John, who in his secquestions: “ How then shall theyond epistle says: "Having more call on him, in whom they have not things to write to you, I would not believed, or how shall they believe by paper and ink; for I hope him of whom they have not heard ? that I shall be with you and speak and how shall they hear without a face to face, that your joy may be preacher ?" According to the no- full.tions of those persons who exclaim, The same apostle in forms us, that "The Bible and the Bible alone," it was for persons already instructed, St. Paul ought to have said: "How for those who had previously reshall they believe him, of whom ceived the knowledge of salvation they have not read ? And how by faith, that the Scriptures of the sball they read without a printer ?" New Testament were written occaThe declaration of the apostle is so sionally: "I write unto you, babes, perfectly identical with the teach- because you have known the Father. I write unto you, young men, because not written to you as to them that you are strong, and the word of know not the truth, but as to them God abideth in you, and you have that know it.” (First epistle, secovercome the wicked one. I have ond chapter.)



“I do remember me that in my youth, of death. Byron's description of When I was wandering; upon such a night I stood within the Colosseum's wall,

it is worth repeating : 'Midst the chief relics of Alinighty Rome."


"I see b-fore me the gladiator lie;

Helans upon his hand; his manly brow FROM its magnitude, Rome's Consents to death; but conquers agony. Flavian Amphitheatre is termed And his drooped head sinks gradually low,

And through his side the last drops ebbing slow, the Colosseum. By the Emperor From the red gash, fall heavy one by one,

Like the first rain of a thunder shower; and now, Flavius Vespasian it was erected

The arena swims around him-he is gone after the Jewish war as a memorial Ere ceased ihe inhuman shout which hailed the

wretch who won." of bis triumph. Thirty thousand Hebrew captives were employed in A taste for such inhuman bloodthe construction. Its architect, shed survived the fall of paganism, Gandantius, became a Christian and Christianity's mild spirit for a and a martyr. The amphitheatre long time strove, in vain, lo abol. had no roof, but as a protection for ish the heathen practice. At length, 100,000 spectators from sun and a genuine philanthropist, the Egyprain, an awning, or velarium, was tian monk Almachus, intrepidly extended overhead.

rushed upon the battle-field to sepaBy mechanical contrivances, the rate the combatants. But, in the arena could be promptly changed heat of conflict, merely changing from a smooth level plain into a the object of attack, they turned forest scene, or crystal lake; so their swords against the unarmed that aquatic sports, gladiatorial peacemaker, who had to pay the combats, and encounters with wild price of a humane interference with beasts, alternately took place. Thou- his own blood. This heroic act sands of rare animals, brought stopped thenceforth the shedding froin the most distant climes, were of human blood in the prize ring; slaughtered in the public games. for the reigning Emperor Hon

Oftentimes, to the gore of un- orius enacted a law against gladiatamed brutes was added that of torial shows for the future. human victims, whose life-blood In the middle ages, owing to the flowed in torrents, to make a “Ro- strength of its Walls, the Colosseum man boliday.” Ave Cæsar! mori. served as a fortress to rival facturi te salutant-(Hail Cæsar! the tions. Later it became a stage for dying men salute thee)—was the bull-baiting and chivalrous tournagreeting of the wretches doomed ments. Subsequently, portions of to slay each other for the diversion the theatre were, in succession, of an imperial despot. In the changed into a citadel, a factory, a

, Capitoline museum is a statue rep- hospital, a market, a nunnery, and resenting a warrior in the agonies a church. Battering rams, earth


quakes, fires, and inundations, “While stands the Colosseum, Rome shall stand.

When falls the Colosseum, Rome shall fall, helped to dislocate and scatter And when Rome falls--the world." fragments of the tottering pile. In

In the arena's hallowed centre after years these ruins were a stone

may be seen salvation's symbol-a quarry for Rome's palatial build- large wooden cross. This trophy ings.

is suggestive of much, that, for At length, as a barrier to further brevity's sake, must bere be omitpillage, the half-ruined Colosseum ted. Noteworthy, withal, is a Chriswas consecrated to Faith's heroes, tian pilgrim's greeting: who were martyred within its pre

"In the Cross of Christ I glory, cincts. This occurred during the Towering o'er the wreck of time; jubilee year, 1674. Of faith's cham

All the light of sacred story

Gathers round its head sublime." pions, who suffered on this spot, not the least illustrious was the

A moonlight pilgrimage to this venerable Bishop Ignatius, who, sanctuary–noble wreck in ruinfrom Antioch, was brought hither

ous perfection,” leaves an impress to satiate the hunger of wild beasts; on the visitor's mind not easily canor, according to his own typical celled. The rays of an unclouded language, "to be ground like lunar orb spread a mournful silvery wheat by the teeth of lions, to be tint over the vast circumference: made the pure bread of Christ.” "In fact the moonbeams shine,

As 'twere its patural torches, for divine Additional interest accrued to

Should be the light, which streams here to illume the arena when Benedict XIV This lung-explored, but still exhaustless mine

Of contemplation; and the azure gloom erected Stations of the Via Crucis. Of an Italian sky, where the deep skies assume Large sums were expended by

Hues, which have words, and speak to ye of

Heaven, other pontiffs to check the progress Floats o'er this vast and wondrous monument,

And shadows forth its glory. of decay, whether caused by the And thus did shine the rolling moon upon corroding teeth of barbarism or It all and cast a wide and tender light,

Which suítened down the hoar austerity time. Despite the vicissitudes of Of rugged desolation, and filled up,

As 'twere anew, the gaps of centuries; seven hundred seasons, the Anglo

Leaving that beautiful, which still was so; Saxon prophecy now seems as far And makin that, wbich was not, till the place

Became Religion, and the heart ran o'er from fulfilment as ever:

With silent worship.”



THE WONDERS OF LOURDES, Trans- will, no doubt, be heightened by a knowl

lated from the French of Mgr. De edge of the cause which led to the comSegur, by Anna T. Sadlier. Now pilation of this little volume. The disYork and Montreal: D. & J. Sadlier tinguished author in opening, thus very & Co. 1874.

touchingly refers to it. " On the 17th

of October, 1869, it seemed that my This interesting volume is a compila- motber was to be snatched from those tion of detailed accounts of the miracles who loved her, by a terrible attack which, wrought at the Grotto of Lourdes, the in a few hours, reduced her to the last sanctuary of our Immaculate Lady; it extremity A skilful physician candidly also briefly touches upon the history of warned me of the danger, adding that the shrine, and if read in connection certain alarming symptoms left him no with Henri Lassere's larger and more hope. The distortion of her features, it copious account of the apparition and its appass, was frightful, and her pulse had results, cannot fail to be most interesting alinost ceased to beat. and profitable. The interest of the reader “ After having received the last sacra

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