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non, and a crew of forty men, was Proclamation of General Buonaparte. ., sunk in the very port of Venice, and by order of the senate. The
Ilead Quarters, Monte Bello, young and intrepid Haugier, lieute,
11th Meffidor, 5th year. nant and coinmander of the faid THE Cisalpine Republic was for thip, as soon as he saw himfėlf at- many years under the dominion of tacked by the fire of the fort and the house of Austria. The French the admiral's galley;. being from Republic succeeded it by the right both not more than pistol-lliot, or- of conquest. It now renounces dered his crew to go below. He this right, and the Cisalpine Re: alone got upon the deck, in the public is free and independent. midst of a storm of grape-shot, and Recognized by France and the Emendeavoured, by his speeches, to peror, it will soon be equally acdisarm the fury of his aftaflinsbut knowledged by the rest of Europe. he fell dead. His crew threw them. The Executive Directory of the selves into the lea to swiin, and French Republic, not content with were pursued by fix challops, with employing its influence, and the troops on board, in the pay of Ve. victories of the republican armies, nice, who cut to pieces several that to secure the political existence of fought for safety in the open sea. the Cisalpine Republic, extends its One of the masters, with several care still further; and convinced wounds, and bleeding in every part, that, if liberty be the first of bleilhad the good fortune to reach' the ings, the revolution which attends fhore, near the castle of the port; it is the greatest of evils, it has given but the commandant himself cut off to the Cifalpine people their pecuhis hand with an axe.
liar constitution, resulting from the On aecount of the above-men- wisdom of the most enlightened na: tioned grievances, and authorised tion. From a military regime the by the 22d title, article 328, of the Cisalpine people pass to a constituconstitution of the republic, and on tional one. That this transition account of the urgency of affairs, should experience no shock, nor be the General in Chief requires the exposed to anarchy, the Executive French minister to the republic of Directory has thought proper to Venice to leave the said city; di- nominate, for the present, the memrects the different agents of the re. bers of the government and the lepublic of Venice in Lombardy, and gillative body; so that the people the Venetian Terra Firma, to quit Tould after the lapse of one year, it in twenty-four hours; directs the have the election to the vacant different generals of divisions to places, in conformity to the constitreat as enemies the troops of the tution. For a great number of years republic of Venice, and to pull these existed no republic in Italy. down, in the towns of the Terra The sacred fire of liberty was exFirma, the Lion of St. Marc. Every tinguished, and the fineit part of one will receive, in the orders of Europe was under the yoke of the day to-morrow, a particular in strangers. It belongs to the CifItruction respecting ulterior opera. alpine Republic to Mew to the hone.
world by its wisdom, its energy, BUONAPARTE.
and the organization of its armies, Y 2
that modern Italy is not degenerat- gallant Maniote people, who alone ed, and is still worthy of liberty. of ancient Greece have preserved (Signed) BUONAPARTE. their liberty. In all the circum
stances which may occur, they shall Ordinance published at Verona on the ever give proofs of their protection, 8th of August, 1797.
and a particular care to favour their
vessels and their citizens. WHEREAS citizen George I beg your Lordship to receive Giusti continues, notwithstanding with kindness the bearers of this, repeated admonitions, to revile the who have the ftrongest desire to see popular government and equality; more nearly the worthy descendand instead of styling himself citi- ants of Sparta, who, to be as rezen, assumes the title of Count; nowned as their ancestors, wanted since he daily boasts to his servants only to appear on a larger theatre. that he is of one of the best fami- The first time that any of your lies in Rome; and, what is much relations have occasion to visit Itaworse, continually inveighs against ly, I beg you to recommend them the popular government; the said to me. I shall feel a real pleasure citizen George Giusti is hereby in giving marks of the esteem which sentenced to pay 100 sequins; which I entertain for you
your commoney fhall be appropriated to erect patriots. a column to liberty in the Green- (Signed) BUONAPARTE.
) Market. This sentence shall be read to citizen Giusti in the presence of all his servants and do- From the Vienna Court Gazette, mestics, by the secretary of the mu
April 5th, 1797. nicipality, to instruct the whole family in the true principles of liber- THE present war, of which the
. Approved by General Verdier, been the destruction of so many
French Commandant in the lives, has given the greatest uneafiprovince of Verona. nefs to his Imperial Majesty from
the time of his first accession to the
throne. Penetrated with a sense of Letter of General Buonaparte to the Chief his duty, and compaffion for his sub
of the Maniotes, dated Milan, 12th jects, and animated with a wish to Thermidor, (July Soth)
restore plenty and prosperity to all
his hereditary states, his Majesty has THE council of the French Re. never ceased to devise such means public at Trieste has acquainted as might put an end to the calamime with the attention your Lord, ties of war; and it was with the ut. Ship had fewn in sending a deputa- most regret that he saw all his ention to intimate to me the desire you deavours fruitless, and himself in had to see in your ports fome French conlequence obliged to exert his vessels, and to be in any respect use- utmost force to defend his states ful to the brave French fóldiers of and faithful subjects against the at. the army of Italy.
tacks of the enemy. Anxious to The French esteem the finall but spare the blood of his subjects, his
Imperial Majesty still wished for has published a proclamation, by orpeace, even in the moment when his der of his Imperial Majesty, signifyarms were most signally victorious. ing, that though his Imperial Majel
His Majesty has now likewise giv- ty cannot, for obvious important en in charge to the undersigned, reasons, undertake the defence of the President of Lower Austria, to his capital in his own person, he communicate to the public the most has taken all the necessary measures, positive assurance that he is now and caused every provision to be employed in the most earnest man- made under his own inspection, for ner in hastening the conclusion of its defence. His Imperial Majesty a peace. But though his Majesty likewise expresses his hope that the will neglect nothing which may enemy will at length consent to acprocure the blessings of a speedy cept more equitable terms, and see peace to his hereditary states, he in their proper light those which trusts with confidence, that should his Majesty has proposed; they are the enemy, dazzled by the change. fo framed, as they only can be, withable fortune of war, contrary to out derogating from the dignity of what we would hope, arrogantly his Imperial Majesty, and the horeject all reconciliation, or insist on nour of the nation he has the hapo extravagant conditions, and such as piness to govern. His Majesty, are disgraceful to the Austrian na- however, confides in the assistance tion, every faithful subject, mindful and support of all his faithful subof the duties to which he has sworn, jects; and trusts that, should the will exert his utmost efforts to ob- enemy proceed to extremities, they tain peare by a courageous defence alone, by the Divine affiftance, will of his country, and will contribute be the victim. all in his power to preparations His Majesty likewise gives notice, which the extreme emergence may that whatever damage may be done render necessary for the safety of to the city or suburbs by the prepathe capital; and that the brave in- rations necessary for defence, or habitants of Vienna will shew no the assaults of the enemy, shall be less courage and loyalty than their repaired, after the restoration of glorious ancestors, who, under Fer- peace, from his Majesty's private dinand and Leopold I, on the walls property. of their city, fought and conquered for religion, their Sovereign, their
Vienna, June 21/, 1797., country, and their honour.
ON the 21st instant Count Francis Court SAURAU,
Thurn, in Styria, published a decla President of Administration
ration relative to the entrance of in Lower Austria.
the Austrian troops into Venetian. Vienna, April 4th, 1797.
Istria. The principal reasons af
figned are as follows: Declaration of the Emperor at Vienna, which has manifefted itself in the
ift. The revolutionary spirit on the 15th of April, 1797.
inhabitants of the Venetian terri. COUNT Saurau, President of tory, threatens the neighbouring the administration of Lower Austria,, countries, and compels the Empe
ror to secure himself from the un- Grand Cross of the royal Order of happy consequences which may be St. Stephen, Chamberlain and acthe result.
tual Privy Counsellor of State to 2d. The ancient rights of his Im- his said Imperial, Royal, and Aposperial Majefty, and his ancestors, to tolic Majesty, and his Ambassador Venetian Istria, which formerly Extraordinary to his Imperial Mamade part of Hungary. And as jefty of all the Ruffias; the Sieur several of the Venetian provinces Maximilian, Count of Merveldt, have detached themselves from the Knight of the Teutonic and Mili, sovereignty of Venice, his Majesty tary order of Maria Theresa, Chamconceived this to be the time to berlain and Major-General of Caaffert his ancient rights.
valry in the armies of his said Ma. This declaration has been accom- jesty the Emperor and King; and panied by a general pardon, as well the Sieur Ignatius, Baron Degelfor the Austrian subjects who had mann, Minister Plenipotentiary of fied into Iftria to avoid taking up his said Majesty to the Helvetic arms, as for the Venetian subjects Republic; and the French Repubwho had left their country
lic has named Buonaparte, General in Chief of the French army in Ita
ly; which persons, after the ex. Definitive Treaty of Peace, concluded be change of their respective powers, tween the French Republic and the
have resolved upon the following
articles: Emperor, King of Hungary and Behemia.
Art. I. There shall be in future,
and for ever, a solid and inviolable CIS Majesty the Emperor of peace between his Majesty the Em
the Romans, King of Hunga- peror of the Romans, King of Hunry and Bohemia, and the French gary and Bohemia, his heirs and Republic, being desirous to conso- successors, and the French Repubļidate the peace, the basis of which lic. The contracting parties Thall has been laid down by the prelimi- give the greatest attention to the naries signed at the Chateau of Eck- maintenance of a perfect intellienwald, near Leoben, in Styria, on gence between themselves and their the 18th of April, 1797, (29th states, without permitting, for the Germinal, 5th year of the French future, any sort of hostilities on eiRepublic, one and indivsible) have ther side, for whatever cause, or unnamed for their Plenipotentiaries der whatsoever pretext, and fhall the following persons: his Majefty carefully avoid whatever may here- . the Emperor and King, the Sieur after affect the union thus happily D. Martius Maftrilly, noble Nea. established. No assistance shall be politan Patrician ; Marquis of Gal- given, either directly or indirectly, lo, Knight of the royal Order of St. to those who would attempt any Januarius, Gentleman of the Chain- thing to the prejudice of one or ber to his Majesty the King of the other of the contracting parties. - Two Sicilies, and his Ambassador II. Soon after the exchange of Extraordinary at the court of Vi- the ratifications of the present treaenna; the Sieur Louis, Cobentzel, ty, the contracting parties fhall reCount of the holy Roman Empire, move all sequestrations imposed up
on the effects, rights, and revenues and in general all the ci-devant Ve of individuals residing in their re
netian establishments in Albanys spective territories, and the coun- which are situated lower than the tries reunited to them, as well as up- Gulph of Lodrino. on the public establishments; they VI. The French Republic con. shall be bound to pay all debts for sents that his Majesty the Emperor funds supplied to them by the said and King shall possess, in entire soindividuals or public establishments, vereignty and property, the counand to repay all rents settled for tries hereafter mentioned; Istria, their profit.
Dalmatia, the çi-devant Venetian The present article is declared ifles in the Adriatic, the mouths of common to the Cisalpine Republic. Cattaro, the city of Venice, the
III. His Majesty the Emperor, channels and the countries comKing of Hungary and Bohemia, re- prised between the hereditary states nounces for himself and his fuccef- of his Majesty the Emperor and tors, in favour of the French Re- King, the Adriatic Sea, and a line public, all his rights and titles to the which, issuing from the Tyrol, shall çi-devant Belgic provinces, known follow thc torrent in front of Garby the name of the Austrian Pays dola, and traverse the lake of Garda, Bas. The French Republic shall as far as Lacife, whence a military possess these countries in perpetuity, line, offering equal advantages to in entire sovereignty and property, both parties, Thall be marked out by and with all the territorial effects officers of engineers, named on both which belong to them.
fides, before the exchange of the raIV. All the debts for which the tification of the present treaty. The soil of the said countries shall have line of limitation shall afterwards pafs been mortgaged before the war, the Adige at Langiacomo, and fol. and the contracts for which shalí low the left bank of that river to the subsist in the customary forms, shall mouth of the Canal-Blanc, combe adopted by the French Repub- prising that part of Porto-Legnago lic. The Plénipotentiaries of his which is on the left bank of the Majesty the Emperor shall give an Adige, with a circular district of account of them as foon as possible, three thousand toises diameter. The and before the exchange of the ra- line fhall proceed by the left bank tifications, in order that, previous of the Canal-Blanc, by the left bank to the exchange, the Plenipotentia- of the Tartaro, by the left bank of ries of the two powers may agree the canal called Polisella, as far as upon the additional articles expla- its entrance into the Po, and by the natory of the present, and may lignleft bank of the Great Po, as far as them.
the sea. V. His Majesty the Emperor and VII. His Majesty the Emperor King consents that the French Re. and King renounces for ever, with public thall poffefs, in entire fove- respect to himself and his fucceffors, reignty, the çi-devant Venetian Ifles all the rights, and titles arising out in the Levant, called Corfou, Zante; of those rights, which his said MaCephalonia, St. Maure, Cerigo, and jesty might affert over the countries the other isles depending upon them, possessed by him before the war, as well as Batrinto, Larta, Vonizza, that now make part of the Cisalpine