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apostles have been exact in their his preaching. The same author obedience ? Would not all have relates, on the authority of Papias exhibited their compliance by at and St. Clement of Alexandria, least a formal and public testi- that St. MARK wrote his gospel mony of their approbation of those neither by his own free choice nor writings which others bad penned? at the command of St. Peter, but Besides, if the apostles had been at the earnest solicitation of the ordered, or even if they had de- Roman converts. ST. LUKE himsigned to leave in writing, the self tells us, at the beginning of his whole of the truths which Christ first chapter, that he published his taught, and men were to believe, gospel to refute the false narra

so that whatever is not read there- tions of the actions of Jesus Christ in, nor may be proved thereby, is which many ignorant and presumpnot required of any man that it tuous persons had published. ST. should be believed as an article of Joun, we are informed by Eusebius faith,is it too much to expect and St. John Chrysostom, preached that agreeably to the suggestions the Gospel almost to the end of of human prudence they would his life without writing; and St. have rendered their exposition of Irenæus and Jerome mention that revealed truths so methodical, so at length, when almost worn out clear, and so ample that it could by extreme old age, he was comnot easily be mistaken, even by pelled by the entreaties of the the ignorant part of mankind ? bishops of Asia to compose his

Now it is notorious that between gospel against the rising heresy of the different books which compose the Ebionites, who denied the dithe New Testament there is little vinity of Christ; whence it is probor no professed connection; that able that had no such heresy sprung in the same book the transitions up, we should not have had this are frequently so abrupt as to ren- work of the beloved disciple. To der the meaning almost unintelli- accidental events we are also ingible; that the most sublime mat- debted for the epistles of St. Paul ters are frequently discussed with and of the other canonical writers. a conciseness, an obscurity, and an Most of them display internal evielevation in the style, sentiments, dence that they owe their origin to and diction, which have oftentimes the necessities of one or the other been a stumbling-block to the most of the newly established churches. learned. So far are we from meet. They are designed sometimes to ing with any proof of their having put a stop to the contests between been the consequence of a divine the Jews and Gentiles concerning command, or the result of a com. their respective superiority; somemon design, we find several years times to regulate the conduct which elapsed before even the gospel of should be observed towards a scanSt. Matthew was published, and we dalous brother; sometimes to corlearn from Eusebius, an early rect those who gloried in the exwriter of the fourth century, that terior works of the law and in mere we are indebted for each of the ceremonial observances ; sometimes four gospels to fortuitous occur- to combat the abuses or vices into rences. Thus he informs us (Hist., which certain congregations or in1. 3, E. 24) that St. MATTHEW, dividuals had fallen; sometimes to after having preached in Judea, return thanks for the relief afforded and being about to undertake the to their needy brethren ; to gratify conversion of the Gentiles, penned their zeal by an account of the his gospel that he might leave to progress of the Gospel; and to enthe Jews a perpetual memorial of courage them amidst the peculiar



necessities under which they la- canians, Hindoos, and various savbored. But nowhere do we find age tribes ; that Sr. PHILIP, St. any of the inspired writers propos. BARTHOLOMEW, and other apostles, ing to furnish the church which he spread the doctrines of their divine addresses with a written record of Master among remote and barbarall the doctrines and duties incul- ous countries; but we do not read cated by our divine Redeemer for that they wrote themselves or took belief and practice, or insinuating pains to teach to the multitude of any commission from Christ for their converts the writings of oththat purpose.

We know, moreover, that Neither from the conduct of the prior to the discovery of printing primitive Christians does the doc- the labor of transcribing books was trine of the exclusive sufficiency of long and tedious; that the copies Scripture receive any authority. of each work were consequently Had, indeed, the disciples of the very limited; that their cost was apostles been taught by them to very high; that hence the number hold " that whatever is not written of those who were able to procure in the Bible, or proved thereby, is the Holy Scriptures, and, when not to be required of any man that procured, to read them, especially it should be believed as an article at the early period of Christianity, of faith,they would have been was very small. bound to adopt precautions for se- Finally, earlier than the fifth curing the advantages of the writ- century we discover no traces of a ten word to themselves, and for translation of the Bible into the transmitting them to future ages, African, Illyrian, Scythian, Celtic, similar to those which in these Irish, or Spanish languages; yet days some persons deem of such we have positive evidence that in importance. They should have the fourth century there existed provided a vast collection of cop- Christian churches in nations where ies of the Holy Scripture; they such were the vernacular tongues. should have established societies Now if nothing was to be believed for the dissemination of the divine except what could be proved by word; they should have everywhere the Scriptures," an immense mainstituted schools wherein children jority of Christian converts, having and adults might learn to acquaint been totally unable to read the themselves with the sole rule of Scriptures, or even to procure a faith; they should have produced copy of them in a language which translations of the Bible into the they could understand, would have language of every nation to which been excluded from the only means the faith was carried. The neglect of acquiring and transmitting a of such precautions (whereby alone, knowledge of the true faith. Is it supposing the truth of the Protest- at all probable that our wise and ant system, they could have insured indulgent Redeemer would have the faith committed to them against instituted for the "only rule of human corruption) would have been faitha method involving so many unaccountable. Do facts, however, difficulties? demonstrate that any such precau- The difficulties which I have tions were adopted ? No, not one. brought forward are not imaginWe know from the works of ancient ary; they actually existed univerChristian writers that ST. ANDREW sally in the times succeeding the preached the faith of Christ to the apostles, and continued in some Scythians; that St. Thomas an- degree until the fifteenth century, nounced it by word to the Indus, in which the art of printing was the Medes, the Parthians, the Hyr- invented. Accordingly, St. Irenæus, a writer of the second cen- clusive sufficiency of Scripture for tury, informs us that in his time the rule of faith has not the support there were many barbarous nations of even presumptive evidence, but " which without paper and ink have that the strongest evidence is in the words of salvation written in reality opposed to it; and that the their hearts, and carefully guard faith and practice of Catholicity the doctrine which has been deliv. are in harmony with the teaching ered to them."

of Jesus Christ. It follows, therefore, that the ex


THERE are sweet sounds, as of voices

Blending with the softest strains
Of the glad-souled warbling lyre,
Floating o'er the trembling plains

of the sapphire heaven.

Hark, the music! Viewless spirits

Hymn around th’ Eternal Throne;
And as the free string of the wind-harp,
Throbs, to every magic tone,

The balmy air of even.
Soft th' aerial sweetness stealing

O'er the golden-crowned vales;
The streams their joyous hearts are gushing,

And fairy echoes fill the dales.
And nearer swells the mystic music-

0, my soul hath caught the words,
As breathed by the lips celestial

To the pulse of heavenly chords.
“ Hail, Queen of Heaven! Hail! All hail !

Mother of Creation's King!
Hail, Ever-blessed Mary!-thou

Cell of purity—mercy's spring!
“Hail, regal Virgin! whose fair soul,

Though robed in impure clay,
Unsullied shone. Hail, glory-zoned !

Thou, brighter than the star of day!
“Hail! whose pure womb the Thunder-girt,

The great God we adore,
The Lord of lords, the justest Judge,

The world's Redeemer, bore.
“ Hail! thou our mild, our spotless Queen;

Sweet Spouse of the Divinity !
To thee be praise unending given,

Bright Lily of the Trinity!'"



“ What wondrous monument

Angelo, Fontana, Maderno, and What pile is this?"-CHATTERTON.

Hermini-have brought it to that OF Rome's patriarchal churches, perfection that the whole church though second in rank, the first in itself is nothing but the quintesgrandeur is the Vatican Basilica. sence of merit and wealth, strained This shrine, as is well known, pre- into a religious design of making a serves the relics of Christianity's handsome house to God.” pioneers, and is dedicated to the Since Mr. Lassell's pilgrimage, Prince of the Apostles.

nearly two centuries have elapsed; When viewed from a Latian or and, considering the adjuncts and Sabine Mountain, even at a dis- improvements made to the edifice tance of about twenty miles, St. by munificent Pontiffs, Childe HarPeter's

cross-surmounted dome old's address may not be deemed may be seen towering, in isolated an exaggeration : majesty, above the city of the seven “Oh Thou, of temples old, or altars new, hills. The Believer and the Infidel,

Standest alone, with nothing like to thee

Worthiest of God, the Holy and the True, the Christian and the Jew, gaze Since Zion's desolation, when that He upon it, if not with equal respect,

Forsook His former city, what could be,

of earthly structure to His honor piled at least with equal admiration : for of a sublimer aspect? Majesty,

Power, glory, strength, and beauty--all are the baptized may well feel within so sacred a place the presence of

In this eternal ark of worship undefiled." the Deity; while Hebrews must The exterior illumination of St. acknowledge that a nobler substi- Peter's Church is an electrifying tute for Jerusalem's fallen temple spectacle on festive occasions. The has never yet been raised to the cupola is twice metamorphosed, as God of Israel.

it were, into a hemisphere of light. Such alien critics as Gibbon, De The earliest illumination at nightla Lande, Forsythe, and Byron, fall displays the building's archihave been enthusiastic in praise of tectural outline to great advantage. Rome's Vatican Basilica. Even For this purpose are prepared 4400 the skeptic Dupaty avowed that a lamps of a cylindrical form. The visit to St. Peter's Church sufficed task of the lamplighters is apparto fix his thoughts on God and ently not without peril. It is alarmeternity.

ing to witness them at work, graspAccording to the account of it. ing ropes suspended high in the air, by Richard Lassells (A.D. 1679): swinging to and fro, from archi"You will wonder, percbance, when trave to pediment, from frieze to you shall hear that this church is cornice, and from capital to pillar, the eighth wonder of the world; to arrange their lanterns in symthat the pyramids of Egypt, the metrical order. walls of Babylon, the Pharos, the An hour later, a thousand larger Colosseum, &c., were but mere lamps are enkindled simultanebeaps of rubbish compared to this ously. To accomplish the changes fabric; that it hath put all an- with all possible speed, at proper tiquity to the blush, and all pos- distances, on the cupola, three hunterity to a nonplus; that its several dred and sixty men are suspended parts are all incomparable masters with ready lighted though concealed pieces; its pictures all originals; torches. At a third signal from its statues perfect models; that the the belfry, the cross on the apex of prime architects of the world-San- the dome suddenly glitters into gello, Bramante, Raffaele, Michael flame; the rest of the enormous fabric then seems to ignite, and to labor. This will, perhaps, not asburst forth into a splendid confla- tonish when one reflects that, begration.

sides the Basilica fifteen-fold larger A flood of vivid light soon spreads than Solomon's temple, he had also itself over surrounding objects. At two church-like chapels, twenty-two a distance, not unlike an aerial phe-court-yards, twelve assembly halls, nomenon, spangled with stars, the 11,000 chambers, several galleries, fiery dome seems to be agitated by twenty-two immense staircases, not a mysterious hand, and to hang sus- to mention other minor avenues, to pended from the vast canopy of measure and survey. heaven.

To form an adequate idea of the The Vatican home of Christ's Vatican's extent and size, an obVicar upon earth suggests some server should survey its churches, discursive, and not uninteresting, chapels, piazzas, colonnades, galreflections did time and space now leries, libraries, museums, offices, permit to turn over the wide pages gardens. Let him also bear in of its history.

mind that the site of all these Chattard confesses that his (three irregular buildings is said to cover octavo volumes) description of the a space as large in circumference Vatican cost him sixteen years' as the old city of Turin.




A HistorY OF THE IRISH BRIGADES IN sands to seek relief in emigration, so in

THE SERVICE OF FRANCE from the time of war she, through the same tyranRevolution in Great Britain and Ire- nical conduct, lost their services as sol. land under James II to the Revolution diers. The mistake she made was like in Wrance under Louis XIV. By all the mistakes and selfish shortsightedJohn Cornelius O'Callaghan. New ness of meanness, and rebounded to her York: P. O'Shea, Publisher. 1874.


* Weeping

maids" of Ireland became, in the lands We regret that our space is not suffi

of their exile, the mothers that reared a cient to enable us to give a thorough and

foeman host to weaken Britain's power, more complimentary criticism to the

while the Irish " fighting men abroad" splendid work, rich and massive in its exterior advrnments, but far more valus proved the most valiant herves of the able in its intrinsie wealth of historical irresistible of the champions in the for

country that adopted them, and the must lore and soul-stirring sentiment. If there be one thug that more than any

eign armies against which England had

to contend. other proves the patriotism of the Irisii race it is their zeal in preserving as monu

We need not pause upon this old, old ments of former glories the records of story of Irish valor in war Every student

of history knows it, every poet has sung it, her national existence, and thougb they

every orator bus grown eloquent over it, perpetuate many a tale of sadness, the

every modern battletield of both contivery earnestness with which they are col

nents has given the proof of it, but Mr. laud and preserved prove that thy can

O’Callaghan has, following up the exnever cover a tale of shame. There is a

ample of so many of his own race who, quaint old rhyme which says:

as we suggested above, love to repeat the If I were King of France,

story of Erin's glory, selected this spe-
Or what's better, Pope of Rome, cial portion of it, as exhibited in the ar-
I'd have no tighting min abroad,
No weeping maids at home.

mies of France, as his theme, devoting

to it twenty-five years of labor and reThis certainly was never the spirit that search, in order that the treatment might actuated the English government in its be full, copious, and every way worthy policy towards Ireland, for while in time of the subject. Such labors of love could of peace England's cruelties drove her not be and have not been in vain. THE Irish subjects from their homes by thou- AUTHOR HAS SUCCEEDED., Where now

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