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those of the revolters out of the market, and Yet all those dreadful deeds, this doubtful fray, so all the lieutenant-general's body retreats

A cast of scatter'd dust will soon allay. Dryden. into Chiswell-street, and lodges two divisions

Will's Coffee-house, July 13. in Grub-street; and as the general marches on, they fall on bis flank, but soon made to give

Some part of the company keep up the old way: but having a retreating place in Red-lion-way of conversatiou in this place, which usucourt, but could not hold it, being put to ally turned upon the examination of nature, flight through Paul's-alley, and pursued by the and an enquiry into the manners of men. There general's grenadiers, while he marches up and

is one in the room so very judicious, that he attacks their main body, but are opposed again manages impertinents with the utmost dexby a party of men as lay in Black-raven-court; terity. It was diverting this evening to hear a but ihey are forced also to retire soon in the discourse between him and one of these genutmost confusion, and at the same time those tleman. He told me, before that person joined brave divisions in Paul's-alley ply their rear

us, that he was a questioner, who, according with grenadoes, that with precipitation they to his description, is one who asks questions, take to the route along Bunbill.row : so the not with a design to receive information, but general marches into the Artillery.ground, it. He went on in asserting, that there are

an affection to show his uneasiness for want of and being drawn up, finds the revolting party crowds of that modest ambition, as to aim no to have found entrance, and makes a show as if for a battle, and both armies soon engage in doubt. By this time Will Whynot was sat

farther than to demonstrate that they are in form, and fire by platoons.'

Much might be said for the improvement down by us. So, gentlemen,' says he, ‘in how of this system; which, for its style and inven- many days, think you, shall we be masters of tion, may instruct generals and their histo-Tournay? Is the account of the action of the rians, both in fighting a battle, and describing have imagined England had so much money in

Vivarois tu be depended upon ? Could you it when it is over. These elegant expressions, it as you see it has produced ? Pray, sirs, what dittomand so—but soon—but having—but

do could not—but are—but they-finds the party

you think? Will the duke of Savoy make to have found,' &c. do certainly give great will clear all these mysteries. His answer to

an irruption into France? But,' says he, 'time life and spirit to the relation.

Indeed, I am extremely concerned for the himself gave me the altitude of his head, and lieutenant-general, who, by his overthrow and

to all his questions, I thus answered very satisdefeat, is made a deplorable instance of the

factorily. -Sir, have you heard that this fortune of war, and vicissitudes of human af. Slaughterford * never owned the fact for which fairs. He, alas ! has lost, in Beech-lane aod he died ? Have the newspapers mentioned that Chiswell-street, all the glory he lately gained thod will be taken to provide for these Pala

matter! But, pray, can you tell me what mein and about Holborn and St Giles's. The art of subdividing first, and dividing afterwards, tines ? But this, as you say, time will clear.' is new and surprising ; and, according to this

Ay, ay,' says he, and whispers me, “they will inethod, the troops are disposed in King's-head never let us into these things beforehand. I court and Red-lion-market : nor is the conduct whispered him again, ‘We shall know it as of these leaders less conspicuous in their choice soon as there is a proclamation.'—He tells me of the ground or field of battle. Happy was it, in the other ear, 'You are in the right of it.' that the greatest part of the achievements of | Then he whispered my friend to know what my this day, was to be performed near Grub-street,

name was ; and made an obliging bow, and that there might not be wanting a sufficient friend and me to weigh this wandering manner

went to examine another table. This led my number of faithful historians, who, being eye: in many other incidents, and he took out of his witnesses of these wonders, should impartially pocket, several little notes or tickets to solicit transmit them to posterity! But then it can never be enough regretted, that we are left for votes to employments: as, Mr. John Tapin the dark as to the name and title of that lash having served all offices, and being reextraordinary hero, who commanded the divi- duced to great poverty, desires your vote for sions in Paul's-alley; especially because those singing-clerk of this parish. Another has had divisions are justly styled brave, and accord

ten children, all whom his wife has suckled ingly were to push the enemy along Bunbill- herself; therefore humbly desires to be a

schoolinaster. row, and thereby occasion a general battle. But Pallas appeared in the form of a shower

There is nothing so frequent as this way of of rain, and prevented the slaughter and de. application for offices. It is not that you are solation, which were threatened by these ex

fit for the place, but because the place would traordinary preparations.

be convenient for you, that you claim a merit

But commend me to the great Kirlieus Ili motus animorum, atque hæc certamina tanta Pulveris exig i jactu compressa qniescant. Virg. Georg. iv. 86.

A mau hanged for the murder of his sweetheart.

to it.

who has lately set up for midwifery, and to and pun, which was the wit of those times, help child-birth, for no other reason, but that that it is scarce intelligible ; but I thought the he is himself the · Unborn Doctor.' The way design was well enough in the following sketch is, to hit upon something that puts the vulgar of an old gentleman's poetry: for in this case, upon the stare, or touches their compassion, where two are rivals for the same thing, and which is often the weakest part about us. I propose to obtain it by presents, he that atknow a good lady, who bas taken her daugh-tempts the judge's honesty, by making him ters from their old dancing-master to place offers of reward, ought not to complain wher them with another, for no other reason but he loses bis cause by a better bidder. The good because the new man has broke his leg, which old doggrel runs thus: is so ill set, that he can never dance more.

• A poor man once a judge besought,

To judge aright his cause,
From my own Apartment, July 13.

And with a pot of oil salutes
As it is a frequent mortification to me to

This judger of the laws. receive letters, wherein people tell me, without

“ My friend," qnnth he, “ thy cause is good :" a name, they know I meant them in such and

He glad away did trudge: sucb a passage ; so that very accusation is an ar- Apon his wealthy foe did come

Before this partial judge. gument, that there are such beings in human life, as fall under our description, and that our dis- A hog well fed this churl presents, course is not altogether fantastical and ground

And craves a strain of law;

The hog receiv'd,--the poor man's right less. But in this case I am treated as I saw a

Was judg’d not worth a straw. boy was the other day, who gave out pocky bills : every plain fellow took it that passed

Therewith he cry'd, “ O! partial judge,

Thy doom has me undone ; by, and went on his way without further no

When oil I gave, my cause was good, tice: and at last came one with his nose a

But now to ruin ran." little abridged; who knocks the lad down, with

"Poor man,” quoth he, “I thee forgut, a 'Why, you son of a w-e, do you think I

And see thy cause of foil ; am p«d? But Shakspeare has made the A hog came since into my house, best 'apology for this way of talking against And broke thy pot of oil." the public errors: be makes Jacques, in the

Will's Coffee-house, July 15. play called ' As you like it,' express himself tbus :

The discourse happened this evening to fall upon characters dra

in plays; and a gentle• Why, who cries out on pride,

man remarked, that there was no method in That can therein tax any private party!

the world of knowing the taste of an age, or What woman in the city do I name, When that I say, the city woman bears

period of time, so good, as by the observations The cost of princes on unworthy shoulders ?

of the persons represented in their comedies. Who can come in and say that I mean ber, When snch a one as she, such is her nciglibour

There were several instances produced, as Ben Or, what is be of basest function,

Jonson's bringing in a fellow smoking, as a That says his bravery is not on my cost?

piece of foppery; 'but,' said the gentleman Thinking that'I mean him, but thereiu sgits

who entertained us on this subject, 'this matHis folly to the moule of my speech, "There then! flow then? Then let me see whercin

ter is no where so observable as in the differMy tongue hath wrong'd himn : If it do him right, ence of the characters of women on the stage 'Then he hath wrong'd himself: if he be free, Why then my taxing like a wild goose flies,

in the last age and in this. It is not to be Unclaim'd of any man?'

supposed that it was a poverty of genius in Shakspeare that his women made so small a

figure in his dialogues ; but it certainly is, that No. 42.) Saturday, July 16, 1709.

he drew women as they theo were in life : for

that sex had not in those days that freedom in -Celebrare domestica facta,

conversation ; and their characters were only, To celebrate domestic deesls.

N. that they were mothers, sisters, daughters, and

wives. There were not then among the ladies, From my own Apartment, July 15. shining wits, politicians, virtuosæ, free-thinkers, LOOKING over some old papers, I found a and disputants; nay, there was then hardly little treatise, written by my great-grandfather, such a creature even as a coquette : but vanity concerning bribery, and thought his manner had quite another turn, and the most conspi. of treating that subject not unworthy my re. cuous woman at that time of day was only the mark. He there has a digression concerning best housewife. Were it possible to bring into a possibility, that in some circumstances a life an assembly of matrons of that age, and man may receive an injury, and yet be conscious introduce the learned lady Woodby into their 5 to himself that he deserves it. There are

company, they would not believe the same abundance of fine things said on the subject ; nation could produce a creature so unlike any but the whole wrapped up in sú much jingle thing they ever saw in it.

N

nocence.

‘But these ancients would be as much asto- | hopes that the town will allow me the liberty nished to see in the same age so illustrious awhich my brother news-writers take, in giving pattern tu all who love things praise-worthy them what may be for their information in as the divine Aspasia.* Methinks I now see another kind, and indulge me in doing an act her walking in her garden like our first parent, of friendship, by publishing the following acwith unaffected charms, before beauty had count of goods and moveables. spectators, and bearing celestial conscious vir. This is to give notice, that a magnificent tue in her aspect. Her countenance is the palace with great variety of gardens, statues, lively picture of her mind, which is the seat of and water-works, may be bought cheap in honour, truth, compassion, knowledge, and in- Drury-lane, where there are likewise several

castles to be disposed of, very delightfully • There dwells the scorn of vice, and pity too.'

situated; as also groves, woods, forests, foun.

tains, and country seats, with very pleasant 'In the midst of the most ample fortune, and prospects on all sides of them; being the moveveneration of all that behold and know her, ables of Christopher Rich, * esquire, who is without the least affectation, she consults re- breaking up house-keeping, and has many cutirement, the contemplation of her own being, rious pieces of furniture to dispose of, which and that supreme Power, which bestowed it. may be seen between the hours of six and ten Without the learning of schools, or knowledge in the evening. of a long course of arguments, she goes on in

THE INVENTORY. a steady course of uninterrupted piety and virtue, and adds to the severity and privacy of

Spirits of right Nantz brandy, for lambent the last age, all the freedom and ease of this.

flames and apparitions. The language and mien of a court she is pos

Three bottles and a half of lightning.

One shower of snow in the whitest French sessed of in the highest degree ; but the simplicity and humble thoughts of a cottage are

paper. her more welcome entertaioments. Aspasia is a

Two showers of a browner sort. female philosopher, who does not only live up to

A sea consisting of a dozen large waves; the resignation of the most recired lives of the the tentht bigger than ordinary, and a little ancient sages, but also to the schemes and plans

damaged. which they thought beautiful, though inimit

A dozen and half of clouds, trimmed with able. This lady is the most exact economist, black, and well-conditioned. without appearing busy; the most strictly vir- | A rainbow, a little faded. tuous, without tasting the praise of it; and

A set of clouds after the French mode, streakshuns applause with as much industry as others ed with lightning, and furbelowed. do reproach. This character is su particular,

A new moon, something decayed. that it will very easily be fixed on her only,

A pint of the finest Spanish wash, being all by all that know her ; but I dare say, she will that is left of two hogsheads sent over last winter. by the last that finds it out.

A coach very finely gilt and little used, with But, alas! if we have one or two such la.

a pair of dragons, to be sold cheap. dies, how many dozens are there like the rest. A setting-sun, a penny-worth. less, Poluglossa, who is acquainted with all the

An imperial mantle, made for Cyrus the world but herself; who has the appearance great, and worn by Julius Cæsar, Bajazet, king of all, and possession of no one virtue: she has, Harry the Eighth, and signor Valentini. indeed, in her practice, the absence of vice, but

A basket bilted sword, very convenient to her discourse is the continual history of it ; and carry milk in. it is apparent, when she speaks of the criminal

Roxana's night-gown. gratifications of others, that her innocence is

Ochello's handkerchief. only a restraint, with a certain mix iure of envy.

The imperial robes of Xerxes, never worn She is so perfectly opposite to the character of but once. Aspasia, that as vice is terrible to her only as

A wild boar killed by Mrs. Tofts and Dio. it is the object of reproach, so virtue is agreeable

clesian. only as it is attended with applause.'

A serpent to sting Cleopatra.

A mustard-bowl to make thunder with. St. James's Coffee-house, July 15.

Another of a bigger sort, by Mr. D-si It is now twelve of the clock at noon, and directions, little used. no mail come in ; therefore, I am not without

• Drury-lane playhouse was about this time shot np by

an order from the lord Chamberlain. * The character of Aspasia was written by Mr. Congreve ; and the person meant, was lady Elizabeth Hastings. See the

this affair in C. Cibber's 'Apology for his Life,' vol. i. p. 266. authority for tbis, with an edifying account of this extraor. + The Latin poets pretend that the tenth wave is the dinary lady, and her benefactions, in a book in folio, inti- largest and most dangerous. tuled 'Memorials and Characters, &c.' London, 1741, 1 Mr. John Dennis, the celebrated critic, has just thea printçd for John Wilford, p. 780.

invented bis new mode of making thun ler.

Ste an acconnt of

Six elbow chairs, very expert in country this kind in the case of Mr. D'Ursey, who has dances, with six flower-pots for their partners. dedicated his inimitable comedy, called “The The whiskers of a Turkish bassa.

Modern Prophets,' to a worthy knight, to The complexion of a murderer in a band whom, it seems, he had before communicated box: consisting of a large piece of burnt cork, bis plan, which was, 'To ridicule the ridiculers and a coal-black peruke.

of our established doctrine. I have elsewhere A suit of cloaths for a ghost, viz, a bloody celebrated the contrivance of this excellent shirt, a doublet curiously pinked, and a cuat drama ; but was not, until I read the dedica. with three great eyelet-boles upon the breast. tion, wholly let into the religious design of it. A bale of red Spanish wool.

I am afraid, it has suffered, discontinuance at Modern plots, commonly known by the name this gay end of the town, for no other reason es trap-doors, ladders of ropes, vizard-masques, but the piety of the purpose. There is, bowand tables with broad carpets over them. ever, in this epistle, the true life of panegyrical

Three oak-cudgels, with one of crab-tree; performance; and I do not doubt but if the all bought for the use of Mr. Pinkethman. patron would part with it, I can help him to

Materials for dancing; as masques, casta- others with good pretensions to it ; viz. of 'unnets, and a ladder of ten rounds.

common understanding,' who will give him as Aurengzebe's scymitar, made by Will. Brown much as he gave for it. I know perfectly well in Piccadilly.

a noble person, whom these words (which are A plume of feathers, never used but by the body of the panegyric) would fit to a bair. Dedipus and the earl of Essex.

'Your easiness of humour, or rather your There are also swords, balberds, sheep-books, harmonious disposition, is so admirably mixed cardinals' hats, turbans, drums, gallipots, a with your composure, that the rugged cares gibbet, a cradle, a rack, a cart-wheel, an altar, and disturbance that public affairs bring with a helmet, a back-piece, a breast-plate, a bell, it, which does so vexatiously affect the heads a tub, and a jointed-baby.

of other great men of business, &c. does scarce

ever ruffle your unclouded brow so much as These are the bard shifts we jutelligencers with a frown. And what above all is praiseare forced to; therefore our readers ought worthy, you are so far from thinking yourself tu excuse us, if a westerly wind blowing for a better than others, that a fourishing and opufortnight together, generally fills every paper lent fortune, which, by a certain natural corwith an order of battle; when we show our ruption in its quality, seldom fails to infect martial skill in every line, and according to other possessors with pride, seems in this case the space we have to fill, we range our men in as if only providentially disposed to enlarge you: squadrons and battalions, or draw out company

humility. by company, and troop by troop; ever observ- . But I find, sir, I am now got into a very ing ibat no muster is to be made but when large field, where, though I could with great the wind is in a cross-point, which often hap- ease raise a number of plants in relation to pens at the end of a campaign, wben half the your merit of this plauditory nature; yet for inen are deserted or killed. The Courant is fear of an author's general vice, and that the sometimes ten deep, his ranks close : the Post- plain justice I have done you should, by my boy is generally in files, for greater exactness ; proceeding, and others' mistaken judgment, he and the Postman comes down upon you rather imagined flattery, a thing the bluntness of my after the Turkish way, sword in band, pell-nature does not care to be concerned with, and mell, without form or discipline; but sure to which I also know you abominate.' bring men enough into the field; and where- It is wonderful to see how many judges of ever they are raised, never to lose a battle for these fine things spring up every day by the want of numbers.

rise of stocks and other elegant methods of
abridging the way to learning and criticism.

But I do hereby forbid all dedications to any
No. 43.]
Tuesday, July 19, 1709.

persons within the city of London ; except -Bene vammatum decorat snadela, Venasqne.

sir Francis,t sir Stephen, aud the Bank, will

take epigrams and epistles as value received for The goddess of persuasion forms his train,

their notes; and the East-India company acAnd l'enus decks the well-bemoneyed swain.

cept of heroic poems for their sealed bonds. Francis. Upon which bottom uur publishers have full

power to treat with the city in behalf of us auWhite's Chocolate-house, July 18.

thors, to enable traders to become patrons and I WRITE frum hence at present to complain, that wit and merit are so little encouraged by * An extract from D'Urfey's dedication. people of rank and quality, that the wits of the Sir Francis and sir Stephen were evidently bankers of age are obliged to run within Temple-bar for the times; and, of those, the two most eminent were sir

Francis Child and sir Stephen Evance. The latter was patronage. There is a deplorable instance of ruined, it is thought, in the South-sea year.

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fellows of the Royal Society, as well as to recording to the computation of some of our
ceive certain degrees of skill in the Latin and greatest divines, is to be the first year of the
Greek tongues, according to the quantity of millenium ; in which blessed age all habits will
the commodities which they take off our hands. be reduced to a primitive simplicity; and who-

ever shall be found to have persevered in a
Grecian Coffee-house, July 18.

constancy of dress, in spite of all the allure-
The learned have so long laboured under the ments of profané and beathen babits, shall
imputation of dryness and dulness in their ac- be rewarded with a never-fading doublet of a
counts of the phænondena, that an ingenious thousand years. All points in the system, which
gentleman of our society has resolved to write are doubted, shall be attested by the knight's
a system of philosophy in a more lively method, extemporary oath, for the satisfaction of his
both as to the matter and language, than has readers.'
been bitherto attempted. He read to us the
plani upon which he intends to proceed. I

Will's Coffee-house, July 18.
thought his account, by way of fable of the We were upon the heroic strain this evening;
worlds about us, had so much vivacity in it and the question was, “What is the true sub-
that I could not forbear transcribing his hypo-lime?' Many very good discourses happened
thesis, to give the reader a taste of my friend's thereupons after which a gentleman at the
treatise, which is now in the press.

table, who is, it seems, writing on that subject,
'The inferior deities, having designed on a assumed the argument; and though he ran
day to play a game at foot-ball, kueaded to through many instances of sublimity from the
gether a numberless collection of dancing atoms ancient writers, said; 'be liad hardly known
into the form of seven rolling globes : and, an occasion wherein the true greatness of
that pature might be kept from a dull inacti. soul, which animates a general in action, is
vity, each separate particle is endued with a so well represented, with regard to the per-
principle of motion, or a power of attraction, son of whom it was spoken, and the time in
whereby all the several parcels of matter draw which it was writ, as in a few lines in a
each other proportionably to their magnitudes modern poem. There is,' continued he, 'no-
and distances into such a remarkable variety thing so forced and constrained, as what we
of different forms, as to produce all the won frequently meet with in tragedies; to make a
derful appearances we now observe in empire, man under the weight of great sorrow, or full
pbilosopby, and religion. But to proceed : of meditation upon whát bé is soon to execute,

At the beginning of the game, each of the cast about for a simile to what he himself is, globes, being struck forward with a vast vio- or the thing which he is going to act: but lence, ran out of sight, and wandered in a there is nothing more proper and natural for a straight line through the infinite spaces. The poet, whose business it is to describe; and who nimble deities pursué, breathless almost, and is spectator of ope in that circumstance, when spent in the eager cbace ; each of them caught bis mind is working upon a great image, and hold of one, and stamped it with his name; that the ideas hurry upon his imagination-1 as Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, and so of the rest. say, there is nothing so natural, as for a poet To prevent this inconvenience for the future, to relieve and clear himself from the burden of the seven are condemned to a precipitation, thought at that time, by uttering his conception which in our inferior style we call gravity. Thus in simile and metaphor. The bighest act of the tangential and centripetal forces, by their the mind of man is to possess itself with tran. counter-struggle, make the celestial bodies de quillity in imminent danger, and to have its scribe an exact elipsis.

thoughts so free, as to act at that time withThere will be added to this an appendix, out perplexity. The ancient authors have in defence of the first day of the term accord-compared this sedate courage to a rock that ing to the Oxford almanack, by a learned remains immoveable amidst the rage of winds knight+ of this realm, with an apology for the and waves; but that is too stupid and inanisaid knight's manner of dress; proving that mate a similitude, and could do no credit to his habit, according to this hypothesis, is the the hero. At other times they are all of them true modern and fashionable; and that buckles wonderfully obliged to a Lybian lion which are not to be worn, by this system, until the may give indeed very agreeable terrors to a tenth of March in the year 1714, which, ac- description, but is no compliment to the per

son to whom it is applied : eagles, tigers, and
• Mr. Whiston, alladed 10 in the following part of this wolves, are made use of on the same occasion,
paper, was at this time proposed as a member of the Royal and very often with much beauty ; but this is
thesis that follows is mere pleasantry, and not a quotation still an honour done to the brute rather than
from his book, or any troe acconnt of his. Theory.' the hero. Mars, Pallas, Bacchus, and Hercules,

+ Sir Williarn Whitlocke, knt. member for Oxon, bencher have each of them furnished very good similes
of the Middle Temple, and gneen's serjeant. He is also in their time, and made, doubtless, a greater
alladed to under the name of Dear Shoe-strings,' which it
would scom that he wore instead of buckles, Tatler, No. 38. I impression on the mind of a heathen, than they

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