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the Meuse and the Rhine, having we shall not be forced to have rethe entire administration of those course to such extremities. countries, could not fee without
(Signed) WASSEINEL SEIDA the greatest surprise the order of the Royal Chamber of Warand Domains of Wesel, and of the regency of Declaration publiñed by the Prusian Emmerick, dated the 29th of De
Government at Wesel. cember (O. S.), which forbids the THE Royal Chamber of War. cutting down of wood fold, under and Domains has learned, with the penalty of restitution and re- surprise, from several quarters on prisal.
the other side of the Rhine, that We should be essentially wanting the French agents infift not only in the discharge of our duties and upon the payment of the first inobedience, if we suffered other stalment of the contribution of authorities to interfere in the ad- 3,000,000, but that a fixed number ministrative affairs of our cantons, of men are also to be put in requiwithout having previously received fition, to cut down the wood defa formal order from our fuperiors.
tined to be fold. And whereas an You have seen several times or- edict, published by the King's sudinances emanating from those au- preme command, in that part of thorities; you have seen also that the country, declares such a prothe French government has not, on ceeding unlawful, and contrary to that account, discontinued the di- the treaty of peace concluded at rection of Pruslian as well as of Bafle; the Magistrates of Xanten other countries. Do not doubt can by no means be farther authorthat they will still continue it; you ised to make payments of a similar will, perhaps, be convinced of it description, and to do actions diwhen you ihall pay attention to the rectly in opposition to his Majesty's manner in which the ordinances Royal intention. There is no doubt have been communicated. Weap- but the French agents, upon a mapeal to the members of those cham- turer investigation of the matter, bers, if a foreign authority were will be of the same opinion ; and to intimate orders to them, would the magistrates of Xanten need to not they say, with reason, "We be the less afraid of compulsion by have a sovereign; it is only to him military execution, which would that we owe obedience;" and would render the French agent responsinot they continue their functions ble, since we are informed that the without paying any attention to orders of the Directory at Paris, the order? We are therefore, de- purporting that the Royal Prullian termined, citizens, to maintain provinces shall be exempted from with firmness all the operations all farther requisitions and contriundertaken, or to be undertaken, butions, are already arrived at Aix in the name of the government la Chapelle. which we represent, and to punish (Signed)
SEIMBURGER, exemplarily all those who shall shew
VON BERNOTH, any disobedience in any manner
WULFING. whatever. But you have already Done at Wesel, in the Royal given us sufficient marks of your Chamber of War and Das obedience to make us believe that mains, January 6th, 1797. Vol. XXXIX.
Provisory Regulations for the Prussian als; as likewise all the instructions
Provinces situate on the left Bank of he may happen to obtain, and to the Rhine.
give information to the government
respecting the conduct adopted by Art. I. ON the 1st Germinal, some of its former agents in the of the fifth year of the Republic conquered countries. (March 21, 1797) all the French
IV. Immediately after the instal. administrations, under what deno- lation of the magistracies, which mination soever they may have thall be certified by an authentic been organized, shall entirely cease act (proces verbal) the chamber of their fun&tions. In order to re- finances of the Prussian provinces place them, and examine their ope- fhall order the agents of the former rations, there shall be created an administrations to give a detailed intermediate commission of five account of their operations, which members, one of whom shall be it shall examine and forward to the perpetual president. The commis- intermediate comınifsion, with such lion shall reside at Bonn.
remarks as it Ihall think
to II. The ancient constitutions, add thereto. usages, customs, laws, and contri- V. The new magiftrates shall butions, shall be re-established at correspond with the intermediate the above mentioned period, for commission on such matters as rethe Pruffian provinces on the left late to their administration; they bank of the Rhine. Their magif- shall address to the commission all tracies, chambers of justice, and fi- the just requests which they may nances, Thall resume, with full right, deem proper to form, and give evetheir functions. The clergy of all ry month a minute account of their orders shall remain in the entire conduct. poffeffion of their property ; and VI. The produce of the taxes of no wood shall, under any pretence, the faid Prussian states, of which the be felled, without a special and ex- mode of collection shall without deplanatory order from the command- lay be fixed, as well as the arrears er in chief of the French army, due on the forced loan, shall be called of the Sambre and Meufe; thrown, without any deduction, inbe it however observed that, until to the chest of the paymaster-gefarther orders, the authority of the neral of the army, who will give Republic is the only one that ought proper receipts. to be acknowledged in the conquer- VII, By virtue of the execution ed countries.
of the preceding article, no requiIII. The intermediate commif- fition in money or provisions shall fon shall appoint a commissioner be made in the Pruffian provinces. with the Prussian administrations, Should, however, the events of the whose functions shall be to watch war, or other circumstances, render over the execution of the orders necessary a supply of provisions or given, either by the commander cattle; or should the want of specie in chief or by the commiffion, to oblige the perfons paying contribureceive and transmit to the com- tions to acquit themselves in artimifion the requests, either of the cles of daily consumption, the proadministrations or private individu- visons shall be received at the prices hereafter mentioned, and in defal- quest of one party, and wholly to cation of the taxes, namely, a quin- the advantage of the complainants, tal of wheat, nine livres; a quintal by which they have attacked us of rye, barley, or spelt, fix livres; and our rights, and diffuaded our a fack of oats, of fix Parisian bushels, subjects from performing thofe ob-, six livres; a quintal of hay, two ligations which they have contractlivres five fous ; a quintal of straw, ed on cath with us, and have even one livre; a pound of meat, four sous formally summoned those of the fix deniers.
Equestrian Order not to regard us VIII. The members of the ma- as their Sovereign, the measures gifterial corporations, and the bai- which they have adopted, by printliffs, who, for any cause whatever, ing and circulating them, to mislead may have transferred their residence our subjects, are, to, or preserved the same on the ist. A mandate of the Aulic right bank of the Rhine, are au- Council, dated March 17th, 1797, thorised and invited to resume their on the subject of the claims of the charges. In case of the demise of sovereignty of Brandenbourg against any member of the chambers, tri- the bishopric of Etchstadt. 2d. A bunals, or bailiwicks, the interme- conclufum of the Aulic Council, of diate commission is authorised to the 23d March, concerning the preappoint to the vacant places, per- tensions of the sovereignty of Branfons recommended as proper ob- denbourg against the Équestrian jects by the magistrates, who are to Order in Franconia. 3d. Idem, of be inmediately reinstalled. the 8th of April, and against the
These presents, corroborated with imperial town of Weltseinbourg. the seal of command, and delivered 4th. Idem, March 5th, &c. againit to the deputies of the Pruffian pro- the Elector of Cologne, as Grand vinces, have been resolved at Co- Master of the Teutonic Order. logne, the 22d Ventose, 5th year of 5th. Idem, May 9th, &c. against the the Republic (March 12, 1797.)
imperial town of Nuremberg. The General commanding in
Considering what the laws of the chief the army of the Sam- empire prescribe, we can by no bre and Meuse, charged by means regard, nor will regard, these the Executive Directory with measures as legally valid and oblithe general administration of gatory, but, on the contrary, we
the conquered countries. must consider them as real encroach(Signed) LAZARUS Hoche, ments on our rights of sovereignty, Promulgated at Wesel,
and peculiarly prejudicial: we, in March 18, 1797.
consequence, therefore, folemnly
and seriously, by the present paEdi&t published at Berlin.
tent, advise and forewarn all those
of the Equestrian Order who have Frederic William, by tle Grace of God, hitherto belonged to the canton King of Pruffia, &c. &c.
of the Equestrian Order of the emHAVING understood that the pire, as also all other persons whose Aulic Council of Vienna have sovereigns belong to the Equestrian adopted, without ever consulting Order, or are neighbouring princes, Ns, different measures, on the re- not to swerve in the least degree
from their duties as subjects: ire and their conduct upon this occaallure them that our intention has fion has produced the effect, that never been to interfere with the the plan formed by a detachment oath which they have taken to of Prussian troops, to drive the mitheir respective sovereigns; and litary of the city from their bara we promise to protect them with racks, has conpletely failed. The all our power against every one. senate is very far from misunder At the same time we would apprise standing the motives of this action. all those who fall attempt to dif- They are convinced that too anifuade any subject from his due al- mated a zeal for the just cause of legiance to us, that they will be this city, and too exalted a patriotprofecuted in the most rigorous ism, have been generally the inmanner.
citement. Although such motives FREDERIC GUILLAUME.
deserve the general gratitude, yet FENKILSTEIN ALVENSIEBEN. the fenate consider it as one of their
HARDENBERG HAUGWITZ. duties, and think themselves oblig. Given at Berlin, June 14, 1797.
ed to forewarn these persons of the dangerous effects to which they are
exposed by taking part, without beProclamation publis.ed at Nuremberg on ing invited, in the events which did the tih July, 1797.
not demand their intervention. WHAT has taken place to- The senate believe the burghers day* in the barracks, has induc- to be sufficiently enlightened, to be ed a great part of the burghers convinced themselves that the suand inhabitants of this city to take preme head of the empire will supan active part in the event, without port with suitable energy the just being invited by the magistrate; decree of the 9th May against the
* The third of July had been fixed upon by the Prussians as the last period for the evacuation of the barracks occupied by the Nuremberg troops upon the territoby; to the polleífion of which they form pretensions. In case of refusal, force was to be employed ; yet the voluntary evacuation did not take place. The garrison, consifting of eightv.eight men, had received orders to maintain their post, even if the last extremity were recurred to. On the third of July, a detachinent of 310 Prufian husars, grenadiers, fuzileers, and chasseurs, commanded by a Major, made their appearance. The gate of the barracks was forced, the garrison defended itfelt: an officer of Pruffian grenadiers and four foldiers were wounded, and the ato tack failed. A truce of five hours was concluded, and in this interval fresh instructions from the senare were expected. Ac nine o'clock a capitulation was agreed upon, stating that the garrison hould quit the barracks, drums beating, and with all the honours of war. The capiculation was, in fact, carried into execution; but as foon as it was made public, a violent ferincnt broke out ainong the citiz:ns assembled ; a great number armed themselves with all kinds of arms, and appeared dererinined to make ule of thein. The prudent conduct of the Pruflian major prevented all disorder in this critical moment: he retired at ten o'clock with his detachment. A troop of arined populace afterwards demanded permiffion from the senate to drive away the Prullian garrison which was stationed under the gates of the two suburbs; but this demand was refused, and it was only permitted to the burghers to guard the gates conjointly with the Prussians. In the afternoon the magistrates published the above proclamation.
Pruffian regency, and which the specting the fovereignty) which senate have just rendered public; may lead to a distinct and amicable, they invite them, in confequence, conciliation of all their respective, to wait quietly for the issue, and not rights. Your Majesty, however, is to expose themselves and their fa- too enlightened not to be convincmilies to danger by useless refift- ed, that, after all the laws which ance, and a too exalted patriotic have been made, pretensions to zeal.
rights which are not united with The senate having thus fatisfied the possession must be previously the desire of the burghers, by con- referred to the judge, and decided, fiding to them for a time the care of in order to be able to come at the the gates, expect that they will re- enjoyment of them; and that the member the promise they have made arbitrary deposing of him who is. to abstain from all excesses and pre- actually in possession, cannot be apcipitate steps, and leave entirely to proved by any one. In truth, it the magistrate and fupreme tribunal cannot be doubted, that if your Maof the empire, the care of termi- jesty had employed measures of nenating this affair.
gotiation with the different powers,
it was much to be feared that the Substance of a Letter addressed by the business would not have been spee
Elector of Saxony to his Majesty the dily terminated and arranged. But King of Prusia, relative to the late this consideration was not sufficient Differences fübfisting between that Mo- to set you above all the laws against narch and his Neighbours in Franco
which are so falunia.
tary in themselves, and so inter
woven with the spirit of the Ger-, FAR from meaning to decide manic conftitution. We can no upon, or to call in question the va- longer accuse the supreme tribunals. lidity of the pretensions of your of the empire with partiality and Majesty to the rights of sovereign- injustice: 'if they exercise their ty, which, in later times, have been functions agreeably to the laws by enjoyed by several of your neigh- which they should be guided, and bours in Franconia, reputed, in if they apply them to the actions consequence, to be members of the and conduct of your Majesty, the Equestrian Order of the empire, I consequences which will result from think it my duty to supposé, from it will be felt. Your Majesty has the known equity of your Majesty, been revered with reason by a great that you will not determine to as- part of the empire, as one of the sume these rights without imparti- first defenders of the constitution; ally examining your pretensions, and what matter of affliction will it and that all the steps which are not be for every state of the emtaken respecting the principalities pire torn from the country, if that of Franconia have been directed by confidence, which is founded upon justice, and a desire to pave a way veneration, is weakened by the new (for you and your electoral house, steps taken in Franconia! I leave and for the advantage of the sub- to your Majesty's wisdom to dejects of Franconia, fuffering from cide, whether these premature steps the differences that have arisen re- wiil not lead them to form very cu