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efforts have at all times been received with gratitude. We are happy to find that the attention of the Rev. James Sherman, of Surrey Chapel, was recently directed to the spiritual welfare of the firemen, in consequence of the loss of two lives at the late fire in the Blackfriars-road. The sermon preached by Mr. Sherman is published in the “Pulpit.” About forty firemen were present and paid the greatest attention. To show how sensible every body of Englishmen are of the kindness and importance of benevolent and Christian efforts made either in their own behalf, or of those connected with them, we have much pleasure in publishing the following letter, received by Mr. Sherman, from the Committee of the London Fire-engine Establishment :

“ 68, Watling-street, Nov. 23, 1841. “ Sir, I am directed by the Committee for managing the London Fire-engine Establishment, respectfully to present their thanks to you for your kind and considerate notice of the loss of life among their firemen, and they sincerely hope that your eloquent and truly Christian address may be of lasting benefit to the survivors.

• I have the honour to be, Sir,

66 Your obedient servant, “ JAMES BRAIDWOOD, Superintendent.

The Rev. James Sherman,

Surrey Chapel." The firemen themselves were very grateful ; and we feel assured that if the attention of the clergy, and of ministers generally, could be brought to bear upon distinct classes of our metropolitan population, a wide field of usefulness would be open to them, and worthy of the most diligent cultivation.

THE CENSUS OF 1841.

The first publication of the Commissioners for taking the census of the population is now issued, and we learn from this valuable document the totals of the population of our counties, and of the superintendent registrar's districts of the counties of England. A future document, which we find cannot be ready for the public for a long time, will give the population of the parishes and other multifarious matters of great interest and importance. As we shall have occasion in future often to refer to the population of our counties, and of the United Kingdom generally, we shall transfer the account of it to our columns, leaving all comment for a future article.

The population of London is not given separately, but we have the satisfaction of finding that the estimate of about 2,000,000, within a circle of eight miles round St. Paul's Cathedral, is. accurate,

COUNTIES.

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Bedford Berks Buckingham Cambridge Chester Cornwall Cumberland Derby Devon Dorset Durham Essex Gloucester Hereford Hertford Huntingdon Kent Lancaster Leicester Lincoln Middlesex Monmouth Norfolk Northampton Northumberland Nottingham Oxford Rutland Salop Somerset Southampton

(Hants) Stafford Suffolk Surrey

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ENGLAND.

1831.

1841.

Total Population.

Males.

Females.

Totals.

95,483 52,169 145,389 79,674 146,529 76,316 143,955 81,513 334,391193,089 300,938 164,451 169,681 86,206 237,170 135,639 494,478 252,752 159,252 83,442 253,910 159,874 317,507172,299 387,019 205,374 111,211 57,257 143,341 77,619 53,191

29,154 479,155 272,415 1,336,854814,857

197,003 105,613

317,465 181,802 1,358,330 738,970

98,130 70,608 390,054 199,055 179,3361 98,886 222,912 121,271 225,327 121,660 152,156 80,383

19,385 10,743 222,938 119,357 404,200 209,421 314,280 174,724 410,512 258,729 296,317) 154,107 486,3341 278,186

55,768 107,937 80,552 160,226 79,673 155,989 82,996 164,509 202,211 395,300 176,818 341,269

91,706 177,912 136,563 272,202 280,979 533,731

91,301 174,743 164,403 324,277 172,696 344,995 225,933 431,307 57,181 114,438 79,618 157,237 29,545 58,699 275,746 548,161 852,207 1,667,064 110,242 215,855 180,915 362,717 837,646 1,576,616

63,741 134,349 213,566 412,621 100,175

199,061 128,997 250,268 128,113 249,773 81,190 161,573 10,597 21,340 119,657 239,041 226,581 436,002 180,216 354,940 251,477 510,206 161,022 315,129 304,427 582,613

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ENGLAND—(continued).

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299,770 402,121

56,469 260,007 233,484 193,676 38,322

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1831.

1841.

Total Population.

Males.

Females.

Totals.

272,340 147,572 336,610 195,967

55,041 28,234 240,156 128,904 211,365 114,753 168,891 95,446 35,362 18,176

152,198 206,154

28,235 131,103 118,731 98,230 20,146

190,756 100,681

103,981

204,662

977,350 574,527

580,397 | 1,154,924

13,091,005 7,321,875 7,673,633 14,995,508

WALES.

1831.

1841.

Total Population.

Males.

Females.

Totals.

48,325 47,763 64,780 100,740 66,448 83,629 60,012 126,612 35,315 66,482 81,425 24,651

24,369
26,911
31,997
50,795
39,600
44,617
33,636
89,028
19,247
34,252
40,343
12,738

26,521
26,384
36,383
55,687
41,468
44,674
32,911
84,434
19,991
34,968
47,919
12,448

50,890 53,295 68,380 106,482 81,068 89,291 66,547 173,462 39,238 69,220 88,262 25,186

806,182

447,533

463,788

911,321

1841.

COUNTIES.

Total Population.

Females.

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Aberdeen
Argyll
Ayr
Banff
Berwick
Bute
Caithness
Clackmannan
Dumbarton
Dumfries
Edinburgh
Elgin (Moray)
Fife.
Forfar
Haddington
Inverness
Kincardine
Kinross
Kirkcudbright,

Stewartry of
Lanark
Linlithgow
Nairn
Orkney & Shetland
Peebles
Perth
Renfrew
Ross and Cromarty
Roxburgh
Selkirk
Stirling
Sutherland
Wigtown
- Barracks

177,657 100,973 145,055 48,604 34,048 14,151 34,529 14,729 33,211 73,770 219,345

34,231 128,839 139,606 36,145 94,797 31,431

9,072 40,590 316,819 23,291

9,354 58,239 10,578 142,894 133,443 74,820 43,663

6,833 72,621 25,518 36,258

102,755
49,486
85,552
26,651
17,900

8,587
19,204

9,785 21,790 38,728 122,914 18,923 74,575 91,146 18,528 52,109 17,248

4,569 22,261 218,744 13,082

5,357 33,543

5,398 72,812 82,030 41,616 24,105

4,017 41,199 13,359 23,644

993

SCOTLAND.

1831.

Males.

Totals.

89,528
47,654
78,970
23,425
16,527

7,108
16,993

9,331 22,505 34,097 102,709 16,071 65,735 79,234 17,253 45,506 15,804

4,194 18,838 208,369 13,766

4,556 26,464

5,122 65,339 72,725 36,442 21,957

3,972 41,070 11,307 20,424 3,432

192,283

97,140 164,522 50,076 34,427 15,695 36,197 19,116 44,295 72,825 225,623

34,994 140,310 170,380 35,781 97,615 33,052

8,763 41,099 427,113 26,848

9,923 60,007 10,520 138,151 154,755 78,058 46,062

7,989 82,179 24,666 44,068 4,425 * This Return includes only such part of the Army, Navy, and Merchant Seamen, as were at the time of the Census within the kingdom on shore.

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il Total ..

2,365,114 1,246,427 1,382,530 2,628,957

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SUMMARY,-GREAT BRITAIN, AND ISLANDS IN THE BRITISH SEAS.

POPULATION, 1841.*

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Total

Males.
Population.

Females. Totals. 13,091,005 7,321,875 7,673,633 14,995,508

806,182 447,533 463,788 911,321

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England and Wales 13,897,187 7,773,411 8,138,31415,911,725 Scotland

2,365,114 1,246,427) 1,382,530 2,628,957 Islands in

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103,710 57,598 66,481 124,079 British Seas

Great Britain

16,366,011 9,077,436 9,587,325 18,664,761

EDUCATION IN LONDON.* “The Gray’s-inn-road Model-school contains about 250 children. Nothing more strongly shows the neglected state of the population of this great metropolis than the fact that the Committee choosing a situation, mainly because certain premises were convenient, and the price not unreasonable, should at once collect so large a number of children, not one in ten of whom knew their letters, or had apparently ever been in any school. It is obvious

+ See page 193.

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