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son of St. Teresa, called as he was by a AMELIA; or, The Triumph of Piety. special vocation to be a most ardent lover Approved by the Archbishop of Tours. of Jesus crucified, will not fail as a mis- 1 vol. 12mo. sionary to the votaries of a world enslaved by busest pleasures and degrading pas

We have received from P. F. Cunsions, even if the fruits of that mission ningham & Son, 29 South Tenth Street, be miracles of conversion. The fact that the above new Catholic books, which the book is the work of a devout layman

we most cordially recommend, not only should be only an additional recommen

to general readers but also dation to “liberal” Catholics, who live schools, academies, and colleges, as very in a chronic fear of being overcome by suitable for premiums.

We have post"priest-ridden'' sentiments.

poned until our July number a review especially of the two first-named works,

because the lateness of the date of their THE CHILDREN OF Mary. Baltimore: reception prevents us from criticizing

Kelly, Piet & Co., 1874. Received them as fully and as favorabiy as we through Cunningham & Son.

know their merits deserve. TIGRANES,

the first on the list, is familiar to most of This book is a reprint of a well-known the readers of the “ Messenger of the Sacompilation, containing short sketches of cred Heart,” it being reprinted in book certain very devout young ladies, who form from that popular serial. some years since edified the " maison des oiseaux" at Paris, by their exemplary piety. The handsome style in which this MadaME AGNES AND THE FARM OF Nu

New York Catholic Publica. new edition is issued would make it a very neat present for the young lady

tion Society, 1874. Received through members of the world-wide association of

Cunningham & Sen. the Enfants de Marie," and while serv. It is scarcely necessary for us to review ing to encourage their devotion and zeal,

or recommend the two capital novelettes its perusal would at the same time not do so well known to the readers of the one bit of harm to some of the "fast"

Catholic World, in which their publicadaughters of the palatial house of Liber- tion serially has just been completed, and alism.

which now come to us beautifully bound

in the uniform style with which all the TIGRANES. A Tale of the times of Ju- novels from that excellent magazine

lian the Apostate. By Father George bave, from time to time, been presented Joseph Franco, S.J. 1 vol. 12mo.

in a permanent form to the public.

CERON.

LIFE OF St. Thomas of VILLANOVA, with an Introductory Sketch of the

BOOKS RECEIVED. Men, the Manners, and the Morals of

From P. O'Shea, N. Y.: “The Nepthe Sixteenth Century. 1 vol. 12mo. tuno;" Rosemary;'' 6 Truth and

Trust;"' « The Vestal, an historical tale ADELINE DE CHAZAL; or, First Expe of the century."

rience of the World after Leaving From D & J. Sadlier & Co., N. Y.: School. Translated from the French. " For Husks Food;" “Gerald Mars1 vol. 12mo.

dale."

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The man who writes the history are cited by his admirers of what of Italy for this century will find a is called bis brilliant success in a frequent necessity for inserting the military movement. Those who name of Giuseppe Garibaldi. That know anything of the history of man has had a considerable share the events with which his movein the political movements that ments were connected understand mark the last forty years; not, how well that he acted for the sake of ever, as much by his suggestion of action and not for results; and if, a motive nor his direction of move in the war between Sardinia and ments. Garibaldi has been eminent- Austria, it is said by his friends that ly instrumental in the great move- he was kept from position when acments that distinguish the latter tion would have been conspicuous half of the present century, and and probably would have produced his name has been heard in most important

success, it is with of the calls for assistance in the greater certainty, with greater apcanse of violent national change, or pearance of probability declared if not in the calls, at least in the that a want of confidence in his abilresponse. The biography of Gari- ity to manage any considerable baldi will be an important ingre- number of men induced the superior dient in the element of history. officer to place him in a position, Not as a statesman, for be has no which if it allowed of no favorable single quality of statesmanship; action, secured the whole army from not for military science or success- the disadvantage of his mistakes ; ful strategy: he has none of the mistakes most liable to occur with former with which to accomplish one who trusted more to his influthe latter. One or two instances ence in minor politics than to his

VOL. VII.- 9

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statesmanship; more to knowing in the cause which he undertakes of the passions of the men placed to aid. We need not cite instances under his command than to his to prove that be his opinion right knowledge of the art of war. Events or wrong, he is constant to the showed that the leaders were cor- cause. rect. Garibaldi was wisely kept Another, and a very important out of the way of the main army; element in the character of Garihe and his sub-command were only baldi, is his entire disregard of slight impediments to the general pecuniary results, not merely his force.

neglect of the ordinary means by We have said that Garibaldi is which such men fill their purses, not a statesman: he is a great de- but his absolute refusal to protit stroyer; his whole idea seeming to pecuniarily by any position to be to disturb, not to settle; to up- which he is called. turn, not to establish. Nor has he When Garibaldi was the dictator anywhere manifested a disposition in Naples, and commanded the favorable to the people, excepting millions of dollars which were to nurture discontent and promote part of the spoils of the city, he, in convulsions. Fortunately for him his anxiety to get away from assothe circumstances of many of the ciation with Victor Emmanuel and people with whom he acts are such Cavour, and unwilling to touch & as to make it much easier to pro- carlino that belonged to the king, mote disquietude and induce re- borrowed ten pounds sterling of an bellion than it is to soothe and English gentleman, and hastened make peaceful. Garibaldi has un- to his island of Capræa. doubtedly a strong sense of what That probably was only a strikthe people have suffered by bad ing instance of wbat had marked government, and this strong sense his whole dealings with the public. is much more likely to be correct Certainly the people understood than are his views of measures and the act and allowed it to increase means for alleviating those suffer their confidence in him. ings. He labors under an error Having done credit, perhaps common to reformers, viz., that the more than justice, to certain qualiopposite of wrong is right.

ties and conduct of Garibaldi, and We are not about to prepare a being willing to admit that motives biography of Garibaldi, or to write honestly held by him influenced an essay on systems of government. in all these, we now wish to refer We intend only to present some to him as deficient in statesmancharacteristics of the man and of ship, as dangerous by his suscepevents in his career by which tibility to flattery and his tenacity opinion as to his claim to universal of hate and desire of revenge. Nor admiration may be appreciated. must we omit two other elements

Three points in Garibaldi's char- of character. Garibaldi, under acter have commended him to the pretence of dislike to a particular earnest approval of the mass of church, is an enemy and contemner people with whom he has been con- of Christianity, and while he denected, or who have heard of him nounces, with more than. gentleas active in the revolution which manly emphasis, the public respect is now going on throughout the which is paid to religious institucivilized world.

tions, religious places, and religiOne is his undoubted personalous observance, he improves the individual courage: perhaps no opportunities by acquiring permau doubted that.

sonal consideration, by accomAnother, his unchangeable zeal modating himself to the habit of the people, and making demonstra- Italy, and transfer the seat of power tions of respect to what he coarsely from Turin to Rome, because that denounces as superstition and government knew that its destrucfolly.

tion of certain small governments It is probable that none who in Italy was only a part of the plan think at all, have ever thought that of Garibaldi, and that some step Garibaldi possessed any of the in advance would invite the dequalities which go to make up even struction of the kingdom of United a second or third rate executive or Italy. There was a religious senlegislative officer. His career as timent remaining among the Itala member of the Italian Parlia- ians which had been more than ment was distinguished more by sufficiently outraged by the lanbis sullen retirement to, and his guage and acts of Garibaldi, and masterly inactivity at his island of so the masters of the government Capræa than by any suggestion or aimed to pause while they yet had defence of measures for public good political power, and showed a little in Turin. His consideration among hesitancy in robbing all the churchmen of political distinction was es, and paused to manufacture some Jess for any qualities which he pos- reason or excuse for what had been sessed for political action than for done, and to prepare the way for the good opinion entertained of what was to be accomplished. him by the lower stratum of the The delay was not a part of people. Nor was it believed by the Garibaldi's system. He wished ruling classes that Garibaldi had to crush the Church forever by influence among the people equal destroying the means of its perto what a certain indefinable affec- petuation, and ruining as far as tion for him seemed to intimate to possible all evidence of its existthe less observing. It was better

That he was a contemner of to keep up that feeling of the lower Christianity is evident, not only masses for Garibaldi than to allow from his habitual neglect, but from a more subtle politician and skilful his gross vituperation; and one opwarrior to supersede him, and to portunity presented itself for showacquire an influence which might be ing his hatred of religion and of dangerous to the views of the ex- offering an insult to God in pouristing powers; and so, in numerous ing ridicule upon the first sacrainstances, Garibaldi was tickled ment of Christ's Church. In his with some evidence of public con- dodging about Italy he met with a fidence, and intimation of consid. family that had recently been enerable employment, which, however, larged by the addition of an infant. was never to be realized, lest his Forthwith the inission of the Lihunskilfulness should jeopard the erator must be glorified, and Gariplans of the government, or his ac- baldi was allowed to outrage the cidental success should jeopard the religious sense of Christianity by government itself.

conferring on the child the sacraThe rulers of Turin were cor- ment of baptism. We do not rupt and false in almost every know that we are exactly correct respect; it is, then, natural that in stating that the religious sense they should suspect others of the of Christianity was outraged by same bad qualities. But that gov. the act of blasphemy, for we recol. ernment, bad as it was, faithless to lect that it was presented to the its promises to others, was true to public by correspondents of newsitself. It never rewarded Garibaldi papers, and generally as an ordinary for his exertion to extend Sardin- exercise of the liberator's power ian rule from Piedmont over all superseding the functions of the

ence.

ministers of the Church. In the the witnesses of the compact awaitbaptism the name of Italy was used ed with no impatience the result instead of the Holy Trinity. of the game on the deck or in

“But Garibaldi was successful in the cabin of the British ship of his efforts to conquer the south of war in the bay. It was not the Italy and revolutionize the Two military ability of Garibaldi, but Sicilies, and, therefore, he must be the venal cupidity of one sent a great general.” The history of against him by the King of Italy. this event would be quite too ex- Garibaldi proceeded to the contended for an essay. The strong quest of Messina; that was . not government of Ferdinand II had diflicult. The city has no defence irritated one portion of bis sub- excepting the old citadel above it. jects, and had failed to insure the To the astonishment of the rebel sympathies of another part, failed leaders, or rather the invader, the from neglect to secure them by citadel of Messina was commanded employment, and the island of Sic- by an old soldier; he refused subily had never forgiven the affront mission to Garibaldi, who tried of withdrawing the royal family his military abilities, and failed. from Palermo, and ruling that faith- He proceeded to the Continent, and ful island from the faithless penin- the citadel of Messina never yielded sula. “ Come," said they often till the kingdom fell with the fall enough, “take away from the capi- of Gaeta, many months afterwards. tal city of this island the parapher- Naples was also sold out, and Garinalia of royalty, or come and wear baldi got possession without the them here. We support the weight exhibition of military skill. of a kingly government; let us have The Neapolitan forces took posithe benefit of royal presence.” tion some eight or ten miles beyond

The motley troops of Victor Em- Naples, towards Capua, and the manuel were landed at Marsalla, entire want of practical military under the guns of an Englislı fleet knowledge in Garibaldi was daily of three-deckers, that prevented manifested. Neither he nor his the action of the Neapolitan small. oflicers could use a cannon, and in er vessels, that should have, and the daily skirmishes between the without English guns could have, two parties some English and prevented the aggression. The some American navy oslicers used troops thus landed proceeded to to amuse themselves by dischargPalermo. Not a gun was fired, be- ing the field-pieces which Garibaldi cause probably none was owned in possessed, but did not know how to the whole distance from Marsalla to use. The arrival of Victor EmmanPalermo; and the conquest of the uel with his army relieved Garibaldi last-named city was, it is generally from his condition, which was daily understood, the result of bribery becoming worse; deprived the to insure an easy conquest. It English and American lieutenants was stated that forty-four thousand of the pleasant opportunity of es. ducats was the sum accepted for ercising their skill in gunnery, and that purpose; and the marching compelled Francis the Second to and countermarching, and other leave the beautiful capital of a mimic manœuvres at the gate of nation which his father knew how the city, were as much a matter of to rule, but which the son did plan as it regarded the two forces, - not know how to retain. In none in that work, as are the move- of the movements of the invasion ment of the two armies, that of the which ended in the destruction of white and that of the red rose, in the kingdom of the Two Sicilies Shakspeare's historical play. And did Garibaldi show any military

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