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The loss that the nation has suffered one hand, and to dread all Imperial by the death of Miss Mary Kingsley responsibility, and on the other to is much greater than is generally un- plunge into a wild and fanatic Impederstood. People talk as if we had rialism without reason and without merely lost a striking, sympathetic and method, she held an even balance, and original personality, and a clear-eyed brought a most valuable corrective. investigator of native customs and be- The same good sense and level-beadedliefs. In reality we have lost what is ness were displayed in her views of the far more precious,-a woman capable native question. While feeling a deep of seeing essential facts and of under- sympathy for all natives, and anxiously standing the political conditions exist- desiring their welfare, she was entirely ing in some of the obscurest and most free from any exaggerated notions as difficult regions of the Empire. Re- to the perfectibility of the negro, and markable from many and very differ- did not in the least desire to favor ent points of view, Mary Kingsley schemes for treating black men as it was, in our belief, most remarkable for they were white. In fact, her main her sane and statesmanlike views on contention was always that you must African questions. She had already not try to raise the negroes by giving thrown a great deal of light upon the them votes and representative instituaffairs of West Africa and the local tions and the like, but by studying them administrative problems, and had she and finding out the form of government lived we doubt not that she would have which suited them best. She desired, made a real and most valuable con- as far as possible, to keep the blacks tribution to our knowledge of the South and whites apart, each within their own African problem. Her strength lay in polity. For example, the present writer her ability to see through sham and remembers talking to her on the native humbug and “tall talk” of all kinds, question in South Africa, just before and yet not become cynical or disillu- she left England, and asking her sioned. No one was less taken in than whether she thought it would be posshe by the cant of Jingoism, and yet sible to maintain a system of native reshe remained always a firm Imperialist, serves on a very large scale, like Basuwith an almost unbounded belief in the toland, where, under Imperial officers, power of English-speaking men to take the natives could live their own lives up Imperialist responsibilities and car- unmixed with the whites, but whence ry them through successfully. She was the young men could issue for work in against hasty and ill-considered expan- the mines or on the farms or elsewhere. sion and "rushes” of annexation, but To such a solution of the problem she she believed implicitly in the capacity most strongly inclined, and instanced of the race to govern subject peoples. examples from the West Coast which But though she was always preaching supported such a plan. On the whole caution and discretion in the march of she trusted to an enlightened and just Empire, it was impossible to frighten separation of the black community her as to the general ability of the na- from the white for the protection of tion to cope with its work. At a time the natives, much more than to any when men are inclined to run into the plan of giving them votes or a legal extreme of Little Englandism on the status equal to that of the white man.

Put in its widest form, her plea in has not spread dangerously yet among regard to the treatment of the native us. It is the nearest thing an Englishraces was for justice and knowledge

man can have to hysterics, and his

constitution is not naturally inclined to against emotionalism. She nowhere

them, but when he has them they are dealt better with this aspect of the

no use to him. They cannot help him question than in a most able and timely

to spread abroad his power, his reliletter which she contributed to the

gion, his justice, or his commerce. Yet Spectator of last January (January undoubtedly he has, of late years, 13th, 1900), entitled by us “Miss Mary chosen this emotionalism for his counKingsley on Efficiency and Empire."

sellor in place of his Elizabethan counA part of this letter is so striking and

sellor, detailed knowledge, and this

emotionalism has poisoned many of his so exactly representative of the work

noblest enterprises, has cost him much ing of her mind, that we need make no

blood and money and heartache, and it apology for quoting it at length:- has, above all things in the way of

harm, made him suffer that grievous Our commercial expansion in the delusion, “the end justifies the means." days of Elizabeth was marked by an I sincerely hope, now that it has had intense love of knowledge of the minor a showy breakdown, he will depose it, details. If you turn back and read and replace that counsellor who so your Dampier or any of that school of greatly helped to give him worldImperialism, you will find chronicled power, and that will so greatly help all manner of domestic details about him to both keep and expand it. The the strange countries and peoples they lesson detailed knowledge teaches is came in contact with. Our colonial,

hard and dry. It says: Learn things or emigrant, expansion of the age of as they are and keep your given word; Victoria, either to the Americas or to let it cost you what it may, be just. Australia, has been marked by no such

Emotionalism says: Mean well, be merlove of detailed knowledge; in its place ciful and generous; forgetting that there is emotionalism. The reason for mercy and generosity are only comthis is obvious, but it has produced promises made towards the attaintiresome results. A back-wave of this ment of justice, not in themselves jusemotionalism gave us the Indian Mu- tice, that perfect thing by which alone tiny, but our Indian Empire, being a an Empire can endure and prosper, direct descendant of our older Imperi- and which is attainable by honorablealism, survived, and has returned to

minded Englishmen by knowledge of its earlier tradition. In other regions, the facts of the case. however, emotionalism has had fuller play, and has been regarded as a sub- There is the epitome of Mary Kingsstitute for detailed knowledge. I sin ley's Imperial creed. It is a great plea cerely hope among the many good

for justice in the highest and widest things this South African affair will

sense. The late Mr. Pater somewhere surely give us, one will be the recogni

defined justice as “a higher knowledge tion that emotionalism is sitting at our council board in a place that should be

through love." That was the kind of occupied by knowledge. I beg you will justice Mary Kingsley wanted to see not misunderstand me, and think that recognized as the foundation of our by emotionalism I mean either true re- Empire, and that was why she asked ligion or true huma sympathy. That always for facts and abhorred emotionemotionalism I so deeply detest and

alism, the bastard brother of love. distrust is windy-headed brag and self

Before we leave the subject of Mary satisfied ignorance. “I did not know," would have been no safe excuse to

Kingsley and the debt the Empire owes offer to Sir Francis Drake for a disas. to her, we must say a word as to the trous enterprise. This emotionalism fascination of her personality. She was, without doubt, one of the most and to no other woman, of this generaattractive of human beings. Her al- tion. most pathetic shyness was enough to of the more personal side of Mary destroy all notion of egoism, or pride, Kingsley's loss, the present writer will or pompousness, or vanity, but not not speak, except to say that those who enough to make her unsympathetic; had the happiness to call her friend knew while an interest in all subjects worth that she was a friend in the true and being interested in which never flagged, not the conventional sense of the word. and an unfailing sense of humor which All that we care to deal with here is was never hard or unkind, made Mary the loss suffered by the nation and the Kingsley a delightful companion. But Empire, and that, as we have tried to Mary Kingsley had, beyond all this, an show, is a great one. We can ill spare intellect which it is no exaggeration those who have width of mind as well to say was of the first class, and she as special knowledge in regard to our had also a wealth of adventurous ex- Imperial affairs, and Mary Kingsley perience which belongs to few men, had both in the highest degree. The Spectator.


Stephen Crane left in manuscript a re-write “Evelyn Innes," and the two volume of short stories which may be books will be published together, probcalled “Wounds in the Rain," and a ably next spring. long novel of adventure.

The keynote to Mr. James Lane The Academy reports that the Holy Allen's new novel, “The Increasing Synod of Russia has issued a secret Purpose,” is found, as many readers ukase excommunicating Count Tolstoy must have guessed, in the familiar on account of his novel, “Resurrec- line from "Locksley Hall"tion."

“Yet I doubt not through the ages

one increasing purpose runs." Catharine II of Russia left five complete and six fragmentary plays, part Two interesting contributions to the of them in her own writing. They interpretation of Browning are promhave been recently discovered, and are ised for early publication; Mr. Arthur soon to be published.

Waugh's monograph on Browning, and

Mr. Stopford Brooke's Browning LecMr. George Moore's story of “Evelyn tures, which are to be published as a Innes" and his just completed “Sister companion to his book on Tennyson. Teresa" are actually parts of one long novel,--the longest novel, it is said, The question, “Who Invented the Cirever written about one character, for culating Library?” is asked, but not together the two books will contain very definitely answered by Mr. Archi300,000 words. As soon as he has re- bald Clark, in the “Library. The first vised "Sister Teresa” Mr. Moore will circulating library of which much is

known was established about 1740, by the public has shown for his lighter the Rev. Samuel Hancourt, in Crane- work. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. court, Fleet-Street, London.

Mr. Whitelaw Reid's discussion of The extensive library formed by the

"The Problems of Expansion,” which

The Century Company publishes, has Right Hon. Sir Robert Peel was sold last month at London. The collection

a certain authority from the author's was noteworthy for containing nearly

membership in the commission which

It all of the great county histories.

negotiated the treaty of peace with contained also a few early printed

Spain. The papers and addresses of

which it is composed were written or books of considerable rarity, and the most remarkable collection of political

spoken at various times during the past

twenty months. Mr. Reid's initial caricatures ever offered, arranged in

point of view is indicated by the title eleven atlas folio volumes.

of the first of these papers, published Brief, earnest and right to the point,

in September, 1898, “The Territory with

which We are Threatened;" but he has the nearly three dozen sermons which

been a consistent advocate from the make up the volume “David and His

first of the policy of retaining the Friends" will be read by many with

whole of the Philippine archipelago, interest. The writer-or preacher—the

and he states his views and the reasons Rev. Louis Albert Banks, originally

for them in this volume with virile made use of them as talks for a series

force and persuasive logic. of revival meetings, and they are admirably adapted to their purpose. The It is an interesting coincidence that illustrations and anecdotes are well

Miss Eliza R. Scidmore's important handled and forcible, besides covering and diverting book, "China, the Longa wide range of experiences, and the lived Empire" should have been just sincerity and manfulness of the ser- ready for publication, when the breakmons are evident. The character, life up of the Empire began with the crisis and times of David, and quotations precipitated by the demonstrations of from his writings, form the texts the "Boxers.” The book was not writthroughout the series. Funk & Wag- ten for the occasion, but it precisely fits nalls Co.

the occasion. Tientsin, Peking and

other places, which have been lit up of Just the book to slip into one's pocket late with the lurid light of a nameless as one starts off for an outing, laugh horror, are here described as they apover one's self, and loan to one's fellow peared but recently to a bright and travellers, is “Room Forty-Five,” Mr. observant traveller, who saw them Howells's clever description of the under peaceful conditions, when the havoc wrought in the summer hotel by first signs of unrest were manifesting the guest who snores. Mr. Howells's themselves. Miss Scidmore is no favorite heroine-inconsequent and in- chance traveller, for she has visited sistent as ever-her long-suffering hus- China frequently; and her sketches of band, the hotel clerk and the snorer Chinese life, character and politics, her are the actors in the little comedy. In portrait of the Dowager Empress, and its companion volume, “Bride Roses," her studies of social and political conthe note of sadness is struck with a ditions make this the freshest, most delicacy which reminds us how much picturesque and most vivid description Mr. Howells's reputation, like others, of China and the Chinese that has been has suffered by the preference which given us. The work is of absorbing in



terest, from cover to cover. There are The sonorous title, “The Dread and numerous illustrations. The Century Fear of Kings,” which belongs to J. Company.

Breckenridge Ellis's story of the reign

of Tiberius Cæsar, is rightly applied, A volume which will go far to in- for the book gives a graphic picture of crease North America's knowledge of an age when no man's words or glances South America is “The Columbian and were his own. There are many wellVenezuelan Republics,” by William L. drawn characters, among them the Scruggs, who, in his capacity of min- Greek Alexis, an architect, who is ister plenipotentiary of the United summoned to Rome to superintend the States to those countries, has had un- building of a secret passage for the usual facilities for studying the places Emperor, and finds himself in a periland the people. It is a book of travel, ous network of treacheries. The real taking the reader on many entertaining hero is the freedman and poet, Phaejaunts, but it is also study of drus, and the two heroines are political situations and present or spirited Roman maiden and a brave future industrial conditions. Writ- Jewess. A complication of love affairs, ten in a direct and pleasing style, with in which pleasure-loving Greek, fightan evident seriousness of purpose, a ing Roman and high-souled Thracian strong sense of justice, and, withal, an are all involved, gives an added ele. appreciation of the humorous, it is a ment of excitement to a stirring book. wise and companionable book. Little, A. C. McClurg & Co. Brown & Co.

The Ingersoll Lectures on Immortal. The "new theology," as a phrase for ity, delivered year by year at Harvard, extreme conservatives to conjure with, as they appear in book form, make a may be robbed of its terrors by a calm collection of great interest for the lay reading of Walter Spence's "Back to as well as the theological library. To Christ,” published by A. C. McClurg a list already notable is now added the & Co. It is a remarkably clear, simple name of Prof. Josiah Royce. Preand devout attempt to show that the mising that the immortality which he supreme authority of the Christian asserts is an immortality of the individchurch is to be found in the person of ual, Prof. Royce directs attention to Christ, and to prove that "higher criti- the elusive character of that which we cism" has not enfeebled the Christian call individuality, defines an individual faith, but has put new life into it by as a being that adequately expresses the use of a newer language. In the a purpose, points out that only the Abchapter on the nature of Atonement solute can be an entirely whole indiand the Trinity, the book is vidual, and maintains that the real eminently earnest and direct. While world, viewed as a whole, is a unique there are some people who will not expression of His purpose, so that every reach Mr. Spence's conclusions, the fragment of life therein has its unique book must be considered as adding place in His life. Thence, he argues greatly to the honest understanding the conscious attainment, in a life that which should prevail between the ad- is not the present mortal life, of that herents of the "old" and the "new," individuality which now is meant and and to readers not strongly attached to sought. "The Conception of Immoreither division it will commend itself tality," it is needless to add, will repay as an exceedingly satisfactory presen- careful reading. Houghton, Mifflin & tation of Christian thought and faith. Co.


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