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cause left for doubt and uncertainty about it;
for the least room for doubting in such a case,
throws so considerable a weight into the scale
of immediate self-interest, and our natural ap-
petites and infirmities, as renders it next to
impossible that its precepts should have any
valuable efficacy upon him who doubts; not-
withstanding all the prudential suggestions of
modern preachers, that he who walketh religi-
Ously, walketh surely; and that the truest wis-
dom is to act upon the supposition of the truth
of the Christian Revelation. Men soinetimes
act upon uncertain, dubious prospects, in the
trifling concerns of the present life; but the
views of futurity, opened to us by revelation,
are too vast, too important for the calculation
of chances, or the principles of commercial
speculation,:, if they are not indisputably
certain, they are nothing.
· The Apostles and primitive Christians acted
under a full conviction of the infallible cer-
tainty of the doctrines which they believed
and taught... And if satisfactory proofs of the
truth and divine authority of the Gospel, and
a complete knowledge and understanding of
its intent and doctrines, be really attainable
to the ordinary faculties of the human mind,
and easy to be comprehended by children and


the most illiterate of the people, it is then like what it was represented to be when it was First preached to the unlearned and the

poor; worthy of the impartial benevolence of the common father of the human race; and fit to be an universal rule of life, and source of religious information, to every rational individual of all the nations of the earth. If, on the contrary, its own truth, and the authenticity of the scriptures which teach it, rest solely upon the plurality of the voices of corrupt and erring men, of no authority from heaven, and supported only by the power of earthly magistrates; if its most important, because its fundamental, doctrines are to be interpreted only by the critical sagacity of the learned, respecting the meaning of a few controverted words or sentences of Greek or Hebrew, it is then involved in endless doubt and uncertainty ; is totally unlike the Gospel preached originally by Jesus and his Apostles ; absolately useless, because unintelligible, to the great

bulk of mankind; and, in every way, unbecoming that eternal fountain of wisdom and intelligence from which it is said to be derived.

Under this dilemma, thinking the certainty of either the truth or falsehood of a revelation of the will of God to be of the highest ima portance, the Author of the following disqui. sition, at once to satisfy his own mind, and to qualify himself for a faithful and beneficial performance of the duties of the Christian ministry, for which he had been educated, many years ago determined to study the scriptures diligently, with no other illustration than what they reflect upon each other; and more especially those prophetic parts of them which, if duly fulfilled, must afford the strongest and most convincing evidence of the divine authority of the revelation itself; and almost necessarily lead to a right understanding of the nature of that religious Covenant to which they bear a supernatural attestation.

He had remarked, indeed, that amongst its professional teachers all the ablest advocates for the truth and divine authority of the Gospel, as if they knew of no certain, demonstrative proof which could be adduced in a case of so much importance, seemed to content themselves, and expect their readers should be satisfied, with an accumulation of probable arguments in its favour, And the Author has even been told, that the case admits of no other kind of proof. He is happy, however, to have learned, from the only infallible authority, the direct contrary. And he begs all professed Christians of that persuasion to consider, whether it could be reconciled to any just ideas of wisdom in an earthly Potentate, if he should send an ambassador to a foreign state to mediate a negociation of the greatest importance, without furnishing him with certain indubitable credentials of the truth and authenticity of his mission. And to consider further, whether it be just or seemly to attribute to the omniscient, omnipotent Deity, a degree of weakness and folly which was never yet imputed

to any

of his human creatures; for unless men are impious and hardy enough to pass so gross an affront upon the tremendous Majesty of Heaven, the improbability that God should delegate the Mediator of a most important Covenant to be proposed to all mankind, without enabling him to give them clear and indisputable proof of the divine authority of his mission, must ever infinitely outweigh the aggregate sum of all the probabilities which can be accumulated in the opposite scale of the balance. So that to all those who know of no other proof of the divine authority of the Gospel, no rational proof of it exjsts. Mere human testimony, whether re.

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corded in written bistory, or deduced to us by pral tradition, is manifestly incoinpetent to afford satisfaction to any unprejudiced mind respecting communications of a supernatural kind. And with regard to miracles, under the Old Covenant, God himself, by his prophet Moses, cautioned the Jews against receiving the religious doctrines of any pretended prophet, though he should even work miracles to convince then, because they would be liable to be deluded and deceived by such evidence:* and under the New Covenant he has warned us, by his prophet Jesus, in the persons of his Apostles Paul and John, that the false and fabulous superstition, which would for so many centuries supplant the true religion of the Gospel, would be embraced by the people, in consequence of their delusion by signs and lying wonders, and all the « deceivableness of unrighteousness." This be, ing the case with miracles considered in themselves alone, God, by his prophets both of the Old Covenant and the New, hath given us another, an infallible criterion by which to distinguish the true from a false religion, and, as I have shewn in the following pages, refer

* Deut xüi. 1-5. # Thess. iie 9, 10. Apoc. xiii. 13, 14, and xix. 20:

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