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naparte.- Preparations of Aufria, for difputing with the French the Eme pire of Italy. -The Imperial Army in Italy, commanded by the Archduke Charles.Attacked by the French, and forced to retreat.-Capture of Gradisca and Goritz.-Municipal Governments settled in both these Towns, on the Republican Plan.--The Austrians defeated with severe Loss near Tarvis.-Audacious Spirit of the French Prisoners of War.The Infertion of this Spirit dreaded by the Imperial Ministry.-A Divison of the French Army, under Joubert, penetrates into the Tyrol.- Reduces min of the ftrong Forts of that Country.- And gains other fignal Ads vantages.- The French obtain Poffeffion of Brixen.- Proclamations of Buonaparte, addrested to the Subjects of the Emperor.-The Anftrians obliged to abandon their Head-Quarters at Clagenfurth.--The French cross the Drave ---Farther Successes of the French, under Joubert, in the Tyrol.Remarkable Engagement between the Aufirians and French, in the Defiles leading to Newmarck.-The Auftrians continually defeated, but not dif couraged.-Confternation at Vienna.-But invincible Courage of the Auftrian and Hungarian Nobles.--Interesting Letter from Buonaparte to the Archduke Charles.-Arid the Archduke's Answer. - Armiflice between the Auflrians and French.-Honours and Praises befiowed by the French Directory on the Army.-Reflections

18

CH A P. III.

Preliminary Articles of Peace between the French and Auftrians.-Succelles

of French Armies on the Rhine --Progress of the Negociation for Peace. Hatred of the Venetians to the French, and partiality for the Auftrians.-, The French Army takes Poffeffion of Bergamo.- Refentment, Rage, and Attempts of the l'enetians at Refjlance. --The French Troops over-Tun and reduce all the Venctian Territories --Fall of the Fenetian Republic universally deplored.---A Revolution introduced by the French into Ve nice. --The Auftrian Troops invade Ifria.-Treaty of Campo-Formio, 37

CHAP. IV.

.

Principle or Spirit of the Treaty of Campo-Formio.--Strictures thereon.--Es illation of the French.— Parties in France.-Theit mutual Abhorrence of each other. Their Reciprocal Animosity, influenced by new Jealonpes and Apr prehenfions.-Conspiracy of loyalijis discovered. - Address of Lewis, called by the Royalists the XVIII.-- And resolute Exertions of his Party throughont France. -Decree, obliging the Public Functionaries to swear Hatred to Royalty.-Return of new Members to the French Repriblican Legislature, - French Troops fent to St. Domingo.---Excesive Profufion of the French Executive Government. Frauds and Collufions, detrimental to the Puibfic Revenue.- Enormous encrease of the Public Debt. Various Mifmanage. ments. Strictures of many Members of both Councils, and others on the Continuance of War, and Extension of Conquelis - The Lenity and Moderation of this Party, in Favour of Peace, encourages Attempts in Favour
of Peaceable Loyalists.--Severe Decrees against this Class of Loyalists, nerva
modelled and mitigated

deration

48

:.CH A P. v.

C H A P. VI.

InLeffe&tual Expedition of the English against the Spanish Ifand of Porto-

Rico.--Transactions in the West Indies.-Favourable to the English, both
by Sea and Land, Great Preparations against England, in the Ports of
Holland and Spain. - Spanish Fleet defeated by an English Squadron,
greatly inferior, in Strength and Numbers, under the Command of Ada
miral Sir John Jervis.--Other Gallant Exploits of this Syuadron. Unfor
Lunate Attempt of the English on the Irand of Tenerifft.-Dutch Arma-
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CHA P. XII.

Causes of Discontents in the British Navy and Army.-Notices giron of

these Discontents.--Mutinous Combination among all the Ships in the Channel Fleet.- Organization of this Naval Democracy. ---Petitions from the Mutincers to the Admiralty and the House of Commons. General Alarm.---The Board of Admirulty transferred to Portsmoulh.-Conra ciliatory Terms of a Retrirn to Subordination and Duty proposed to the Seamen. -Demands of the Seamen.--Complied with. In confequence of a Miftruft of Government, a fresh Mutiny. -Zealous, prudent, ar:d juccesful, Exertions of the Earl Houe. - The Affairs of the Navy, with the Efimates of the additional Expences now become necesary, brought irito the Horile of Commons. -Minisiry accused of Procraftination and fcandalous Veelect of Duty: --- Motion for a Vole of Cenfure. --Negatired.-A Mutiny, more alarming jill than that in the Channel Fleet, breaks out at the Nore.--A Board of Admiralty held at Sheerness. Audacious Behaviour of the Mutincess. The Lords of the Admirally return from Sheerness to Town, without the least Success in their Endeavours for the Refloration of Order.-Transactions in the Fleet at the Nore.-Condemned by the Divisions of the Fleet al Plymouth and Portsmouth. - As reell as by the Nation at large. Intelligence of this produces, in the Ships Creus, at the Nore, Divihons, Terror, and Despair. The principal Conductor of the Mutiny seized, condemned to Death, and executed: -Bill for preventing the Seduction of Soldiers and Sailors

207

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CH A P.' XIII.

State of Ireland, in its Relations, external and internal, a Subject in Debate

in both Houses of Parliament.-- Motion, by Mr. Whitbread, in the blouse of Commoits, relative to the Invasion of Ireland.--Negatired.--Motion relative to the internal State and Discontents of Ireland, in the llonfe of Peers, by the Eart of Moira.--Negativcd.---Motion on the sume Subice, in the House of Commons, by Mr. Fox.-- Negatived

223

CH A P. XIV.

Petitions for the Dismission of Ministers.--Motion to that Effect in the

House of Lords.-And in the House of Commons.Motion in the House of Commons for a Reform of Parliament.-Motion in the House of Peers for considering the State of the Nation.-Prorogation of Parliament, 219

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90

London Gazette, January 17

70 London Gazette Extraordinary, February 27

72 The like, March 3

73 The like, O&ober 16

75 Articles of the Capitulation of the Ijiand of Trinidad

78 Account of the Royal Procession to St. Paul's

80 Petition of the City of London to the King for Peace, and the Dismissal of his Ministers

84 Refolutions passed in Common Hall, May 11

ibid. Petition for Peace, to the King, from the County of Middlesex 86 The like, from the City of Westminfier

87 The like, from the County of Down, in Ireland

89 Account of the Advances made for the Service of the Emperor, fince Decem

'ber 13, 1796, and also of the Securities for Repayment of the fame . Report of the secret Committee to inquire into the Financial State of the Nation

ibid. Report from the Commiltee of Secrecy, appointed, by the House of Lords, to

examine and State the total Amount of outftunding Demands on the Bank of

England, and likerei fo of the funds for discharging the fame, &c. 96 Account of all Bills drawn on the Treasury, from the Ipand of St. Domings,

during the War, together with a Return of the Deaths and Casualites which I have taken Place in the British Forces there

110 Account of all Additions made to the Annual Charge of the Public Debt, by

the Interest or Annuities of any Loan made, or Annuities created, subsc

quent to January 1, 1793, und also the Produce of the Duties granted for e defraying the Charge, in respect of the same, in the Year ended Jan.5, 1797,

11-1 Copies of the Refolutions of the Court of Directors of the Bank of England,

with the Answers of the Chancellor of the Exchequor thereto Copies of all Communications between the Directors of the Bank and Chancellor of the Exchequer, respeding Advances to Government, fince Nov. 1, 1794,

119 Summary of the Report of the Secret Committee of the Irish House of Commons, rappointed to confider of the Papers seixed at Belfaft

145 Subfiance

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118

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