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tively order you not to engage with him in any “ to him, as the inducements to it: first, the sup“scheme whatever in retrieving his affairs, without port of his pretensions to the sovereign power " the consent of the governour-general and“ (viz, of the Mahratta empire] ; second, the re“ council, or the court of directors.” That the covery of the captures made on his dominions said Ragoba neither did or could form any plan for by Nizam Ally.” That the said Hastings, having his restoration but what was and must be against already given full authority to the presidency of the ministerial party at Poona, who held and exer- Bombay to engage the British faith to Ragonaut cised the regency of that state in the infancy of the Row to support him in his pretensions to the peshwa; and that, supposing him to have formed government or to the regency of the Mahratta any other scheme, in conjunction with Bombay, for empire, was guilty of an high crime and misderetrieving his affairs, the said Hastings, in giving meanour in proposing to engage the same British a previous general authority to the presidency of faith to support the pretensions of another comBombay to engage with Ragoba in any scheme for petitor for the same object; and that in offering that purpose, without knowing what such scheme to assist the rajah of Berar to recover the captures might be, and thereby relinquishing and transferring made on his dominions by the nizam, the said Hastto the discretion of a subordinate government that ings did endeavour, as far as depended on him, toensuperintendence and controul over all measures gage the British nation in a most unjust and utterly tending to create or provoke a war, which the law unprovoked war against the said Nizam, between had exclusively vested in the governour-general whom and the East India company a treaty of and council, was guilty of a high crime and misde- peace and friendship did then subsist, unviolated
That the said Warren Hastings, having on his part ; notwithstanding the said Hastings first declared, that the measures taken by him were well knew, that it made part of the East India for the support of the engagements made by the company's fundamental policy to support that presidency of Bombay in favour of Ragoba, did prince against the Mahrattas, and to consider him afterwards, when it appeared, that those negociations as one of the few remaining chiefs, who were yet were entirely laid aside, declare, that his appre capable of coping with the Mahrattas; and that hension of the consequence of a pretended intrigue it was the company's true interest to preserve a good between the Mahrattas and the French was the sole understanding with him. That by holding out such motive of all the late measures taken for the sup- offers to the rajah of Berar, the said Hastings proport of the presidency of Bombay ; but that fessed to hope, that the rajah would ardently catch neither of the preceding declarations contained the at the objects presented to his ambition; and altrue motives and objects of the said Hastings, though the said Hastings did about this time lay it whose real purpose, as it appeared soon after, was down as a maxim, that there is always a greater adto make use of the superiority of the British power vantage in receiving solicitations than in making in India to carry on offensive wars, and to pursue advances, he nevertheless declared to the said rajali
, schemes of conquest, impolitick and unjust in that in the whole of his conduct he had departed their design, ill-concerted in the execution, and from the common line of policy, and had made adwhich, as this house has resolved, have brought vances where others in his situation would have great calamities on India, and enormous expences waited for solicitation ; that the said unjust and danon the East India company. That the said gerous projects did not take effect, because the rajah Warren Hastings, on the 22d of June 1778, made of Berar refused to join or be concerned therein; yet the follqwing declaration in council : “much so earnest was the said Hastings for the execution "less can I agree, that, with such superiour ad- of those projects, that in a subsequent letter he
vantages as we possess over every power which daringly and treacherously assured the rajah, can oppose us, we should act merely on the “ that if he had accepted of the terms offered him
defensive. On the contrary, if it be really true, by Colonel Goddard, and concluded a treaty “ that the British arms and influence have suffered “ with the government of Bengal upon them, he
so severe a check in the Western world, it is more “ should have held the obligation of it superiour to “incumbent on those, who are charged with the “ that of any engagement formed by the govern“ interests of Great Britain in the East, to exert “ment of Bombay, and should have thought it " themselves for the retrieval of the national loss. “ his duty to maintain it, &c. against every con“We have the means in our power, and if they “ sideration even of the most valuable interests
are not frustrated by our own dissensions, I trust, “ and safety of the English possessions intrusted “ that the event of this expedition will yield every “ to his charge.” That all the offers of the said " advantage, for the attainment of which it was Hastings were rejected with slight and contempt “ undertaken.” That in pursuance of the principles by the rajah of Berar; but the same being disavowed in the preceding declaration, the said War-covered, and generally known throughout India, ren Hastings, on the 9th of July 1778, did propose did fill the chief of the princes and states of and carry it in council, that an embassy should be India with a general suspicion and distrust of sent from Bengal to Moodajee Boosla, the rajah the ambitious designs and treacherous principles of Berar, falsely asserting, that the said rajah of the British government, and with an uni
was, by interest and inclination, likely to join in versal hatred of the British nation; that the an alliance with the British government; and said princes and states were thereby so thoroughly suggesting, that two advantages might be offered convinced of the necessity of uniting amongst
themselves to oppose a power, which kept no faith | ferring a scheme to place the rajah of Berar at the with any of them, and equally threatened them head of the Mahratta empire, he was bound by his all, that renouncing all former enmities against duty, as well as in justice to the presidency of each other they united in a common confederacy Bombay, to give that presidency timely notice of against the English ; viz. the peshwa, as repre- such his intention, and to have restrained them sentative of the Mahratta state, and Moodajee positively from resuming their own project; that on Boosla, the rajah of Berar, that is, the principal the contrary the said Warren Hastings did, on the Hindoo powers of India, on one side ; and Hyder 17th of August 1778, again authorize the said Ally, and the nizam of the Deccan, that is, presidency " to assist Ragoba with a military force the principal Mahommedan powers of India, “ to conduct him to Poona, and to establish him on the other; and that in consequence of this “ in the regency there;” and, so far from commuconfederacy Hyder Ally invaded, over-ran, and nicating his change of plan to Bombay, did keep ruined the Carnatick; and that Moodajee Boosla, it concealed from that presidency, insomuch that, instead of ardently catching at the objects pre even so late as the 19th of February 1779, sented to his ambition by the said Hastings, William Hornby, then governour of Bombay, desent an army to the frontiers of Bengal; which clared in council his total ignorance of the army the said Warren Hastings was at length schemes of the said Hastings, in the following
ced to buy off with twenty-six lacks of rupees, terms : “ the schemes of the governour-general or £.300,000 sterling, after a series of negocia-“ and council, with regard to the rajah of Betions with the Mahratta chiefs, who commanded “rar, being yet unknown to us, it is impossible that army, founded and conducted on principles “ for us to found any measures on them; yet so dishonourable to the British name and cha “ I cannot help now observing, that if, as has racter, that the secret committee of the house “ been conjectured, the gentlemen of that preof commons, by whom the rest of the proceedings" sidency have entertained thoughts of restoring, in that business were reported to the house, have “ in his person, the ancient rajah government, the upon due consideration thought it proper to leave attempt seems likely to be attended with no out the letter of instructions to Mr. Anderson,“ small difficulty:" that whereas the said Warren viz. those given by the said Warren Hastings to Hastings did repeatedly affirm, that it was his the representative of the British government; and intention to support the plan formed by the presiconcerning which the said committee have reported dency of Bombay in favour of Ragoba, and did in the following terms:-“The schemes of policy, repeatedly authorize and encourage them to pursue “ by which the governour-general seems to have it, he did nevertheless, at the same time, in his “ dictated the instructions he gave to Mr. Anderson, letters and declarations to the peshwa, to the “ (the gentleman deputed,] will also appear in this nizam, and to the rajah of Berar, falsely and “ document, as well respecting the particular suc- perfidiously affirm, that it never was nor is designed “ cession to the rauje, as also the mode of accom- by the English chiefs to give support to Ragonaut “modating the demand of Chout, the establish-Row; that he, Hastings, had no idea of supporting “ment of which was apparently the great aim of Ragonaut Row; and that the detachment he had “Moodajee's political maneuvres, while the sent to Bombay was solely to awe the French,
governour-general's wish to defeat it was avow without the least design to assist Rayonaut Row ;
edly more intent on the removal of a nominal that supposing it to have been the sole professed “ disgrace, than on the anxiety or resolution to be intention of the said Hastings, in sending an army “ free from an expensive, if an unavoidable, en across India, to protect Bombay against a French “ cumbrance.”
invasion, even that pretence was false, and used That while the said Warren Hastings was en only to cover the real design of the said Hastings, deavouring to persuade the rajah of Berar to en viz. to engage in projects of war and conquest gage with him in a scheme to place the said rajah with the rajah of Berar. That on the Ilth of at the head of the Mahratta empire, the presidency October 1778 he informed the said rajah, “ that of Bombay, by virtue of the powers specially vest “ the detachment would soon arrive in his terried in them for that purpose by the said Hastings, tories, and depend on him Moodajee Boosla for did really engage with "Ragonaut Row, the other " its subsequent operations :" that on the 7th of competitor for the same object, and sent a great December 1778 the said Hastings revoked the part of their military force established for the de- powers he had before given * to the fence of Bombay, on an expedition with Ragonaut presidency of Bombay over the de- of November. Row, to invade the dominions of the peshwa, and tachment, declaring, that the event of Colonel to take Poona, the capital thereof; that this army Goddard's negociation with the rajah of Berar being surrounded and overpowered by the Mah was likely to cause a very speedy and essential rattas was obliged to capitulate; and then, through change in the design and operations of the dethe moderation of the Mahrattas, was permitted to tachment ; and that on the 4th of March 1779 return quietly, but very disgracefully, to Bombay. the said Hastings, immediately after receiving adThat, supposing the said Warren Hastings could vice of the defeat of the Bombay army near have been justified in abandoning the project of Poona, and when Bombay, if at any tirne, parreinstating Ragonaut Row, which he at first ticularly required to be protected against a French authorized, and promised to support, and in pre-invasion, did declare in council, that he wished
. On the 15th
for the return of the detachment to Berar, and agreed to deliver up to them all the countries, dreaded to hear of its proceeding to the Malabar places, cities, and forts, particularly the island of coast ; and therefore, if the said Hastings did not Bassein, (taken from the peshwa, during the war,) think, that Bombay was in danger of being attacked and to relinquish all claim to the country of three by the French, he was guilty of repeated falsehoods lacks of rupees, ceded to the company by the in affirming the contrary for the purpose of cover- treaty of Poorunder : that the said Warren Hasting a criminal design; or, if he thought that Bom-ings did also at the said time, by a private and sepabay was immediately threatened with that danger, rate agreement, deliver up to Madajee Scindia the he then was guilty of treachery in ordering an whole of the city of Broach : that is, not only the army, necessary on that supposition to the imme- share in the said city, which the India company diate defence of Bombay, to halt in Berar, to acquired by the treaty of Poorunder, but the other depend on the rajah of Berar for its subsequent share thereof, which the India company possessed operations, or on the event of a negociation with for several years before that treaty; and that among that prince, which, as the said Hastings declared, the reasons assigned by Mr. David Anderson for was likely to cause a very speedy and essential totally stripping the presidency of Bombay of all change in the design and operations of the de- their possessions on the Malabar coast, he has detachment; and finally in declaring, that he clared, that “ from the general tenour of the rest of dreaded to hear of the said detachment's pro- “ the treaty, the settlement of Bombay would be ceeding to the Malabar coast, whither he ought “ in future put on such a footing, that it might to have ordered it without delay, if, as he has “ well become a question, whether the possession solemnly affirmed, it was true, that he had been “ of an inconsiderable territory, without forts, told by the highest authority, that a powerful would not be attended with more loss than advanarmament had been prepared in France, the first tage, as it must necessarily occasion considerable object of which was an attack upon Bombay ; expence, must require troops for its defence, and and that he knew with moral certainty, that all might probably in the end lead, as Scindia the powers of the adjacent continent were ready apprehended, tó a renewal of war." to join the invusion.
That the said Warren Hastings, having in this That through the whole of these transactions manner put an end to a war commenced by him the said Warren Hastings has been guilty of con- without provocation, and continued by him withtinued falsehood, fraud, contradiction, and dupli-out necessity, and having for that purpose made city, highly dishonourable to the character of the so many sacrifices to the Mahrattas in points of British nation ; that, in consequence of the unjust essential interest to the India company, did conand ill-concerted schemes of the said Hastings, the sent and agree to other articles utterly dishonourBritish arms, heretofore respected in India, have able to the British name and character, having suffered repeated disgraces, and great calamities sacrificed or abandoned every one of the native have been thereby brought upon India, and that princes, who by his solicitations and promises the said Warren Hastings, as well in exciting and had been engaged to take part with us in the promoting the late unprovoked and unjustifiable war; and that he did so without necessity, since war against the Mahrattas, as in the conduct it appears, that Scindia, the Mahratta chief, who thereof, has been guilty of sundry high crimes concluded the treaty, in every part of his conand misdemeanours.
duct manifested a hearty desire of establishing a That by the definitive treaty of peace con- peace with us; and that this was the disposition cluded with the Mahrattas at Poorunder, on the of all the parties in the Mahratta confederacy, 1st of March 1776, the Mahrattas gave up all who were only kept together by a general dread right and title to the island of Salsette, unjustly of their common enemy, the English, and who taken from them by the presidency of Bombay; only waited for a cessation of hostilities with us did also give up to the English company for ever
to return to their habitual and permanent enmity all right and title to their entire shares of the city against each other. That the governour-general and purgunnah of Broach ; did also give for ever and council, in their letter of 31st August 1781, to the English company a country of three lacks made the following declaration to the court of of rupees revenue, near to Broach ; and did also directors : “ The Mahrattas have demanded the agree to pay to the company twelve lacks of ru- “ sacrifice of the person of Ragonáut Row, the pees, in part of the expences of the English army:
" surrender of the fort and territories of Ahme* Resolution and that the terms of the said treaty “ dabad, and of the fortress of Gualior, which are
were honourable and advantageous to “ not ours to give, and which we could not wrest May 1782 the India company.
" from the proprietors without the greatest vioThat Warren Hastings having broken the said “ lation of publick faith. No state of affairs, treaty, and forced the Mahrattas into another war, “ in our opinions, could warrant our acquiescence by a repeated invasion of their country, and hav- “ to such requisition; and we are morally cering conducted that war in the manner herein- “ tain, that, had we yielded to them, such a conbefore described, did, on the 17th of May 1782, “ sciousness of the state of our affairs would have by the agency of Mr. David Anderson, conclude “ been implied, as would have produced an efanother treaty of perpetual friendship and alliance “ fect the very reverse from that, for which it with the Mahrattas, by which the said Hastings “ was intended, by raising the presumption of
of the house of commons, 28
“ the enemy to exact yet more ignominious terms, “ reside in his country; all that we could do,
or perhaps their refusal to accept of any; nor, was to agree, after a reasonable time, to with“ in our opinion, would they have failed to excite “ draw our protection from him, and not to in“ in others the same belief, and the consequent “ sist on the payment of the stipend to him, as “ decision of all parties against us, as the natural “ Scindia had proposed, unless on the condition
consequences of our decline.” That the said “ of his residing in some part of Scindia's terriHastings himself, in his instructions to Mr. David
" tories.” Anderson, after authorizing him to restore all, That, notwithstanding all the preceding declathat we had conquered during the war, expressly rations, and in violation of the publick faith repeat“ excepted Ahmedabad, and the territory con- edly pledged to Ragoba, he was totally abandon
quered for Futty Sing Gwicowar.” That ne ed by the said Hastings in the treaty, no provision vertheless the said Hastings, in the peace con whatever being made even for his subsistence, but on cluded by him, has yielded to every one of the a condition, to which he could not submit without conditions reprobated in the preceding declara- the certain loss of his liberty, and probable hazardof tions as ignominious, and incompatible with pub- his life, namely, that he should voluntarily, and of lick faith.
his own accord, repair to Scindia, and quietly reside That the said Warren Hastings did abandon the with him. That such treacherous desertion of the rana of Gohud in the manner already charged ; said Ragoba is not capable of being justified by any and that the said rana has not only lost the fort plea of necessity; but that in fact no such necessity of Gualior, but all his own country, and is himself existed; since it appears, that the nizam, who of a prisoner.—That the said Hastings did not inter all the contracting parties in the confederacy was pose to obtain any terms in favour of the nabob of personally most hostile to Ragoba, did himself pro• Anderson's
Bopaul, who was with great reason pose, that Ragoba might have an option given him Letter of 26th desirous of concealing from the Mah- of residing within the company's territories.—That January 1782.
rattas the attachment he had borne to the plan of negociating a peace with the Mahrattas, the English government; the said nabob having by application to Scindia, and through his mea just dread of the danger of being exposed to the diation, was earnestly recommended to the said resentment of the Mahrattas, and no dependence Hastings by the presidency of Bombay so early as on the faith and protection of the English. That in February 1779, who stated clearly to him the by the 9th article of the treaty with Futty Sing it reasons why such application ought to be made to was stipulated, that, when a negociation for peace Scindia in preference to any other of the Mahshall take place, his interest should be primarily ratta chiefs, and why it would probably be succonsidered ; and that Mr. David Anderson, the cessful; the truth and justice of which reasons minister and representative of the governour were fully evinced in the issue, when the said general and council
, did declare to Scindia, that Hastings, after incurring, by two years' delay, all it was indispensably incumbent on us to support the losses and distresses of a calamitous war, did Futty Sing's rights.
actually pursue that very plan with much less That nevertheless every acquisition made for or effect or advantage than might have been obtained by the said Futty Sing during the war, particular- at the time the advice was given. That he negly the fort and territories of Ahmedabad, were lected the advice of the presidency of Bombay, given up by the said Hastings : that Futty Sing and retarded the peace, as well as made its conwas replaced under the subjection of the peshwa, ditions worse, from an obstinate attachment to his (whose resentment he had provoked by taking project of an alliance offensive and defensive with part with us in the war,) and under an obligation the rajah of Berar, the object of which was rather to pay a tribute, not specified, to the peshwa, and a new war, than a termination of the war then to perform such services, and to be subject to such existing against the peshwa. obedience, as had long been established and cus That the said Hastings did further embarrass tomary; and that, no limit being fixed to such and retard the conclusion of a peace by employtribute or services, the said Futty Sing has been ing different ministers at the courts of the several left wholly at the mercy of the Mahrattas. confederate powers, whom he severally
empowerThat with respect to Ragoba the said Hastings, ed to treat and negociate a peace. That these in his instructions to Mr. Anderson, dated 4th of ministers not acting in concert, not knowing the November, 1781, contented himself with saying, extent of each other's commissions, and having no “ We cannot totally abandon the interests of Ra- instructions to communicate their respective pro
gonaut Row. Endeavour to obtain for him an ceedings to each other, did, in effect, counteract adequate provision.”—That Mr. Anderson de- their several negociations.--That this want of con
clared to Madajee Scindia, t " that cert and of simplicity, and the mystery and intri
as we had given Ragoba protection cacy in the mode of conducting the negociation February 1782.
as an independent prince, and not on our part, was complained of by our ministers “ brought him into our settlement as a prisoner, as embarrassing and disconcerting to us, while it
we could not in honour pretend to impose the was advantageous to the adverse party, who were “smallest restraint on his will
, and he must be at thereby furnished with opportunity and pretence liberty to go wherever he pleased; that it must for delay, when it suited their purpose, and en“rest with Scindia himself to prevail on him to abled to play off one set of negociators against
† Anderson's letter of 24th
another ; that it also created jealousy and distrust to inspire the Mahrattas themselves, with whom we in the various contending parties, with whom we were in treaty, with a distrust in our sincerity and were treating at the same time, and to whom we good faith.--That the object of this fraudulent were obliged to make contradictory professions, policy (viz. the utter destruction of Hyder Ally, and while it betrayed and exposed to them all our own a partition of his dominions) was neither wise in eagerness and impatience for peace; raising thereby itself, or authorized by the orders and instructions the general claims and pretensions of the enemy of the company to their servants; that it was That while Dalhousie Watherston, Esquire, was incompatible with the treaty of peace, in which treating at Poonah, and David Anderson, Esquire, Hyder Ally was included, and contrary to the in Scindia's camp, with separate powers applied to repeated and best-understood injunctions of the the same object, the minister at Poonah informed company; being, in the first place, a bargain for a the said Watherston, that he had received pro- new war, and, in the next, aiming at an extension posals for peace from the nabob of Arcot with the of our territory by conquest. That the best and approbation of Sir Eyre Coote; that he returned soundest political opinions on the relations of other proposals to the said nabob of Arcot, who these states, have always represented our great had assured him, (the minister,) that those pro- security against the power of the Mahrattas to posals would be acceded to, and that Mr. depend on its being balanced by that of Hyder Macpherson would set out for Bengal, after Ally; and the Mysore country is so placed as a which orders should be immediately dispatched barrier between the Carnatick and the Mahrattas, from the honourable the governour-general and
as to make it our interest rather to strengthen council to the effect he wished. That the said and repair that barrier, than to level and destroy nabob “ had promised to obtain and forward it. That the said treaty of partition does express “ to him the expected orders from Bengal itself to be eventual with regard to the making “ in fifteen days, and that he was therefore and keeping of peace; but through the whole
every instant in expectation of their arrival ; | course of the said Hastings's proceeding he did “ and observed, that, when General Goddard pro- endeavour to prevent any peace with the sultan
posed to send a confidential person to Poonah, or nabob of Mysore, Tippu Saheb, and did for a “ he conceived, that those orders must have actually long time endeavour to frustrate all the methods, “ reached him :” that therefore the treaty, formally which could have rendered the said treaty of conconcluded by David Anderson, was in effect and quest and partition wholly unnecessary. substance the same with that otfered, and in reality That the Mahrattas having taken no effectual concluded, by the nabob of Arcot, with the excep- step to oblige Hyder Ally to make good the contion only of Salsette, which the nabob of Arcot ditions, for which they had engaged in his behalf, had agreed to restore to the Mahrattas. That the and the war continuing to be carried on in the intention of the said Warren Hastings in pressing Carnatick by Tippoo Sultan, son and successour for a peace with the Mahrattas on terms so disho- of Hyder Ally, the presidency of Fort St. George nourable, and by measures so rash and ill-concerted, undertook, upon their own authority, to open a was not to restore and establish a general peace negociation with the said Tippoo ; which meathroughout India, but to engage the India company sure, though indispensably necessary, the said in a new war against Hyder Ally, and to make Hastings utterly disapproved and discountenanced, the Mahrattas parties therein. That the eager- expressly denying, that there was any ground or ness and passion, with which the said Hastings motive for entering into any direct or separate pursued this object, laid him open to the Mahrattas, treaty with Tippoo; and not consenting to or who depended thereon for obtaining whatever they authorizing any negociation for such treaty, until should demand from us.—That in order to carry after a cessation of hostilities had been brought the point of an offensive alliance against Hyder about with him by the presidency of Fort St. Ally, the said Hastings exposed the negociation for George, in August 1773, and the ministers of peace with the Mahrattas to many difficulties and Tippoo had been received and treated with by delays. That the Mahrattas were bound by a that presidency, and commissioners, in return, clear and recent engagement, which Hyder had actually sent by the said presidency to the court never violated in any article, to make no peace of Poonah; which late and reluctant consent with us, which should not include him ; that they and authority were extorted from him the said pleaded the sacred nature of this obligation in Hastings in consequence of the acknowledganswer to all our requisitions on this bead, while ment of his agent at the court of Madajee the said Hastings, still importunate for his favourite Scindia (upon whom the said Warren Hastings point, suggested to them various means of recon- had depended for enforcing the clauses of the ciling a substantial breach of their engagement with Mahratta treaty) of the precariousness of such a formal observance of it, and taught them how dependence, and of the necessity of that direct and they might at once be parties in a peace with separate treaty with Tippoo, so long and so lately Hyder Ally, and in an offensive alliance for im- reprobated by the said Warren Hastings, notwithmediate hostility against him. That these lessons standing the information and entreaties of the preof publick duplicity and artifice, and these devices sidency of Fort St. George, as well as the known of ostensible faith and real treachery, could have distresses and critical situation of the company's no effect but to degrade the national character, and affairs.—That, though the said Warren Hastings