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INDEX

Ainos, name of dead taboo, 61 ; altar-

pole, 134 ; offerings to the sun, 230
AALU, 309-12, 313, 316

Alaskans, grave-posts, 196
Abapansi, 299, 303

Aleuts, suspension burial, 204
Abchases, sacrifice, 156, 157

Alfoers, after child-birth mother puri-
Abipones, name ofdead taboo, 61;mourn. fied, father beaten, 75 ; child washed

ing, 79, 80 ; sickness due to sin, 111 in blood, 76
Abstract ideas, familiar to the savage, Algonkuins, grave-posts, 196
31

Aliens, eaten, 201-2
Accadia, 276 ; underworld, 306 | Allegory, as the interpretation of
Achilles, 300, 301

mythology, 268
Acropolis, 332

Alliance between clan and god, 169,
Actors, sacred, 351

170 ; between totem and clan, 214
Adoration as primitive as fear in Ally, supernatural, sought by man, 154
religion, 21

| Altar, a pole or pile to mark the place
Æschines, 338-40

on which the blood of the totem is
Æschylus, 16; and the mysteries, 360, shed, 131 ; survival of the pile in
362

Greece, 132, in New World, Samoa,
Affection, parental, 152, 153

and the Samoyeds, 133; pile becomes
Affection, natural, of savages, 2002 a dresser or altar, ib. ; the pillar, a
Africa, sacrifices to the dead, 195 ; beth-el, ib. ; pile and pillar combined,
sacred trees, 208

134 ; wooden pillar becomes wooden
Africa, Central, property taboo, 72; image, stone pillar the marble image

wives do not wash in husband's of the god, 135, 139 ; idol, like altar,
absence, 78

smeared with blood, ib.; materials
Africa, Equatorial, tree-burial, 204 not to be taken from any chance
'Ayabodaljoves, 187

place, 135, but from å taboo-
'Ayaods Saluwv, 187

spot, 136, 137 ; primitive altars to
Agave, 257

be distinguished from stones wor-
'A Velpely, 3331

shipped, 137; primitive altar not at
'Agopa, 3351

first a god, 138; a common, used by
Agreement, Method of, used by savages, two or more tribes, 235; generally
29

near sacred tree and stream, 237
Agricultural times, sacrificial rite first Altar-stone, anointed with oil, or clad

becomes a cheerful feast, 194; an. in skin, 291

cestor-worship dates from, 194, 195 Amatongo, 53
Agriculture, later than pastoral life, Amazon peoples, dead buried in house,

115; compatible with nomad life, 49;mothers taboo after child birth,75
234; generally left by savages to the Amazulu, priests, 287
women, 240, 258, 375

Ambon, cure for disease, 45
Agyrtæ, 333-4, 352, 371

Amulets. See Charms
Ahts, blood offering, 171 ; next world, Anaxagoras, on myths, 267
308

Ancestor-worship, not the source of
Ahura Mazda, 305

belief in the supernatural, 55 ; causes

desire for sons, 56 ; & by-product) Apaturia, 51
ib.; guardian spirits, 187, 188 ; | Apepi, 309
essentially a private worship, 188 ; | Aphrodite, 273
expressions and acts of sorrow do not Apis, calf marked by twenty-nine signs,
amount to worship, 189; such acts 122 ; in which the god manifested
must first become matter of custom, himself, 130 ; though all other cows
190 ; blood-letting to revivify the were also sacred, 183
deceased comes to be regarded as an A pollo, laurel associated with, 209;
"offering" to him, 190-2; parallel absorbed many other (totem) gods,
of hair - offerings, 193-4 ; so the 236, 385; associated with dolphin,
funeral feast is interpreted as in 252"; dissociated from dolphin-myth,
honour of the dead, 194; date of 253; ciresionê attached to his temple,
this change, ib. ; then when the 255 ; personality individual though
family comes into existence a body ritual complex, 390; possesses the
of worshippers is provided, 195 ; Sibyl, 274, 283 ; communicates
date, ib. ; assimilated to the worship power of prophecy by blood of
of the gods, 195 ; altars and idols, sacrifice, 285; by eating of laurel-
196; superhuman powers now leaves, 286
ascribed to the deceased, 196, 197; Apollo Parrhasios, sacrifice to be con-
the “deified ancestor" fallacy, 197 ; 1 sumed in sanctuary, 146; and
gods not originally ghosts, 197-8; entirely, 149
ancestor-worship does not satisfy the 'Aroopádes (muépaı), 67
religious instinct, 198; bound up Apple, eating the first, 293
with the patriarchate and eventually Arabian Nights, 253, 259, 355
an obstacle to progress, 199; not Arabians might not wash the head,
based on fear, nor the source of 63; blood-feuds with animals, 100;
religion, 225 ; its effects on the primitive altar, 132 ; the noşb, 133 ;
belief in the next world, 301-2 ; for sacrificial rite, 144 ; joint-eating,
bidden to the Jews, 302 ; not the 330. See Hebrews, Israel, Jews,
source of religion, ib.; libations of Semites
water in, 323-4

Arafuas, funeral feasts, 46
Angakuts, 290

Arcadia, primitive form of sacrificial
Angels, 383

meal, 146
Angoy, royal blood may not be shed, 73 'Apxepaviotńs, 3352
Animal-headed gods, 123

'Apxépavos, 3352
Animals, sacrificed to non-totem deities, 'Apx10lacions, 3352

230; sacred, change of status in, Aricia, 238
295-6; sacred to gods, 384

Arion, 253
Animate and inanimate, a division Aristophanes, parodies Eleusinia, 375-6

unknown to primitive man, 414 Armenia, totem tombstones, 103
Animism, 21 ff. ; no element of the Arnobius, anointed sacred stones, 143

supernatural necessarily present in, Art, in its highest forms, not a survival
22, but usually present, 41 ; rever. | of barbarism, though evolved, 10;
sions to, 141ff, ; not per se religious, exhibits gradual growth of anthro-
206, 393, 409; in it man projects pomorphism, 252 ; progress in, 396
his own personality on to nature, Artemis, image clad in skin, 2521; the
394

Ephesian, 209
AVITTÓTODES, 63

Artemis Hymnia, priestess of, taboo,
Annihilation, 319

62, 63, 77
Annual sacrifice and renewal of blood Aryan. See Indo-European
covenant. 294

Ashantis, defeated by Fantis, 21 ; offer
Antelope, as totem, 155

blood to the dead, 52; their con-
Anthropology, deals with social and federation, 239

religious institutions, 2; and employs Ashera, 134, 135

the Comparative Method (9.v.), 2 | Asia, functional deities, 247
Authropomorphism, of tree-totems, Asparagus, as totem, 125

208-9; consequence of polytheism, Assiniboins, suspension burial, 204
247; gradual growth traceable in Association of an animal with a god,
art and mythology, 252

124, 127 ; of a human figure and
Antilles, guardian spirits, 184

tree, 208–9; in art, 252
Ants, as totems, 126

Association of Ideas, accounts for
Apalaches, 311

transmissibility of taboo, 67 ; 91

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Associations, religious, 331 ff.

| Battas (the), offer blood to the dead,
Assyria, sacred trees, 208

52 ; do not kill their domesticated
Astarte, associated with swine, 128; animals, 116 ; sacrifices to the dead,
idol of, 139

196 ; cannibalism, 202 ; priests, 288
Atargatis, 128

Beard, swearing by the, 64
Athênê, sacred olive of, 208 ; priestess Beating, to draw a blood - offering,
of, 271

171
Athens, sacred olive of, 208

Beaver-totem, 102
Atiu Islanders, eat not with strangers, Behnya, 164

Belief, not required in antique religions,
Atonement for sin, 160, 161

250; a belief not untrue because
Attendants, slaughtered at grave, 200 universal, 284; species of, arise from
Attention, unequally distributed over sports or varieties, 303-5; the test

field of consciousness, 8, 34; “move of, 398, 402; differences of, how

ment of att." a factor in animism, 22 explained, 398 f., 400; teaching
Australian black - men, belief as to essential to propagation of, 400,

erysipelas, 23; make the sun stand 405 ; evolution of, not purely intel.
still, 24 ; name of dead taboo, 61; lectual, 403-4. See Validity
eat not with strangers, 71; mothers Beltane cakes, 219
taboo after child birth, 74, 75; Best clothes, 66. See Garments
mourning, 79; terror of 'taboo, 83; Beth-el, 133
puberty ceremonies, 103, 104 ; muti. | Bhogaldai, 213
lation, 170; blood-offerings to the Birth, of Iacchus, 373
dead, 191, 193; their natural affec- Birth-trees, 207
tion and moral character, 2002; | Black art, 166

sacred trees, 208. See Victoria Blemish, physical, requires death of
Aygnan, 308

divine king, 279 ; deprecated in
Aztecs, blood-offerings to the dead, priest, 289
191 ; grave-posts, 196. Sec Mexico Blest, Islands of the, 313

Blood, taboo, 59, 67 73, 74 ; so may
B

not' be shed, 74; nor allowed to

touch the ground, 75; shedder of
BAAL, 385

blood “unclean," 75; used for puri-
Baalbek, totemism in, 128

fication, 76; of clan communicated
Babracot, 100

at crises to individual clansmen, 103,
Babylonians, myths, 262; next world, 104 ; sap of plants serves for blood,
299, 300, 301, 304; divine kings, 115; the same blood flows in the
275 ; office annual, 280; western veins of all the clan, 130, and of all
world, 307

the totem-species, ib. ; is the spirit
Baccanalia, 341

of the species, 131 ; and is shed to
Bacchæ, 256

procure a theophany, ib. ; and taboos
Bacchus, murdered by Titans, 350 ff. the spot, which is therefore marked,
Bachuê, myth of, 257, 259

ib. ; dashed on altar of evil spirits,
Bacon, on the moon, 30

175 ; of clan applied to clansman at
Baetylion, 133

birth, puberty, marriage, death, 192;
Bakongo, mourning, 79

extended as an offering from animal
Ballýtus, 380

to cereal deities, 219, 220 ; repre-
Balonda, 285

sented by fat or oil, 285 ; by sap of
Bangala, cannibalism, 202

tree, 286 ; drinking, cause of inspira-
Banu Hanifa, 216

tion, 286, 293, 296 ; ceases to be
Baperi, 305

an adequate means of communion,
Baptæ, 339

329
Baptism, 76

Blood-covenant, 97 ff. ; originally only
Bara country, belief as to photography, between tribes, 99; later between
301

individuals, 142; sacrifice originally
Barea, funeral feasts, 51

a, 147; between clan and clan-
Barotse, 285

god, 170; between individuals, ib. ;
Baoilets, 279

between individual and clan-god,
Basutos, their crops taboo to the 170-3

unclean, 60; taboo-day, 65; sacrifices Blood-feud, 54, 97, 122
to the dead, 195

Blood-letting, as a protection against
Batta, tale of, 316-7, 365

foreigners, 71

Blood-offerings, to the dead, 51, 52; 1

as a means of commendation to the
gods, 170 ff., 220; in worship of CAIRNS, which mark graves come to be
unattached spirits, 174 ; to guardian regarded as altars, 196
spirits, 182 ; at the grave, 191, not Calamity, due to sin, 160
due to fear but desire to revivify the Caldwell, Bp., 174-6
deceased, 190-2; in the Eleusinia, Calendar, the agricultural, 225-8
365, 380

Calf-god, 122
Blood-relationship, necessary bond of Calicut, kings of, 279

nomad but not of settled life, 120 Cambodia, 275, 280
Bloodshed, evaded, 292

Canada, Indians of, totems and
Blood-tie, bond of society, 54, 330; tattooing, 182
broken down, 376

Cañari Indians, myth, 257–8, 260
Bobowissi, a general deity, 163; chief Cannibalism, rarely religious in in.
god of Fanti confederation, 239

tention, 201; practiced on aliens,
Bolotu, 308

201, on kinsmen, 202 ; latter implies
Bwuds Nlown loyádwv, 132

no disrespect, nor prevents ancestor-
Bona Dea, 240

worship, 203 ; but aims at keeping
Bond, between gods and man, renewed, the good qualities of the deceased
237

within the clan, 203
Bones, buried to procure resurrection Cape Coast natives discover Djwi.
of animal, 150

j'ahnu, 20, 21
Bon-fire-bone-fire, 150

Cardea, 246
Bonny, ceremony of recalling the soul, Caribs, name of dead taboo, 61;

47; embalming, 49; dead buried property taboo, 72; mourners fast,
under doorstep, 51

78; fasted after a birth, 75 ; then
Book of the Dead, 309, 311, 323, purified child, 76; their canni.
384

balism, 201
Borneo, next world, 299. Sce Dusuns Caste, based on taboo, 73
Borrowing of myths, 260-1

Catal (the), burn the good, bury the
B60pos, 52

bad, 50
Bovpóvia, 117, 291

Categorical Imperative, 85
Bourbonnais, dough-man, 215-6 Cattle, not eaten by pastoral peoples,
Brahfo, 155

116. See Domesticated Animals
Bran, Voyage of, 313

Caucasus, "dwarf-houses" in, 50
Branch, carried in procession, 255. Causation, savage theory of, 31;
See Procession

animistic, 206; universality of,
Bratstva, 99

284 ; man's belief in, inherent and
Brazil, altar-pole, 134; guardian spirits, undemonstrated, 404

184 ; fingers cut off in honour of Celebes, the Topantunuasu remedy
dead, 191 ; western world, 306

for disease, 45 ; mothers taboo
Brumalia, 228

after child-birth, 74. See Minahassa
Buddha, 318 ff., 332

Celts, 313
Buffalo, totem, 103

Ceos, funeral law, 77
Buhuitihu, 176

Ceram, hair may not be cut in, 45
Bulgarians, funeral feasts, 51

Cereal deities, generally feminine, why,
Bulls, sacrificed to rivers, 230

240
Burats, their remedies for disease, Cereals, cultivation of, 210; as totems,
441

211
Burial, in house, 49, 50 ; of bad people, Chæronea, 2923

50; of totem animals, 126 ; its Xalasopúlakes, 171
object isolation of the corpse, which Chalcatongo, 305
is taboo, 204 ; effected by suspension, Chaldæa, magic in, 40; house-gods,
ib. See Cremation, Inhumation

186
Burmah, outcasts taboo, 69

Xajaleuvai, 63
Burning, to avoid bloodshed, 73, 74 Charms, 165 ; not worshipped, 168 ;
Burnt-offering, subsequent to growth no spirit resides in them, 178,

of the conception of a piaculum,

160-1; facilitates syncretism, 236 Chay-her, 308
Buryats, corpse of Shaman taboo, 76 Cheese, not to be eaten by priestess of
Butler, Bp., 46, 152

Athêne, 271
Butterfly, as totem, 243

Chemis, 184, 186

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