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is the Irish heart who will not respond the Sign of the Cross itself with a spein gratitude; where the son or daughter cial indulgence. of Erin, or even the historical student of any nationality who can pass by with THE LIFE AND Writings OF Saint merely a cold glance of commendation CATHERINE OF GENOA. New York: this elegant work? Not by any means a Catholic Publication Society. 1874. minor feature is a collection of portraits and maps, with which the book is embel

Mystical works, we are well aware, are lished, while the binding and general not to the taste of a large majority of typographical features are notably praise

secular readers, yet they have their worthy.

appointed place and mission in the

economy of the Church, serving to raise THE SIGN OF THE CROSS IN THE NINE- many souls even from amidst the dis

TEENTH CENTURY. By Mgr. Gaume, tractions and temptations of mundane Prothonotury Apostolic. Translated affairs to a high degree of spirituality, from the French. Philadelphia : Peter and it is only because, by indiscriminate F. Cunningham. & Sun, 29 South Tenth and injudicious use, they affect badly Street. 1873.

balanced or unoccupied minds, and some

times intoxicate even strong ones, that The publication of The Christian Ceme- their perusal should be at least undertery in the Nineteenth Century, which taken with great caution and very sparwe reviewed in the June number of ingly. It is somewhat strange, howTHE RECORD, has drawn our attention ever, that this saintly daughter of Genoa to this companion work of the same au

la superba, should present in her own thor, and we hope some of these days in

career all the vicissitudes of a life, rangthe near future to be able to direct our ing from the extremes of worldliness to critical notice to the third sister vols that of spiritual sublimity, a checkered ume, The Angelus in the Nineteenth Cen- career as daughter, wife, and widow, distury, which bas as yet failed to appear in playing in its phases how temptation, English dress. All these books of Mon- under the insidious form of worldliness, seigneur Guume are beautiful in style, may at times fascinate even the most deexhaustive, and original in research. vout and suber minds, yet how in the They open up new path ways of charm- end, conformity to the inspirutions of ing, instructive, and impressive thought, grace will snatch the weakened soul like on suljects which, from close familiarity,

a brand from the burning. have become commonplace to our minds,

St. Catherine of Genua was no silly if we may apply such a term tv sacred ecstatic, no New England transcendenthemes. Moreover, they come upon the

talist; her practical experience and literary world at a moment when their knowledge of the borizon shades of the religious truths are especially necessary spirituul life was sufficiently «xtensive to of inculcation as a counteracting influ- neutralize with a tinge of sobriety its ence to the persisting tendencies of mid- zenith splendor of mysticism, and preern infidelity and uncontrolled immo- vent it from reducing her soul's activity rality. The all-conquering banner of to a state of balmy noonday la-situde. the cross is the symbol of Christ's trium- Thus, it was her all-conquering patience phant march in every period of ecclesi. in the hour of trial that merited for her astical history. Through it the Church the grace of being caught up like St. was e,iablished Unuir it the soldiers Puul, and to be allowed to tranquilly of the Christian warfare must ever rally revel, not as a natural effect, but as a speto the perpetuution and extension of cial reward, in the illuminating centre of Christ's lemporal kingdom

Suldiers do celestial light. not rully round aloided standard, emblein

Rev. Father Hecker contributes a fine of griet and distress; therefore, to inspire preluce to the work, which we gladly recthe combatients of the present era, Mon

ommend to those wbose tristes run in the seigneur Gaume hus, as it were, unfolded

line of reading it represents. anew, in the strong sunlight of beautilul

GERALD MARSDALE, or the Outquarters inspiration, this lubarum of the beavenly hosts. His reasons for undertaking

of Saint Andrew's Priory; a tale of this nubleretfurt, and the occasion which

the reign of Queen Elizabeth. By fir:t called it forth, he gives us succinctly

Mrs. Stanley Carry New York and

Montreal: Sauler & Co. 1874. in the preface', and in proof of the admirable effect of his work, Our Holy A well-written and interesting story, Father, Pope Pius IX, bus crowned it although a basty perusal!(ads us to inter with a commendatory briel, and enriched, that the language and mannerisms of the at the suggestion of Monseigneur Guume, characters are perhaps tvo much modernbury. CLOISTER LEGENDS; or Convents and THE AMATEUR Actor. A collection of

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ized to be suitable to the period in which her faith, they fire the imagination and the plot is laid, which, however, is but heart with electric brilliancy and fervor. one fault amid many merits.

These three books may be most appropriThe History of PEDAGOGY. By W. N. ately classed together, for though the

Hailman. Cincinnati and New York: historic epochs they intend to portray Wilson, Hinkle & Co. 1874.

were wide apart, yet the theme of which

they treat, namely, the contest between Twelve lectures delivered before the the Church and the throne, which resulted Teachers' Institute of the “Queen City in the terrors of the Reformation and of the West," and serving to sketch in a monastic dissolution, that crown with culconcise form the gradual growth of the minated horror the days of the Eighth leading principles of modern education, Henry, was tut the natural result of the and by the example of the labors of the conflict begun by the second monarch of most prominent thinkers and workers in that name, which was temporarily stayed the field of Pedagogy, to revive the spirit by the firmness of the great Chancellor and instruct the minds of modern teach- A'Becket, whose self-sacrificing devotion ers in regard to the noble aims of their and crying martyr-blood procured for profession.

bis unhappy land this respite from the THE READING CLUB.

accumulating wrath of heaven. We canTHE COLUMBIAN SPEAKER.

not too deeply impress upon our readers

the worth of these little volumes; rich in These are the titles of two excellent correct historical lore, as fascinating in little books, devoted to the compilation style and as exciting in plot as any of of selections in prose and poetry, humor- Walter Scott's more pretentious tumes. ons, serivus, pathetic, patriotic, and dra- In descriptions of sunset effects, ruined matic, suitable for declamations, read. abbeys, and scenic climaxes, the autboress ings, and recitations The former edited

seems to possess a charmed potener of by Geo. M. Baker, the latter by Loomis grace and versatility. The only possible J. Campbell and Oren Root, Jr. They objection which can be brought against are froin the publishing house of Lee & these stories being that some of the plots Shepard, Boston, and are well arranged may bi too tragic. Let the young be and carefully edited, the collections in- trained in the lessons of history and in cluding some of the newest and most

the glorious inspirations of faith from popular pieces for reading, and very con- such books, while adult readers will find venient in the size of the volumes We in them a refreshing exhalation of pure miss, however, from both the very popu- literature which cannot fail to revive lar farm ballad of Will Carlton, Betsy minds enervated by the deteriorating inand I Are Out. Perhaps we shall find it fuences of most modern publications. The in a new edition.

People's Martyr deserves special mention THE PEOPLE's Martyr; a legend of for its handsome cover, adorned with a

Canterbury, by Elizubeth M. Stewart. gilded vignetta, representing the martyr. One vol., 16mo. New York and Mon: dom of the saintly Archbishop of Canter. treal: Sadlier & Co. 1874.

Monasteries of the Olden Time. By plays for school and home. By W. H. Elizabeth M. Stewart. One vol., Venable, author of June on the Miami, cloth New York and Mon

and other poems; A School History of treal: Sadlier & Co. 1874.

the United States, &c. New York and THE KING AND THE CLOISTER; or Le

Cincinnati: Wilson, Hinkle & Co. gands of the Dissolution. By Elizabeth M. Stewart. One vol., 16mo,

Just the book for these days of the ever

cloth. New York and Montreal: Sudlier & popular and delighiful style of entertainCo. 1874. All received through Cun. Such domnestic efforts at "sing business

ment known as amateur theatricals" ningham & Son.

are frequínily accompanied by many Three beautiful volumes of stories il. drawbacks in the details of scenery, lustrative of English history in the days dresses, and all the countless little noinor thut tried the souls of the children of the arrangements Such difficulties it is the Engli-b Church. We know not why, aim of this book to remore, besides furbut somehow themes of story which are nishing a short selection of brieť parlur cast in “merrie Englande of ye olden and school plays. It is replete with nutime” are peculiarly grateful, but when merous fine woudcuts explanatory of the they delineate in addition the struggles instructions it gives, and on the whole of that unhappy land ere she surrendered we gladly recommend it.

16.00.,

THE

CATHOLIC RECORD.

VOL. VII, No. 41.–SEPTEMBER, 1874.

CAUSE AND EFFECT.

“This effect defective comes by cause."-SHAKSPEARE.

It is not the mission of a monthly country. About the facts of that periodical to report the incidents case it is neither our duty nor our and accidents of the time, and to purpose to speak. · Of the actors discuss their merit with some ac- in the drama we have nothing to tive and well-informed contempo- say personally. They are human rary. These offices belong to the beings, and with those of them daily and weekly papers, and it who bave suffered wrong we symmust be confessed that they are pathize. For those of them who not deficient in detail nor backward have done wrong we grieve. They in the discussion. If they find no are before the world, and endure idea, or a contemporary that they the judgment of the time, and feel may oppose, or no fact that they that public censure is a terrible afmay deny, they reassert and correct fliction, and public approval is so their former statements, and (lis- often mingled with and directed by cuss in a new light or from another personal interest, that it is itself standpoint the principle involved, too often a dangerous result. As or its moral effects. This seems condemnations are sometimes reapproved by the reader, and is considered upon a reviewal of testihence profitable to publishers. mony, so acquittal may come to be

The public mind has been for regarded as the favorable results of some time agitated by certain dis- friendly interference and the fruits closures in the city of Brooklyn, of convenient circumstances. The Long Island, and as that city is public may have little interest in really a part not an appanage of the facts or persons of an event, New York, the sensations were while important general principles pulsated in the great commercial are involved in the cause or the metropolis, and communicated procedure, and it is only in their throughout the whole body of the effects upon society that we now

VOL. VII.-17

notice the events to which we have tion of that spirit of morality that alluded.

is necessary to political existence. A great scandal has been dis- Above we have said that the bad turbing the public mind, and the doctrines of certain persons have friends of sound morality feel that led to abominable practices. We the exposure of the offence and the might, without exaggeration, expunishinent of the offenders are tend that idea, and say, that the very weak barriers against future general promulgation of the docassault. If the cause exists, if trines has been the result of prithe inclination to do and to receive vate practice of the errors, and the that which produces the scandal offenders have formulated a creed abounds, the detection and pun- that will justify their acts. In that ishment are of only temporary lies a part of the secret of success. effect.

Thousands who err feel that their Those who look back to exciting acts are offensive to the laws of movements in the city of New morality, but they trust with grateYork four or five years ago, and ful feelings to the talented and the to the extension of the wave of learned, who can show that the inagitation into other parts of the dulgence which they loved is not country, which seem to echo all only consistent with propriety, but that is disturbing in the American is a right of their own and a duty metropolis, will see how easy it is to others. to connect the scandals of this year Until the advent among as of with the movements of those times. Fanny Wright and one other, Nay, how evidently all these scan- the idea that the bands of matridals are the natural fruits of those mony were to be dissolved at the occurrences.

pleasure and for the pleasure of the Spiritualism and the miserable parties was scarcely known, never branches of that shameful decep- publicly promulged; yet the success tion, “ Free Love," and the half- that followed their mission of vice restrained indulgencies that are shows not only their power of arconnected with that abomination, gument and the ignorance that pre"" Liberal Christianity," and the vailed among people as to the naabuses that result from that heresy, ture of the marital relation, but also are among the proximate causes of and especially an extent of the vitiwhat religion and morals have been ation of the principle of domestic called to suffer; and while it is not life: they were ready to receive and pretended that all those who may practice the new commandment, have suffered most by the impoison- which seemed to abrogate the old ment of public opinion have most law, that a man should leave father distinctly participated in all the and mother and cleave to the wife, promulgations of the doctrines or and substitute therefor a rule that shared in the abominations to which a man should leave his wife and those doctrines lead, yet it cannot cleave to his mistresses. Now, be denied that the public mind has taking this cited example and conbeen so debauched, that men of necting it with the scandal in learning, position, and popular Brooklyn, we find how dangerous talents have been appealed to to is a bad doctrine, especially if sustain the doctrine, by argument ably espoused. or endurance, and have suffered to But it is said, and often urged an extent that reaches beyond in- as a triumphant argument, that, dividuals into societies, and, if not closely viewed, society fifty years to the extent of poisoning general ago exhibited a vast number of public opinion, at least to the dilu- instances of marital infidelity on

both sides, and that what is done sonal comfort and ministrant to now is not much worse than were social happiness—is worse than a the practices of other times, while traitor to this generation, and a the present customs have at least felon as it regards the coming age. the negative credit of freedom from Crimes, bad deeds, are evils to hypocrisy and deceit.

be condemned and punished. A We are not prepared now to say false doctrine, with regard to that there is not some truth in the social or domestic relations, is a above semblance of argument. We curse that is felt at once, and agree that bad practices are impu- threatens extensive and increasing table to the past generation, but we evil consequences. are not prepared to say that the We do not deny that some men, vices of the present day are more distinguished by their political, soexcusable because they prevail cial, and even religious positions, without attempt to conceal them, have been found violating the comwithout that homage which it is mandment that enjoins purity of said vice pays to virtue, by the life. Such persons, while what very hypocrisy with which it at- they were and what they did of tempts to hide its deformity. We good may have been duly honored, are ready to bear testimony against suffered a diminution of respect the impurities that are discoverable so far as their error was known, in the society of other times, and and they felt the error and mourned to agree that they deserve the it; at least, mourned the consedeep condemnation of the virtuous. quences to themselves. But we wish to distinguish between But we are now called upon to the character of the vice of those contemplate actors who publicly times and the same offence of the practice what is condemned in prepresent day.

ceding years, and bave neither We must distinguish between a compunction for their act nor morbad act which the performer would tification at the exposure of their hide, though he would repeat it, and proceedings; and they have created a bad deed which the actor would a social criterion that has no conlegitimatize by public argument demnation for their proceedings; and labored defence.

and they have spread abroad a docHe who persists in doing that trine that satisfies one class that which is contrary to the laws of the passions must be gratified, and the country, or of what is admit- leads another class, if not to apted as the law of sound morality, prove, at least not to condemna certainly commits a grave offence. creed that is so consistent with He injures individuals in their human wishes, and in which so rights, he disturbs public order, many inay find their way out of one and he places himself in a dan- great misfortune into several of gerous position as regards the larger dimensions. penalty. But, while it is adınitted The bad acts, the immoral habits that his acts are bad examples, yet of some to whom we have alluded, they are not greatly operative, be- are less injurious than are the cause law and public sentiment are openly proclaimed theories, the against them; and while they shock widely promulgated doctrines, that contemporaries, they exercise little have led to the great evil that now influence on the coming race. disturbs society. The vicious man

But he who promulges a doctrine condemns the very vice he practhat not only excuses crime, but tices, and his attempts at concealdeclares crime to be consistent with ment is a testimony against the individual peace-promotive of per- deed, which in part prevents injury

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