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they will construe wrongs, with such a sentence warranting that construction, and either accept
LXXIX. “ the invitation, to the proclaimed scandal of the “ nabob vizier, which will not add to the credit That the said Hastings further, by insinuating,
of our government; or remain in his dominions, that the women in question would act amiss in “ but not under his authority, to add to his vexa- appealing to a foreign jurisdiction against a son “ tions, and the disorders of the country, by con and grandson, could not forget, that he himself, “ tinual intrigues and seditions. Enough already being that foreign jurisdiction, (if any jurisdiction “ exists to affect his peace and the quiet of his there was,) did himself direct and order the injuries;
people. If we cannot heal, let us not inflame, did himself urge the calumnies; and did himself " the wounds which have been inflicted.”—“If cause to be taken and produced the unsatisfactory “ the begums think themselves aggrieved to such a evidence, by which the women in question had suf
degree as to justify them in an appeal to a foreign fered; and that it was against him the said Hastjurisdiction ; to appeal to it against a man stand- ings, and not against their son, that they had reason
ing in the relation of son and grandson to them; to appeal. But the truth is, that the enquiry was “ to appeal to the justice of those who have been moved for by Mr. Stables, not on the prayer, or “the abettors and instruments of their imputed appeal, of the sufferers, but upon the ill impression,
wrongs, let us at least permit them to be the which the said Hastings's own conduct, merely “ judges of their own feelings, and prefer their and solely on his own state of it, and on his own
complaints, before we offer to redress them. evidence in support of it, had made on the court “ They will not need to be prompted. I hope I of directors, who were his lawful masters, and not “ shall not depart from the simplicity of official suitors in his court. And his arrogating to himself “ language in saying, the majesty of justice ought and his colleagues to be a tribunal, and a tribunal “ to be approached with solicitation, not descend not for the purpose of doing justice, but of re“ to provoke or invite it, much less to debase itself fusing enquiry, was an high offence and misde“ by the suggestion of wrongs, and the promise of meanour, (particularly as the due obedience to the “ redress, with the denunciation of punishments company's orders was eluded on the insolent pre“ before trial, and even before accusation." tence, “ that the majesty of justice ought to be
approached with solicitation, and that it would LXXVIII.
“debase itself by the suggestion of wrongs, and
“ the promise of redress,”) in a governour, whose That the said Warren Hastings, in attempting business it is, even of himself
, and unsolicited, not to pass an act of indemnity for his own crimes, and only to promise, but to afford, redress to all those, of oblivion for the sufferings of others, supposing who should suffer under the power of the company, the latter almost obliterated by time, did not only even if their ignorance, or want of protection, or mock and insult over the sufferings of the allies of the imbecility of their sex, or the fear of irritating the company, but did shew an indecent contempt persons in rank and station, should prevent them of the understandings of the court of directors; from seeking it by formal solicitation. because his violent attempts on the property and liberty of the mother and grandmother of the ally
LXXX. aforesaid, had not their first commencement much above two years before that time, and had been That the said Warren Hastings, at the time when continued, without abatement or relaxation on his he pretended ignorance of all solicitation for juspart, to the very time of his minute; the nabob tice on the part of the women aforesaid, and on having, by the instigation of his the said Hastings's that pretence did refuse the enquiry moved by his instrument, Hyder Beg Khân, not two months colleague Mr. Stables, had in all probability rebefore the date of the consultation, been obliged a ceived from the resident Middleton, or if he had second time to break his faith with relation to the made the slightest enquiry from the said Middleton estates of his mother in the manner herein before then at Calcutta, might immediately receive, an recited. And the said Hastings did not, and could account, that they did actually solicit the said not, conceive, that the clearing the mother could resident, through Major Gilpin, for redress against revive any animosity between her and her son, by his the said Hastings's calumnious accusation, and whom she never had been accused. The said the false testimony by which it was supported; Hastings was also sensible, that the restoration of and did send the said complaint to the resident her landed estates, recommended by the court of Middleton by the said Gilpin, to be transmitted directors, could not produce any ill effect on the to him the said Hastings and the council, so early mind of the said son, as it was
" with almost as the 19th of October 1782 ; and that she, the “ unconquerable reluctance he had been persuad- mother of the nabob, did afterwards send the same “ed to deprive her of them.” And at the time of to the resident Bristow, asserting their innocence, his submitting to become an instrument in this in- and accompanying the same with the copies of justice, he did“ declare,” both to the resident and letters (the originals of which they as See Letters i his ministers, “ that it was an act of compulsion.” serted were in their hands) from the
chief witnesses against them, Hannay and Gordon, which letters did directly overturn the charges or
insinuations in the affidavits made by them and 6 in the vizier. He therefore called upon me, as that instead of any accusation of an attempt upon “ the English representative in this quarter, to inthem and their parties by the instigation of the “ form you of this, that you may prevent a step, mother of the nabob, or by her ministers, they the " which will destroy all confidence in the English said Hannay and Gordon did attribute their pre- “nation throughout Hindostan, and excite the bitservation to them, and to their services; and did, “terest resentment in all those, who by blood are with strong expressions of gratitude both to the “ connected with the house of Sufdar Jung." He mother of the nabob and to her ministers, fully concluded by saying, “ that if the vizier so little ack nowledge the same. Which remonstrance of “regarded his family and personal honour, or his the mother of the nabob, and the letters of the “natural duty, as to wish to disgrace his father's said Hannay and Gordon, are annexed to this “ mother for a sum of money, let him plunder her charge ; and the said Hastings is highly criminal “ of all she has, but let him send her safe up to for not having examined into the facts alleged in “ Delhi, or Agra, and poor as I am, I will furnish the said remonstrance.
“ subsistence for her, which she shall possess with
safety and honour, though it cannot be adeLXXXI.
quate to her rank.—This, Sir, is a most exact
“ detail of the conversation (as far as related to That the violent proceedings of the said War " that affair) on the part of Mirza Shuffee Cawn. ren Hastings did tend to impress all the neigh- “ On my part I could only say, that I imagined bouring princes, some of whom were allied in “ the affair was misrepresented, and that I should blood to the oppressed women of rank aforesaid, “ write as he requested. Let me therefore request, with an ill opinion of the faith, honour, and de- " that you will enable me to answer, in a more cency of the British nation; and accordingly, on “ effectual manner, any further questions on this the journey aforesaid made by the nabob from “ subject.” Lucknow to Fyzabad, in which the said nabob did restore, in the manner before mentioned, the con
LXXXII. fiscated estates of his mother and grandmother, and did afterwards revoke his said grant, it ap- “ As Mirza Shuffee's grandfather was brother pears, that the said journey did cause a general “ to Sufdar Jung, there can be no doubt of what alarm, (the worst motives obtaining the most easy “ his declaration means; and if this measure of credit with regard to any future proceeding on “ dismissing the old begum should be persisted in, account of the foregone acts,) and excited great “ I should not, from the state of affairs, and the indignation among the ruling persons of the ad- “ character of the Amir ul Omrah, be surprised jacent country; insomuch that Major Brown, “ at some immediate and violent resolution being agent to the said Warren Hastings at the court of adopted by him." the king Shaw Allum at Delhi, did write a remonstrance therein to Mr. Bristow, resident at Oude,
LXXXIII. as follows:-“ the evening of the 7th, at a con“ference I had with Mirza Shaffee Cawn, he in- That Mirza Shuffee, mentioned in this corre“troduced a subject respecting the nabob vizier, spondence, (who has since been murdered,) was of
which, however it may be disagreeable for you near kindred to the lady in question, (grandmother to know, and consequently for me to communi. to the nabob,) was resident in a province immecate, I am under a necessity of laying before diately adjoining to the province of Oude, and from
you. He told me he had received information proximity of situation and nearness of connexion, “ from Lucknow, that by the advice of Hyder Beg was likely to have any intelligence concerning his “Cawn the vizier had determined to bring his female relations from the best authority.
grandmother, the widow of Sufdar Jung, from Fyzabad to Lucknow, with a view of getting a
LXXXIV. “further sum of money from her, by seizing on “her eunuchs, digging up the apartments of her That the resident Bristow, on receiving this let"house at Fyzabad, and putting her own person ter, did apply to the said Hyder Beg Cawn for an “under restraint. This, he said, he knew was explanation of the nabob's intentions, who denied,
not an act of our government, but the mere ad- that the nabob intended more than a visit of duty “vice of Hyder Beg Cawn, to which the vizier and ceremony; which, whatever his dispositions “had been induced to attend. He added, that might have been, and probably were, towards his “the old begum had resolved rather to put herself own mother, was not altogether probable, as it
to death than submit to the disgrace intended was well known, that he was on very bad terms
to be put upon her; that if such circumstance with the mother of his father; and it appears, that “should happen, there is not a'man in Hindostan, intentions of a similar nature had been before ma“ who will attribute the act to the vizier, [nabob nifested even with regard to his own mother, and
of Oude,] but every one will fix the odium on therefore obtained the more easy credit concern“ the English, who might easily, by the influence ing the other women of high rank aforesaid, espe
they so largely exercise in their own concerns cially as the evil designs of the said Hyder Beg “there, have prevented such unnatural conduct were abundantly known; and that the said Hast
ings, upon whom he did wholly depend, continued enemy, much less of an ally ;--an ally acting to recommend “ the most effectual, that is, the “ against his own mother. The outer walls, and “ most violent, means for the recovery of the “ the begum's agents, were all that were liable to “ small remains of his extorted demand.” But “ immediate attack; they were dealt with, and although it does not appear, that the resident did“ successfully, as the event proved.”—He had begive credit to the said report, yet the effect of the fore observed to Mr. Hastings, in his corresponsame on the minds of the neighbouring princes dence, what Mr. Hastings well knew to be true, did make it proper and necessary to direct a strict “ that no further rigour than that he had exerted enquiry into the same, which was not done; and " could be used against females in that country; it does not appear, that any further enquiry was where force could be employed it was not spared. made into the true motives for this projected jour-“ —That the place of concealment was only known ney to Fyzabad, nor into the proceedings of Hyder to the chief eunuchs, who could not be drawn Beg Cawn, although the said Warren Hastings" out of the women's apartments, where they had well knew, that all the acts of the nabob and his “ taken refuge, and from which, if an attempt had principal ministers were constantly attributed to
“ been made to storm them, they might escape ; him; and that it was known, that secret agents, “ and the secret of the money being known only as well as the company's regular agent, were em to them, it was necessary to get their persons ployed by him at Lucknow and other places. “ into his hands, which could be obtained by
“ negociation only.”—The resident concluded his LXXXV.
defence by declaring his “ hope, that if the main
“ object of his orders was fulfilled, he should be That the said Hastings, who did, on pretence of no longer held criminal for a deviation from the the majesty of justice, refuse to enquire into the “ precise letter of them.” charges made upon the female parents of the nabob of Oude, in justification of the violence offered
LXXXVII. to them, did voluntarily and of his own accord make himself an accuser of the resident Middleton That the said Warren Hastings did enter a reply for the want of a literal execution of his orders in to this answer, in support of his criminal charge, the plans of extortion and rapine aforesaid ; the continuing to insist, “ that his orders ought to have criminal nature, spirit, and tendency, of the said “ been literally obeyed," although he did not deny, proceedings, for the defective execution of which that the above difficulties occurred, and the above he brought the said charge, appearing in the de consequences must have been the result; and fence or apology made by Mr. Middleton, the re- though the reports of the military officers, charged sident, for his temporary and short forbearances. with the execution of his commission, confirmed
the moral impossibility, as well as inutility in point LXXXVI.
of profit, of forcing a son to greater violence and
rigour against his mother. “ It could not, I fatter myself, be termed a “ long or unwarrantable delay (two days) when
LXXXVIII. “the importance of the business, and the peculiar “ embarrassments attending the prosecution of it That the said Hastings, after all the acts afore“ to its desired end, are considered. The nabob said, did presume to declare on record, in his mi
was son to the begum, whom we were to pro- nute of the 230 September 1783, “ that whatever “ ceed against; a son against a mother must at may happen of the events, which he dreads, in “ least save appearances in his mode of proceed “ the train of affairs now subsisting, he shall at
ing.—The produce of his negociation was to be “ least receive this consolation under them, that “received by the company. Receiving a benefit, “ he used his utmost exertions to prevent them; accompanying the nabob, withdrawing their
“ and that in the annals of the nations of India, tection, were circumstances sufficient to mark “ which have been subjected to the British domiEnglish
“ nions, HE shall not be remembered among their
is “ lost to throw odium on us, so favourable an oc- indignities offered to the nabob of Oude, and cer“casion was not missed to persuade the nabob, tain alleged suspicions of his authority with regard “ that we instigated him to dishonour his family to the management of his household, he the said “ for our benefit. The impressions made by these Hastings did, in the said minute, endeavour to ex
suggestions constantly retarded the progress, cite the spirit of the British nation, severely ani“ and more than once actually broke off the busi- madverting on such offences, making use of the
ness; which rendered the utmost caution on my following terms : “ If there be a spark of generous part necessary, especially as I had no assistance “virtue in the breasts of any of my countrymen, to expect from the ministers, who could not “ who shall be the readers of this compilation, this
openly move in the business. In the East, it is “ letter [a letter of complaint from the nabob) “ well known, that no man, either by himself or “ shall stand for an instrument to awaken it to the “ his troops, can enter the walls of a zenana, “call of vengeance against so flagitious an abuse
scarcely in the case of acting against an open “ of authority, and reproach of the British name."
besides fifty thousand rupees, which I borrowed From her Excellency the Bhow Begum to Mr. from one place or other, and sent Major Gilpin Bristow, Resident at the Vizier's Court. with it to Lucknow. My sufferings did not
terminate here. The disturbances of Colonel There is no necessity to write to you by way Hannay and Mr. Gordon were made a pretence of information a detail of my sufferings. From for seizing my jaghire. The state of the matter common report, and the intelligence of those who is this : when Colonel Hannay was by Mr. Hastare about you, the account of them will have ings ordered to march to Benares during the reached your ears: I will here relate a part of them. troubles of Cheit Sing, the Colonel, who had
After the death of Suja Dowla, most of his un- plundered the whole country, was incapable of grateful servants were constantly labouring to gra- proceeding, from the union of thousands of zetify their enmity ; but finding from the firm and mindars, who had seized this favourable opporsincere friendship, which subsisted between me tunity ; they harassed Mr. Gordon near Junivard, and the English, that the accomplishment of their and the zemindars of that place and Acberpore purposes was frustrated, they formed the design opposed his march from thence, till he arrived of occasioning a breach in that alliance, to ensure near Sanda. As the Sanda Nutta, from its overtheir own success. I must acquaint you, that my flowing, was difficult to cross without a boat, Mr. son Asuf ul Dowla had formerly threatened to seize Gordon sent to the fouzdar to supply him : he my jaghire; but upon producing the treaty signed replied, the boats were all in the river, but would, by you, and shewing it to Mr. Middleton, lie in according to orders, assist him as soon as possible. terfered, and prevented the impending evil.—The Mr. Gordon's situation would not admit of his conspiration now framed an accusation against me waiting; he forded the Nutta upon his elephant, of a conduct, which I never had conceived even in and was hospitably entertained and protected by idea, of rendering assistance to Rajah Cheit Sing. the fouzdar for six days. In the mean time a The particulars are as follow :—my son, Asuf ul letter was received by me from Colonel Hannay, Dowla, and his ministers, with troops, and a train desiring me to escort Mr. Gordon to Fyzabad. of artillery, accompanied by Mr. Middleton, on As my friendship for the English was always sinthe 16th of the month of Mohurum, arrived at cere, I readily complied, and sent some compaFyzabad, and made a demand of a crore of ru nies of Nejeebs to escort Mr. Gordon, and all his pees. As my inability to pay so vast a sum was effects, to Fyzabad; where, having provided for manifest, I produced the treaty you signed and his entertainment, I effected his junction with gave me, but to no effect; their hearts were de- Colonel Hannay. The letters of thanks I received termined upon violence. I offered my son Asuf from both these gentlemen upon this occasion are ul Dowla, whose will is dearer to me than all my still in my possession ; copies of which I gave in riches, or even life itself, whatever money and goods charge to Major Gilpin, to be delivered to Mr. I was possessed of; but an amicable adjustment Middleton, that he might forward them to the goseemed not worth accepting; he demanded the vernour-general. To be brief, those who have delivering up the fort, and the recall of the troops, loaded me with accusations, are now clearly conthat were stationed for the preserving the peace of victed of falsehood. But is it not extraordinary, the city. To me tumult and discord appeared notwithstanding the justness of my cause, that nounnecessary. I gave up these points, upon which body relieves my misfortunes ? Why did Major they seized upon my head eunuchs, Jewar Ally Gilpin return without effect ? Cawn and Behar Ally Cawn, sent them to Mr. My prayers have been constantly offered to Middleton, after having obliged them to sign a Heaven for your arrival; report has announced it ; bond for sixty lacks of rupees; they were thrown for which reason I have taken up
and into prison, with fetters about their feet, and de- request you will not place implicit confidence in nied food and water. I, who had never even in my accusers, but, weighing in the scale of justice my dreams experienced such an oppression, gave their falsehoods and my representations, you will up all I had to preserve my honour and dignity; exert your influence in putting a period to the but this would not satisfy their demands; they misfortunes with which I am overwhelmed. charged me with a rupee and a half batta upon each mohur, and on this account laid claims upon Copy of a Letter from Colonel Hannay to Jewar me to the amount of six lacks some thousand ru
Ally Cawn and Bahar Ally Cawn. pees, and sent Major Gilpin to exact the payment. Major Gilpin, according to orders, at first was im I had the pleasure to receive your friendly portunate; but being a man of experience, and of letter, fraught with benevolence; and whatever a benevolent disposition, when he was convinced favours you, my friends, have been pleased to of my want of means, he changed his conduct, confer respecting Mr. Gordon afforded me the and was willing to apply to the shroffs and greatest pleasure. bankers to lend me the money. But with the Placing a firm reliance on your friendship, I loss of my jaghires my credit was sunk; I could am in expectation, that the aforesaid gentleman, not raise the sum ; at last, feeling my helpless with his baggage, will arrive at Fyzabad in safety, situation, I collected my wardrobe and furniture, that the same may oblige and afford satisfaction to the amount of about three lacks of rupees, to me.
A letter from Mr. Gordon is enclosed to you— | An Address from Colonel Hannay to the Begum. I am in expectation of its being enclosed in a cover to the aumil of Suunda, to the end that the au Begum Saib, of exalted dignity and generosity, mil may forward it to the above-mentioned gentle- &c. whom God preserve. man, and procure his reply. Whenever the an Your exalting letter, fraught with grace and swer arrives, let it be delivered to Hoolas Roy, benevolence, that through your unbounded genewho will forward it to me.
rosity and goodness was sent through grace and Always rejoice me by a few lines respecting favour, I had the honour to receive in a fortunate your health. (Continue to honour me with your moment; and whatever you were pleased to write correspondence.)
respecting Mr. Gordon, “ that as at this time the
short-sighted and deluded ryots had carried Copy of a Letter from Colonel Hannay to Jewar
“their disturbances and ravages beyond all bounds, and Bahar Ally Cawn.
“Mr. Gordon's coming with his whole people (or
adherents) might be attended with difficulty; Cawn Saib, my indulgent friends, remain under “and therefore, if I chose, he should be invited to the protection of God.
come alone.” Now, as your Highness is the Your friendly letter, fraught with kindness, ac- best judge, your faithful servant reposeth his most companied by an honorary letter from the begum unbounded hopes and expectation upon your saib, of exalted dignity, and enclosing a letter Highness, that the aforesaid Mr. Gordon may from Mr. Gordon, sent through your hircarahs, arrive at Fyzabad without any apprehension or obliged and rejoiced me.
danger. I shall be then extremely honoured and With respect to what you communicate regard- obliged. ing your not having received an answer to your Considering me in the light of a firm and faithfriendly epistle, I became perfectly astonished, as ful servant, continue to honour and exalt me by a reply was written from Mohadree; it may be your letters. owing to the danger of the road, that it never ar
What further can I say?
y? rived ; not to the smallest neglect on my side (or of mine).
A Copy of an Address from Mr. Gordon to the I now send two letters to you ; one by the
Begum. . Dawk people, and the second by one of my hircarahs, (who will present them to you,) which
Begum Saib, of exalted dignity and generosity, certainly will receive.
whom God preserve. I am extremely well contented and pleased with After presenting the usual professions of servithe friendship you have shewn.
tude, &c. in the customary manner, my address is You wrote me to remain perfectly easy concern- presented. ing Mr. Gordon.-Verily, from the kindness of Your gracious letter, in answer to the petition you, my indulgent friends, my heart is quite easy. of your servant from Goondah, exalted me. From You also observed and mentioned, that as Mr. the contents, I became unspeakably impressed Gordon's coming with those attached to him (pro- with the honour it conferred. May the Almighty bably his sepoys and others) might be attended protect that royal purity, and bestow happiness, with difficulty, if I approved, he should be invited increase of wealth, and prosperity. alone to Fyzabad. ---My friends, I place my ex The welfare of your servant is entirely owing to pectation entirely upon your friendships, and leave your favour and benevolence. A few days have it to you to adopt the manner in which the said elapsed since I arrived at Goondah with the cologentleman may arrive in security without molesta- nel saib. tion at Fyzabad; but at the same time, let the This is presented for your Highness's informaplan be so managed, that it may not come to the tion. I cherish hopes from your generosity, that, knowledge of any zemindars; in this case you considering me in the light of one of your servants, are men of discernment. However, he is to come you will always continue to exalt and honour me to Fyzabad ; extend your assistance and endea with your gracious letters.
May the sun of prosperity continually shine! It is probable, that the begum saib, of high dignity, has received authentick intelligence from Copy of a Letter to Mahommed Jewar Ally Cawn the camp at Benares. Favour me with the con and Bahar Ally Cawn, from Mr. Gordon. tents or purport.
From Mr. Gordon's letter I understand, that Sirs, my indulgent friends, Mirza Imaum Baksh, whom you dispatched thither, Remain under, &c. &c. (Saunda,) has and still continues to pay great at After compliments. I have the pleasure to actention to that gentleman, which affords me great quaint you, that yesterday, having taken leave of pleasure.
you, I passed the night at Noorgunge, and next An answer to the begum's letter is to be pre morning about ten or eleven o'clock, through your sented. I also send a letter for Mr. Gordon, favour and benevolence, arrived safe at Goondah ; which please to forward.
Mur Aboo Buksh, zemindar, and Mur Rustum