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against Alvinzi, who was at the admonished the general to reflect, head of a numerous army, and had that the death which awaited men obtained some fuccefles over the in battle was the commencement French, which had revived the hopes of eternal life and happiness to the of the Austrians, and their adhe- righteous, and of everlasting, misery rents. But the battle of Arcola, to the wicked. Armed with this wherein these were completely de- conviction, laid the cardinal, we teated, and the subsequent advan- fhall oppose you with that confitages gained by the French, made, dence in the divine aid, which a at last, such an impression on the just cause inspires. . He reminded court of Rome, that, dreading to him that he was not invincible, and wait any longer for more fortunate that though infidels, and pretended events, the cardinal was directed to philosophers, ridiculed the idea of return an answer. This came to pass assistance from heaven, yet, if Proafter the lapse of fix weeks from vidence were pleased to interpofe, , the receipt of the general's letter. the French would contend in vain The motive for this delay being against the power of the Almighty. obvious, it was neceffary to quality He concluded, by telling the geneit, so as to foften his displeasure at ral, that if the French were de-, an answer being so long deferred. firous of peace, the Komasee deThe cardinal laid before the gene- fired it ftill more, and was willing ral the anxiety of the pope to re- to subscribe to any terms, conscimedy the disorders that had to long entious and equitable, in order to

so distracted France, and the facrifices obtain it. he had consented to make of

every Such was the purport of this worldly consideration, for the fake remarkable letter, which, to speak of restoring a good understanding truth, was written at a time, when between France and the Roman the realonings it contained were fee. He complained that, not fa- little calculated to influence the tisfied with thele concessions, the proceedings of such a people as

a French government, elated with the , the French. Nor did the court of success of its arms, had made requi- Vienna itself testify much willingfitions incompatible with the dic-ness to be connected with a power tates of his conscience, and fub- whose co-operations were likely to versive of all Christian and moral prove fo feeble. But the folicitaprinciples. Grieved at such into- tions of the court of Rome were so Ierable demands, he had implored preliing, that the Imperial ministers, the assistance of heaven, to direct unwilling wholly to abandon the him how to act in so difficult a situa- holy fee to the control of France, tion. Doubtless, faid the cardinal, consented to join a body of troops he was inspired, on this occasion, to those that were now raising in by that holy spirit which had ani- every part of the papal dominions. mated the primitive martyrs in the

In this dereliction of the pope, cause for which they suffered. Ha- the most fervent of his former adving laboured, in vain, to bring the herents feemed, at this period, to directory to a more equitable way agree without reluctance, So ef. of thinking, he thought it necessary ficacious was either the dread, or to rehift them by open force. He the influence, of France over the resist , 8

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The Austrians had now pofted rals, and principal officers under themselves in force at Lavis, in- him, were allowed, in like manner, tending to stop the progress of the "to accompany him on their parole; French, by occupying the other side the rest of the garrilon remained of the river Lavisio ; but this inten- prisoners of war. tion was frustrated, by the rapid adl- The northern parts of the papal vance of Joubert, who forced them territories already in the from this important pofition, after poflession of the French, and it sustaining a great loss of their best was expected that as soon as Buotroops, and in particular of a felect naparte was free from inquietude, corps of Hungarians. Here the on account of the Austrian armies division of Joubert was reinforced still hovering on the borders of by that. of Maslena, who had been Germany, and had secured the equally successful; and, in his pursuit capture of Mantna, he would imof the Austrians, after the action mediately proceed to Rome itself, at Carpanadolo, had taken several and diciate the conditions of a places of strength, and driven them peace. to the other fide of the Pradas, The pope, in the mean time, after seizing a large part of their relied upon the exertions of the baggage.

emperor, and had determined to The Imperial armies were now wait the issue of the operations of totally expelled from Italy, and no- his army, under Alvinzi, firmly thing remained to the emperor but hoping that it would be more fućthe city of Mantua, which was cessful than those that had preceded so closely blockaded, and fo vigo- it. Buonaparte was fincerely derously pressed, that no supplies of firous of a pacification with the provisions, or of men, could enter. head of the Romilh church, a reThe garrison, despairing of all re- spectful treatment of whom would, lief, began to think it time to fur- he was conscious, be highly gratifyrender, weakened by the great ing to all the Roman catholic fiatés fianghter it had suffered in so many and people. Prompted by these fallies, and by a contagious diften- motives, and intirely averse at coper, that committed great ravages ercive measures, he wrote a letter in the city. The Austrians agreed, to cardinal Mattæi, prime minifter at length, to a capitulation, upon to his holiness, requesting bim the second day of February. The to prevail on the pope to recomterms were as honourable as the de- mence pacific negociations, in orfence had been brave. The French der to prevent the march of the general shewed a laudable propen- French armies into his territories, fity to pay due regard to the merit and to represent to him the inutility of his rival, who, notwithstanding of arming his subjects against men his late ill success, was deservedly who had overcome so many formidesteemed a warrior' of the most able enemies, and whom his own distinguished rank. He granted him people were wholly' incapable to an escort of two hundred horse and refift. feven hundred foot, whom he was This letter was dated the twentypermitted to select, together with fixth of Odober, 1796. Buonathirty pieces of artillery: the gene- parte was then preparing to march

against

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(11 against Alvinzi, who was at the admonished the general to reflect, head of a numerous army, and had that the death which awaited men obtained some fuccefles over the in battle was the commencement French, which had revived the hopes of eternal life and happiness to the of the Auftrians, and their adhe- righteous, and of everlasting, misery rents. But the battle of Arcola, to the wicked. Armed with this wherein these were completely de- conviction, laid the cardinal, we feated, and the subsequent advan- Thall oppose you with that confitages gained by the French, made, dence in the divine aid, which a at laft, such an impression on the just cause inspires. He reminded court of Rome, that, dreading to him that he was not invincible, and wait any longer for more fortunate that though infidels, and pretended events, the cardinal was directed to philosopliers, ridiculed the idea of return an answer. This came to pass aslistance from heaven, yet, if Proafter the lapse of fix weeks from vidence were pleased to interpofe, the receipt of the general's letter. the French would contend in vain The motive for this delay being against the power of the Almighty. obvious, it was neceffary to qualify He concluded, by telling the geneit, so as to foften his displeasure at ral, that if the French were de-, an answer being so long deserred. sirous of peace, the Komay lee deThe cardinal laid before the gene- fired it still more, and was willing ral the anxiety of the pope to re- to subscribe to any terms, conscimedy the disorders that had so long entious and equitable, in order to distracted France, and the sacrifices obtain it. he had consented to make of every Such was the purport' of this worldly consideration, for the sake remarkable letter, which, to speak of restoring a good understanding

a good understanding truth, was written at a time, when between France and the Roman the reasonings it contained were fee. He complained that, not fa- little calculated to influence tlie tisfied with thele concessions, the proceedings of such a people as French government, elated with the , the French. Nor did the court of success of its arms, had made requi- Vienna itself testify much willingfitions incompatible with the dic- ness to be connected with a power tates of his conscience, and sub- whose co-operations were likely to versive of all Christian and moral prove so feeble. But the folicitaprinciples. Grieved at such into- tions of the court of Roine were so lerable demands, he had implored preliing, that the Imperial ministers,

, the affiftance of heaven, to direct unwilling wholly to abandon the him how to act in fo difficult a situa- holy see to the control of France, tion. Doubtless, faid the cardinal, consented to join a body of troops he was inspired, on this occasion, to those that were now raising in by that holy spirit which had ani- every part of the papal dominions. mated the primitive martyrs in the In this dereliction of the pope, cause for which they suffered. Ha- the most fervent of his former adving laboured, in vain, to bring the herents feemed, at this period, to directory to a more equitable way agree without reluctance. So ef. of thinking, he thought it necessary ficacious was either the dread, or to resist them by open force, He the influence, of France over the 8

councils

a

1

The Austrians had now pofted rals, and principal officers under themselves in force at Lavis, in- him, were allowed, in like manner, tending to stop the progress of the 'to accompany him on their parole ; French, by occupying the other side the rest of the garrilon remained of the river Lavisio; but this inten- prisoners of war. tion was frustrated, by the rapid ad- The northern parts of the papal vance of Joubert, who forced them territories were already in the from this important position, after possession of the French, and it sustaining a great loss of their best was expected that as soon as Buotroops, and in particular of a select naparte was free from inquietude, corps of Hungarians. Here the on account of the Austrian armies division of Joubert was reinforced still hovering on the borders of by that.of Massena, who had been Germany, and had secured the equally successful; and, in his, pursuit capture of Mantua, he would imof the Austrians, after the action mediately proceed to Rome itself, at Carpanadolo, had taken several and dictate the conditions of a places of strength, and driven them peace. to the other fide of the Pradas, The

pope,

in the mean time, after seizing a large part of their relied upon the exertions of the baggage.

emperor, and had determined to The Imperial armies were now wait the issue of the operations of totally expelled from Italy, and no- his army, under Alvinzi, firmly thing remained to the emperor but hoping that it would be more fućthe city of Mantua, which was cessful than those that had preceded

, so closely blockaded, and so vigo- it. Buonaparte was fincerely derously pressed, that no fupplies of firous of a pacification with the provisions, or of men, could enter. head of the Romilh church, a reThe garrison, despairing of all re- spectful treatment of whom would, lief, began to think it time to fur- he was conscious, be highly gratifyrender; weakened by the great ing to all the Roman catholic fiates slaughter it had suffered in fo many and people. Prompted by these fallies, and by a contagious disten- motives, and intirely averse at coper, that committed great ravages ercive measures, he wrote a letter in the city. The Austrians agreed, to cardinal Mattæi, prime minifter at length, to a capitulation, upon to his holiness, requesting bim the second day of February. The to prevail on the pope to recomterms were as honourable as the de- mence pacific negociations, in orfence had been brave. The French der to prevent the march of the general shewed a laudable propen- French armies into his territories, fity to pay due regard to the merit and to represent to him the inutility of his rival, who, notwithstanding of arming his subjects against men his late ill success, was deservedly who had overcome so many formid. esteemed a wartior' of the most able enemies, and whom his own distinguished rank. He granted him people were wholly incapable to ai escort of two hundred horse and resist. feven hundred foot, whom he was This letter was dated the twentypermitted to select, together with fixth of October, 1796. Buonathirty pieces of artillery: the gene parte was then preparing to march

against

against Alvinzi, who was at the admonished the general to reflect, head of a numerous army, and had that the death which awaited men obtained fome successes over the in battle was the commencement French, which had revived the hopes of eternal life and happiness to the of the Austrians, and their adhe- righteous, and of everlasting, misery rents. But the battle of Arcola, to the wicked. Armed with this wherein these were completely de- conviction, taid the cardinal, we feated, and the subsequent advan- 'fhall oppose you with that confitages gained by the French, made, dence in the divine aid, which a at last, such an impression on the just cause inspires. He reminded court of Rome, that, dreading to him that he was not invincible, and wait any longer for more fortunate that though infidels, and pretended events, the cardinal was directed to philosophers, ridiculed the idea of return an answer. This came to pafs asistance from heaven, yet, if Proafter the lapse of fix weeks from vidence were pleased to interpole, the receipt of the general's letter. the French would contend in vain The motive for this delay being against the power of the Almighty. obvious, it was necessary to qualify He concluded, by telling the geneit, so as to foften his displeasure at ral, that if the French were de-, an answer being so long deferred. firous of peace, the Komay lee deThe cardinal laid before the gene- fired it still more, and was willing ral the anxiety of the pope to re- to subscribe to any terms, conscimedy the disorders that had so long entious and equitable, in order to distracted France, and the facrifices obtain it. he had consented to make of every Such was the purport of this worldly consideration, for the fake remarkable letter, which, to speak of restoring a good understanding truth, was written at a time, when between France and the Roman the realonings it contained were see. He complained that, not fa- little calculated to influence the tisfied with thele conceffions, the proceedings of such a people as French government, elated with the , the French. Nor did the court of success of its arms, had made requi- Vienna itself testify much willingfitions incompatible with the dic- nefs to be connected with a power tates of his conscience, and fub- whose co-operations were likely to versive of all Christian and moral prove so feeble. But the folicitaprinciples. Grieved at such into- tions of the court of Rome were so serable demands, he had implored preling, that the Imperial minifters,

, the affiftance of heaven, to direct unwilling wholly to abandon the him how to act in so difficult a situa- holy see to the control of France, tion. Doubtless, said the cardinal, consented to join a body of troops he was inspired, on this occasion, to those that were now raising in by that holy spirit which had ani- every part of the papal dominions. mated the primitive martyrs in the

In this dereliction of the pope, cause for which they suffered. Ha- the most fervent of his former adving laboured, in vain, to bring the herents feemed, at this period, to

, directory to a more equitable way agree without reluctance. So ef. of thinking, he thought it neceflaryficacious was either the dread, op to resist them by open forçe, He the influence, of France over the 8

councils

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