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mature; recommending unanimity in the service of the country, at home, and such terms as might and every heart should glow with be likely to gain over to the side of an ardent defire to extricate it peace the enemy, with whom we from its prefent embarrasments, were engaged in so cruel a contest. Having said this much in general, After a modeft exordium, befeeming he proceeded to flate the lituation a young man, and a young mem- in which the country was placed, ber of parliament, Mr. Pollen said, Having commenced the war in conwhen he looked at the other (the cert with several of the most reoppofition) fide of the house he spectable and powerful nations in could not with-hold his admiration, Europe, we were deserted by alfrom the talents of which many who most all our former friends, and had fat upon it were possessed; but he now to contend against fome who regretted extremely that they were were at one time our allies. Instead so often enployed for the purposes of carrying our arms to the enemy's of self-interest, and that the good of door, we were in daily terror of a the public was so frequently facri- hostile invasion; instead of calcuficed to the illiberality of party- lating upon the ruin of the finances spirit. The consequence was, that of our adversaries, and exhausting the debates were conduced with their resources, our whole attention so much acrimony, and intermingled was confined to the reitoration of with so much personal invective, our own credit, and the salvation that even the speaker must have of our own independence. He found it difficult to pursue the thread was convinced, that the people of of the argument, and to preserve France were as earnest in their order and decorum in their proceed wishes of peace as the people of ings. It was not for the empty Great Britain. It might be atked, hand to blame the prodigality of the perhaps, that, if they were fo defull one, or for the person sitting lirous for the termination of hofsafe upon the top of a rock, and tilities, why did they not carry their viewing the ship tofled by the winds complaints to the bar of the diand the waves, rashly to censure rectory, and demand renref: ? To the conduct of the pilot. It was this he would reply, that they were to be recollected, that though the taught to confider the ambition of right honourable gentleman (Mr. England as the fole cause to which Pitt) had sitten at the helm, while the prolongation of the war was the vessel of the state was exposed to be ascribed, and, that it was to to storms and tempests, and though her thirst for aggrandizement the the slip had sustained confiderable happiness of Europe was lacrificed, damage, from the accidents which And, if this was the cale, would a had befallen it, the pilot, perhaps, British house of commons permit might not be to blame, and that, that England, the parent of comhad it been in other hands, instead merce; England, the source of of being thattered, it might have every proud and every generous been funk. Instead of indulging in feeling, and the bright example idle complaints, or peevish invective, of regular government and fahe thought, that, at the present lutary regulation, should be brandcrifys, every hand ought to be active ed as the interested author of all


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all the calamities which are at pre- gentlemen to read the debates in sent abroad in the world? He the council of five hundred, and to trusted, that, on the contrary, Eng- learn moderation from the speeches land would be made to vindicate of Dumas and Dumolard. As a spehér characier, in the face of Lurope, cimen of the jug and proper notions, and that it would be thewn to the which obtained in that aliembly, present and to the future age, that he referred to the message, which the aspersion, in this instance, is as was lately sent to the directory, deuntrue as it is contradictory to her manding, of that body, an explanapast history; and that efen her tion of what they called an incenenemies will be taught to look to diary debarkation of prisoners upon her as the source of their advan- our coasts; a measure which they tages. But it was not merely our jaftly reprobated as inconsistent with character, but our interests which the laws of war.

And, if there were at stake. Public credit was were the sentiments of moderation Maken to its very foundation, and and justice, by wliich a French peace alone could restore it. It afsembly was guided, would the might be said, that the French na- house of commons of Great Britain tion were not sufficiently tranquil- be less inclined to the exercise of lized, and that their government these dispositions? He trufted not.” was not poflefied of stability enough Mr. Pollen proceeded to read an to insure the blesings of a perma- abstract, from a paper, contained in nent peace. His majesty had de- the Redacteur, of December, 1799, clared it to be capable of main- which he considered as the official taining the relations of peace and sentiments of the French directory, amity; and if there were any who on the late negociation for peace : could not adopt this opinion, he the arguments contained in which, would ask, if they wished to per- tended to prove, on one hand, the fevere in the contest either till the infincerity and ambition of England, present government of France was in the late negociation; and, on the completely consolidated, or till a other, to prove how fincerely des fyftem, in which they could repose sirous the directory were of peace, greater confidence, was established on moderate terms.* Mr. Pollen, upon its overthrow? He advised after reading this paper, observed,

Taken from the Redacteur, Dec. 14, 1796, three days after lord Malmesbury's de. parture from Paris.

“ The directory sets out with asserting positively, that the war has been, on their part, a defensive, and not an offensive one; and that peace is the only object of their yows and wishes.

“ In enumerating the strong reasons they had for suspecting the fincerity of lord Malmesbury's mision, they particularly specify the perfidy of England, in exciting and supporting interior troubles, both in La Vendée and elsewhere. They mention likewise the forgery and fabrication of false affignats, the studied nowness and want of conciliation, as well as of candour and openness in the mode adopted by lord Malmesbury, for commencing a treaty; his want of authority on one hand, from any of the powers allied with Grcat Britain, while, on the other hand, he affected to include, not only Austria, but even Russia, among the parties to be consulted. It might, therefore, they say, be necessary to fond couriers as far as to St. Petersburgh, which, at that season of the year, could not be accomplished, with the answers returned, in less time than five


that, either the allegations con- be, to publith a counter-declaration, tained in it were founded on faci, ftating the grounds on which tic or falle. If founded on fact, then, war was carried on. He called the negociation ought to be re- upon

the side of the house, on which fümed

fair and candid prin- he lat, to defend their conduct, and ciples: but, if false, the best node the srinciples on which they acted, of displaying the justice of the Engo by thewing to the public, that it lith government, to Europe and the was riot the inclination of the miworld, and of exposing the unjutt nilier, but the interest of the nation pretenfions of the enemy, would that they confulted. He called on


weeks. That lord Malmesbury only proposed a vague principle of compensation, without any specific articks of reciproca: reftitution, while their specific demands te only ar swered by ingenious evation. They il en enumerate the delays or nesfingers, and a private secretary sent to Lordon. Ilie want of ignature to two memes ais, lint in by lord Malmesbury; and, at length, when the ul.imatum was demanded peremptorily, what does it contain? The fi ft memorial demands,

ift. Reftitution to the emperor or all is territories, without exception, as he held them before the war ; confequent.y, the seftitutio of Lelium.

2d. The total arrihilation on every treaty made by France with the princes of the German empire, as being f rdamentally inadmissible, and contrary to the Jus Publicum Imperii, which makes it impoflibie to treat with any, excepting the head of in German enipire. Thus, they say, would ani bilare all the trea jes berween France and the elector of Ha'.over, the duke of Werternburg and Brunswic, the lardgrave of Hufie: and lastiy, with the king of Prutti, in his capacity of elector o: Brandenburg.

3d she complete evacu tion of Italy, including Savoy a d Nice.

4th. A refervaton in favour of Russia, by wirich that court may interfere at its plea. sure, as a contraing party for the peace.

5th. I he iame to Fortugal, and by which likewise France is to be precluded from de. marcing a funt of money as the price of peace 110mn that court.

61. Great Britain contests the validity of the cession by Spain, to the republic of the Spanith part of St. Domingo, is contrary to the peace o: Ctrecht.

7th. The restitution of the roperty of the emigrants forte ted or sold is obscurely, they say, ard ir.directiy demarded, though in language and terms lo ingeniously ambiguous as to leave marrer of endless discuition.

Whit is the second memorial? For Holland, the British ministry demands a complete relora on of its ancient torm of Government; the demolition or annihilation of all the tiea.ies het ween France and the Batavian republic: laitly, the restoration of the stadia holder to all his digities, otrices, and poffetiions.

And what does En land onter as the price o: so many concefors, restitutions, and i1u. miliatior.s, on the part of France ? The reitoration to Holland of all her colonies? The indemnity to the Dutch for the past?


She offers only a partial restitution of the Dutch colonies, reserving to herself the Cape of Good Hope, and Ceylon.

Finally, that if Francu will not consent to annul her treaties, made with tlie Batavian republic, ihe is in that case tù make over or cede to the emperor all Holland has ceded to France in the late treaty between the two countries.

The directory then asks,
Is this a fair treaty?

Does it nor demand from France the entire restitution of all that France has conquered during the war, without restoring all that England has acquired?

Does it not ftipulare by induction, and by intallible though indirect and amhiguous means, the return of the emigrants, the reftitution of their eftatis, the deitruction of our constitution of 1795, and insure a counter revolution?


the other side of the house, not to with various other circumstances too defend the minister, but to defend numerous and too complex to be their country: and he called upon detailed.

detailed. The honourable gentleboth sides to co-operate in deliver- man alleges, that he has realon to ing their country from its prefent fuppose, that, fuffering as the French difficulties, and to act in such a way people must do under the inevitable that every man in the house might horrors of war, they must earnestly be able to say, that, he had done and anxiously desire peace; and, on nothing of which he was to be that ground, he affumes, that, a paalhamed. He then moved, " that ragraph, which appeared, fo long as

) a humble address be presented to December 24, in a French paper, his majesty, representing to his ma- tending to shake off from the direcjesty, that, upon mature delibera- tory the odium of the breach of the tion, his faithful commons were of late negociation for peace, and opinion, that his gracious and be throw it on this country, must have nign endeavours, to promote the been an official manifesto, and pubrestoration of the general tranquil- lifhed by special authority. He lity of Europe had failed of their does not say, that he is perfectly effect either from misconception, on fatisfied of the authenticity of the the part of the French government, statements in that paper ; but he or from the terms proposed having thinks them fufficiently w.hentic been ill-explained to the people of for calling in question the fincerity of that country,

His faithful com- the executive government of this mons, therefore, beseeched his ma- country, in the late negociation ; jefty to adopt such measures as might and he farther thinks, that fome tend, in the most speedy and effec- thing ought immediately to be attual manner, to remove these mif- tempted, to do away any impression conceptions, and to vindicate the that the statements in that paper fincerity of his desire for the re- might have on the opinions of the establishment of peace, in the eyes people of France, and of Europe of Europe and of the world.”

in general. But it would be finThis motion was feconded by fir gular, by a manifesto, to refute a John Macpherson.

declaration which it had no Mr. Pitt was of opinion, that no thority to consider as official; to practical benefit whatever could expose the British nation to a fresh arise either from the motion itself, inlult, and to encourage the enemy or the arguments by which it was to defeat the very practical mealures fupported. A peace, he said, did which it lrad adopted for the renot depend on the earneftness of storation of tranquillity. It would their defires to obtain it, nor on any appear, on inquiry, that ministers previous declarations of that house, had not only performed the whole which were rather apt to frustrate of what Mr. Pollen's motion prothan accelerate the object which posed, but even gone beyond the they solicited. It depended on the direct terms of it. There might be free but reafonable operations of a chance, he said, for making overthe executive government, the dif- tures of peace, which the executive position of the enemy, and the ge- government only know how to come neral posture of affairs, combined at. Break down that paling, by



an imprudent and hafty step, and or means of pacification. If we that chance is utterly loft. He were to make any application for could not at present enter into a peace, he said, in our present cirdetail of particulars. He had no cumstances, the enemy might suphesitation, however, in declaring, pole, that we were driven to it by that the difpofition of his majesty's the recent occurrences at the bank. ministers went beyond the purpose It had been asked, what had been of the motion before them; and, gained by the war?, This was an that in consequence of dispatches improper question, as it was a war received from his Imperial majetty, of defence: but, we had retained who had refused to negociate for our character, atchieved great conpeace, but in conjunction with quess, and made a discovery of Great Britain, a confidential person easy means of preserving internal was to be fent, from this country tranquillity. We had nearly de- * to Vienna, with instructions to en- ftroyed the marine of France, and able the emperor to conduct farther given a severe blow to that of negociations, in concert with his Spain. We had, in a great deallies. He, therefore, hoped that gree, quashed those dangerous prinMr. Pollen would withdraw his ciples that were abroad, and lemotion, rather than persevere in a cured our honour, our liberty, and, measure which would tend to defeat he trusted, our constitution. These the end which it proposed. were some of the advantages we

Colonel Porter disavowed all con- had gained by the war: and, on fidence in ministers. The chan- these grounds, he would vote acellor of the exchequer had come gainst the motion, and move the to the house with a flourishing de- order of the day. Scription of the state of the finances; Mr. Fox thought, as he knew the and in a few weeks thereafter, we country also thought, that peace were found to be in a situation was the only means of averting our little short of bankrupicy. At all impending ruin. But what does events, the present motion could the minister, who has had lo large a do no harm; it thould, therefore, mare in producing your present cahave his support.

lamities, propose to you to night Mr. Addington had flattered him- That you should still repose your self that, after what had passed, Mr. confidence in hina: ftill confide in Pollen would have withdrawn his those councils which have been so motion. This motion, he observed, fatal. It seemed, Mr. Hammond, of was founded on two grounds, stated whose abilities he had no doubt, in a French paper: first, the origin was going to Vienna, and, on this of the war, which was attributed to the minister expected them to stop the British ministry; secondly, the at once, in the performance of their infincerity of the British govern- duty. We are now to negociate, ment in its overtures for peace. fays the minister, in conjunction with He made a variety of observations, the emperor, and Buonaparte is to be tending to thew, that ministers were negociator for peace with us both. dragged into the war against their Do not put me under difficulties, by wills; and, also, that they had not your untimely interference. Το neglected any feasible opportunities that, as a general principle, Mr. Fox


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