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duty to declare openly to you, that grants exift? Do they not place in the answer of the Directory has ap: the hands of the Directory the most peared to them unworthy of its active, the most powerful, and the power, and the rank in which the most arbitrary means? The return constitution has placed that body. of noted emigrants is announced.

Consider what progress has been The house in which they affemble made in consequence of these dan, is even mentioned: but what then gerous examples. The spirit of is the duty of the police? Why faction has already introduced the those eralements, the traffic of language of anarchy into the camps. which is publicly reported ? It beIt has insinuated itself even into the longs to us to require from the Dihonourable retreat of our wounded rectory an account of these monstwarriors for the fabrication of ad. rous abuses. dresses: it heats the minds of men : The Directory tell you that alit proclaims everywhere diffolu- faslinations are committed, and that tion and death - Yet the govern- partiality is displayed by the tribument sleeps! Awaken, legislators, nals. It is necessary to inform them watch for yourselves and for the that they have overstepped their people. The constitutional limits duty, and we do them service in are traced. Directors, generals, and recalling them to it. It is true that soldiers, bow yourselves before the 'blood flows in several departments; will of the people. The legisla- but there are laws against alfalfina. tive body will never balance with tion, and the Directory ought to its duty.' It is inaccessible to fear, execute them. If there be partiaand will never submit to menace., lity in the tribunals, there is a law

Your committee will not hum- to punish them, and the Directory ble itself in replying to the calum- ought to denounce the guilty. In nies propagated by your enemies. all cases crimes cannot make us deA legislative body which is not ac. spair of justice; and we ought to cufable, ought not to justify itself. demand of the Directory an account By its acts it must be judged. We of the measures they have taken to shall speak the truth to the

Directory repress the crimes of which they -we tall speak the truth to the complain. We do not understand people.

the protection they claim for the The infolence of priests and emi. purchasers of national property: grants is denounced to you. As to Their persons and their property the priests, is their proseription in are under the safeguard of the cona mafs to be regretted? Liberty of stitution, and you have given a conscience, liberty of worship, and proof of your respect for them by submission to the laws such are the your resolution refpecting the prej principles maintained by all philo- byteres. Tophers - such are the principles The Directory inform you that consecrated by the constitution and there are journals which breathe the laws, in opposition to the claims only murder and the return' of roy: of a religion which withed to be alty. It is certain that the exceíses exclusively established. As to the of a multitude of pamphlets and emigrants, who favours them! Do journals leave no citizen the power not the laws respecting the cmi- of reposing his mind ainidit an ocean

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of extravagant and factious opi- very criminal would those be who nions; but you have manifested would wish to place it still at a disyour desire for repressing this abuse; tance!' Doubtless there are men and there is only required a law who still preserve the criminal hope which Ihall prevent it, without in- of overturning the republic. Traijuring the rights of citizens: all the tors exist, we are told why are elements of this law are ready, and they not detected? There are conthe Committee you named for pre- fpirators-why are they not punishparing it, will soon make their re- ed? We have laws--why are they port.

not executed ? No! the defend. The deficiency in the public re- ers of the country will never be venue, it is added, deprives our ar-. made to believe that the legislative mies of their pay. We will not body opposes a peace. Who has deny that negligence on the part of appeared more desirous than ourthe receivers, and the want of order selves to obtain it. History will and economy, have thrown our fi- examine whether the events which nances into disorder; but have the have lately taken place in Italy armies any reason to reproach the have not contributed to retard the legislative body? At what period conclusion of it; but can France have you refused them funds? Your blame its Generals for giving liberty resolutions on this subject have al. to millions of men? And, when ways been voted with urgence. The they have gained their liberty, can payment of the troops has always France refuse to them its friendship been attended to, in preference to and its alliance? Your Committee, cvery other

expence. Is it then in however, does not wish to propose vain that the unfortunate rentier di- that you should approve, or even vides with them his bread? Have be silent upon these events. then the forced loan, the assignats, The Directory has gone beyond the mandats, the contributions in its powers. If war had been dethe conquered countries, the na- clared against the Italian states, who tional estates been found insuffi- had the right to declare it without cient? Let us rather say, that our your consent? If treaties of comresources being distributed through merce or subsidies have been made, fuch a variety of channels have who could make them without been exhausted; but that if they your approbation? The states of had been more prudently employ- Italy cannot be the allies of France ed, the most important part of the without a decree from you. Their public service would not be in such government will be equivocal, their a deplorable state.

liberty without support, as long as Let the finances, then, alone oc- the treaties shall not have been apcupy all your solicitude. I know proved by us. that every day your attention is Fears have been entertained that taken up with this subject. But the Directory would be accused, the time is arrived when you must and that the legislative body would disregard the prejudices against di- be attacked. The legislative body rect contributions. Peace! Peace! has a right to accuse the Directory; This is the mean of extricating us and if there existed any reasons fo: from our embarrassment. How accusation, it would, without fear, Vol. XXXIX.

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without hesitation accuse them. tadel of the constitution; it is your But an attack on the legiNative bo- duty to die for it, and you are about dy! who would make it! A few to besiege it. Let its voice be albrigands? The recollection of their ways heard among you; and when paft defeats will serve them as a les- you return to your fire-fides, you son. The soldiers ? Never will will find it cemented by your they be seen marching under the blood, and covered with your tricolours of assassins. The Directory: umphs. Such an idea cannot occupy our at

Thibaudeau concluded by pre. tention for a moment; its own in- senting the plan of two resolutereft is in opposition to it.

tions. To conclude - you will find in The first declared, that all con.' your own courage and your own spiracies or crimes against the conprudence extraordinary resources. ftitution, the legislative body, and

[Here Thibaudeau'implored all the Directory, came under the juthe members of the government to risdiction of the criminal tribunal act in union and concord. He in- of the place where the legislature vited the representatives and direc- fits; that all persons accused should tors to be upon their guard against be denounced at the office of the the exaggerations of parties, who public accuser; but that they should fought only to heighten their ani- have the power of appealing from molities, that they might be hurried that tribunal, and in this cale they to a catastrophe which would de- hould be carried before a court ftroy them all.]

pointed out by the tribunal of cal. In examining, he added, this fation. mestage of the Directory, its exag

The second declared every asgerations, and the bitterness of its sembly of soldiers, for the purpose ftyle, we have avoided giving new of deliberating in other circumaliment to the factious. Legislators Itances than those determined by ought not to be guided by paffion. the law, a crime; that any commuIn vain our common enemies medi- nication under the title of addresses tate the ruin of the republic. The from one armed body to another, republic is deeply rooted; it has or to the civil authority, fhould be ripened in the midst of storms, and punished as a feditious act; and deit belongs not alone to the present termined the punishments to be ingeneration. The new dangers ficted upon the promoters of such which threaten it serve only to dif- asseinblies, and the subscribers of play once more its strength. Each addresses, according to the nature of power shall return to its proper li- the case. mits; and if some men have wished to overstep them, they fhail be re- Mdflage of the Executive Directory to the called, and confined to their proper Council of Five Hundred, August 20th, ftation.

1797. Citizen soldiers, you whom we must censure to clay, but whom we

Citizen Representatives, must always admire, believe that THE Executive Directory has liberty is here defended by your proceeded to the distribution of the friends. The legislature is the ci funds assigned for the service of the

first

first decade of Fructidor. The fin- on the arrears of the preceding de- , gular and uncommon circumstances cade. A calculation has afterwards in which they are placed, oblige been formed of those articles of exthem to lay before you the results pence which it is indispensabiy neof this distribution, which will con- cessary to meet for the execuiion vince you of the indispensable ne of the laws, as well as for the maincessity of rendering the means dif- tenance of the public service. Unposable, which are requisite to pre- der these head's have been claffed vent the impending disasters. De- the pay and sustenance of the land ducting 63,888,967 livres, and 75 and naval forces, dividends and centimes, which remain to be paid penfions, the constitutional indemon warrants already issued for ur- nifications of the legislative body; gent services, and payments become 63,703 livres 14 fous for the pay. due, the most pressing demandsment of bills of exchange accepted amount to 21,002,790 livres 54 by the national treasury, and 50,000 centimes. This sum consists of the livres for the most urgent expence following articles :

to be made at Paris for the home

L. C. department. These objects amount To pay the troops 7,128,309 3 to a sum total of 8,850,729 livres To sustenance 3,944,916 95 87 centimes. To find this sum, it To pensions and di

has been supposed that the national vidends

930,000 O treasury can furnish 850,929 livres To constitutional sala

87 centimes, actually in its potcfries

986,943 83 fion; that it is to receive in the To salaries and pen

course of the decade one million, fions

5,040,990 O and that the effective receipts in the To sundries 7,001,629 29 departments during the last decade,

The ways and means, as stated must be supposed to amount to seby the National Treasury, present, ven millions. This calculation is at first sight, instead of disposable most surely exaggerated: it violates funds, a deficit of 3,793,681 livres all proportion, and exceeds all prowhich it would be necefary to co- bability, and the subsisting circumver previous to assigning any sums stances would alone authorize its of money for the service of the dif- admission; and yet, citizens repreferent departments. It has been sentatives, you cannot but perceive calculated that the above deficit that this is the chief resource for may in a great measure be covered meeting the most urgent and most by the presumptive funds calculat- indispensable expence. To this ed as existing in the public chests message are annexed the copy of a of the departments; and that by letter from the national treasury, adding to the funds actually exift- dated the 1st Fructidor (August 17) ing in the public treasury those proving the necessity of the reparwhich appear most disposable, the tition for this decade being made fupposition might be admitted, that according to a presumptive estimate a balance of about 800,000 livres, of the revenue, the statement of might remain for the service of the ways and means for the first decade decade, independently of such sums of Fructidor, transmitted by the naa as muft unavoidably be paid at Paris tional treasury, and another of the

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divisions

308

ANNUAL REGISTER,

1797 divisions and distributions contain- 10. Except the salaries of the legiring a detailed account of the de- lative body, there remains no momands, founded on the registers of ney to discharge all other constituthe different commiffaries. The tional and other salaries and penDirectory refer to those authentiefions; nor are any funds left for the papers all those who shall presume hospitals, the repair of dykes, roads, to question the truth of the results canals, &c. 11. The DireEtory they offer. Who contradicts the cannot extend its distribution to following facts is either groilly mito any sum exceeding the above taken, citizens representatives, or amount: and it is to the want of endeavours to deceive you:-1. The disposeable funds that ought to be national treasury does not posfets imputed the failure of all the other one million of disposable funds for branches of the public service, and the present decade. 2. In order to the danger with which they are find the above-stated sum, it is in- threatened. 12. If the national dispensably necessary to suppose treasury is desired, by means of nethe receipts in the departments gotiations, to augment the resourcamount to 7,000,000; and that, es, it is obliged to return in answer, moreover, the national treasury is That it does not possess any thing to receive one million at Paris. which may serve for that purpose. 3. This supposition is exaggerated, 13. The pay of the army is confibut must be admitted. 4. The law derably in arrear. This is a certain of the Vendemiaire and 9th Ther- and acknowledged fact. 14. The midor, enact that the pay and fuf- future fuftenance of the troops is tenance of the troops shall be paid compromised. 15. No funds rein preference to every other de- main to be disposed of for the relief mand. The aggregate sum of these of hospitals. The Executive Ditwo articles of expence amounts rectory can perceive no possible reto 7,073,226 livres 73 centimes. source that may be applied to allift 5. The law of the 15th Vendemiaire them. The decision which it is alligns to the stockholders a sixth of enabled to make with respect to the taxes; the national treasury de- the urgency of the payments, make mands under this head 900,000 li- no alteration in the deplorable fitu

6. The law which fixes the ation in which they are placed. expence of the legislative body or- The Directory considered itself dains that the constitutional indem- bound to lay before you these statenification of its members shall be ments. It has fulfilled that duty; paid every month. 7. The engage. but it does not apprehend that this ments contracted by the national exposition can make the courage treasury, with respect to accepted and perseverance of the friends of bills of exchange, demand the tum the Republic. It, on the contrary, of 63,703 livres 24 centimes. 8. The finds a powerful motive, in the true safety of Paris, the imperious force picture which it has drawn, to hope of the supreme law, demands that that your deliberations on the fithe minister of the interior be able nances will render those resources lo difpofe of 50,000 livres. 9. These effective which can be brought into articles abforb all the funds which action. These resources possess may be confidered as disposable, the great advantage of being ade

quate

vres.

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