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To the Rev. John Newton, Nov. 5, 1785. On his tar-

diness in writing; remarks on Mr. N.'s narrative of his

life; strictures on Mr. Heron's critical opinions of

Virgil and the Bible; lines addressed by Cowper to



Remarks on Heron's “ Letters on Literature"


To Joseph Hill, Esq., Nov.7, 1785. On the interruptions

experienced by men of business from the idle


To Lady Hesketh, Nov. 9, 1785. Reference to his poems;

he signifies his acceptance of her offer of pecuniary aid ;

his translation of Homer; description of his person


To the same, without date. His feelings towards her;

allusion to his translation of Homer


To the Rev. Walter Bagot, Nov. 9, 1785. On Bishop

Bagot's Charge


To the Rev. John Newton, Dec. 3, 1785. Causes which

led him to undertake the translation of Homer; visit

from Mr. Bagot; renewal of his correspondence with

Lady Hesketh ; complains of indigestion


To the same, Dec. 10, 1785. On the favourable reports

of his last volume of poems; censure of Pope's Homer 101

To the Rev. William Unwin, Dec. 24, 1785. On his

translation of Homer


To Joseph Hill, Esq., Dec. 24, 1785. On his translation

of Homer


To the Rev. William Unwin, Dec. 31, 1785. On bis

ociation with Johnson respecting the Translation

of Homer; want of bedding among the poor of Olney · 106

To Lady Hesketh, Jan. 10, 1786. His consciousness of

defects in his poems; on his Translation of Homer 109

To the Rev. William Unwin, Jan. 14, 1786. On Mr.

Unwin's introduction to Lady Hesketh ; specimen of

Cowper's translation of Homer, sent to General Cowper;

James's powder; what is a friend good for? unrea-

sonable censures


To the Rev. John Newton, Jan. 14, 1786. On his

Translation of Homer.


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To the Rev Walter Bagot, Jan. 15, 1786. Explanation

of the delay in the publication of his proposals ; al-
lusion to Bishop Bagot


To the same, Jan. 23, 1786. Dr. Maty's intended re-

view of “The Task ;" Dr. Cyril Jackson's opinion of

Pope's Homer


To Lady Hesketh, Jan. 31, 1786. Acknowledgment of

presents from Anonymous; state of his health ; pro-

gress of his translation of Homer; correspondence

with General Cowper


To the same, Feb. 9, 1786. Anticipations of a visit from

her; description of the vestibule of his residence 122

To the same, Feb. 11, 1786. He announces that he

bas sent off to her a portion of his translation of

Homer; effect of criticisms on his health ; promise

of Thurlow to Cowper


To the Rev. John Newton, Feb. 18, 1786. On their

correspondence ; his translation of Homer; proposed


To Lady Hesketh, Feb. 19, 1786. Preparations for her

expected visit; character of Homer; criticism on

Cowper's specimen .


To the Rev. Walter Bagot, Feb. 27, 1786. Condolence

on the death of his wife


To Lady Hesketb, March 6, 1786. On elisions in his

Homer; progress of the work


To the Rev. W. Unwin, March 13, 1786. Character of

the critic to whom he had submitted his Homer


To the Rev. John Newton, April 1, 1786. Expected


To Joseph Hill, Esq, April 5, 1786. Reasons for declin-

ing to make any apology for his translation of Homer 141

Motives which induced Cowper to undertake a new version 142

To Lady Hesketh, April 17, 1786. Description of the

Vicarage at Olney, where lodgings had been taken for

her; Mrs. Unwin's sentiments towards ber; letter

from Anonymous; his early acquaintance with Lord



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To Lady Hesketh, April 24, 1786. On her letters; anti-

cipations of her coming; General Cowper


To the same, May 8, 1786. On Dr. Maty's censure of

Cowper's translation of Homer; Colman's opinion of

it; Cowper's stanzas on Lord Thurlow; invitation to

Olney; specimen of Maty's animadversions; recom-

mendation of a house at Weston ; blunder of Mr.

Throckmorton's bailiff; recovery of General Cowper 150

To the same, May 15, 1786. Anticipations of her ar-

rival at Olney; proposed arrangements for the occa-

sion; presumed motive of Maty's censures; confession

of ambition


To the Rev. Walter Bagot, May 20, 1786. His transla-

tion of Homer; reasons for not adopting Horace's

maxim about publishing, to the letter


Secret sorrows of Cowper


To the Rev. John Newton, May 20, 1786. Cowper's
unhappy state of mind; his connexions


Remarks on Cowper's depression of spirit


Delusion of supposing himself excluded from the mercy

of God


Religious consolation recommended in cases of disordered


To Lady Hesketh, May 25, 1786. Delay of her coming ;

visit to a house at Weston ; the Throckmortons; anec-

dote of a quotation from “ The Task;” nervous affections 171

To the same, May 29, 1786. Delay of her coming ;

preparations for it; allusion to his fits of dejection 175

To the same, June 4 and 5, 1786. Cowper rallies her

on her fears of their expected meeting; dinner at Mr.


To Joseph Hill, Esq., June 9, 1786. Relapse of the

Lord Chancellor; renewal of correspondence with

Colman; the Nonsense Club; expectation of Lady Hes-

keth 's arrival


Arrival of Lady Hesketh at Olney


Influence of that event on Cowper

Extract from a letter from bim to Mr. Bull

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Description of a thunder-storm, from a letter to the same 184

Cowper's House at Olney


His intimacy with Mr. Newton


His pious and benevolent habits


He removes from Olney to the Lodge at Weston


His acquaintance with Samuel Rose, Esq. and the late

Rev. Dr. Johnson


To Joseph Hill, Esq. June 19, 1786. His intended removal

from Olney

To the Rev. John Newton, June 22, 1786. His em-

ployments ; interruption given to them by Lady Hes-

keth's arrival ; Newton's Sermons .


To the Rev. William Unwin, July 3, 1786. Lady Hes-

keth's arrival and character; state of his old abode and

description of the new one at Weston ; books recom-

mended for Mr. Unwin's son


To the Rev. Walter Bagot, July 4, 1786. Particulars re-

lative to the translation of Homer


To,the Rev.John Newton, Aug. 5, 1786. His intended

removal from Olney; its unhealthy situation ; his un-

happy state of mind; comfort of Lady Hesketh's pre-


Cowper's spirits not affected apparently by his mental



To the Rev. William Unwin, Aug. 24, 1786. Progress
of his Translation ; the Throckmortons


To the same, (without date.) His lyric productions ;

recollections of boyhood

Extract of a letter to the Rev. Mr. Unwin


Lines addressed to a young lady on her birth-day 20+
Proposed plan of Mr. Unwin for checking sabbath-
breaking and drunkenness


To the Rev. William Unwin, (no date.) Cowper's

opinion of the inutility of Mr. Unwin's efforts


Exhortation to perseverance in a good cause

Hopes of present improvement

To the Rev. William Unwin, (no date.) State of the

national affairs


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To the Rev. William Unwin, (no date.) Character of

Churchill's poetry


To the same, (no date.) Cowper's discovery in the Re-

gister of poems long composed and forgotten by him 213

To the Rev. Walter Bagot, Aug. 31, 1786. Defence of

elisions ; intended removal to Weston


To the Rev. John Newton, Sept, 30, 1786. Defence

of his and Mrs. Unwin's conduct.


Explanatory Remarks on the preceding letter · 220

Amiable spirit and temper of Newton


To Joseph Hill, Esq. Oct. 6, 1786. Loss of the MS. of
part of his translation


Cowper's removal to Weston


To the Rev. Walter Bagot, Nov. 17, 1786. On his re-
moval from Olney ; invitation to Weston


To the Rev. John Newton, Nov. 17, 1786. Excuse for

delay in writing; his new residence ; affection for his

old abode


To Lady Hesketh, Nov. 26, 1786. Comforts of his new

residence; the cliffs ; his rambles


Unexpected death of the Rev. Mr. Unwin


To Lady Hesketh, Dec. 4, 1786. On the death of Mr. Unwin 230

To the same, Dec. 9, 1786. On a singular circumstance

relating to an intended pupil of Mr. Unwin's


To Joseph Hill, Esq., Dec. 9, 1786. Death of Mr.

Unwin ; Cowper's new situation at Weston


To the Rev.John Newton, Dec.16, 1786. Death of Mr.

Unwin; forlorn state of his old dwelling


To Lady Hesketh, Dec. 21, 1786. Cowper's opinion of

praise ; Mr. Throckmorton's chaplain


To the Rev. Walter Bagot, Jan. 3, 1787. Reason why a

translator of Homer should not be calm; praises of his

works; death of Mr. Unwin


Cowper has a severe attack of nervous fever


To Lady Hesketh, Jan. 8, 1787. State of his health; pro-

posal of General Cowper respecting his Homer; letter

from Mr. Smith, M.P. for Nottingham; Cowper's song

of “ The Rose" reclaimed by him


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