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famous Vossius, who was full of stories relating to the iquity, learning, and manners of the Chinese; and at the e time a free-thinker in points of religion. The king, n hearing him repeat some incredible accounts of these tern people, turning to those who were about him, "This ned divine," said he, "is a very strange man: he believes ything but the Bible."

Having thus far considered the political faith of the party t regards matters of fact, let us, in the next place, take a v of it with respect to those doctrines which it embraces, which are the fundamental points whereby they are disquished from those whom they used to represent as enes to the constitution in church and state. How far their at articles of political faith, with respect to our ecclesiastical civil government, are consistent with themselves, and eeable to reason and truth, may be seen in the following adoxes, which are the essentials of a Tory's creed, with tion to political matters. Under the name of Tories, I not here comprehend multitudes of well-designing men, were formerly included under that denomination, but now. in the interest of his Majesty and the present goment. These have already seen the evil tendency of n principles, which are the Credenda of the party, as it is osite to that of the Whigs.


hat the church of England will be always in danger, till as a Popish king for its defender.


That, for the safety of the church, no subject should be rated in any religion different from the established; but the head of our church may be of that religion which is t repugnant to it.


hat the Protestant interest in this nation, and in all Eue, could not but flourish under the protection of one, who ks himself obliged, on pain of damnation, to do all that in his power for the extirpation of it.


hat we may safely rely upon the promises of one, whose gion allows him to make them, and at the same time, ges him to break them.

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That a good man should have a greater abhorrence of Presbyterianism which is perverseness, than of Popery which is but idolatry.


That a person who hopes to be King of England by the assistance of France, would naturally adhere to the British interest, which is always opposite to that of the French.


That a man has no opportunities of learning how to govern the people of England in any foreign country, so well as in France.


That ten millions of people should rather choose to fall into slavery, than not acknowledge their prince to be invested with an hereditary and indefeasible right of oppression.


That we are obliged in conscience to become subjects of a duke of Savoy, or of a French king, rather than enjoy for our sovereign a prince who is the first of the royal blood in the Protestant line.


That non-resistance is the duty of every Christian, whilst he is in a good place.


That we ought to profess the doctrine of passive obedience until such time as nature rebels against principle, that is, until we are put to the necessity of practising it.


That the Papists have taken up arms to defend the church of England with the utmost hazard of their lives and fortunes.


That there is an unwarrantable faction in this island, consisting of King, Lords, and Commons.


That the legislature, when there is a majority of Whigs in it, has not power to make laws.


That an act of parliament to empower the king to secure


ected persons in times of rebellion, is the means to blish the sovereign on the throne, and consequently a t infringement of the liberties of the throne.



-Auxilium, quoniam sic cogitis ipsi, Dixit, ab hoste petam; vultus avertite vestros, Si quis amicus adest: et Gorgonis extulit ora. is with great pleasure that I see a race of female patriots nging up in this island. The fairest among the daughters Great Britain no longer confine their cares to a domestic but are grown anxious for the welfare of their country, show themselves good stateswomen as well as good sewives.


ur she-confederates keep pace with us in quashing that
llion which had begun to spread itself among part of the
sex. If the men who are true to their king and country
taken Preston and Perth, the ladies have possessed
selves of the opera and the playhouse with as little op-
tion or bloodshed. The non-resisting women, like their
hers in the Highlands, think no post tenable against an
that makes so fine an appearance; and dare not look
in the face, when they are drawn up in battle-array.
s an instance of this cheerfulness in our fair fellow-sub-
s to oppose the designs of the Pretender, I did but sug-
in one of my former papers, "That the fan might be
e use of with good success against Popery, by exhibiting
corruptions of the church of Rome in various figures;"
n immediately they took the hint, and have since had
uent consultations
and methods "to
e the fan useful." They have unanimously agreed upon
following resolutions, which are indeed very suitable to
es who are at the same time the most beautiful and the
t loyal of their sex. To hide their faces behind the fan,
n they observe a Tory gazing upon them. Never to peep
ugh it, but in order to pick out men, whose principles
e them worth the conquest. To return no other answer
Tory's addresses, than by counting the sticks of it all
while he is talking to them. To avoid dropping it in


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the neighbourhood of a malecontent, that he may not have an opportunity of taking it up. To show their disbelief of. any Jacobite story by a flirt of it. To fall a fanning themselves when a Tory comes into one of their assemblies, as being disordered at the sight of him.

These are the uses by which every fan may in the hands of a fine woman become serviceable to the public. But they have at present under consideration, certain fans of a Protestant make, that they may have a more extensive influence, and raise an abhorrence of Popery in a whole crowd of beholders: for they intend to let the world see what party they are of, by figures and designs upon these fans; as the knights-errant used to distinguish themselves by devices on their shields.

There are several sketches of pictures which have been already presented to the ladies for their approbation, and out of which several have made their choice. A pretty young lady will very soon appear with a fan, which has on it a nunnery of lively black-eyed vestals, who are endeavouring to creep out at the grates. Another has a fan mounted with a fine paper, on which is represented a group of people upon their knees very devoutly worshipping an old ten-penny nail. A certain lady of great learning has chosen for her device the council of Trent; and another, who has a good satirical turn, has filled her fan with the figure of a huge tawdry woman, representing the whore of Babylon; which she is resolved to spread full in the face of any sister-disputant, whose arguments have a tendency to Popery. The following designs are already executed on several mountings. The ceremony of the holy pontiff opening the mouth of a cardinal in a full consistory. An old gentleman with a triple crown upon his head, and big with child, being the portrait of Pope Joan. Bishop Bonner purchasing great quantities of faggots and brushwood, for the conversion of heretics. A figure reaching at a sceptre with one hand, and holding a chaplet of beads in the other; with a distant view of Smithfield.

When our ladies make their zeal thus visible upon their fans, and every time they open them, display an error of the church of Rome, it cannot but have a good effect, by showing the enemies of our present establishment the folly of what they are contending for. At least, every one must allow that fans are much more innocent engines for pro


gating the Protestant religion, than racks, wheels, gibbets,
d the like machines, which are made use of for the advance-
ent of the Roman Catholic. Besides, as every lady will of
urse study her fan, she will be a perfect mistress of the
ntroversy, at least in one point of Popery; and as her
riosity will put her upon the perusal of every other fan
at is fashionable, I doubt not but in a very little time
ere will be scarce a woman of quality in Great Britain,
no would not be an over-match for an Irish priest.
The beautiful part of this island, whom I am proud to
amber amongst the most candid of my readers, will like-
se do well to reflect, that our dispute at present concerns
r civil as well as religious rights. I shall therefore only
fer it to their thoughts as a point that highly deserves
eir consideration, whether the fan may not also be made
e of with regard to our political constitution. As a Free-
lder, I would not have them confine their cares for us as
e are Protestants, but at the same time have an eye to our
ppiness as we are Britons. In this case they would give a
w turn to the minds of their countrymen, if they would
hibit on their fans the several grievances of a tyrannical
vernment. Why might not an audience of Muley Ishmael,
a Turk dropping his handkerchief in his seraglio, be proper
bjects to express their abhorrence both of despotic power,
d of male tyranny? or if they have a fancy for burlesque,
at would they think of a French cobbler cutting shoes for
veral of his fellow-subjects out of an old apple-tree? On the
ntrary, a fine woman, who would maintain the dignity of
r sex, might bear a string of galley slaves, dragging their
ains the whole breadth of her fan; and at the same time,
celebrate her own triumphs, might order every slave to be
awn with the face of one of her admirers.

I only propose these as hints to my gentle readers, which
ey may alter or improve as they shall think fit: but cannot
nclude without congratulating our country upon this dis-
sition among the most amiable of its inhabitants, to consider
their ornaments the advantage of the public as well as of
eir persons.
It was with the same spirit, though not with
e same politeness, that the ancient British women had the
ures of monsters painted on their naked bodies, in order
sour historians tell us) to make themselves beautiful in
e eyes of their countrymen, and terrible to their enemies.

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