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and emerging from the blackness of the cliffs,—wild and uncouth, but evidently human beings.
3. “Their leader, like a brave fellow, leaped down the floe, and advanced to meet me half-way. He was nearly a head taller than myself, extremely powerful and well-built, with swarthy complexion and piercing
His dress was a hooded capôte, or jumper, of mixed white and blue fox-pelts, arranged with something of fancy, and booted trousers of white bear-skin, which, at the end of the foot, were made to terminate with the claws of the animals.
4. “Although this was the first time he had ever seen a white man, he went with me fearlessly into the cabin, his companions remaining behind on the ice.
5. "I soon sent word to the others, and they brought up from behind the land ice as many as fifty-six fine dogs, with their sledges, and secured them within two hundred feet of the brig, driving their lances into the ice, and picketing the dogs to them by the seal-skin traces. When they were first allowed to come on board, they were very rude and difficult to manage. They were incessantly in motion, going every-where, trying doors, and squeezing themselves through dark passages, round casks and boxes, and out into the light again, anxious to touch and handle everything they saw, and asking for, or else endeavoring to steal, everything they touched.
6. “They ate their walrus meat on the ice. They did not eat all at once, but each man, when and as often, as impulse prompted him. Each slept after eating, his raw chunk lying beside him; and, as he woke, the first act was to eat, and the next to sleep again. They did not lie down, but slumbered away in a sitting posture, with the head declined upon the breast, some of them snoring famously.
7. “In the morning they were anxious to go.
them leave; they yoked in their dogs in less than two minutes, got on their sledges, cracked their fifteen-feet long seal-skin whips, and were off down ice to the south-west at a rate of seven knots an hour..
8. “The Esquimau dog is driven by a single trace,
a long thin thong of seal or walrus hide, which passes
from his chest over his haunches to the sledge. The team is always driven abreast, and the traces are, of course, tangling and twisting themselves up incessantly, as the half-wild or terrified brutes bound right or left from their prescribed positions.
9. “The consequence is, that the seven, or nine, or fourteen lines have a marvelous aptitude at knotting themselves up beyond the reach of skill and patience. If the weather is warm enough to thaw the snow, the lines become soft, and the knots may be untied; but in cold weather, the knife must be used to cut the traces.
10. “The dog-whip is six yards long, and the handle but sixteen inches,—rather a short lever, to throw out such a length of seal-hide. Learn to do it, however, with a masterly sweep, or else make up your mind to forego driving sledge; for the dogs are guided solely by the lash, and you must be able, not only to hit any particular dog out of the team of twelve, but also to accompany the feat with a resounding crack. After this, you find that to get your lash back involves another difficulty; for it is apt to entangle itself among the dogs and lines, or to fasten itself cunningly round bits of ice, so as to drag you head over heels into the
11. “The secret by which this complicated set of requirements is fulfilled consists in properly describing an arc from the shoulder, with a stiff elbow, giving the jerk to the whip-handle from the hand and wrist alone. The lash trails behind you as you travel, and, when thrown forward, is allowed to extend itself without an effort to bring it back.
12. “You wait patiently after giving the projected impulse until it unwinds its slow length, reaches the end of its tether, and cracks to tell you that it is at its journey's end. Such a crack on the ear or forefoot of an unfortunate dog is signalized by a howl quite unmistakable in its import.
13. “The mere labor of using this whip is such that the Esquimaux travel in couples, one sledge after the other. The hinder dogs follow mechanically, and thus require no whip; and the drivers change about so as to rest each other."
Selected and adapted from KANE's Arctic Explorations.
1. Clime of the unforgotten brave!
Whose land from plain to mountain-cave
Say, is not this Thermopylæ?
O servile offspring of the free-
2. These scenes, their story not unknown,
Arise, and make again your own:
Though baffled oft, is ever won.
Attest it, many a deathless age!
58. ECONOMY OF TIME.
["Lost, yesterday, somewhere between sunrise and sunset, two golden hours, each set with sixty diamond minutes. No reward is offered, for they are gone forever.”— HORACE Mann.]
1. One of the most important lessons to be learned in life is the art of economizing time. A celebrated Italian was wont to call his time his estate; and it is true of this as of other estates of which the young come into possession, that it is rarely prized till it is nearly squandered.
2. Habits of indolence, listlessness, and procrastination, once firmly fixed, cannot be suddenly thrown off, and the man who has wasted the precious hours of life's seed-time finds that he cannot reap a harvest in life's autumn. Lost wealth may be replaced by industry, lost knowledge by study, lost health by temperance or medicine; but lost time is gone forever.
3. In the long catalogue of excuses for the neglect of duty, there is none which drops oftener from men's lips, or which is founded on more of self-delusion, than the want of leisure. People are always cheating themselves with the idea that they would do this or that desirable thing, “if they only had time."
4. It is thus that the lazy and the selfish excuse themselves from a thousand things which conscience dictates to be done. Now, the truth is, there is no condition in which the chance of doing any good is less than in that of leisure.
5. Go, seek out the men in any community who have done the most for their own and the general good, and you will find they are—who? Wealthy, leisurely people, who have abundance of time to themselves, and nothing to do? No; they are almost uniformly the men who are in ceaseless activity from January to December.