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That the council at Calcutta, on the represen- | imbecility of the natural lord, and is free from his tation aforesaid made by the resident at Farruck- objection to a resident, is the only one, which the abad, did propose and record a plan for the better said Hastings never has executed, or even proposed
of , to execution of the same, until the arrangements That the said Hastings, by the agreements made by the said Hastings with the nabob vizier aforesaid, has left the company in such an altershould be known; but the said Hastings, as far native, that they can neither relieve the said prince as in him lay, did entirely set aside any plan, that of Farruckabad from oppression without a breach could be formed for that purpose upon the basis of the engagements entered into by him, the said of a British resident at Farruckabad,
by engaging Hastings, with the nabob vizier in the name of the with the said nabob vizier, that no British influ- company, nor suffer him to remain under the said ence shall be employed within his dominions, and oppression without violating all faith, and all the he has engaged to that prince not to abandon him to rules of justice with regard to him. And the said any other mode of relation ; and he has informed Hastings hath directly made or authorized no less the court of directors, that the territories of the than six revolutions in less than five years in the nabob of Oude will be ruined, if residents are sent aforesaid harassed province; by which frequent into them, observing, that “ residents never will and rapid changes of government, all of them “ be sent for any cther purposes than those of made in contradiction to all his own declared movengeance and corruption.'
tives and reasons for the several acts successively That the said Warren Hastings did declare to done and undone in this transaction, the distresses the court of directors, that in his opinion the mode of the country, and the disorders in its adminisof relief most effectual, and most lenient with re-tration, have been highly aggravated ; and in the gard to Farruckabad, would be to nominate one said irregular proceedings, and in the gross and of the family of the prince to superintend his af- complicated violations of faith with all parties, the fairs, and to secure the payments; but this plan, said Hastings is guilty of high crimes and misdewhich appears to be most connected with the rights meanours. of the ruling family, whilst it provides against the
VI. DESTRUCTION OF THE RAJAH OF SAHLONE.
content, and violent commotions, in the district of
Sahlone, and other parts of the province of Oude, That the late nabob of Oude, Suja ul Dowla, with great consequent etfusion of blood, and indid (on what reasons of policy, or pretences of terruption, if not total discontinuance, to the coljustice, is unknown) dispossess a certain native lection of the revenues in those parts, other than person of distinction, or eminent rajah, residing in as the same was irregularly, and with great damage the country of Sahlone, “the lineal descendant to the country, enforced by British troops. " of the most powerful Hindoo family in that part “ of Hindostan," of his patrimonial estate ; and
II. conferred the same, or part of the same, on his (the nabob's) mother, as a jaghire (or estate) for That Mr. Lumsdaine, the officer employed to the term of her life : and the mother of the na- reduce those disordered parts of the province to bob, in order to quiet the country, and to satisfy, submission, after several advantages gained over in some measure, the principal and other inhabi- the rajah and his adherents, and expelling him tants, did allow and pay a certain pension to the from the country, did represent the utter impossisaid rajah ; which pension, on the general confis-bility of bringing it to a permanent settlement cation of jaghires, (made at the instigation of the merely by forcible methods; as in any of his said Warren Hastings,) and by the letting the “ (the rajah's) incursions it would not be neceslands so confiscated to farmers at rack-rents, was sary to bring even a force with him, as the zediscontinued, and refused to be paid ; and the mindars [landed proprietors and freeholders] discontinuance of the said pension, on account are much attached to the rajah, whom they con“ of the personal respect borne to the rajah, (as “sider as their hereditary prince, and never fail “ connexions with him are sought for, and thought “ to assist him; and that his rebellion against “ to confer honour,)” did cause an universal dis- government is not looked on as a crime :” and
Mr. Lumsdaine declared it “ as his clear opinion, Bristow to the said Warren Hastings, who did " that the allowing the said rajah a pension, suit- wilfully and criminally omit to order any relief to " able to his rank and influence in the country, the said rajah in conformity to the general sense “ would be the most certain mode of obtaining a and wishes of the inhabitants; a compliance with “permanent peace;" alleging among other cogent whose so reasonable an expectation his duty in reasons, “ that the expence of the force necessary restoring the tranquillity of the country, and in " to be employed to subdue the country might be retrieving the honour of the English government, "spared, and employed elsewhere; and that the did absolutely require. But, instead of making "people would return to their villages with their such provision, a price was set upon his head;
cattle and effects, and of course government and several bodies of British troops being em
have some security for the revenue, whereas at ployed to pursue him, after many skirmishes and “present they have none :” and the representation much bloodshed, and mutual waste of the councontaining that prudent and temperate counsel, try, the said rajah, honoured and respected by given by a military man of undoubted information, the natives, was hunted down, and at length killed and perfect experience in the local circumstances in a thicket. of the country, was transmitted by the resident
That the court of directors of the East India against whom, as representative of the company, company had laid down the following fundamental and guardian of their interests, he properly was rules for the conduct of such of the company's party, and preferring the advantage of the conbusiness in Bengal as could be performed by con tractor to those of his own constituents and emtract; and had repeatedly and strictly ordered ployers :--that the court of directors of the East the governour and council of Fort William to ob. India company, having carefully considered the serve those rules ; viz. that all contracts should circumstances and tendency of this transaction, be publickly advertised, and the most reasonable condemned it in the strongest terms, declaring, proposals accepted ; that the contracts of pro- that they would not permit the contract to be convisions, and for furnishing draught and carriage- tinued, and that, “ if the contractor should think bullocks for the army, should be annual ; and “ himself aggrieved, and take measures in consethat they should not fail to advertise for and re quence, by which the company became involved ceive proposals for those contracts every year. “ in loss or damage, they should certainly hold
That the said Warren Hastings, in direct dis- “ the majority of the council responsible for such obedience to the said positive orders, and, as the “ loss or damage, and proceed against them acdirectors themselves say, by a most deliberate “cordingly.”—That the said Warren Hastings, in breach of his duty, did, in September 1777, ac- defiance of orders, which, the directors say, were cept of proposals offered by Ernest Alexander plain and unequivocal, did, in January 1777, reJohnson for providing draught and carriage-bul-ceive from George Templer a proposal, essentially locks, and for victualling the Europeans, without different from the advertisement published by the advertising for proposals, as he was expressly com- governour-general and council for receiving promanded to do, and extended the contract for three posals for feeding the company's elephants, and years, which was positively ordered to be annual : did accept thereof, not only without having reand, notwithstanding that extension of the period, course to the proper means for ascertaining whether which ought at least to have been compensated by the said proposal was the lowest that would be some advantage to the company in the conditions, offered, but with another actually before the board, did conclude the said contract upon terms less ad- nearly 30 per cent. lower than that made by the rantageous than the preceding contract, and there- said George Templer, to whom the said Warren fore not on the lowest terms procurable :—that Hastings granted a contract, in the terms proposed the said Warren Hastings, in defiance of the judg- by the said Templer, for three years, and did afterment and lawful orders of his superiours, which in wards extend the same to five years, with new and this case left him no option, declared that he dis- distinct conditions accepted by the said Warren approved of publishing for proposals, and that Hastings, without advertising for fresh proposals, the contract was reduced too low already : thereby by which the company were very considerable avowing himself the advocate of the contractor, losers :-on all which the court of directors de
clared,“ that this waste of their property could company's ships, especially in tempestuous wea“ not be permitted : that he, the said Warren ther, and that they should be in a constant con“ Hastings, had disregarded their authority, and dition to keep the sea ; whereas it is manifestly
disobeyed their orders, in not taking the lowest the interest of the contractor, in the first instance, “ offers ;” and they ordered, that the contract for to equip the said vessels as scantily as possible, elephants should be annulled ; and the said di- and afterwards to expose them as little as possible rectors further declared, that " if the contractor to any service, in which the stores to be replaced “should recover damages of the company for by him might be lost or consumed; and finally, “ breach of engagement, they were determined, in that in June 1779 the said contract was prolonged
such case, to institute a suit at law against those to the said master-attendant by the said Warren “ members of the board, who had presumed, in Hastings for the further space of two years from “ direct breach of their orders, to prefer the inte the expiration of the first, without advertising for “rest of an individual to that of the company.” proposals.—That it does not appear, that any of -That the said Warren Hastings did in the year the preceding contracts have been annulled, or 1777 conclude with
Forde a con
the charges attending any of them abated, or that tract for an armed vessel for the pilotage of the the court of directors have ever taken any meaClittigong river, and for the defence of the coast sures to compel the said Warren Hastings to inand river against the incursions of robbers, for the demnify the company, or to make good any part term of five years, in further disobedience of the of the preceding loss incurred by the contracts. tion of contracts, and with a considerable encrease ings did recommend and appoint John Belli, at of expence to the company :—that the farming that time his private secretary, to be agent for out the defence of a country to a contractor, being supplying the garrison of Fort William with vicwholly unprecedented, and evidently absurd, tualling stores ; that the stores were to be purcould have no real object but to enrich the con chased with money advanced by the company; tractor at the company's expence; since either and that the said agent was to be allowed a comthe service was not dangerous, and then the mission, or per-centage for his risk and trouble : establishment was totally unnecessary, or, if it that, in order to ascertain what sum would be a was a dangerous service, it was evidently the inte reasonable compensation for the agent, the goverrest of the contractor to avoid such danger, and not nour-general and council agreed to consult some to hazard the loss of his ship or men, which must of the principal merchants of Calcutta : that the be replaced at his own expence; and therefore merchants, so consulted, reported their opinion, that an active and faithful discharge of the con that 20 per cent. on the prime cost of the stores tractor's duty was incompatible with his interest. would be a reasonable compensation to the agent:
That the said Warren Hastings, in further de- that nevertheless the said Warren Hastings, supfiance of the company's orders, and in breach of ported by the vote and concurrence of Richard the established rule of their service, did, in the Barwell, then a member of the supreme council, year 1777, conclude a contract with the master did propose and carry it, that 30 per cent. per and deputy master-attendant of the company's annum should be allowed upon all stores to be marine, or pilot-service, for supplying the said provided by the agent : that the said Warren marine with naval stores, and executing the said Hastings professed, that “ he preferred an agency service for the term of two years, and without ad “to a contract for this service, because if it were vertising for proposals; that the use and expendi- “ performed by contract, it must then be adverture of such stores, and the direction of the pilot tised, and the world would know what provision vessels, are under the management, and at the dis was made for the defence of the fort; positions of the master-attendant by virtue of his being publickly known, that the fort was well prooffice; that he is officially the proper and regular vided for defence, were likely to encourage an check
upon person who furnishes the stores, enemy to attack it.—That in August 1779, in deand bound by his duty to take care, that all con fiance of the principle laid down by himself for tracts for furnishing such stores are duly and faith- preferring an agency to a contract, the said Warfully executed :—that the said Warren Hastings, ren Hastings did propose, and carry it, that the by uniting the supply and the check in the same agency should be converted into a contract, to hands, did not only disobey the company's speci- be granted to the said John Belli, without adverfick orders, and violate the fundamental rules and tising for proposals, and fixed for the term of five practice of the service, but did overset the only just years, “ pretending, that he had received frequent and rational principle, on which this, and every remonstrances from the said agent concerning other service of a similar nature, ought to be con “ the heavy losses and inconveniences, to which ducted ; and did not only subject the company's “ he was subjected by the indefinite terms of his interest, in point of expence, to fraud and collusion, agency;" notwithstanding it appeared by evibut did thereby expose the navigation of the dence produced at the board, that, on a supply of Bengal river to manifest hazard and distress; con about £.37,000, he had already drawn a commissidering, that it is the duty of the master-attendant sion of £.22.000 and upwards.—That the said to take care, that the pilot-vessels are constantly Warren Hastings pledged himself, that, if required stationed in the roads to await the arrival of the by the court of directors, the profits arising from
as if its
the agency should be paid into the company's many other weighty objections against the terms treasury, and appropriated as the court should of the said contracts, were urged in council to the direct. That the court of directors, as soon as said Warren Hastings, he declared, that he should they were advised of the first appointment of the deliver a reply thereto ; but it does not appear, said agency, declared, that they considered the that he did ever deliver such reply, or ever enter commission of 20 per cent. as an ample compen-into a justification of any part of his conduct in sation to the agent; and did positively order, that, this transaction. That the act of parliament of according to the engagement of the said Warren 1773, by which the first governour-general and Hastings, “ the commission, paid or to be paid to council were appointed, did expressly limit the " the said agent, should be reduced to £.20 per duration of their office to the term of five years, “cent.”—That the said John Belli did positively which expired in October 1779, and that the refuse to refund any part of the profits he had re- several contracts, herein before mentioned, were ceived, or to submit to a diminution of those which granted in September 1779, and were made to he was still to receive; and that the said Warren continue five years after the expiration of the goHastings has never made good his own voluntary vernment, by which they were granted; that by and solemn engagement to the court of directors this anticipation the discretion and judgment of hereinabove mentioned : and as his failure to per- the succeeding government, respecting the subjectform the said engagement is a breach of faith to matter of such contracts, was taken away, and the company, so his performance of such engage- any correction or improvement therein rendered ment, if he had performed it, and even his offer- impracticable.---That the said Warren Hastings ing to pledge himself for the agent, in the first might have been justified by the rules and pracinstance, ought to be taken as presumptive evi- tice, or by the necessity, of the publick service in dence of a connexion between the said Warren binding the government by engagements to enHastings and the said agent, his private secretary; dure one year after the expiration of his own which ought not to exist between a governour act- office; but on no principles could he be justified ing in behalf of the company, and a contractor in extending such engagements beyond the term making terms with such governour for the execu- of one year, much less on the principles he has tion of a publick service.
avowed, namely, “ that it was only an act of comThat, before the expiration of the contract here- mon justice in him to secure every man connected in before mentioned for supplying the army with “ with him, as far as he legally could, from the draught and carriage-bullocks, granted by the apprehension of future oppression.” That the said Warren Hastings to Ernest Alexander John-oppression, to which such apprehension, if real, son for three years, the said Warren Hastings did must allude, could only consist in, and arise out propose and carry it in council, that a new con- of, the obedience, which he feared a future governtract should be made on a new plan, and that an ment might pay to the orders of the court of offer thereof should be made to Richard Johnson, directors, by making all contracts annual, and adbrother and executor of the said contractor, with vertising for proposals publickly and indifferently out advertising for proposals, for the term of five from all persons whatever, by which it might years :—that this offer was voluntarily accepted happen, that such beneficial contracts would not be by the said Richard Johnson, who at the same constantly held by men connected with him, the time desired, and obtained, that the new contracts said Warren Hastings :—that this declaration, should be made out in the name of Charles Croftes, made by the said Warren Hastings, combined with the company's accountant and sub-treasurer at all the circumstances of these transactions, leaves Fort William :- that the said Charles Croftes no room to doubt, that in disobeying the comoffered the said Richard Johnson as one of his se- pany's orders, and betraying the trust reposed in curities for the performance of the said contract, him as guardian of the company's property, his
, who was accepted as such by the said Warren object was to purchase the attachment of a numHastings; and that, at the request of the said ber of individuals, and to form a party capable of contractor, the contract for victualling the Euro- supporting and protecting him in return. peans serving at the presidency was added to and That with the same view, and on the same united with that for furnishing bullocks, and fixed principles, it appears, that excessive salaries and for the same period; that this extension of the emoluments, at the East India company's charge periods of the said contracts was not compen- and expence, have been lavished by the said sated by a diminution in the charge to be in- Warren Hastings to sundry individuals, contrary curred by the company on that account, as it to the general principles of his duty, and in direct ought to have been; but, on the contrary, the contradiction to the positive orders of the court charge was immoderately encreased by the new of directors; particularly, that whereas by a recontracts ; insomuch, that it was proved by solution of the court proprietors of the East statements and computations produced at the India company, and by an instruction of the court board, that the encrease on the victualling con- of directors, it was provided, and expressly ortract would, in five years, amount to £.40,000; dered, that there should be paid to the late Sir and that the encrease on the bullock-contract, in John Clavering “ the sum of six thousand pounds the same period, would amount to above four sterling per annum in full for his services as hundred thousand pounds: that when this, and “ commander-in-chief, in lieu of travelling charges,
“and of all other advantages and emoluments united act of the legislative and executive powers “ whatever :" and whereas the court of directors of the company, the annual charge to be borne by positively ordered, that the late “ Sir Eyre Coote the company on that account was encreased by the * should receive the same pay as commander-in- said Warren Hastings to the enormous sum of “ chief of their forces in India, as was received by thirty-eight thousand two hundred and seventeen “ Lieutenant-General Sir John Clavering;"—the pounds ten shillings sterling. said Warren Hastings, nevertheless, within a very “ That on the 1st of November 1779 the said short time after Sir Eyre Coote's arrival in Bengal, “ Warren Hastings did move, and carry it in
it in council, that a new council, that the resident at the vizier's court establishment should be created for Sir Eyre “ should be furnished with an account of all the Coote, by which an encrease of expence
would be extra allowances and charges of the commanderincurred by the India company to the amount of “in-chief when in the field, with orders to add the eighteen thousand pounds a year and upwards, same to the debit of the vizier's account, as a exclusive of and in addition to his salary of ten part of his general subsidy; the charge to comthousand pounds a year, provided for him by act mence from the day on which the general shall of parliament as a member of the supreme coun- pass the Carumnassa, and to continue till his cil, and exclusive of and in addition to his salary of return to the same line."--That this additional six thousand pounds a year as commander-in-chief, expence, imposed by the said Warren Hastings on appointed for him by the company, and expressly the vizier, was unjust in itself, and a breach of fixed to that amount.
treaty with that prince, the specifick amount of That the disobedience and breach of trust, of the subsidy to be paid by him having been fixed which the said Warren Hastings was guilty in this by a treaty, to which no addition could justly be transaction, is highly aggravated by the following made, but at the previous requisition of the vizier. circumstances connected with it: that from the —That the court of directors, in their letter of death of Sir John Clavering to the arrival of Sir the 18th of October 1780, did condemn and proEyre Coote in Bengal the provisional command hibit the continuation of the allowances aboveof the army had devolved to, and been vested in, mentioned to Sir Eyre Coote in the following Brigadier-General Giles Stibbert, the eldest officer words : “ these allowances appear to us in a light on that establishment : that in this capacity, and, so very extraordinary, and so repugnant to the as the said Warren Hastings has declared, “stand- spirit of a resolution of the general court of “ing no way distinguished from the other officers proprietors respecting the allowance made to “ in the army, but by his accidental succession to “General Clavering, that we positively direct, “ the first place on the list,” he, the said Giles " that they be discontinued immediately, and no Stibbert, had, by the recommendation and pro- part thereof paid after the receipt of this letter." curement of the said Warren Hastings, received That on the 27th of April 1781 the goverand enjoyed a salary, and other allowances, to the nour-general and council, in obedience to the amount of thirteen thousand eight hundred and orders of the directors, did signify the same to the fifty-four pounds twelve shillings per annum. commissary-general, as an instruction to him, That Sir Eyre Coote, soon after his arrival, repre- that the extraordinary allowances to Sir Eyre sented to the board, that a considerable part of Coote should be discontinued, and no part thereof those allowances, amounting to £.8,220. 10s. per paid after that day; that it appears, nevertheless, annum, ought to devolve to himself, as com- that the said extra allowances (amounting to above mander-in-chief of the company's forces in India; twenty thousand pounds sterling a year) were conand stating, that the said Giles Stibbert could no tinued to be charged to the vizier, and paid to longer be considered as commander-in-chief under Sir Eyre Coote, in defiance of the orders of the the presidency of Fort William, made a formal court of directors; in defiance of the consequent demand of the same.—That the said Warren resolution of the governour-general and council; Hastings, instead of reducing the allowances of and in contradiction to the terms of the original the said Giles Stibbert to the establishment, at motion, made by the said Warren Hastings, for which they stood during General Clavering's com- adding those allowances to the debit of the vizier, mand, and for the continuance of which, after Sir viz. “ that they should continue till Sir Eyre Eyre Coote's arrival, there could be no pretence, Coote's return to the Carumnassa.”—That Sir continued the allowances of thirteen thousand eight Eyre Coote arrived at Calcutta about the end of hundred and fifty-four pounds twelve shillings per August 1780, and must have crossed the Carumannum to the said Giles Stibbert; and, at the nassa, in his return from Oude, some weeks before, same time, in order to appease and satisfy the when the charge on the vizier, if at any time demand of the said Sir Eyre Coote, did create for proper, ought to have ceased.—That it appears, him that new establishment, herein before specified, that said allowances were continued to be of eighteen thousand pounds per annum; inso- charged against the vizier, and paid to Sir Eyre much, that instead of the allowance of six thou-Coote, for three years after, even while he was sand pounds a year, in lieu of travelling charges, serving in the Carnatick, and that this was done by and of all emoluments and allowances whatso- the sole authority and private command of the ever, to which the pay and allowances of com- said Warren Hastings. mander-in-chief were expressly limited by the That the East India company having thought