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screaming a lullaby. But my pain 'made me
exalt my voice above hers, which brought up
the nurse, the witch I first saw, and my grand-
mother. The girl is turned down stairs, and
I stripped again, as well to find what ailed me,
as to satisfy my granam's further curiosity. This
good old woman's visit was the cause of all my
troubles. You are to understand, that I was
hitherto bred by hand, and any body that
stood next gave me pap, if I did but open my
lips; insomuch, that I was growing so cunning,
as to pretend myself asleep when I was not, to
prevent my being crammed. But my grand
mother began a loud lecture upon the idleness
of the wives of this age, who, for fear of their
shapes, forbear suckling their own offspring:
and ten nurses were immediately sent for; one
was whispered to have a wanton eye, and
would soon spoil her milk; another was in a
consumption; the third had an ill voice, and
would frighten me instead of lulling me to
sleep. Such exceptions were made against all
but one country milch-wench, to whom I was
committed, and put to the breast. This care-
.ess jade was eternally romping with the foot-But Pacolet began to talk to me.
man, and downright starved me; insomuch
that I daily pined away, and should never
have been relieved had it not been that, on the
thirtieth day of my life, a Fellow of the Royal
Society, who had writ upon Cold Baths, came
to visit me, and solemnly protested, I was ut-
terly lost for want of that method:* upon
which he soused me head and ears into a pail
of water, where I had the good fortune to be
drowned; and so escaped being lashed into a
linguist until sixteen, running after wenches
until twenty-five, and being married to an ill-ture,
natured wife until sixty: which had certainly
been my fate, had not the enchantment be-
tween body and soul been broke by this philo-
sopher. Thus, until the age I should have
otherwise lived, I am obliged to watch the
steps of men; and, if you please, shall accom-
pany you in your present walk, and get you
intelligence from the aërial lacquey, who is in
waiting, what are the thoughts and purposes
of any whom you enquire for.'

I accepted his kind offer, and immediately took him with me in a back to White's.

White's Chocolate-house, May 13. We got in hither, and my companion threw a powder round us, that made me as invisible s himself; so that we could see and hear all others, ourselves unseen and unheard.

The first thing we took notice of was a nobleman of a goodly and frank aspect, with his generous birth and temper visible in it, playing

at cards with a creature of a black and horrid countenance, wherein were plainly delineated the arts of his mind, cozenage, and falsehood. They were marking their game with counters. on which we could see inscriptions, impreceptible to any but us. My lord had scored with pieces of ivory, on which were writ Good Fame, Glory, Riches, Honour, and Posterity. The spectre over-against him had on his coun ters the inscriptions of Dishonour, Impu dence, Poverty, Ignorance, and want of Shame. Bless me!' said I ; sure my Lord does not see what he plays for?' As well as I do,' says Pacolet. 'He despises that fellow he plays with, and scorns himself for making him his companion.' At the very instant he was speaking, I saw the fellow who played with my lord, hide two cards in the roll of his stocking: Pacolet immediately stole them from thence; upon which the nobleman soon after won the game. The little triumph he appeared in, when he got such a trifling stock ready money, though he had ventured so great sums with indifference, increased my admiration. Mr. Isaac, this to you looks wonderful, but not at all to us higher beings: that nobleman has as many good qualities as any man of his order, and seems to have no faults but what, as I may say, are excrescences from virtues. He is generous to a prodigality, more affable than is consistent with his quality, and courageous to a rashness. Yet, after all this, the source of his whole conduct is (though he would hate himself if he knew it ) mere avarice. The ready cash laid before the gamester's counters makes him venas you see, and lay distinction against infamy, abundance against want; in a word, all that is desirable against all that to be avoided. However, said I, be sure yon disappoint the sharpers to night, and steal from them all the cards they hide. Pacolet obeyed me, and my lord went home with their whole bank in his pocket.'

The Fellow of the Royal Society here alluded to was probably Sir John Foyer, Knight, M. D. who published, An Enquiry into the right use and abuses of the hot, cold aa! temporate Baths in England, &c."

Will's Coffee-house, May 13.

To-night was acted a second time a comedy called The Busy Body: this play is written by a lady. In old times, we used to sit upon a play here after it was acted; but now the entertainment is turned another way; not but there are considerable men in all ages, who, for some eminent quality or invention, deserve the esteem and thanks of the public. Such benefactor is a gentleman of this house; wh is observed by the surgeons with much envy and is ranked among, and received by the modern wits, as a great promoter of gallantry and pleasure. But, I fear, pleasure is less understood in this age, which so much pretends to it, than in any since the creation. It was ad

By Mrs. Susannah Centlivre, 1709, 4to.

DEAR KNIGHT,

May 9, 179.

'I desire you would give my humble service to all our friends, which I speak of to you (out of method) in the very beginning of my epistle, lest the present disorders, by which this seat of

mirably said of him who first took notice, that (res est severa voluptas)' there is a certain severity in pleasure.' Without that, all decency is banished; and if reason is not to be present at our greatest satisfactions, of all the race of creatures, the human is the most miserable. It was not so of old; when Virgil describes a wit, he always means a virtuous man; and all his sentiments of men of genius, are such as show persons distinguished from the common level of mankind; such as placed happiness in the contempt of low fears and mean gratifi-gallantry and pleasure is torn to pieces, should make me forget it. You keep so good com pany, that you know Bath is stocked with such as come hither to be relieved from luxuriant health, or imaginary sickness; and consequently is always as well stowed with gallants, as invalids, who live together in a very good understanding. But the season is so early, that our fine company is not yet arrived; and the warm bath, which in heathen times was dedicated to Venus, is now used only by such as really want it for health's sake. There are, however, a good many strangers, among whom are two ambitious ladies, who being both in the autumn of their life, take the opportunity of placing themselves at the head of such as we are, before the Chloe's, Clarisso's, and Pasto

cations: fears which we are subject to with the vulgar; and pleasures which we have in common with beasts. With these illustrious personages, the wisest man was the greatest wit; and none was thought worthy of that character, unless he answered this excellent description of the poet :

St. James's Coffee-house, May 13. We had this morning advice, that some English merchant-ships, convoyed by the Bristol of fifty-four guns, were met with by a partrella's come down. One of these two is excesof Monsieur du Gui Trouin's squadron, who sively in pain, that the ugly being called Time, engaged the convoy. That ship defended itself will make wrinkles in spite of the lead foreuntil the English merchants got clear of the head cloth; * and therefore hides with the enemy; but, being disabled, was herself taken. gaiety of her air, the volubility of her tongue, Within few hours after, my lord Dursley + and quickness of her motion, the injuries which it has done her. The other lady is but two came up with part of his squadron, and, engaging the French, retook the Bristol (which, years behind her in life, and dreads as much being very much shattered, sunk ;) and took the being laid aside as the former; and conseGlorieux, a ship of forty-four guns, as also a quently has taken the necessary precautions to prevent her reign over us. But she is very privateer of fourteen. Before this action, his lordship had taken two French merchant-men, discreet, and wonderfully turned for ambition, and had, at the despatch of these advices, being never apparently transported either with brought the whole safe into Plymouth.

affection or malice. Thus while Florimel is talking in public, and spreading her graces in assemblies, to gain a popular dominion over our diversions, Prudentia visits very cunningly all the lame, the splenetic, and the superannuated, who have their distinct classes of followers and friends. Among these she has found, that somebody has sent down printed certificates of Florimel's age, which she has read and distributed to this unjoyful set of people, who are always enemies to those in possession or the good opinion of the company. This un provoked injury done by Prudentia, was the first occasion of our fatal divisions here, and a declaration of war between these rivals. Florimel has abundance of wit, which she has lavished in decrying Prudentia, and giving defiance to her little arts. For an instance o her superior power, she bespoke the play o

Qui metus omnes et inexorabile fatum
Subjecit pedibus, strepitumque Acherontis avari.
Virg. Georg. ii. 492.

Happy the man,

His mind possessing in a quiet state,
Fearless of fortune, and resign'd to fate. Dryden.

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No. 16.]

Tuesday, May 17, 1709.

Quicquid agunt homines

-nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, Our motley paper seizes for its theme.

P.

White's Chocolate-house, May 15. SIR THOMAS, of this house, has showed me some letters from the Bath, which give accounts

of what passes among the good company of that place; and allowed me to transcribe one of them, that seems to be writ by some of sir Thomas's particular acquaintance, and is as follows:

• Virgil seems to speak here as an Epicurean, and might probably allude to some liues in Lucretius, lib. iii. 37 and 995. It is only by Christianity that men can be trained to that elevation of soul, which the doctrine of Epicurus, &c. aimed at in vain. French Tatler.

↑ James viscount Dursley, who was in consequence raised to the rank of vice admiral of the blue in November 1709; and, in the beginning of October 1710, succeeded his father in the title of earl of Berkeley.

The nick-name of a weiter at White's.

To which the black-lead comb and powder of every co lour in the rainbow have since been the succedanea.

6

I,

|

Alexander the Great, to be acted by the com- I she sat a full hour alone, and at last was enter-
pany of strollers, and desired us all to be there tained with this whole relation from Statira,
on Thursday last. When she spoke to me to who wiped her eyes with her tragical cut hand.
come, as you are,' said she, 'a lover, you will kerchief, and lamented the ignorance of the
not fail the death of Alexander: the passion quality. Florinel was stung with this affront,
of love is wonderfully hit-Statira! O that and the next day bespoke the puppet-show.
happy woman-to have a conqueror at her Prudentia, insolent with power, bespoke Alex-
feet! But you will be sure to be there. ander. The whole company came then to Alex-
and several others, resolved to be of her party. ander. Madam Petulant desired her daughters
But see the irresistible strength of that unsus- to mind the moral, and believe no man's fair
pected creature, a 'silent woman.' Prudentia words: For you will see children,' said she,
had counterplotted us, and had bespoke on the
same evening the puppet-show of The Creation
of the World.' She had engaged every body
to be there; and, to turn our leader into ridi-
cule, had secretly let them know, that the
puppet Eve was made the most like Florimel
that ever was seen. On Thursday morning
the puppet-drummer, Adam and Eve, and se-
veral others who lived before the flood, passed
throught the streets on horseback, to invite
us all to the pastime, and the representation
of such things as we all knew to be true: and
Mr. Mayor was so wise, as to prefer these inno-
cent people the puppets, who, he said, were to
represent Christians, before the wicked players
who were to show Alexander, an heathen phi-
losopher. To be short, this Prudentia had so
laid it, that, at ten of the clock, footmen were
sent to take places at the puppet-show, and all
we of Florimel's party were to be out of fashion,
or desert her. We chose the latter. All the
world crowded to Prudentia's house, because
it was given out nobody could get in. When
we came to Noah's flood in the show, Punch
and his wife were introduced dancing in the
ark. An honest plain friend of Florimel's, but
a critic withal, rose up in the midst of the re-
presentation, and made many very good ex-
ceptions to the drama itself, and told us, that
it was against all morality, as well as rules of
the stage, that punch should be in jest in the
deluge, or indeed that he should appear at all.
This was certainly a just remark, and I thought
to second him; but he was hissed by Pruden-point, and on which the very life of female am-
bition depends, that it is of the last consequence
to meddle in it: all my hopes are from your
beautiful sex; and those bright eyes, which are
the bane of others, are my only sun-shine. My
writings are sacred to you; and I hope I shall
always have the good fortune to live under your
protection; therefore take this public oppor-
tunity to signify to all the world, that I design

these soldiers are never to be depended upon;
they are sometimes here, sometimes there.-Do
not you see, daughter Betty, Colonel Clod, our
next neighbour in the country, pull off his hat
to you? court'sy, good child, his estate is just
by us.' Florimel was now mortified down to
Prudentia's humour; and Prudentia exalted
into hers. This was observed; Florimel in-
vites us to the play a second time, Prudentia
to the show. See the uncertainty of human
affairs! the beaux, the wits, the gamesters, the
prudes, the coquettes, the valetudinarians and
gallants, all now wait upon Florimel. Such is
the state of things at this present date; and i.
there happens any new commotions, you shall
have immediate advice from,
'Sir,
'Your affectionate friend and servant.'

To Castabella.

MADAM,
May 16, 1709.
'I have the honour of a letter from a friend
of yours, relating to an incivility done to you
at the opera, by one of your own sex; but I,
who was an eye-witness of the accident, can
testify to you, that though she pressed before
you, she lost her ends in that design; for she
was taken notice of for no other reason, but
her endeavours to hide a finer woman than
herself. But, indeed, I dare not go farther in
this matter, than just this bare mention; for
though it was taking your place of right, rather
than place of precedence, yet it is so tender a

tia's party upon which, really, sir Thomas,
we, who were his friends, hissed him too. Old
Mrs. Petulant desired both her daughters to
mind the moral; then whispered Mrs. Mayoress,
"This is very proper for young people to see!'
Punch, at the end of the play, made Pruden-
tia a compliment, and was very civil to the
whole company, making bows until his buttons
touched the ground. All was carried trium-to forbear any thing that may in the least tend
phantly against our party. In the mean time to the diminution of your interest, reputation,
Florimel went to the tragedy, dressed as fine or power. You will therefore forgive me, that
as hands could make her, in hopes to see Pru-I strive to conceal every wrong step made by
dentia pine away with envy. Instead of that, any who have the honour to wear petticoats,
and shall at all times do what is in my power
to make all mankind as much their slaves as

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* A deformed cripple of the name of Powel was the mas-myself. If they would consider things as they

ter of a popular puppet-show at this time, and made Panch

utter many things that would not have been endured in any
other way of communication.

ought, there needs not much argument to con-
vince them, that it is their fate to be obedient

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the Portugueze army had been defeated by the Spaniards.

We hear from Languedoc, that their corn, olives, and figs, were wholly destroyed; but that they have a hopeful prospect of a plentiful vintage.

to you, and that your greatest rebels do only
serve with a worse grace." I am, Madam,
'Your most obedient and

6 most humble servant,
ISAAC BICKERSTAFF.'

St. James's Coffee-house, May 16.

Lettres from the Hague, bearing date the
twenty-first instant, N. S. advise, that his No. 17.]
grace the duke of Marlborough, immediately
after his arrival, sent his secretary to the pre-
sident and the pensionary, to acquaint them
therewith. Soon after, these ministers, visited
the duke, and made him compliments in the
name of the States-General; after which they
entered into a conference with him on the pre-
sent posture of affairs, and gave his grace as-
surances of the firm adherence of the States to

the alliance: at the same time acquainting
him, that all overtures of peace were rejected,
until they had an opportunity of acting in con-
cert with their allies on that subject. After
this interview, the pensionary and the presi-
dent returned to the assembly of the States.
Monsieur Torcy has had a conference at the
pensioner's house with his grace the duke of
Marlborough, Prince Eugene, and his excel
The result of
lency the lord Townshend.
what was debated at that time is kept secret ;
but there appears an air of satisfaction and
good understanding between these ministers.
We are apt also to give ourselves very hopeful
prospects from monsieur Torcy's being em-
ployed in this negotiation, who had been
always remarkable for a particular way of
thinking in his sense of the greatness of
France;
which he has always said, 'was to
he promoted rather by the arts of peace, than
those of war.' His delivering himself freely
on this subject has formerly appeared an un-
but
successful way to power in that court;
in its present circumstances, those maxims are
better received; and it is thought a certain
argument of the sincerity of the French king's
intentions, that this minister is at present
made use of. The marquis is to return to
Paris within few days, who has sent a courier
thither to give notice of the reasons of his re-
turn, that the court may be the sooner able to
despatch commissions for a formal treaty.

(

"

bold and haughty tone, Sir, in matters that
concern the commonwealth, I will be governed
by no man.' Another gentleman mentioned
something of the same kind, spoken by the late
duke of Buckingham to the late earl of Orrery;
My lord,' (says the duke, after his libertine
'How
way) you will certainly be damned.
my lord! says the earl with some warmth.
Nay, said the duke) there is no help for
it, for it is positively said, Cursed is he of
whom all men speak well.'† This is taking a
man by surprise, and being welcome when
The person flat-
you have so surprised him.
tered receives you into his closet at once;
and the sudden change of his heart, from
the expectation of an ili-wisher, to find you his
friend, makes you in bis full favour in a mo-
ment. The spirits that were raised so suddenly
against you, are as suddenly for you. There
was another instance given of this kind at the
table a gentleman, who had a very great
favour done him, and an employment bestowed

The expectations of peace are increased by
advices from Paris of the twelfth instant, which
say, the Dauphin has altered his resolution of
commanding in Flanders the ensuing cam-
paigu. The Saxon and Prussian reinforce-
ments, together with count Mercy's regiment

of imperial horse, are encamped in the neigh-upon him, without so much as being personally
known to his benefactor, waited upon the
bourhood of Brussels; and the sufficient stores
of corn and forage are transported to that place
and Ghent, for the service of the confederate
army.

Tuesday, May 19, 1709.

They write from Mons, that the elector of
Bavaria had advice, that an advanced party of

Quicquid agunt homines

--nostri est farrago libelli.

Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.

Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,
Our motley paper seizes for its theme.

P.

Will's Coffee-house, May 18.

THE discourse has happened to turn this e 'ening upon the true panegyric, the perfection of which was asserted to consist in a certain artful way of conveying the applause in an indirect manner. There was a gentleman gave us several instances of it. Among others, he quoted from Sir Francis Bacon, in his ‘Advancement of Learning.' a very great compliment made to Tiberius, as follows: In a full debate upon publie affairs in the senate, one of the assembly rose up, and with a very grave air said, he thought it for the honour and dignity of the commonwealth, that Tiberius should be

declared a god, and have divine worship paid him. The emperor was surprised at the proposal, and demanded of him to declare, whether he had made any application to incline him to that overture? The senator answered, with a

* An allusion to an instance of artful flattery practised by Mes la Valerius,

+ Luke vi. 26. His grace did not understand, nor quote fairly, the passage of scripture, to which he thought it so waty, thus impiously to allude.

great man who was so generous, and was be-Longinus, shall, as well as I can, make my ginning to say, he was infinitely obliged.Not at all,' says the patron, turning from him to another, had I known a more deserv. ing man in England, he should not have had it.'

·

"

observations in a style like the author's of whom I treat, which perhaps I am as capable of as another, having an unbounded force o. thinking, as well as a most exquisite address, extensively and wisely indulged to me by the supreme powers.' My author, I will dare to assert, shows the most universal knowledge of any writer who has appeared this century: he is a poet and merchant, which is seen in two master-words, 'credit blossoms,' he is a grammarian and a politician; for he says, The uniting of the two kingdoms is the emphasis of the security of the Protestant succession.' Some would be apt to say, he is conjuror; for he has found, that a republic is not made up of every body of animals, but is composed of men only, and not of horses. Liberty and property have chosen their retreat within the emulating circle of an human commonwealth.' He is a physician; for he says, 'I observe a constant equality in its pulse, and a just quickness of its vigorous circulation.' And again, I view the strength of our constitution plainly appear in the sanguine and ruddy complexion of a well-contented city.' He is a divine: for he says, 'I cannot but bless myself.' And indeed this excellent treatise has had that good effect upon me, who am far from being superstitious, that I also cannot but bless myself.'

C

-

We should certainly have had more examples had not a gentleman produced a book which he thought an instance of this kind it was a phamphlet, called 'The Naked Truth.' The idea any one would have of that work from the title was, that there would be much plain dealing with people in power, and that we should see things in their proper light, stripped of the ornaments which are usually given to the actions of the great but the skill of this author is such, that he has, under that rugged appearance approved himself the finest gentleman and courtier that ever writ. The language is extremely sublime, and not at all to be understood by the vulgar: the sentiments are such as would make no figure in ordinary words; but such is the art of the expression, and the thoughts are elevated to so high a degree, that I question whether the discourse will sell much. There was an ill-natured fellow present, who hates all panegyric mortally; Ptake him,' said he, 'what the devil means his Naked Truth, in speaking nothing but to the advantage of all whom he mentions? This is just such a great action as that of the champion's on a coronation-day, who challenges all mankind to dispute with him the right of the sovereign, surrounded with his guards.' The gentleman who produced the treatise desired him to be cautious, and said, it was writ by an excellent soldier, which made the company observe it more narrowly; and (as critics are the greatest conjurers at finding out a known truth) one said, he was sure it was writ by the hand of his sword-arm. I could not perceive much wit in that expression; but it raised a laugh, and, I suppose, was meant as a sneer upon valiant men. The same man pretended to see in the style, that it was an horse-officer; but sure that is being too nice; for though you may know officers of the cavalry by the turn of their feet, I cannot imagine how you should discern their hands from those of other men. But it is always thus with pedants; they will ever be carping; if a gentle-of man or a man of honour puts pen to paper. I do not doubt but this author will find this assertion too true, and that obloquy is not repulsed by the force of arms. I will therefore set this excellent piece in a light too glaring for weak eyes, and, in imitation of the critic

St. James's Coffee-house, May 18. This day arrived a mail from Lisbon, with letters of the thirteenth instant, N. S. containing a particular account of the late action in Portugal. On the seventeenth instant, the army of Portugal, under the command of the marquis de Frontera, lay on the side of the Caya, and the army of the duke of Anjou, commanded by the marquis de Bay, on the other. The latter commander having an ambition to ravage the country, in a manner in sight of the Portugueze, made a motion with the whole body of his horse toward fort Saint Christopher, near the town of Badajos. The generals of the Portugueze, disdaining that such an insult should be offered to their arms, took a resolution to pass the river, and oppose the designs of the enemy. The earl of Galway represented to them, that the present posture

affairs was such on the side of the allies, that there needed no more to be done at present in that country, but to carry on a defensive part But his argument could not avail in the coun eil of war. Upon which a great detachment of foot and the whole of the horse of the king of Portugal's army passed the river, and with some pieces of cannon did good execution on the enemy. Upon observing this, the marquis de Bay advanced with his horse, and attacked the right wing of the Portugueze cavalry, who faced about, and fled, without standing the first encounter. But their foot repulsed the

It has been said that the phamphlet called The Naked Truth' was written by a lawyer of the name of Neliny; but if William viscount Grimston was not the author of it, ne wrote remarks upon this critique on it, in a treatise which he dedicated to the Hon. Edward Howard, as we are informed in Tatler, No 21.

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