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tus, endeavoured to recommend themselves at a great man popular for his honesty and bu the same time to the admiration of their con manity, as well as famed for his learning and temporaries, Mankind was not able to pro- great skill in all the languages of Europe; vide for so many extraordinary persons at once, or a person eminent for those qualifications, or find out posts suitable to their ambition and which make men shine in public assemblies, abilities. For this reason, they were all as or for that steadiness, constancy, and good miserable in their deaths, as they were famous sense, which carry a man to the desired point in ibeir lives, and occasioned not only the ruin through all the opposition of tumult and preof earh other, but also that of the common-judice, we have the happiness to behold them wealth.
in all posts suitable to their characters. It is therefore a particular happiness to a
Such a constellation of great persons, if I people, when the men of superior genius and may so speak, while they shine out in their character are so justly disposed in the high own distinct capacities, reflect a lustre upon places of honour, that each of them moves in each other, but in a more particular manner a sphere which is proper to him, and requires on their sovereign, who has placed them in those particular qualities in which he excels. those proper situations, by which their virtues
If I see a general commanding the forces of become so beneficial to all her subjects. It is his country, whose victories are not to be pa the anniversary of the birth-day of this glo. ralleled in story, and who is as famous for his rious Queen, which naturally led me into this negotiations as his victories ;* and, at the same field of contemplation, and, instead of joining time, see the management of a nation's trea- in the public exultations that are made on such sury in the bands of one, who has always dis- occasions, to entertain my thoughts with the tinguished himself by a generous contempt of more serious pleasure of ruminating upon the his own private wealth, and an exact frugality glories of her reign. of tbat which belongs to the public;t I can- While I bebold her surrounded with triumphs, not but think a people under such an admi- and adorned with all the prosperity and suc nistration may promise themselves conquests cess which heaven ever shed on a mortal, and abroad, and plenty at home. If I were to wish still considering herself as sucb; though the for a proper person to preside over the public person appears to me exceeding great, that councils, it should certainly be one as much has these just honours paid to her, yet I must admired for his universal knowledge of men confess, she appears much greater in that she and things, as for his eloquence, courage, and receives them with such a glorious humility, integrity, in the exerting of such extraordinary and shows she has no further regard for them, talents. I
than as they arise from these great events, Who is not pleased to see a person in the which have made her subjects happy. For my highest station in the law, who was the most uwn part, I must confess, when I see private eminent in his profession, and the most ac- virtues in so bigh a degree of perfection, I am complished orator at the bar?Or at the head not astonished at any extraordinary success that of the feet a coinmander, under whose con- attends them, but look upon public triumphs duct the common enemy received such a blow, as the natural consequences of religious retire. as he has never been able to recover? || ments. Were we to form to ourselves the idea of
ADVERTISEMENT. one whom we should think proper to govern Finding some persons have mistaken Pasa distant kingdom, consisting chiefly of those quin, who was mentioned in my last, for one who differ from us in religion, and are influ- who bas been pilloried at Rome, I must bere enced by foreign politics; would it not be such advertise them, that it is only a maimed staa one as had signalized bimself by a uniform tue so called, on wbich the private scandal of and unshaken zeal for the protestant interest, that city is generally pasted. Marforio is a and by his dexterity in defeating the skill and person of the same quality, who is usually made artifice of its enemies ?[ In short, if we find to answer whatever is published by the other •
the wits of that place, like too many of our Steele takes occasion bere to pay his compliments to own country, taking pleasure in setting inno. some of the principal people in the higher departments of cent people together by the ears.
The men, the stale; and first to the duke of Marlborough, commander in chief of ber majesty's forces.
tioning of this person, who is a great wit, and + Sidney lord Godolphin was then lord high-treasurer of
a great cripple, put me in mind of Mr. EstEngland.
court, who is under the saine circumstances. 1 The great lord Somers was at this timé lord president He was formerly my apothecary, and being at
present disabled hy the gout and stone, I must Lord chancellor Cowper is here alladed 10.
recommend him to the public on Thursday | Edward Russel, earl of Orford, first lord commissioner that admirable play of Ben Jonson's, of the admiralty.
called The Silent Woman, being appointed to Thomas earl of Wharton had recently been honowell
be acted for his benefit. It would be indecent with the title of lord lieutenant of Ireland. Addison was his secretary
for me to appear twice in a season at these
* the council.
udicrous diversions ; but as I always give my tions were prepared for it by wealth and idleman and my maid one day in the year, I shall He then enlarged, with a great show of allow them this, and am promised by Mr. Est- reason, upon the prejudice, which these mixcourt, my ingenious apothecary, that they shalltures and compositions bad done to the brains have a place kept for them in the first row of of the English nation; as is too visible, said the middle gallery.
he, from many late pamphlets, speeches, and sermons, as well as from the ordinary conver
sations of the youth of this age. He then No. 131.] Thursday, Februury 9, 1709-10. quoted an ingenious person, who would unScelus est jagulare Falernum,
dertake to know by a man's writings the wine Et dare Campano toxica sæva mero. Mart. i. 19.
he most delighted in; and, on that occasion, How great the crime, how flagrant the abuse !
named a certain satirist, whom he had discoT adulterate generous wine, with noxious juice. vered to be the author of a lampoon, by a ma
nifest taste of the sloe, which showed itself in Sheer-lane, February 8.
it, by much roughness, aud little spirit. There is in this city a certain fraternity of
In the last place, he ascribed to the unnachemical operators, who work under ground tural tumults and fermentations which these in holes, caverns, and dark retirements, to mixtures raise in our blood, the divisions, heats, conceal their mysteries from the eyes and ob- and animosities, that reign among us; and, in servation of mankind. These subterraneous particular, asserted most of the modern enthuphilosophers are daily employed in the trans. siasms and agitations to be nothing else but mutation of liquors, and, by the power of ma. the effects of adulterated Port. gical drugs and incantations, raising under the The counsel for the brewers had a face so streets of London the choicest products of the extremely inflamed, and illuminated with carbills and valleys of France. They can squeeze buncles, that I did not wonder to see him an Bourdeaux out of the sloe, and draw Cham- advocate for these sophistications. His rhetoric pagne from an apple. Virgil, in that remark. was likewise such as I should have expected able prophecy,
from the common draught, which I found he
often drank to a great excess. Indeed, I was Jucultisqne rubens pendebit sentibas uva.
Virg. Ecl. iv. 29.
so surprised at bis figure and parts, that I orThe ripening grape shall hang on cvery thorn,
dered him to give me a taste of bis usual liquor;
which I had no sooner drunk, but I found a seems to bave binted at this art, which can pimple rising in my forehead; and felt such a turn a plantation of northern hedges into a sensible decay in my understanding, that I vineyard. These adepts are known among one would not proceed in the trial until the fume another by the name of Wine-brewers; and, of it was entirely dissipated. I am afraid, do great injury, not only to her This notable advocate bad little to say in the majesty's customs, but to the bodies of many defence of his clients, but that they were under of her good subjects.
a necessity of making claret, if they would Having received sundry complaints against keep open their doors; it being the nature of these invisible workmen, I ordered the proper mankind to love every thing that is prohibited. officer of my court to ferret them out of their He further pretended to reason, that it might respective caves, and bring them before me, be as profitable to the nation to make French which was yesterday executed accordingly. wine as French hats; and concluded with the
The person, wbo appeared against them, was great advantage that this practice had already a merchant, who had by him a great magazine brought to part of the kingdom. Upon which of wines, that he had laid in before the war; be informed the court, that the lands in Herebut these gentlemen, as he said, bad so vitiated fordshire were raised two years purchase since the nation's palate, that no man could believe the beginning of the war. his to be French, because it did not taste like When I had sent out my summons to these what they sold for such. As a man never people, I gave, at the same time, orders to each pleads better than wbere his own personal in. of them to bring the several ingredients he terest is concerned, he exhibited to the court, made use of in distinct phials, which they had with great eloquence, ‘ that this new corpora- done accordingly, and ranged them into two tion of druggists bad inflamed the bills of mor- rows on each side of the court. The workmen tality, and puzzled the college of physicians were drawn up in ranks behind them. The with diseases, for which they neither knew a merchant informed me,' that in one row of name or cure.' He accused some of giving all phials were the several colours they dealt in, their customers colics and megrims; and men- and in the other, the tastes.' He then showed tioned one who had boasted, he had a tun of me, on the right band, one who, went by the claret by him, that in a fortnight's time should name of Tom Tintoret, who, as he told me, give the gout to a dozen of the healtbfulest was the greatest master in his colouring of men in the city, provided that their constitu- any vintner in London. To give me a proof
of bis art, he took a glass of fair water; and, I reached it to her to sip of it, which had like ly the infusion of three drops out of one of his to have cost her her life ; for, notwithstanding phials, converted it into a most beautiful pale it fung her at first into freakish tricks, quite Burgundy. Two more of the same kind contrary to her nsual gravity, in less than a heightened it into a perfect Languedoc: from quarter of an hour she fell into convulsions ; rbence it passed into a forid Hermitage: and and, had it not been a creature more tenacious after having gone through two or three other of life than any other, would certainly have changes, by the addition of a single drop, ended died under the operation. in a very deep Pontac. This ingenious virtuoso, I was so incensed by the tortures of my inseeing me very much surprised at bis art, told nocent domestic, and the unworthy dealings me, that he had not an opportunity of showing of these men, that I told them, if each of them it in perfection, having only made use of water had as many lives as the injured creature befor the ground-work of his colouring: but that,fore them, they deserved to forfeit them for the if I were to see an operation upon liquors of pernicious arts wbich they used for their profit. stronger bodies, the art would appear to ai therefore bid them look upon themselves as much greater advantage. He added, that he no better than as a kind of assassins and murdoubted not but it would please my curiosity derers within the law. However, since they to see the eyder of one apple take only a ver- bad dealt so clearly with me, and laid before milion, when another, with a less quantity of me their whole practice, I dismissed them for the same infusion, would rise into a dark pur- that time; with a particular request, that they ple, according to the different texture of parts would not poison any of my friends and acin the liquor. He informed me also, that he quaintance, and take to some honest livelihood could hit the different shades and degrees of without loss of time. red, as they appear in the pink and the rose, For my own part, I have resolved hereafter the clove and the carnation, as he had Rhenish to be very careful in my liquors; and have or Moselle, Perry or White Port, to work in. agreed with a friend of mine in the army, upon
I was so satisfied with the ingenuity of this their next march, to secure me twu hogsheads virtuoso, that, after having advised him to quit of the best stomach-wine in the cellars of Ver. so dishonest a profession, I promised him, in sailles, for the good of my lucubrations, and consideration of his great genius, to recommend the comfort of my old age. him as a partner to a friend of mine, who has heaped up great riches, and is a scarlet-dyer.
The artists on my other hand were ordered, No. 132.] Saturday, February 11, 1709-10. in the second place, to make some experiments Mabeo scnecluti magnam gratiam, quæ mihi sermonis of their skill before me: upon which the famous
aviditatem auxit, potionis et cibi sustulit. Harry Sippet stepped out, and asked me,' what I am much beholden to old age, which has increased my
eagerness for conversation, in proportion as it has lessened I would be pleased to drink?' At the same
my appetites of hanger and thirst. time be filled out three or four white liquors in a glass, and told me,' that it should be what
Sheer-lane, February 10. | pleased to call for;' adding, very learnedly, After having applied my mind with more
That the liquor before him was as the naked than ordinary attention to my studies, it is my substance, or first matter of his compound, to usual custom to relax and unbend it in the conwhich he and his friend, who stood over-against versation of such as are rather easy than shinhimn, could give what accidents, or form they ing companions. This I find particularly nepleased.' Finding him so great a philosopher, cessary for me before I retire to rest, in order I desired he would convey into it the qualities to draw my slumbers upon me by degrees, and and essence of right Bourdeaux. Coming, fall asleep insensibly. This is the particular coming, sir,' said he, with the air of a drawer; use I make of a set of heavy honest men, with and after having cast his eye on the several whom I have passed many hours with much tastes and favours that stood before him, he indolence, though not with great pleasure. took up a little cruet that was filled with a Their conversation is a kind of preparative for kind of inky juice, and pouring some of it out sleep: it takes the mind down from its abinto the glass of white wine, presented it to stractions, leads it into the familiar traces of me; and told me,' this was the wine over thought, and lulls it into that state of tran. which most of the business of the last term quillity, which is the condition of a thinking bad been despatched.' I must confess, I lookedman, when he is but half awake. · After this, upon that sooty drug, which he held up in his my reader will not be surprised to hear the cruet, as the quintessence of English Bour-account which I am about to give of a club of deaux; and therefore desired him to give me my own contemporaries, among whom I pass a glass of it by itself, which he did with great two or three hours every evening. This I look unwillingness. My cat at that time sat by me upon as taking my first nap before I go to bed. upon the elbow of my chair; and as I did not | The truth of it is, I should think myself unjust care for making the experiment upon myself, I to posterity, as well as to the society at the
Tull. de Sen. an
Trumpet, of which I am a member, did not leaves the club until he has applied them all.
scholar say to it?'
naming a red petticoat and a cloak, by which Major Matchlock is the next senior, who I found that the bencher had been diverting served in the last civil wars, and has all the them with a story of Jack Ogle. battles by heart. He does not think any ac- I had no sooner taken my seat, but sir Jeoftion in Europe worth talking of since the fight fery, to show bis good will towards me, gave of Marston Moor;t and every night tells us of me a pipe of his own tobacco, and stirred up his baving been knocked off his horse at the the fire. I look upon it as a point of morality, rising of the London apprentices;; for which to be obliged by those who endeavour to oblige he is in great esteem among us.
me; and therefore, in requital for his kindness, Honest old Dick Reptile is the third of our and to set the conversation a-going, I took the society. He is a good-natured indolent man, best occasion I could to put him upon telling who speaks little himself, but laughs at our us the story of old Gantlett, which he always jokes; and brings his young nephew along does with very particular concern. He traced with him, a youth of eighteen years old, to up his descent on both sides for several genesbow him good company, and give bim a tasterations, describing his diet and manner of life, of the world. This young fellow sits generally with his several battles, and particularly that silent; but whenever he opens his mouth, or in which he fell. This Gantlett was a game taughs at any thing that passes, he is constantly cock, upon whose bead the knight, in his youth, told by his uncle, after a jocular manner, ' Ay, had won five bundred pounds, and lost two ay, Jack, you young men think us fools; but thousand. This naturally set the major upon we old men know you are.'
the account of Edge-bill fight,t and ended in The greatest wit of our company, next to a duel of Jack Ogle's. myself, is a bencher of the neighbouring inn, Old Reptile was extremely attentive to all who in his youth frequented the ordinaries that was said, though it was the same he had about Charing-cross, and pretends to have been heard every night for these twenty years, and, intimate with Jack Ogle. He has about ten upon all occasions, winked upon his nephew to distichs of Hudibras without houk, and never mind what passed.
This may suffice to give the world a taste of * A poblic-house in Sliecr-lane.
our innocent conversation, which we spun out + The battle of Marston Moor happened on July 2, 1644. 1 July 14, 1647, the London apprentices presented a pe- Jack Ogle, said to have been descended from a decent tition signed by above 10,000 hands; and on the 26th, they family in Devonshire, was a man of some genius and great forced their way into the house, menacing, antil votes had extravagance, but rather arusul than witty. passed desirable to tbeir demands. See the Parliamentary The battle of Edge hill was fought ou Sunday Oct. 23, History, vol. xvi. p. 130, 18.
until about ten of the clock, when my maid the northern regions of the world, taat silence came with a lantern to light me home. I could is a religious exercise among them. For when not but reflect with myself, as I was going out, their public devotions are in the greatest ferupon the talkative humour of old men, and the vour, and their hearts - lifted up as high as little figure wbich that part of life makes in words can raise them, there are certain susone who cannot employ his natural propensity pensions of sound and motion for a time, in in discourses which would make him venerable, which the mind is left to itself, and supposed I must own, it makes me very melancholy in to swell with such secret conceptions as are company, when I bear a young man begin as too big for utterance. I have myself been story; and have often observed, that one of a wonderfully delighted with a master-piece of quarter of an hour long in a man of five-and-music, when in the very tumult and ferment twenty, gathers circumstances every time be of their barmony, all the voices and instruments tells it, until it grows into a long Canterbury bave stopped short on a sudden; and, after a tale of two hours by that time he is threescore. little pause, recovered themselves again, as it
The only way of avoiding such a trifling and were, and renewed the concert in all its parts. rivolous old age is, to lay up in our way to it This short interval of silence has had more such stores of knowledge and observation, as music in it, than any the same space of time may make us useful and agreeable in our de- before or after it. There are two instances of clining years. The mind of map in a long life silence in the two greatest poets that ever wrote, will become a magazine of wisdom or folly, which have something in them as sublime as and will consequently discharge itself in some- any of the speeches in their whole works. The thing impertinent or improving. For which first is that of Ajax, in the eleventh book of the reason, as there is nothing more ridiculous Odyssey, Ulysses, who had been the rival of than an old trifling story-teller, so there is this great man in his life, as well as the occanothing more venerable, than one who has sion of bis death, upon meeting his shade in turped his experience to the entertainment and the region of departed heroes, makes his subadvantage of mankind.
mission to him with a bumility next to adoIn short, we, who are in the last stage of ration, wbich the other passes over with dumb, life, and are apt to indulge ourselves in talk, sullen majesty, and such a silence, as, to use ought to consider, if what we speak be worth the words of Longinus, bad more greatness in being beard, and endeavour to make our dis-it thay any thing he could bave spoken. course like that of Nestor, which Homer com- The next instance I shall mention is in Virpares to the flowing of honey for its sweetness. gil, where the poet doubtless imitates this
I am afraid I shall be thought guilty of this silence of Ajax in that of Dido; though I do excess I am speaking of, when I cannot con. not kuow that any of his commentators have clude without observing, that Milton certainly taken notice of it. Æneas, finding among thought of this passage in Homer, when, in his the shades of despairing lovers the ghost of her description of an eloquent spirit, he says, who bad lately died for bim, with the wound • His tongue dropped manna.'
still fresh upon ber, addresses himself to her with expanded arms, floods of tears, and the
most passionate professions of his own innoNo. 133.] Tuesday, February 14, 1709.
cepce, as to what had happened ; all which Dam tacent, clainant.
Dido receives with the dignity and disdain of Their silence pleads aloud.
a resenting lover, and au injured queen; and Sheer-lane, February 13.
is so far from vouchsafing him an answer, that SILENCE is some times more significant and she does not give him a single look. The poet sublime, than the most noble and most expres- represents her as turning away her face from sive eloquence, and is on many occasions the him while be spoke to her; and, after having indication of a great mind. Several authors kept her eyes some time upon the ground, as have treated of silence, as a part of duty and one that beard and contemned his protestadiscretion ; but none of them have considered tions, Aying from him işto the grove of myrit in this light. Homer compares the noise and tle, and into the arms of another, whose fideclamour of the Trojans advancing towards the lity hau deserved her love." enemy, to the cackling of cranes, when they
I have often thought our writers of tragedy invade an army of pigmies. On the contrary, have been very defective in this particular, and be makes his countrymen and favourites, the that they might have given great beauty to Greeks, move forward in a regular and deter-their works, by certain stops and pauses in the mined march, and in the depth of silence. i representation of such passions as it is not in find in the accounts, which are gives us of the power of language to express. There is some of the more eastern nations, where the something like this in the last act of Venice nbabitants are disposed by their constitutions Preserved,' where Pierre is brought to au insaand climates to higher strains of thought, and
mous execution, and begs of his friend, as a more elevated raptures than what we feel in