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nagement and misconduct

were approve of money being raised every where. They presented then- to carry on the war, through any felves to every eye, and made an other channel than their own. impression on every heart. They The marquis of Lansdowne faid, composed a living epitaph on the on this subject, that any one who infatuation of ministers, and, in the perused the army extraordinaries language applied to the memory of would find millions squandered in fir Christopher Wren, pointing to the most improvident manner, and the cathedral of St. Paul's, he might asked, what the noble lord's subexclaim

fcription of 50001. would do to stop Si monumentum queris circumspice. such flood-gates? As to the motion

The motion was farther supported for dismissing the minister, he did not hy the carl of Derby, the earl of much approve of it. The change Moira, the earl of Carlisle, and the he desired was not a change of duke of Bedford: but opposed men, but in the system of governbriefly, and on the nfual grounds of ment, which ought to be conducted defence, by lord Romney, the mar- on the old constitutional principles quis of Townshend, the earlof War- of the country. wick, and again by lord Grenville. On a division of the house, there The most remarkahle circumstance appeared for lord Suffolk's motion, that occurred in the courfe of this 16; againQ il, 86. short discussion on the conduct of A motion, for the difmiflal, not ministers, and the state of the nation, particularly of the first lord of the was, a very generons plan for care treasury, but of his majesty's minisrying on the war, fuggested by lord ters in general, was made in the Romney. This was to set on foot house of commons, on the 19th of a subscription for a voluntary gift, May, by alderman Combe, who as far as the generosity and circum- stated it to be the general opinion of ftances of individuals would allow. the people of this country, as well He would himself subscribe five as that of his constituents, that the thonsand pounds, and thought that calamities which pressed fo hard there would be easily found a hun- upon the people were, in a great dred thousand who would subscribe, measure, if not wholly, owing to the each their one hundred, besides ministers having plunged us into others who would subscribe small the present war. This, he would fumis. Such a measure, if carried not deny, at the commencement, into execution, would counteract any appeared to be popular: but it had impression which might be made on long ceased to be fo; to which nothe French government to our dif- thing had contributed so much as advantage by the delponding ideas the incapacity of those who carried of sume as to our state, or by the it on. The public, however, had language of others as to the conduct never been infornied of the real or of our ministers.

even ostensible ground on which it Lord Moira applauded the plan had been undertaken: nor had they of lord Romney, and did not doubt been able to obtain any fixed or but it might produce a considerable settled principle by which their gofum of money: but it was a question vernors had been guided. Somebow far the house of commons might times we were said to fight for one


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purpose, fometimes for another; and and again, even to tritenefs. But it still we were in tlie dark, though might appear tedious, and would be left alone in the contest. He was improper to give fo many editions perfectly of opinion with his con- of the fame topics and argunients ftituents, that it required men of in a written volume. In all quelgreater minds, and more upright in- tions of importance, whether relatentions, to bring about peace, in ing to the state of the bank, the fate our prefent circumstances so essen- of Ireland, the origin and conduct tially neceffary. He therefore mov- of the war, or negociations for peace, ed, " That an address he presented the general plan or system of 'mirit to his majesty, beseeching him to terial management, was constantly dismiss from his councils his present introduced. We shall therefore conministers, as the most likely means tent ourselves, as in fome former ins of obtaining a permanent and stances, with a very general outline speedy peace."

of what palled in the house of conThis inotion was seconded by fir mons on the present occasion. Mr. William Milner, and supported by Hawkins Browne took a full, as Mr. Curwen, Mr. Taylor, Mr. well as methodical and clear view of Hobhouse and Mr. Sturt. On the the conduct of administration for other hand, it was opposed by Mr. the last twelve years, and, on a reHawkins Browne, the allermen view of the whole, declared his apAnderson, Curtis, and Lushington, probation of their measures. To the Mr. Boodle, Mr. Brandling, fir Gil present adminiftration he ascribed bert Heathrote, Mr. Adams, Mr. our enjoyment of the three greatest Jeffereys, Mr. Pierrepoint, and Mr. bleflings that could be pofleffed : liBurdon. On a subject fo often dif- berty, internal tranquillity, and gecussed, as the merit or demerit of the neral profperty. Juries had been minister, and particularly the policy invested with the right, which had or impolicy of the war, in its origin been disputed, of judging of all the and conduct, there could not well circumstances of the case, in point be very much length of debate, at of law, as well as fact. It was un. this period, at once new and im- der the auspices of the present ad. portant. It was not improper for ministration, and against every high the different speakers to call to mind, and powerful authority, that the in the discussion of a great question, continuance of an impeachment * arguments that had been urged again had been carried. It was under


In allusion to the protracted trial of Mr. Hastings. For an account of the proba. ble motives that formed, or in the modern phraseology, organized the coali' ion between the ministers and the prosecutors of Mr. Haitinys, which Mr. Browne afcribes, on the part of the minister, to a veneration for liberty, see Memoirs of the late War in Afia, Vol. I. p. 367. The high authority to which Mr. Browne here alludes, is lord Thurlow. Of the past coalition mentioned, as well as of the trial and acquittal of Mr. Hastings, a periodical writer, in a monthly journal, writes as follows.

“ A prosecution that sprung out of party-intrigues, that was protracted, by a thousand artifices, to a term disgraceful to the jurisprudence of Great Britain, terminating in an honourable acquittal, and yet in its lingering operation, and final result, inflicting on a patriot (if that

nano ever.

the same administration, that the bill, nefs. The other period, to which fo obnoxious to the people of Cana- he had now to allude, he was forry da, had been repealed, and a system to say, was a very painful reverse. of freedom established in its stead. Those political evils, however, by Even the abuses of liberty had been which it had been occafioned, were touched with a lenient hand; and entirely owing to the French revothe bill for preventing and punising lution. The country owed every fedition had been limited to the thing to the ministry for entering term of two years; nor had they into the present war: for, by that, prevented meetings for any purpose he believed, and by that alone, they within the number of fifty. Mr. had kept the scene of action entirely Browne thien proceeded to notice from this country, the second point; tranquillity, This, Mr. alderman Curtis firewdly rehe said, had always been to clear, marked, that the instructions given from the excellent measures adopted to his worthy friend, and colleague, by minifters, that any illustration of by his constituents, were to move it would be unnecessary. Mr.Browne, for an address to his majesty to difon the third point, the general prof- miss, from his councils, his preperity of the country, divided this fent weak and wicked minifters for head into two periods: the first Now, said the alderman, his from 1784 to 1792; the second, worthy friend had left the words from 1792, to the present moments u'enk and wicked out of his motion, In the first period, by means of his (even though he professed himself great financial abilities, he raised bound to act according to the inthe funds from 64 to 98. In the structions of his constituents) whicli fame proportion with the funds, the plainly shewed that he did not think trade, commerce, manufactures, they were fö. agriculture, industry, and ingenuity Mr. alderman Anderson believed, of the country, kept equal pace in “ there were a great many men, their increase of general prosperity, without doors, who were very bad and the country had arrived at the indeed, and who wanted to intromost unexampled height of happi- duce anarchy and confusion.” For

name can yet be used without unfortunate associations of ideas) of the most splendid talents and amiable virtues, a confinement of ten years, and a fine in fact, in his law expences, nearly equal to the whole of his fortune. While all parties of men, concurring in the worship of the rising sun, though rather under a cloud, agree to the repeated payment of debts, incurred, not by the exercise of either public or private virtue-can it be endured, that a base union of envy, jealousy, disappointment, and resentment, hall pursue Mr. Hastings with hoftile vengeance, after the importance of his public services is universally admitted, and his innocence displayed in the light of noon day. Who, then, will hences forth assume any degree of responsibility, even in order to save his country from ruin? Who will rot be staggered in the discharge of his duty? If this may expose him to that dreadful inftrument of vengeance, the law's delay, wielded by his enemies, not only with impunity to themselves, and emolument, but even with a temporary glitter of falfe glory and foolith acclamation.” Political Appendix to the English Review for May, 1795.

Mr. Burke's fon was rocained, at a great expeace, as ficitor for the profesutione

this reason, he should give his positive The attack on the principles and and hearty negative to the motion. measures of the present ministers

Mr. Curwen confessed that he was renewed, or rather continued, had never heard any arguments in the house of commons, under which could convince him that the another form. prosperity of the country was at all On the twenty-fixth of May, Mr. owing to the present administra- Grey rose, ir pursuance of prevition. It was a common and often ous notice, to move for a reform a baneful error to confound causes in the representation of the people. with collateral effects. Nothing After an exordium, contrasting our could be more abfurd, nor a greater former prosperity with our present proof of superstitious veneration and distress, and also allerting the purity weakness, than to ascribe all the blef- and patriotism of his present intenfings we enjoyed to the minister, and tions, he expressed his wish that our all the evils to causes which he could establishment Tould remain as it neither forelee nor prevent. was; composed of lords and com

Mr. Hobhouse stated some strik- mons. He proposed, that the county ing presumptions, not to say com- representation should remain nearly plete proofs, that in the prelent on the same footing : only, that war we were the aggressors, and instead of ninety-two county memthat ministers had missed many op- bers, there should be one hundred portunities of making an honour- and thirteen. For instance, in

stead of two for the county of Mr. Sturt execrated the conduct York, there should be two for each of ministers, in cheating the nation șiding; and so in other counties, of their money by pretended over- where the present representation tures for peace; in employing pri- was not proportionate to the exfoners, notoriousy attached to re- tent of population. In order to publicanism, for the re-establish- put an end to compromises, each ment of monarchy in France ; county, or riding, should be divided whence the disaster at Queberon : into grand divisions, each of which in facrificing millions of money, should return one representative. and the fiower of our army at With regard to the qualifications St. Domingo, &c. He declared his of electors, instead of confining the conviction that the success, nay the right of election to free-holders, it very existence of the country de- should be extended to copy-holders pended on the support of the pre- and lease-holders, who were bound sent motion.

to pay a certain annual rent, a cerMr. Burdon thought, that the gain number of years. But the redismisiäl of ministers was a measure form which he had to propose, in which would retard rather than the other branch of representation, accelerate peace, and, instead of was of a inuch more extensive sia allaying the present ferment in the ture. It was, that the remaining public mind, kindle and foment four hundred members should be disturbances. The question being returned by one description of per

. impatiently called for, there were fons, which were house-holders.' If found, ayes 59, nues 242,

it were poffible, one person should

able peace:

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not be permitted to vote for more I defire not to be supposed to speak of than one member of parliament. this, or of the last, or of those long past, In order to prevent expence, the or that may yet be elected, but of any poll ought to be taken through the poffible house of commons, in its prewhole kingdom at one time: this lent frameandconftitution. Secondwas the outline of his plan; to state ly, whether, fuppofing a reform in that it could be obtained at first parliament to be necellary, the speciwith exactness, or was not liable to fic proposition submitted to the house difficulties, would be presumptuous appears to be falutary, practicable, and absurd. But he flattered him- and adapted to cure the evils comself there would be found no in- plained off, so as to entitle it to the fuperable or fundamental objections ulterior confideration of the house to it. The land-owner would find in the form of a bill, to be brought his property fuitably represented; before us? Thirdly, whether, fupthe merchant support in the house- posing a reform in parliament to be holders; and men of respectability expedient, and the propofition made and talents in the different pro- by the motion to be worthy of confeflions would find a fair door open fideration, the present moment is for admishon into parliament. The seasonable for entertaining it? This only persons whom he wilhed to ex- last point is, indeed, a matter of the clude from that house, were men highest importance. The present is who were neither poflefied of land- no common period, and pregnant ed property, nor engaged in com- with no common events. mercial enterprize, nor profeflors of Mr. Erskine proceeded to thew, any particular science, and who, that from the gradual and still growwithont property, without industry, ing influence of the crown, the house and without talents, obtained feats of commons had been perverted, in in the house of commons, by the in- fact, from its original office: which fluence of great wen, for the pur- was, to balance the other branches of pose, not of consulting the good of government; to watch with jealousy the people, but of promoting their over the executive government, on own interests.

the one hand, and to protect the poMr. Grey's motion was feconded pular privileges against the enby Mr. Eríkine, who, after an esa croachments of aristocratic influence ordium relating to his own situation, on the other. With regard to the principles, and feelings, topics to second point, the conclusion that he which he allo returned, accord- drew from a variety of just and ining to his manner, in different genious observations, was, that hoparts of his speech, observed, that neft but visionary men, confounding out of the motion which had been the unalienable rights of every man made, there arose, for the confidera- to interfere in the administration of tion of the house, three questions; actual government, with the right to first, whether the house of commons, be well governed, imposed an actual in its present frame and constitution, tyranny upon the world in their fulálls the ends of its office, in the zeal for universal freedom : but British government, so as to render that the system of his excellent and any change in it expedient? By the enlightened friend, avoided that danhouse of commons, laid Mr. Erskine, gerous stumbling block, and created

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