« ForrigeFortsæt »
A HYMN TO MAR Y.
'Tis summer on the land, Mother,
'Tis summer on the sea; 'Tis summer in my soul, Mother,
Whene'er I think of thee, Whene'er I think on thee, Mother,
Though darkest storm-clouds lower, For thou’rt to me the brightest ray
Of Mercy's sunlike power.
'Tis summer in the woods, Mother,
Where leaflets deck the trees; 'Tis summer 'mid the garden bowers
Whence springs the scented breeze. So have the graces of thy care
Redecked my sin-spoiled soul, And the sweet perfume of thy love
Freshed it 'neath grief's control.
'Tis summer on the streams, Mother,
So laughs each rippling rill;
Where birds their carols trill.
Come gladsomely to me,
In holiest minstrelsy.
'Tis summer 'mid the stars, Mother,
That stud earth's purple dome; The glorious midnight lifts my soul
Beyond to thy bright home, There, when life's winter's over,
And all time's nightshades flee, May I find eternal summer
With Jesus and with thee!
THE ORDER OF OUR SAVIOUR.
The Order established by St. and earnestly besought it of God. Bridget about the year 1344 has St. Denis appeared to her, foretold taken the name of the “Saviour," her many things, and gave her the because it is believed that he him- instantaneous recovery of her husself prescribed the rules and con- band as the token that they would stitutions, and dictated them to St. surely happen. On his reaching Bridget, which were to be observed home he was so inflamed with the by the religious of both sexes. love of God, that he wished to surThis princess, who sprang from one render himself altogether; and of the noblest houses in the king with consent of his wife he entered dom of Sweden, was born about the monastery of Citeaux, where he the year 1302 ; her parents were died within the year of his noviti. eminently pious; and before she ate. His wife redoubled her augwas born her mother was overtaken terities; she parted with all her by a storm at sea. Several of her goods to her children; she used to companions were drowned, and it eat with the poor, and beg with was revealed to her in a vision on them; she wore no linen, and girt tbe following night that her own herself with a knotted cord. On escape wąs miraculous, and owing Fridays she frequently dropped to the child she should bear, who melted wax on different parts of would become an ornament and a her body to freshen her sense of blessing. Her mother did not long our Lord's sufferings, and on that survive her birth; and when she day she lived on bread and water. reached the age of thirteen, though Her watchings were no less austere; she wished to remain single, she in this manner she lived nearly obeyed her father, and married thirty years after her husband. Wiphon, Prince of Nericie, then It is supposed to have been about eighteen. By mutual consent they the year 1344, and prior to her givlived a year apart, and both being ing away all her wealth, that she in the third order of St. Francis built the monastery of Wastein in lived in their own house with the Sweden. In this monastery origiregularity of cloistered life. Wi- nated the Order since called the phon opposed not his wife's prac- “Holy Saviour," or " St. Bridget,” tices of mortification; she lay on and which seems to be framed for a board, spent the greater part of religious who are to honor the Virthe night in meditation and prayer, gin in a very special way. wore sackcloth, and visited hospi- There are to be sixty religious tals, where she attended on the in each monastery, thirteen priests, sick. Her husband was frequently four deacons,—who represent the called to court, and was consulted four doctors of the Church, SS. by the king on all matters of mo- Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory, and
, , ment. Yet he felt his life useless Jerome,—with eight lay members; as compared with that of his wife. the whole forming the number of He retired from court, and made the thirteen Apostles, and the sevwith his whole family a voyage to enty-two disciples of our Lord. St. James's in Gallicia. On his Women are not to be received way homeward he was taken dan- under the age of eighteen, nor men gerously ill at Arras; his wife used before twenty-five. On the expiraall possible means for his recovery, tion of the novitiate the bishop, or some one deputed by him, goes to into his brethren's house, which he the door of the church and there is never to quit except to go to puts questions to the postulant, church. The church is in common after which he causes her to enter to the sisters and the brothers. It the church; a red banner is carried must have thirteen altars, in honor before her, which has a cross on of the thirteen A postles; fourteen one side, and a picture of the Vir- chalices, two of which are reserved gin on the other,-that by looking for the high altar. Each altar is to on the cross she may learn poverty have two sets of vestments—one and patience, and on the Virgin for daily use, another for festivals. humility and chastity; two lighted The female choir is above, the male flambeaux are carried, one on each below. The former only recite the side of the banner, and these re- office of the Virgin with three lesmain lighted during Mass.
and whatever festival may Before beginning Mass the bish
they sing the High Mass of op puts a ring on the postulant, the Virgin, and after it the Salve
, which he bad consecrated while she Regina. The religious men recite was still standing in the porch. At the offices used in the diocese in the offertory she makes her offering, which their monastery may be. and returns to her place, where sbe Before Vespers, and after saying remains until the clothes are bless- an Ave, each choir asks pardon of ed. When she again presents her- the other by bending low and say. self it is with bare feet and divested ing, “ For the love of God, and of of all her dress with the exception his blessed Mother, forgive us if of a tunic. The bishop then clothes we have offended you by sign, by her in religion, and having put on word, or by deed ; and we for our the veil he continues the Mass. parts most sincerely pardon any When he comes to the part at thing in which you may have failed which the nuptial benediction is towards us." given at the marriage ceremony, he As to clothing, the sisters must turns towards the people, desires have two chemises of white bureau, the postulant to be called, and after a gray tunic of the same, a cowl, certain prayers places upon her and a mantle fastened with a head the crown worn by religious wooden pin, which in winter will of the Order; while fastening on be furred with lambskin. Their the crown be repeats other prayers. head-dress is a guimpe covering Mass being ended, he has the pos- the forehead, and closely over this tulant again called. She prostrates guimpe a black lawu veil, and over herself Hat on the ground, and the the veil a white linen crown, on Litanies are read over her, after which will be five little bits of which she receives Communion. Scarlet to resemble drops of blood. Four religious then open the door The men are to have two chemises of the monastery, through which of white bureau, a tunic of gray, a she is to enter, advance to her, and cowl of the same, to which will be placing her on a bier carry her in. fastened a mantle with a bood. On The bishop follows to deliver her the mantle the priests wear on the up to the abbess, and for eight left side a red cross, and in the days she is not bound to any regu- middle of the cross white cloth in lar observances. The same cere- form of the Host. The deacons monial is used at the reception of wear a white circle to represent the a man, only that there is imposition wisdom bestowed on the doctors of of hands instead of the ring, veil, the Church, and on the circle, four and crown; and after the Mass the pieces of red in the form of tongues bishop introduces the new religious of fire. The reverse side of the cross is white, a symbol of inno- day, Friday, she has but bread and cence; and on the white five red water, and for these two days she marks, to represent the five wounds may not quit the church. At the of our Lord.
offices she prostrates hierself before Before opening any new monas- each sister, and all pass out withtery there must be a sufficient num- out speaking to her. After Vesber of sisters and of priests to sing pers, the abbess, accompanied by the oflices. Afterwards those that all our religious, goes to seek the offer themselves are to be received penitent, raises her from the until the stated number be made ground, conducts her to the altar, up. Each member must bring where, receiving absolution, she sufficient dower for his or her sup- retakes her proper place. Should port, and the sums thus brought any one die unconfessed, she is together are to form a revenue for taken to the church door, and, in the monastery. All who come in presence of the sisters, the abbess afterwards enter gratis, and the says, “ This person, through the monastery may not receive rents suggestion of the devil
, has sinned or bequests. The abbess must grievously against God and against provide the sisters and brothers religion. Let us pray that God with all necessaries, and keep the may pardon her, for be is merci. buildings in repair with the alms ful.” After an Ave Maria or absocollected in the monastery. When lution, the deceased is borne to the any member of the community die, choir of the sisters, and thence, their clothes are given to the poor, after the usual prayers for the deand their pittance is given away parted, to the place of sepulture. daily until their places are filled up. The bishop of the diocese should Anything voluntarily given upon be the father and visitor of the entering is distributed amongst monastery; the kings or chiefs of the poor or bestowed upon neces- the state its defenders and advositous churches. Should the mon- cates; and the Pope its protector. astery be in such circumstances as Without the consent of the Pope to render the acceptance of a gift no monastery of the Order was to be expedient, the mode by which the built. The fasts were strict; silence donor acquired it is to be investi- was always kept from early morngated and proved by five witnesses, ing till after High Mass, which was and if his legitimate right seem in celebrated in honor of the Blessed the least questionable, the gift must Virgin; always at meals; from Vesbe rejected. Each year on the pers until grace after supper; and eve of All Saints a calculation is from the close of the evening to be made as to the probable ex- recreation until the next day. penses of the following year, and There ought to be an open fosse, everything over and above, whether into which the abbess with her in money or in provisions, is to be religious should descend daily after given to the poor the day after All tierce, and after praying there, cast Saints, so that the monastery may in some earth. At the entrance to not retain anything supertluous. the church is to be a bier and coffin. On Thursdays a chapter is held by The order being intended to give the abbess, when the sisters who particular honor to the Blessed have fallen into any faults have Virgin, the abbess is obeyed by the penances. Any one whose fault is brothers as well as by the sisters; proved by three witnesses, while and she chooses from amongst the she refuses to confess it, eats her priests one to be general confessor. usual meal on the ground this first This is an abridgment of the day of the chapter. The second constitutions supposed to be given by our Lord himself to St. Bridget. Rome she had a revelation to go The rule observed was that of St. to Jerusalem. She was at the time Augustine. Most of these consti- sixty-nine years of age, and feared tutions became in time impracti- the voyage; but our Lord told her cable as changes in religion and in he would be with her, and strength governments took place.
should be given her. She went A volume of the revelations of with her daughter Catherine (worSt. Bridget was presented by her thy of being afterwards placed daughter St. Catherine; and by among the saints); and it was on St. Bridget's confessor to Pope ber return from this pilgrimage, Gregory XI. These revelations that, after having editied the were most carefully examined in Church by the sanctity of her life, bis reign, and in that of his succes- and having given to her religious sor, by several cardinals, and they a living model of the rule they were were pronounced by all to bave to follow, she died, the 23d of July, come from God.
1373. The following year her St. Bridget made very many daughter had her remains conveyed pilgrimages, which was a reason for to Sweden, to the Monastery of her not having assumed the habit Wastein, in which she was a reof her Order. In the year 1370, ligious, and which she afterwards she obtained in person from Pope governed as abbess. St. Bridget Urban V the confirmation of her was canonized under the PontifiOrder. During one of her visits to cate of Boniface XI.
A PILGRIMAGE TO THE SAINTE-BAUME.*
It was during the latter part of We intended going on as far as the summer of 1871, that the writer Aubagne by train, and then taking of this notice, with two other mem- a carriage to the Sainte-Baume. bers of the same family circle, in On arriving at Aubagne we found anticipation of their usual autumn plenty of carriages but no horses, ramble, resolved on visiting the as all were engaged, so we made Sainte-Baume, one of the most cele- the best of the two hours at our brated places of pilgrimage in that disposal before the next train part of France known as Sunny started, in visiting the parish church Provence, and which, according to and the curé, who was an old friend tradition, was for thirty years the of the Abbé. dwelling place of St. Mary Magda- When we arrived at Auriol, the len, the great penitent of the Gospel. farthest point we could reach by
In the good old times, now fast railway, we found the only available passing away, this pilgrimage was conveyance was an omnibus, which held in such bigb veneration by the was going to St. Maximin. inhabitants of the district, that it However, as we intended visiting was generally a stipulation in mar- the latter place on the following riage contracts that the husband day, we met our disappointment should take his bride to the Sainte- with true pilgrim spirit, and diBaume.
rected all our energies to getting seats in the omnibus.
What a * From the Provençal “ Barumo," signifying crush! What a scramble it was!