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diet of the empire. The declara- Buonaparte, General in Chief of the tion made on the 14th instant, on Army of Italy, to the People of Cathe part of the Emperor, to the rinthia. three colleges of the empire, con- Ġeneral Quarters at Clagenfurt, tains, amongst others, the following passage:

April ift. The states must have acquired the THE French army does not most perfect conviction from many come into your country to conquer events, especially from the hoftile it, nor to effect any change in your sentiments expressed by the enemy religion, manners, or customs. It against the integrity of the empire, is the friend of all nations, and parthat it is become unavoidably ne- ticularly of the brave people of cessary to make greater efforts, and Germany. to lose no time in straining every The Executive Directory of the nerve to support his Imperial Ma- French Republic have spared no jesty in the generous patriotic re- pains to bring to a termination the solution of employing all his forces calamities which defolate the Confor the welfare of the Germanic tinent. Resolved to be foremost empire, and the preservation of its in the accomplishment of this plan, constitution, with all possible vigour, they fent General Clarke to Vienand with farther sacrifices of his re- na, as a Plenipotentiary, to comsources.

mence negotiations for peace; but The Emperor then demands of the court of Vienna refused to all those states who wish for the hearken to them : it has ever been farther protection of the imperial declared at Vicenze, through the arms, the speedy furnishing of their medium of M. St. Vincent, that it. quintuple contingent of troops, who did not acknowledge the French are to join the army of the empire Republic. General Clarke de- . without delay ; to furnish also the manded a passport, to go to speak contingents in money, and the ar- to the Emperor himself; but the rears of the Roman months, in or- ministers of the court of Vienna der that the effective force may be dreaded, with reason, that the moseasonably known before the open- deration of the propositions which ing of the impending campaign, he was charged to make, would inwhich is to be carried on with the fluence the Emperor to conclude a greatest energy.

peace. These ministers, corrupted The Emperor concludes his de- by Englinh gold, betrayed Germany claration by itating,

and their prince, and are as reluctHis Majesty the Emperor and ant to negotiation as the perfidious King, considering the immense ef- islanders who are the horror of all forts of the enemy, and the vicissi- Europe. tudes of the war which have hither- Inhabitants of Carinthia! I to taken place, will find it impossi- know it, you detest, as much as us, ble to avert the hostile dangers both the English, who are the only which threaten the Germanic con- gainers by the existing warfare, and stitution, and the prosperity of cer- your minister, who is fold to them. tain districts of Germany, unless his If we have been at war for fix co-states will grant him the most ac- years, it is contrary to the wifhes tive support.

of the brave Hungarians, of the

enlightened

we are

enlightened citizens of Vienna, are attributed to the Proveditori and of the fimple but honeft citi- Battagia, the Republic of Venice zens of Carinthia.

sees itself under the necessity of No matter! In spite of England, declaring that proclamation forged, and the ministers of the court of and of warning all its faithful subVienna,

friends. The jects not to be deceived by such French Republic affures to you the flanders, or induced to suppose that rights of conquest; let them disap- its friendship towards the Republic pear before the contract by which of France is in the least changed, we are reciprocally bound. You The Senate entertains no doubt will not join in a contest which is that the French nation will treat contrary to your sentiments. You such calumnies with the contempt will furnish the provisions which they deserve, and repose that conwe may want. On my part, I fall fidence in the Republic of Venice protect your religion, your man- which it has merited by its irreners, and your property. I shall proachable conduct. not exact from you any contribution. Is not the war of itself horri. Manifesto of General Buonaparte against ble enough? Have you not already

Venice. suffered too much, you who are the innocent victims of others folly?

Head Quarters, Palma Nova, The impofitions which you have

14 Floreal (May 13). been accustomed to pay to the Em

WHILST the French

army

was peror, will indemnify you for the engaged in the defiles of Styria, inevitable loffes attending the march and left far behind them Italy and of an army, and the provisions with the principal establishments of the which you will furnish us.

army, where only a small number

of battalions remained, this was the Proclamation relative to the Disturbances

conduct of the government of Vein the Venetian Territory.

nice:-1. They profited of Passion

week, to arm 40,000 pealants, unitTHE conduct of the Republic ing them with ten regiments of of Venice, during the commotions Sclavonians, organised them into in Europe, has always been, and different corps, and sent them to still remains, so perfectly neutral different points, to intercept all and friendly towards all the bellige- kind of communication between rent powers, that the Senate did the army and the places in the not imagine it necessary to give the rear.-2. Extraordinary commiffaleast attention to the evil-disposed ries, guns, ammunition of all kinds, who pretended to question their and a great quantity of cannon, sincerity; but, as these malignant were fent from Venice even to enemies of the Republic have dif- complete the organization of differseminated the vileft Nanders against ent corps of the army:-3. All perthe fincerity of the peaceable difpo- fons in the Terra Firma a ho had sition of the Republic, in a fabri- received us favourably, were arcated proclamation, dated Verona, rested; benefits and the confidence March 22, in which expressions of the government were heaped injurious to the French Republic upon all those who possessed a Vol. XXXIX.

Y

furious

April 11t.

diet of the empire. The declara. Buonaparte, General in Chief of the tion made on the 14th instant, on Army of Italy, to the People of Cathe part of the Emperor, to the rinthia. three colleges of the empire, con- General Quarters at Clagenfurt, tains, amongst others, the following paffage :

The states must have acquired the THE French army does not most perfect conviction from many come into your country to conquer events, especially from the hostile it, nor to effect any change in your sentiments expressed by the enemy religion, manners, or customs. It against the integrity of the empire, is the friend of all nations, and parthat it is become unavoidably ne- ticularly of the brave people of cessary to make greater efforts, and Germany. to lose no time in straining every The Executive Directory of the nerve to support his Imperial Ma- French Republic have spared no jesty in the generous patriotic re- pains to bring to a termination the solution of employing all his forces calamities which defolate the Confor the welfare of the Germanic tinent. Resolved to be foremost empire, and the preservation of its in the accomplishment of this plan, constitution, with all possible vigour, they sent General Clarke to Vienand with farther sacrifices of his re- na, as a Plenipotentiary, to comfources.

mence negotiations for peace; but The Emperor then demands of the court of Vienna refused to all those states who wish for the hearken to them : it has ever been farther protection of the imperial declared at Vicenze, through the arms, the speedy furnishing of their medium of M. St. Vincent, that it quintuple contingent of troops, who did not acknowledge the French are to join the army of the empire Republic. General Clarke de- . without delay; to furnish allo the manded a passport, to go to fpeak contingents in money, and the ar- to the Emperor himself; but the rears of the Roman months, in or- ministers of the court of Vienna der that the effective force may be dreaded, with reason, that the moseasonably known before the open- deration of the propositions which ing of the impending campaign, he was charged to make, would in. which is to be carried on with the fluence the Emperor to conclude a greatest energy

peace. These ministers, corrupted

. The Emperor concludes his de- by Englini gold, betrayed Germany claration by itating,

and their prince, and are as reluctHis Majesty the Emperor and ant to negotiation as the perfidious King, considering the immense ef- islanders who are the horror of all forts of the enemy, and the vicisfi- Europe. tudes of the war which have hither- Inhabitants of Carinthia! I to taken place, will find it impoffi- know it, you detest, as much as us, ble to avert the hostile dangers both the English, who are the only which threaten the Germanic con- gainers by the existing warfare, and stitution, and the prosperity of cer- your minister, who is told to them. tain districts of Germany, unless his If we have been at war for fix co-states will grant him the most ac- years, it is contrary to the wishes tive support.

of the brave Hungarians, of the

enlightened

we are

enlightened citizens of Vienna, are attributed to the Proveditori and of the fimple but honest citi- Battagia, the Republic of Venice zens of Carinthia,

sees itself under the necessity of No matter! In spite of England, declaring that proclamation forged, and the ministers of the court of and of warning all its faithful lubVienna,

friends, The jects not to be deceived by such French Republic assures to you the flanders, or induced to suppose that rights of conquest; let them disap- its friendthip towards the Republic pear before the contract by which of France is in the least changed. we are reciprocally bound. You The Senate entertains no doubt will not join in a contest which is that the French nation will treat contrary to your sentiments. You such calumnies with the contempt will furnish the provisions which they deserve, and repose that conwe may want. On my part, I shall fidence in the Republic of Venice protect your religion, your man- which it has merited by its irreners, and your property. I shall proachable conduct. not exact from you any contribution. Is not the war of itself horri. Manifesto of General Buonaparte against ble enough? Have you not already

Venice. suffered too much, you who are the innocent victims of others folly?

Head Quarters, Palma Nova, The impofitions which you have

14 Floreal (May 13). been accustomed to pay to the Em

WHILST the French army was peror, will indemnify you for the engaged in the defiles of Styria, inevitable losses attending the march and left far behind them Italy and of an army, and the provisions with the principal establishments of the which you will furnish us.

army, where only a small number

of battalions remained, this was the Proclamation relative to the Difurbances conduct of the government of Vein the Venetian Territory.

nice: -1. They profited of Passion

week, to arm 40,000 pealants, unitTHE conduct of the Republic ing them with ten regiments of of Venice, during the commotions Sclavonians, organised them into in Europe, has always been, and different corps, and sent them to still remains, so perfectly neutral different points, to intercept all and friendly towards all the bellige- 'kind of communication between rent powers, that the Senate did the army and the places in the not imagine it necessary to give the rear.-2. Extraordinary commiffaleast attention to the evil-disposed ries, guns, ammunition of all kinds, who pretended to question their and a great quantity of cannon, sincerity; but, as these malignant were sent from Venice even to enemies of the Republic have dif- complete the organization of differseminated the vileft slanders against ent corps of the army:---3. All perthe sincerity of the peaceable difpo- fons in the Terra Firma a ho had sition of the Republic, in a fabri- received us favourably, were arcated proclamation, dated Verona, refted; benefits and the confidence March 22, in which expressions of the government were heaped injurious to the French Republic upon all those who possessed a Vol. XXXIX.

Y

furious

a

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furious hatred to the French name, Legnano, from Cassano to Verona, and especially the fifteen conspira- we had more than two hundred men tors of Verona, whom the Prove- assassinated.-9. Two French batditori Prioli had arrested three talions, wishing to join the army, months ago, as having premedi- met at Chiari with a division of the tated the massacre of the French. Venetian army, which attempted to -4. In the squares, coffee-houses, oppose their paffage: an obstinate and other public places of Venice, conflict took place, and our brave all Frenchmen were insulted, treat- soldiers cut a passage for themselves, ed badly, and called by the names by putting these perfidious enemies of Jacobins, Regicides, Atheists. to the rout.- 10.'At Valeggio therc The French were to leave Venice, was another battle; at Dessengaro and a short time afterwards it was another. The French were everyprohibited to them even to enter where the weakest in numbers; but it.-5. The people of Padua, Vi. they know well that the number eenza, and Verona, were ordered of the enemy's battalions is never to take up arms, to second the counted when they are composed different corps

of the army, and only of assassins.-11. The second to begin at length those new Sici- fealt in Easter, at the ringing of the lian vespers. It belongs, said the bell, all the French were affaffinated Venetian officers, to the Lion of in Verona. Neither the fick in the St. Marc to verify the proverb, hospitals were respected, nor those that Italy is the tomb of the French. who, in a state of convalescence, -6. The priests in the pulpit were walking in the streets, and preached the crusade; and the were thrown into the Adige, where priests in the state of Venice never they died, pierced with a thoufand speak any thing but the will of the wounds from stilettoes. More than government. Pamphlets, perfidious four hundred French were aflaffinproclamations, anonymous letters, ated.-12. For a week the Venewere printed in the different towns, tian army besieged the three castles and began to agitate the minds of of Verona. The cannon which all; in a state where the liberty of were placed on the battery were the press is not permitted, in a go- carried at the point of the bayonet. vernment as much feared as it is The town was set on fire, and the secretly detested, printers print, moveable column that arrived in and authors write, nothing but what the interim, put these cowards to the senate pleafc.-7. All smiled at complete rout, by taking three firft at the perfidious project of the thousand of the enemy prisoners, government. The French blood among whom were several VeneHowed on all sides. On all the tian generals.--13. The house of roads, our convoys, our couriers, the French conful to Zante was and every thing respecting the ar- burnt in Dalmatia.-14. A Venemy, were intercepted.-8. At Pa. tian fhip of war took an Austrian elva a chief of a battalion and two convoy under its protection, and other Frenchmen were arrested. fired several shot at the corvette la At Castiglione de Mori our soldiers Brune. 15. The Liberateur d'Italie, were difarmed and assassinated. On a vessel of the Republic, with only all the great roads from Mantua to three or four small pieces of can.

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