The Virtues in Medical Practice
In recent years, virtue theories have enjoyed a renaissance of interest among general and medical ethicists. This book offers a virtue-based ethic for medicine, the health professions, and health care. Beginning with a historical account of the concept of virtue, the authors construct a theory of the place of the virtues in medical practice. Their theory is grounded in the nature and ends of medicine as a special kind of human activity. The concepts of virtue, the virtues, and the virtuous physician are examined along with the place of the virtues of trust, compassion, prudence, justice, courage, temperance, and effacement of self-interest in medicine. The authors discuss the relationship between and among principles, rules, virtues, and the philosophy of medicine. They also address the difference virtue-based ethics makes in confronting such practical problems as care of the poor, research with human subjects, and the conduct of the healing relationship. This book with the author's previous volumes, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice and For the Patient's Good, are part of their continuing project of developing a coherent moral philosophy of medicine.
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The Link Between Virtues Principles and Duties
Medicine as a Moral Community
The Ends of Medicine and Its Virtues
The Virtues in Medicine
Fidelity to Trust
How Does Virtue Make a Difference?
Can the Medical Virtues Be Taught?
Toward a Comprehensive Philosophy for Medicine
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action agent antivirtue Aquinas argue Aristotle autonomy Beauchamp and Childress become behavior beneficence biomedical ethics casuistry chapter clinical compassion concept of virtue conflict contract courage Dame decisions define doctor duty Edmund Edmund D ends of medicine ethicists ethics of distrust euthanasia example facie principles fidelity to trust fortitude harm healing relationship health professionals human Ibid illness individual integrity interests justice Maclntyre means medical ethics medical knowledge medical practice medical relationship medical school moral choice moral community moral philosophy nature Nicomachean Ethics notion Oxford University Press philosophy of medicine phronesis physician physician and patient physician-patient relationship Plato principle-based ethics profession professional ethics professional relationships prudence question reason requires respect responsibility scientific scientists self-interest sense social society Summa Theologiae teaching temperance Thomas Aquinas Thomasma traditional values virtue ethics virtue theory virtue-based ethics virtuous person virtuous physician vulnerability W. D. Ross York
Side 9 - Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law', which he restates a few sentences later as.
Side 49 - ... the same footing as my own brothers and to teach them this art if they shall wish to learn it without fee or stipulation...
Side 124 - Hopeless injury" as Braithwaite and I defined it is: a condition in which there is no potential for growth or repair; no observable pleasure or happiness from living . . . and a total absence of one or more of the following attributes of quality of life: cognition or recognition, motor activity, memory or awareness of time, consciousness, and language or other intelligent means of communicating thoughts or wishes.
Side 128 - Autonomy is therefore the ground of the dignity of human nature and of every rational nature.
Side 127 - Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless; and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.
Side 196 - John Rawls, A Theory of Justice (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1971...
Side 142 - Teaching Ethics, The Humanities, and Human Values in Medical Schools: A Ten-Year Overview (Washington, DC: Institute on Human Values in Medicine, Society for Health and Human Values, 1982).
Side 182 - I hereby charge you with making all necessary preparations in regard to organizational and financial matters for bringing about a complete solution of the Jewish question in the German sphere of influence in Europe.
Side 66 - Trust then is the generalized expectation that another will handle his freedom, his disturbing potential for diverse action in keeping with his personality, or rather in keeping with the personality which he has presented and made socially visible.