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of peace now can view nothing but to oppress the secondary states or general mourning, universal misery, the feebler powers. She punishes and valt despair. It is under these without hatred, and, naturally gecircumstances that the cabinet of nerous, she does not even hate the St. James has revealed to afflicted English nation. In France, no Europe, that she alone has felt no- minister shall ever be deified for his thing of these vast disasters. Hear hatred to the English nation. But the discourse held " from the height the people of France are agreed on of the throne.” “ Our revenues,” one point:- When they remember says the King of England, “ have Toulon, Dunkirk, Quiberon, and been meliorated; our national in- La Vendee, they must detest the dustry has even had a new increase; cruelly and perfidy; the bloody our commerce has passed its former Machiavelisin of the British minislimits."

try. They must deplore, at the If the King of England has told same time, the inconceivable blindthe truth, what a terrible lesson is nefs by which the people of Engthis for you, ye other powers of land suffered themselves to become Europe ! Of what description is the horror of the world. that power which is interested in The great nation will avenge your discords, who derives an in- the universe, and for this end, tereft from your calamities, who Frenchmen, it offers you several prospers by your distress, and who means. The first and the most fattens on the tears, the blood, and rapid is a descent upon England. the spoils of other nations ? By. your unheard-of exploits you

This cabinet may desire war, be- are disused from reckoning upon cause they are enriched by the war. obstacles. In such enterprizes the It is this government, however, who name of the army is the promise of has lately accused France of an triumph, and the justice of its cause “ insatiable avarice." It does not the guarantee of success. There is say that the English, the first devas- no longer a time to discuss the tators of our Island of St. Domingo, means, or to dwell on the probabihave also taken without a blow the lity of effecting a defcent. Where colonies of Holland, at that time Frenchmen are at the point, their their ally, and that they pretend to will is the victory. The army of retain these robberies under the England is about to dictate peace in name of conquests. - The King of London, and there, republicans, England, however, still speaks to you shall find your auxiliaries. You the powers of Europe of the am- will find there a number of men bition of France!

whom reason has not so far abanThe difpofitions of the French doned, not to feel the odium which towards other nations are now un- their governors have cast upon

the derstood. They are not to be ob- English name. You will there find scured by vague allegations. If thousands of men who have long the French Republic can, by attain- ftruggled to promote parliamentary ing her natural limits, repair the reform. You will there find artifaults of her monarchy, she disdains zans without number who figh for the acquisition of foreign conquests peace, and whom the war reduces to for this purpose. She wishes not wretchedness, and who weigh as

mous cry

light, in the balance of their dif- councils and of the Directory offer tress, the magnificent trumpery of only the interesting fpectacle of royal harangues, the illusion of ma- complete union. No patriot can nifeftos, and the chimæras of con- have a separate interest, nor is there quest!-

You will also find the Irish in the republic but one wish and nation, oppreffed for so many years, one opinion. A war against the and which has borne with so much cabinet of St. James is the unanipain the chain of a court which has

of France. What glory been nourished by its sweat, fed by is promised to the army of Engits blood, and which now insults its land; it is only necessary to inspire despair!

them with enthufiafm; it is only Proceed under these auspices, necessary to remind them of what brave republicans! Second the ana- they had done. The walls of fornimous wishes of the nation. Con- tified towns fell before them; the ducted by the hero who has so long first generals of the age could not led you in the path of victory, you refift em. Bender was taken will be followed by the applause of prisoner at Luxemburg, and Wurmevery just and virtuous mind. Go ser at Mantua. The tri-coloured and re-establish the dominion of the standard now floated over the banks seas. Confine within its just limits of the Rhine and of the Ægean the disordered ambition of a govern- Sea. After so many victories, what ment, which has not only disturbed can add to the ardour of French its own state, but that of the uni- soldiers ! They hear the voice of verse. — The repose of the French their country, and they remember republic is identified with that of their own exploits. Europe. At this time the British The Executive Directory decrees government siniles with cold dis- that this proclamation

shall be pubdain, or with a fierce regard, on all lifhed, printed, and sent to all the the operations on the continent. communes of the republic, and to It is for you to make them pay all the divisions of their armies by their share of the expences of the land and sea. The ministers of the war, of which she has eternized the army of the interior, of the marine, duration, and to which they can put and of the colonies, are to render an end, whenever they speak to the an account of its due publication. French republic a language which

(Signed) she may understand, and which she REVELLIERE LEPAUX, President. may deem sincere.

Citizens, you will recognize your Address of the two Councils to the De. own sentiments in those of the Di.

partments, and to the Armies, 21 rectory. The same spirit animates

Fructidor. your faithful representatives. It is in vain that the cabinet of London THE Council of Five Hundred, exhaufts its efforts to fow amongst considering that in the extraordiyou discord and mistrust, or to per- nary and critical circumstances in fuade you that their efforts have which the republic is placed, it is succeeded. The 18th Fructidor has the duty of the legislative body to annihilated English influence, and make known to the French people from that day the members of the the trammels that were prepared to VOL. XXXIX.



bind them down to slavery, and to with the agents of the pretender, overthrow the republican constitu- Louis XVII. The confessions of tion of the third year; to manifest one of these royal agents (Duverne to them the sentiments and the Duprefle) bear testimony to the fact. hopes of the legiNature, and at the Their letters taken at Venice, their same time to guard against the ma- correspondence with the emigrants næuvres which the accomplices of and the principal rebels, prove it. the conspirators may attempt, in or- All the documents are made pubder to deceive them,

lic. Their means were,- ist. The Declare that there is urgency, extinction of all public national and adopt the following resolu- spirit. 2d. The affassination of tion:

every man whom they branded with Article I. The legislative body the title Suspected of Patriotismi, and makes to the departments and to the impunity granted to the assasthe armies the following address : sins by the tribunals sold to royal

“ Frenchmen, we owe to you the ism. 3d. The extinction of the truth: : we are about to tell you the financial resources of the state. truth.

4th. The vilifying of the govern“ A conspiracy, which has for its ment and the republican institutions. object to establish in France a 5th. Civil war to be kindled in difthrone, and with privileges and ferent points of the republic. 6th. vexations, a thousand times more Internal safety to be destroyed, and odious than those which were abo- all the roads intercepted. 7th. By ifhed by your will; a conspiracy the starving of the national credi constantly unmasked, and yet never tor, the artisan, and the foldier. destroyed, had again brought the And finally, - 8th. By the active republic to the brink of an abyss. fabrication of all sorts of laws subThe government, by its wisdom versive of the constitution. and its firmness, disconcerted the " This end, and all these means, action at the moment when it was will not astonish you, as you will on the point of breaking out. One learn by the authentic documents night more, and an eternal mourn- found, that their nominations, or. ing would have covered our coun- dered beforehand, and regulated try! One night more, and an ar. by particular offices of counterbitrary despotism would have raifed revolution in all the departments, her hideous bead, and sealed her were founded on a general plan, ufurpation on the bodies of all those formed and organized under the who had more or less served the name of the Society of Legitimate Suns ; cause of liberty! Men, who had no a fociety, one of whose rules was other ambition of popular power the most absolute, the most blind than to exercise it against the peo- devotion of its members to the orple; laboured for a long time in the ders that should be given them by execution of this execrable project; their unknown chiefs. It was by for the most part chiefs of the in- these means, French citizens, that surgents of Vendemiaire, hardened you have feen spring out all at by impunity, resumed the thread of once, from the bofom of your pritheir intrigues; they still corres- mary and ele&toral assemblies, this ponded more audacióully than ever crowd of delegates, hitherto unknown in the revolution, or known and ashes ? National credit had only by their incivism the most re- taken consistency; the creditor was volting. It was by these means about to be paid; salaries were difthat there was formed, in almost charged in currency; and in an inevery place, a majority of men, ftant, misery and penury returned seduced, bribed, or deluded, whose to burst upon France. The credispeaking constantly under special tor funk into despair; the infcripmandate, and employing themselves tions, which were at forty, fell to only in the overthrow of the re- ten; the armies without pay, withpublic, made us doubt whether their out clothing :--the armies that had constituents resided in France or at triumphed over Europe-oh shame! Blankenburgh. It was thus that oh griet !were obliged to live eithe votes of the true citizens were ther upon requisition, or upon the of no avail in the elections; and product of their courage. And yet that, with the exception of a small a hideous laugh escaped from the number of assembliez where their lips of the artificers of counter-revovoices were attended to, almost lution; each day they saw the eneverywhere the votes of crime and barrassinents of government aug. of royal intrigue were triumphant. ment, each day they increased thein We may conceive how, establishing more and more; interpretations the themselves the judges of their own most forced, want of faith the most elections, they haftened to declare imprudent, every thing was good them good or bad as it suited their in their eyes, provided they attain purpose : fometimes making an ar- ed the desired end. The labourers gument of the majority of voters, in fanaticisin were recalled ; aicanto cover their violences, the denial dalous and public traffic for the of justice, and the unconftitutional erafurc of emigrants was openly nature of these assemblies; and carried on. Citizens, alarmed by sometimes opposing protests, ob- these appearances, assembled to conscure, and without character, to the fer together: the right of meeting formal wills of a republican majo. was interdicted ; they reclaimed rity. Certainly it is wonderful their rights; they were treated as that, with so many means of corrup- feditious, and as cut-throals : they tion, and of destructive influence, complained of miferable men being some nominations-nay, that one aflaffinated; to which it was answersingle place flould escape them; ed, that vengeance was keitimate, as, after a vast conflagration, we and crime was erceted into fyftem. sometimes fee with astonishment A new revolution, a thousånd times some buildings respected by the more bloody than the first, was issu:flames.


ing from every pore of the body “ We will not recall to you, politic ; but some indifcretions, citizens, what has been the deplor- lome figns of premature jov, beable success of these atrocious com- trayed the confpirators; they began binations. In Floreal, peace, how to take pride in the title of royalnourable and folid, smiled propiti. ifts; a separation, the avant-courier ous to our wishes : it is flown. of assassination, took place between Could it refide in a land in convul- the proscribers and the profcribit. fon, ready to cover itself with blood They firtt entitled themse es' the

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true representatives ; the others who were desirous to save it, the were no longer considered as their right of employing every sort of colleagues ; judgment was passed measure to that purpose, and that upon them; they were republicans. it was absurd to pretend, that if a Arms were distributed, poniards factious or deceived minority should were made, many of which were decree the abrogation of the repubseized along with the cards of ren- lic, all the powers instituted by the dezvous ; registers of inrolment conftitution ought to shut their were opened. Oh country! oh eyes, and execute the decree. secret and noble fentiment of li- 66 Frenchmen, the event did not berty! generous offspring of honour deceive their hopes ; and this time and of national pride, whiat art thou again, as in the tennis-court, Probecome ? Oh justice, morality, vidence, the preserver of knowhumanity! names fooften profaned, ledge, of the virtues, and of liberty, ye social and public virtues, where protected the republic! You know have ye taken refuge? They live the result of the memorable day of in the armies !

the 18th Fructidor: the conspira“ This intrepid advanced guard tors were arrested; the legislative of a nation, whose destruction had body, freed from oppression, and been sworn by traitors, faithful to enlightened on the reiterated maits oath, rung the alarm; its cry næuvres of the guilty, feeling their was heard throughout all France; own dignity and their duties were it was heard in the camp of the not wanting to the one, while they enemy; it struck dismay to the discharged the other with courage. fouls of the traitors. Then they They did not, and they ought not changed their plan; without being to place any considerations whatsoless active, they feigned an extensive ever, in circumstances so imperious, moderation, to diminish the means in the balance with the safety of the of resistance which they dreaded. country and the constitution ; but But it was done; the reveille was in striking down the conspirators, beat;, the government, that had they did not forget that they reprebeen so long deceived, now recol- sented a sensible and great nation, lected that it also was the repository and that they ought to preserve to of the constitution, and guardian of it its character. These men, who the destinies of the republic. In talked of humanity while they were the two councils a majority, coura- meditating assasinations; thefe men, geous and clear-fighted, conftantly who would not have spared the life in open.combat with a faction un- of a single republican, are going to malked, no longer despaired of lead their own lives far from us bringing back to their fide those with remorse and opprobrium: they faithful members that the party had are transported. only inlisted by deceiving them. 6 Not a drop of blood, not an They perceived that the constitu- act of violence or disorder, has tion, in not foreseeing the case of a stained this day. Thus, this great faction of legislators overthrowing and wife attitude of Frenchmen, it, even by surrounding themselves and particularly of our brothers in with the appearance of its forms, arms, on this terrible occasion, in left, by this very omission, to those completing their eulogium, attests




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