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and the curse. You are aware that your Jewish writers do not attempt to contradict these facts; but in the false and spurious history extant among you, called “ The History of the Crucified One,” it is acknowledged that Christ did mighty works; but it is alleged He did them by having stolen the mysterious name of God out of the Holy of Holies. That this is a foolish and groundless fable any one of ordinary capacity may convince himself by a candid inquiry into the subject.
When the appointed time was come, Jesus closed his holy and blameless life by dying on the cross for the sins of mankind; the great sacrifice, of whom all the sacrifices offered by the law were types and shadows: He was the true Paschal Lamb; “ the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sins of the world.” He rose again from the dead on the third day; was seen of his disciples for forty days after, and then ascended up to heaven in their sight.
Now He is in heaven, He holds communion with those who truly believe in Him, by the Holy Spirit. Through Him we can approach God as a reconciled Father; no longer viewing him as a terrible Judge, or a consuming fire. We no longer fear death; but can view it as the gate of entrance to eternal happiness. We no longer love sin, but desire to be holy and righteous; accounting as a blessed privilege the command given by God to your fathers : “ Ye shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.”* We look forward with joy to the kingdom of heaven, where we shall be completely delivered from sin, shall see God, and dwell with him for ever.
Believing, as we do, that all these glorious blessings come through faith in Christ, and that without faith in Christ they cannot come to any one, are we not constrained to entreat you, O children of the house of Israel, to come and share these blessings with us? You know that you do not possess
* Levit. xix. 2.
them; that you do not even hope to possess them. Death is a terror to you; all that lies beyond the grave is a dark and deep abyss. The very expectation of Messiah’s coming has almost died out from among you. A large proportion of your brethren on the Continent have fallen into open and avowed infidelity. Alas! the glory has indeed departed from Israel : as you yourselves declare in your prayers on the Day of Atonement; you have no altar, no sacrifice, no high priest, no shechinah; your glorious and beautiful temple is destroyed, and you confess that all this has happened to you because of your sins. You enumerate a long catalogue of sins, with the various sacrifices that these sins require. But can this give you peace? Know you not, dear friends, that no mere confession can change the righteous sentence of God: “ The soul that sinneth it shall die ?”* The doctrines of purgatory, and of the transmigration of souls, to which some of you turn for relief, have, you are well aware, no foundation in Scripture; they are lying fables. If any among you feel the burden of sin, and apprehension of the righteous judgments of God, what can you turn to, in order to quiet this apprehension? You cannot bring to God now, any sacrifice or sin-offering : yet is not your custom of killing a Cock on the Day of Atonement, a plain confession that you feel your need of a sacrifice of a substitute to bear the punishment of sin in your stead? O that you would avail yourselves of the atonement made by our Great High Priest, the Messiah, who is ever ready to receive all who come unto Him! We beseech you to search the Scriptures, with earnest prayer that God would guide you into all truth. Read the history of Jesus; and see whether it corresponds with what is said in Moses, and the Prophets, and the Psalms, concerning the Messiah. Great blessings are promised to you if you seek the Lord your God in the land of your dispersion. “If from thence
* Ezek. xviii. 4.
thou shalt seek the Lord thy God, thou shalt find him, if thou seek him with all thy heart, and with all thy soul. When thou art in tribulation, and all these things are come upon thee, even in the latter days, if thou turn unto the Lord thy God, and shalt be obedient unto his voice-he will not forsake thee.” *
The duty to which the London City Mission has, in the providence of God, been called, is, to warn those who seem to think of nothing beyond this world, to flee from the wrath to
We have laboured to do this, among many thousand Gentiles of this city; and could we neglect you, O house of Israel, over whom our hearts yearn with earnest desire that you may be saved ? May our blessed Lord speedily fulfil to you the promise made in Zechariah: “I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications; and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced.” + O give not all your thoughts to the welfare of your perishing bodies; remember you have never-dying souls, which must be happy or miserable for ever. “ Turn ye, turn ye, for why will ye die, O house of Israel?”
Signed, by order and in behalf of the Committee,
LONDON City Mission, 20, Red Lion-square,
April 5, 1841.
* Deut. iy. 29–31.
+ Zech. xii, 10.
TO THE CLERGY, MINISTERS, AND INHABITANTS OF GREEN.
WICH AND ITS VICINITY. GENTLEMEN,We beg most respectfully to address you on the necessity of the suppression of Greenwich fair. As the Committee of an Institution formed for the moral and spiritual welfare of the metropolis, our attention has been directed to some of the sources
of those evils abounding in the midst of us, and we have found that X Х
FAIRS have originated and do originate inconceivable mischiefs. If it could be pleaded that they are the recreations of the humbler classes, and calculated to promote their social, physical, and intellectual happiness, then we should hesitate in seeking their abolition. We wish well to the poor and to all classes. We are the friends of universal education, social happiness, and the possession of every comfort that can be attained for the poor. We wish to see the wife and children made happy as well as the husband, and their home not a desolation, but the abode of cleanliness and comfort. Attendance at fairs is opposed to all these things. Having succeeded in abating the evils of Fairlop and Bartholomew fairs, and lessening them so much that they are nearly extinct; and hoping that Camberwell fair will not again be held, we turn our attention to Greenwich.
We visited Greenwich fair on the evening of Monday, April 12, 1841. One such visit is enough to determine the amount of mischief done, and to induce the resolution greatly to lessen the evils, or entirely to secure the abolition of the fair.
It is only necessary to admit that drunkenness and lewdness must injure the morals, the social state, and the public reputation of those who indulge them; and our argument needs no addition, for these vices abounded to a great extent. All the public-houses on the road to Greenwich, from the Elephant and Castle, and the principal of such houses, if not all in Greenwich, were crowded
with persons drinking, smoking, swearing, and thus preparing X themselves for mischief, crime, or imprisonment. The scenes in
these houses were most debasing, if we look upon man as a rational creature; and all the neighbourhood of the fair in Greenwich was in such a state as must greatly have annoyed those who were compelled to endure it.
The young child, the apprentice boy, the servant girl, the shopman and shopwoman, and the clerk, were very numerous; and every philanthropist must deplore the ravages made by these scenes twice repeated every year, especially upon the morals of young females. It is wel known in Greenwich and Blackheath how extremely difficult it is, amidst such powerful temptations, to preserve servant maids and other young people from ruin at Easter and Whitsuntide. The public exhibitions at the shows and theatres prepare the way for the dancing-booths, the dancing precedes the drinking, and these booths precede the brothel. Certain
houses are open under the pretence of selling tea, coffee, and other /provisions, and are let out for the worst of purposes. Many
decently-dressed young females, daughters of tradesmen and upper servants, who would not enter a public-house, much less a brothel, are easily persuaded to enter these tea and coffee houses, and become the easy prey of the seducer.
The duty of the police is to interfere in the event of the peace / being broken, and most arduous is their duty. We saw several
things occur which put to the test the temper and the prudence of the police, and they acted in the most unexceptionable manner. It is impossible to form an estimate of the number of persons who attended during the three days; but it was very great. On the Monday night, at twelve o'clock, we saw at least from 1,200 to 1,500 persons turned out of the Crown and Anchor booth, by about a dozen policemen. Such scenes
can only be productive of evil. Many are the young females, and many are the young men, who bitterly repent having been there; and if parents, guardians, masters, and mistresses, only knew what was publicly and privately practised, they would use all their influence to preserve from the paths of the destroyer those for whom they had either respect or love. Let some rational and healthful recreations be provided for the people; but the midnight song and revel, and the cup of intoxication, spread disease, and destruction of property and family happiness wherever they are indulged. The state of all the drinking and dancing-booths proved what was the chief object of visiting the fair. We shall enter into no minute details of what we witnessed, nor of any of thé unhappy results of the fair to individuals or families. The case of James Roose, who is now awaiting his trial, is fresh in the recollection of many.
We beg most respectfully to suggest that the strong feeling existing in Greenwich and the neighbourhood, for the suppression, or further limitation of the fair, should be expressed either at a public meeting or in a memorial to the proper authorities. Any assistance it is in our power to render, we shall be most happy to afford.
We are, Gentlemen,
Your obedient humble servants,
London City Mission Office, 20, Red Lion-square,
May 1, 1841.