Billeder på siden

pled excefs; the purchasers of na- the legislative body, and give the tional domains menaced, and even law its course ; without which your stripped of their properly; public generous impulse, assuming an irre. credit almost annihilated ; com- gular and improper direction, and merce paralyzed; industry precari- proceeding in the midst of tumult ous; private transactions without towards an object but faintly reeither rule or pledge; the national cognized, you will lofe the whole treasury left without resources in fruit of your exertion, if you do not the midst of numberless and ur- experience the fatal effect of such gent wants; discontents of every conduct as you already have so ofa description at their greatest height; ten experienced them. Never fordiscords rekindled; the defenders get, citizens, that we are placed beof the country rewarded for their tween two dangers equally great, triumphs, facrifices, and wounds, by that of leaving behind the germs of insults and profcriptions; and, fi- an evil which infallibly would pronally, external peace retarded by a duce new shocks, and that of pedeclaration of new innovations. rishing by the too violent effect of Such, citizens, is the picture which the remedy. the Republic pretents; and it is

LAREVEILLIERE LEPAUX thus that the hope of the establish

President. ment of the constitutional act, which had been increasing for some months,

LAGARDE, Secretary. has been daily diflipated. No, it is not to return to so much wretched- The Executive Directory to the Citizens ness and disgrace that you have en

of Paris, Sept. 4th, 1797. countered the perils of a revolution. Your children, your brothers, your

Citizens, friends, shall not in vain have dif- ROYALTY has just threatened persed the armies of kings, and ac- the constitution by a new attack. quired the admiration of nations. After having for a whole year shakThe factious will not be allowed to en, by their dark manœuvres, all the overthrow the work of the national foundations of the Republic, they will. The constitution of the third thought that they were sufficiently year shall not be wrested from us. powerful to consummate its destrucSome of the representatives of tion. They thought themselves Blankenbourg, usurping the title of sufficiently protected to venture to the chosen representatives of the aim its first attacks against the fupeople, emigrants, chiefs of Chou- preme depositaries of the executive ans, heads of conspirators, men who authority. Arms were daily distrihave constantly betrayed their duty buted to the conspirators; and all in the most eminent functions, shall Paris knows, that one of the distri. deprive you

of the fruits of your la- buters was arrested with a great bours. The legislative body will number of bonds, upon which he doubtless make a wise distinction. had already delivered a great num It is upon its patriotism and its ta- ber of firelocks.

Cards stamped lents that you ought to rely for the Legislative Body, and marked with an accomplishment of this great at of R, were circulated, in order to serve justice and necessity, - Confide in as rallying Signs to the conspirators


charged with the office of massacring hopes with which foreign nations the Directory, and the deputies were inspired, the so much wished faithful to the cause of the people. conclusion of peace with our exterA great number of emigrants, cut- nal foes, honourable and solid, worthroats of Lyons, and brigands of thy of the triumph of the French La Vendee, attracted hither by the people, and of their generosity. intrigues of royalism, and the ten- No, you will not lose the fruits of der interest publicly lavished upon your long facrifices, you will rise them without fear, attacked the indignantly against those base emiposts which surrounded the Exe- grants, the authors of our calamicutive Directory; but the vigilance ties, of all our agitations, of all our of the government, and the chiefs sufferings. You will arm yourselves of the armed force, frustrated their to stop their designs, and to defend criminal efforts. The Executive against their attacks your persons, Directory is about to lay before the your property, and your rights. nation the authentic documents But beware of agitations :- do not which it has collected concerning disgrace the most glorious of causes the manoeuvres of the royalists. by the excesses of an anarchy justly You will fhudder with horror, citi- abhorred. Respect property. Let zens, at the plots entered into against not an ill-directed patriotic impulfe the safety of every one of you, throw you into a fatal confusion. against your property, against your Obey no voice but that of the dearest rights, against your most fa- avowed chiefs appointed by the gocred poffesfions; and you may cal- vernment. Rely upon the vigiculate the extent of the calamities lance of your magistrates, and upon from which in future you can alone the exertions of your legiflators, be preserved by the maintenance who have remained faithful to the of the constitution. So many tri- cause of the people. Patriotism umphs had already crowned the will resurne all its energy, the conestablishment of this conftitution ; ftitution all its force, the nation all your Generals and your intrepid de- its glory, and every citizen will enfenders, had surrounded it with joy, in their fullest extent, liberty, their immortal trophies. At the happiness, and tranquillity. fame of their victories, agriculture and commerce resumed their acti- Arrêt of the Executive Directory of the vity, public credit by degrees reco

12th Ventose. vered, confidence and security began to spring up in every heart, THE Executive Directory havand this is the moment which has ing consulted the law of the 9th been pitched upon to rekindle your March, 1793, considering that the animosities, to propagate supersti- flags of neutral powers being no tion, to reorganize the power of fa- longer respected by the enemies of naticism, to fow doubts and alarms the French Republic, and all the in every breaft, by opening new rights of men being violated to avenues for the return of the emi- their prejudice, it is no longer pergrants, to shake the guarantee of mitted to the French people to fulpublic contracts, to give the signal fil towards those powers in general of civil war, and to retard, by the that wish which they have so often

manifested, manifested, and which they will of the Republic to respect and ooconstantly entertain for the full and serve in all their dispositions the entire freedom of commerce and treaties which unite France to the navigation, directs, among other neutral powers of the continent, difpofitions,

and to the United States of Ameriift. That ships of war and priva- ca; considering that this last law is teers may stop, and bring into the derogatory to the law of the 9th of ports of the Republic, neutral ships May, 1793, refolves as follows: which fhall be charged, in whale or Art. 1. The commislaries of the in part, with merchandise belong-Executive Directory with the civil ing to the enemy:

tribunals of the department, shall 2d. That merchandise belonging take care that, in the contests upon to the enemy fhall Le declared good the validity of marine prizes, no and lawful prize, and be confiscated decision shall be founded upon the to the profit of the captors.

7th article of the law of the 13th 3d. That in all cases neutral ships Nivose, without the minister of shall be released the moment that justice having been previously conthe merchandise seized is discharg- sulted, conformably to the third ared; that the freight of it shall be ticle of the law of the 8th Floreal, paid at the rate which shall have fourth year, relative to the treaties, been ftipulated by the configners; in virtue of which neutral persons and that a juft indemnity shall be pretend to withdraw themselves, sy granted on account of their deten- means of the first of these laws, from tion by the tribunals competent to the execution of that of the 9th of decide upon the validity of prizes. March, 1793.

4th. That these tribunals shall be 2d. The minister of justice shall directed besides to send, three days examine whether the treaties still after the decision, a double invento- subfift, or whether they have been ry of the merchandise to the mi- modified fince the conclusion of nister of marine, an! another to the them. There shall be furnished to minister for foreign affairs.

them by the minister for foreign 5th. That the present law, ap- affairs, all the documents of which plicable to all the captures that they shall stand in need; and refehave been made since the declara- rence shall be made to the Execution of war, shall cease to have ef. tive Directory, as it is prescribed by fect as soon as the enemy shall have the law of the 8th Floreal, fourth declared non-feizable, although def- year. tined for the ports of the Republic, Sd. The Directory remind all the merchandise laden on board French citizens, that the treaty neutral fhips, which shall belong to concluded on the 6th of February, the government, or to French citi. 1778, between France and the zens.

United States, has been, on the Having seen the law of the 27th terms of the second article, modifiof July, 1793, which directs the ed of full right by that which has foregoing law to be fully executed; been concluded at London on the having also seen the 7th article of 19th November, 1794, between the law of the 13th Nivose, third the United States of America and year, which enjoins all the agents England : in consequence,

ift. After

ist. After the article 17th of the the 14th February, 1793, the regutreaty of London, of the 19th Nov- lations of the 21st October, 1794, ember, 1794, all merchandise of the and of the 26th July, shall be com-' enemy's, or merchandise not suffi- plied with, according to their form ciently ascertained to be neutral, and tenor. conveyed under American flags, Every American ship shall there., shall be confiscated: but the ship fore be deemed a lawful prize which on board of which such merchandise shall not have on board a bill of shall be found, shall be released and lading in due form, according to the given to the proprietor. The com- plan annexed to the treaty of the missaries of the Directory are en- 6th of February, 1778, the execujoined to accelerate, by all the tion of which is enjoined by the means in their power, the decision 25th and 27th articles of that treaty. of the contests which shall arise ei- 5th. The commissioners of the ther upon the validity of the cap- Executive Directory are required to tures of the cargoes, or upon freights carry into effect the penalties that and insurances.

attach on all clandestine attempts, 2d. According to the 18th arti- that may be made by American, or cle of the treaty of London, dated vessels belonging to any other nathe 19th of November, 1794, rela- tion, to pass as neutral, on board tive to articles declared contraband the vessel where the fraud is at.' by the 24th article of the treaty, tempted to be practised, in the mandated February 6th, 1778, are add. ner that these penalties have been ed the following:

repeatedly carried into effect during Ship-timber;

the present war. The penalty shall Oakum, pitch, and rosin; attach where the blanks in the conCopper for sheathing vessels; fignments and envoices are not fill

Sails, hemp, and cordage; ed up, though figned and fealed, and every thing which serves di- where the papers are in the form of rectly or indirectly to the arming letters, containing fictitious fignaand equipping of vessels, excepting tures; where are double pafiports bar iron, and fir in planks. These or policies, specifying different defarticles shall be confiscated as often tinations; where consignment is as they fall be destined, or attempt- made to two or more factors, and ed to be carried to the enemy. where there are different receipts

3d. According to the 21st article or papers of any kind which conof the treaty of London of the above sign the whole or part of the same date, every American who shall goods to different owners or diffehold a commission from the enemies rent destinations. of France, as well as every seaman 6th. By this article, provisions of of that nation composing the crew the treaty of the 9th Frimaire last, of the ships and vessels, shall, by relative to freight and insurance, this act alone be declared piratical, are repealed, as far as they apply to and treated as such, without suffer- infurance. ing the party to establish that the 7th. The present treaty shall be act was the contequence of threats published in the bulletin of the laws. or violence.

The ministers of the marine and of 4th. In pursuance of the law of the colonies, of justice, and for foreign affairs, are charged with the to conclude a peace with the emexecution of it in their respective pire. Citizens, every thing predepartments.

sages that in a short time


shall (Signed) REWBELL, President. gather the fruit of so many facriLAGARDE, Sec. Gen. fices. The peace of the continent

will soon be fixed on an immovable. Proclamation of the Executive Directory base. to the French People.

It only remains to you to punish Citizens,

the perfidy of the cabinet of Lon5th Brumaire.

don, which is still so blinded as to THE proclamation of the 4th think of making other nations the Complementary Day in the 5th Naves of their maritime tyranny, year, had for its object to put the and who deceive the English themFrench armies in a con tion to selves by extorting from them the march on the 15th Vendemiaire, means of prolonging on the ocean (October 6th).

the calamities of war, the effusion The defenders of their country of human blood, the destruction of have listened to the voice of the commerce, and all the horror in Executive Directory. From every which it traffics, and for which it part they have rejoined their re- pays. These, however, will shortly spective armies, and the minister at be retorted on themselves. It is war has returned on this head the at London that all the miseries of most satisfactory accounts. In this Europe have been fabricated, and generous ardour, in this eager zeal it is there that they must be termifor the maintenance of liberty, the nated. Citizens, under these cirspirit of Frenchmen was recognised. cumstances the end very nearly ap

Their warlike attitude has al- proaches of those milftary efforts ready overthrown the obstacles which the government is still to which the cabinet of St. James has expect from French valour. But so long opposed to the conclusion until this objeét be attained, be on of a

peace. with the Emperor. On your guard : do not lay down those viewing your position, Austria re- arms which make you fo terrible to turned to her true interests, and on the enemies of your independence; the 26th Vendemiaire, the treaty do not listen to the perfidious fug which was suspended for more than gestions of those who would wish to fix months, was concluded at San destroy the effect of your triumph; Formio, near Udina, between the they are about to repeat to you Commander in Chief, Buonaparte, that, peace being concluded, you Plenipotentiary of the French Re- Mould now return to your homes : public, and four Plenipotentiaries yes, the Directory has undoubtedly of the Emperor, King of Bohemia signed for you a glorious peace; and Hungary. You will learn with but, in order to enjoy its happiness, pleasure that several millions of it is necessary that you should finish men have been restored to liberty, your work ; that you should enforce and that the French nation is the the execution of those articles which benefactress of these people. have been agreed upon between the

But this is not all. i congress Emperor and France; -- you should is about to be assembled, in order aid the prompt decision of those

« ForrigeFortsæt »