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women, natives of Otaheite and Toobouai. His Two men alone were now left of all who had object was to seek out an uninhabited island, out landed on the island; their situation, and the of the track of voyagers, where he intended to dreadful scenes they had witnessed scenes of break up his vessel, and live with his companions guilt which entailed their own punishment, apro, secluded from the world. He fell in with an island to have had their due effect. Young, who was on first discovered by Captain Carteret, and named by a respectable family, was tolerably educated, and him Pitcairn's Island. It was by him laid down 3 Adams, who was a man of considerable abilities, degrees of longitude out of its true position, which both applied themselves in earnest to manage their is 25° 4' S. lat., and 130° 25' W. long.
little settlement with regularity and order. Ther Here Christian and his companions ran the ship studied the bible, and from its pages learnt and on the rocks, and after getting out every thing taught the good lessons of correct life in this world useful, set her on fire. The English divided the and the steadfast hope of a happier future. They whole island among them, reserving nothing for read the church prayers every Sunday, and the Otaheiteans, whom they treated as servants. instructed the children. Young died about a They, however, lived together peaceably for two year after Quintal, and Adams was now left the years, built houses for themselves, and cultivated solitary survivor. He steadily pursued the good the ground; but a quarrel now broke out between course he had begun, and was looked up to by all the white and the black men. Williams, one of the as their chief ; he was their friend, adviser, comEnglishmen, had lost his wife, who fell from the forter, instructor, and governor. He regulated ; rocks while gathering birds' eggs; and he now in every thing, and under his rule they prospered. sisted on having another wife, or leaving the island Thus they lived on, unknown to the world, but! in one of the ship's boats which had been pre- | happy in their own society, and pure from the served. As he was a useful man, the English follies and wickedness which disturb the tranquil. wished to keep him, and made one of the blacklity of others, till the year 1808 (eighteen years men give up his wife. The blacks determined on from the foundation of the settlement), when an revenge, and laid a plot to murder all the English. American vessel, the Topaz, Capt. Folger, touched Their plan was discovered by the women, who were at the island. Capt. Folger was astonished at dismore-attached to the whites than to their own covering the descendants of the mutinous crew of countrymen, and the affair ended in the death of the Bounty, in a race of young people rapidly two of the natives, who were treacherously killed springing up to manhood, and speaking both in the woods by their companions on a promise of English and Otaheitean fuently. He found the pardon for themselves.
little settlement in great order and harmony ; Another interval of quiet now took place, but their number was about thirty-five, who all looked the tyranny of their masters again drove the Ota- | upon Adams as their father and commander. heiteans to rebellion. Christian, Williams, and Captain Folger did not publish any account of his Mills, fell victims to this attack; Quintal and discovery, which was first noticed in the newspapers, MʻKoy fled to the mountains; Young was saved and afterwards authenticated by a communicaby the women; and Smith, or as he now called tion made by him to Lieutenant Fitzmaurice at himself, Adams, after being wounded, made his Valparaiso. peace with the natives. After this execution, the No more was heard of Pitcairn's Island or its Otaheiteans proceeded to choose wives for them- | inhabitants, till 1814, when two frigates, the selves, from the widows of the murdered men; Briton * and Tagus, commanded by Sir Thomas but violent disputes arose, and in the end, all the Staines, and Captain Pipon, cruising in the Pacific, native men fell by the hands of the women, except came to Pitcairn's Island, which, from the error one who was shot by Young. The men who had in the charts before alluded to, they were surfled to the mountains, now returned, and the four, prised ‘at meeting with in that position. Their Adams, Young, M-Koy, and Quintal, lived peace astonishment was increased when they were hailed ably for some years.
by the crew of a canoe which had put off to them, M-Koy, who was a Scotchman, and could not with “ Won't you heave us a rope now?” After forget his beloved whiskey, was continually trying some difficulty, for the rope could not be made fast experiments on the tee root, and at last succeeded to the canoe, the crew came on board ; they were in manufacturing a spirituous liquor; the conse fine young men, about five feet ten inches high, with quence of this was, that he and Quintal were con manly features, partaking somewhat of the Otaheistantly intoxicated, and in his own case this pro tean cast of countenance, and with long black hair. ceeded so far as to produce delirium, and in one Their dress was a mantle tied round the waist by of the fits he threw himself from a cliff, and was a girdle; one end being thrown over the shoulders, killed on the spot. This was about 1798.
and the other hanging to the knees, very much in In the course of next year Quintal's wife was the fashion of the belted plaid of the ancient killed from a fall from the rocks, and nothing | Highlanders. They wore straw hats ornamented would satisfy him but the wife of one of his com with feathers. The young women have invariably panions, although there were several unmarried beautiful teetli, fine eyes, and an open expression women to choose from ; Young and Adams would of countenance, with an engaging air of simple not give up their wives, and in revenge Quintal innocence and sweet sensibility; and their manattempted to murder them. His design was pre ners, far from displaying the licentiousness comvented, but he swore he would carry it into mon to the inhabitants of other South Sea islands, execution. Young and Adams now considered were simple and unsophisticated, but perfectly themselves justified in putting Quintal to death, modest. to secure their own lives ; and accordingly they executed their purpose by cutting him down with * An account of the voyage of the Briton was published a hatchet.
by Mr. Shillibeer, one of her lieutenants.
good lessons of corrente zulfast hope of a hapers church prayers every he children. Your auintal, and Adans sa vor. He steadily pure begun, and was look he was their friend 21
alone were ny A few questions put and answered on both sides | All the inhabitants were particular in their relihe island; the explained every thing, and one of the visitors gious observances, never omitting their morning les they had o proved to be son of Christian, who was the first born and evening prayer and hymn. entailed their one on the island, and christened Thursday October, The furniture of their houses was very good;
their due efect and another was the son of Young. They were they manufactured bedsteads, chests, tables, and table family, was tol naturally delighted and astonished at all they saw stools. The cloth for their sheets and dresses is 10 was a man of art in the ship, but were greatly puzzled with the cow, | manufactured from the paper mulberry tree. led themselves in pam and could not determine whether it was a huge Their houses were large and strongly built of ement with regularity goat or a horned pig, those being the only two wood, thatched with the leaves of the palm-tree ; e bible, and from its quadrupeds they were acquainted with.
they build them with two stories, the upper one They were asked into the cabin to breakfast, being the sleeping room, and the lower the eating but before partaking of the meal, both stood up, room, and one of them, putting his hands in a posture of The peculiar and unprecedented condition of devotion, asked a blessing ; and they were sur these happy islanders, has always excited the most prised to observe that this practice, which they | lively interest in all who have visited their hospisaid was taught them by Adams, was not attended table village ; uniting all the simplicity of the to by their new acquaintance.
untaught savage, with the regular industry and Sir Thomas Staines and Captain Pipon deter- religious feelings of cultivated society, they preor, and governor. El
mined to go on shore, which they effected through sented an anomaly in the human race which had 1 under his rule the
a considerable surf, which thoroughly wetted never before been presented to the eye of the ed on, unknown to the
them; and when Adams found that there was no in philosopher.
tention of seizing him, and that the two captains | All their feelings and habits were moulded upon own society, and is
had come ashore unarmed, he came down to the the patriarchal model ; Adams was looked on as Eness which disturbi
beach. He was a fine looking old man, between their chief and father, from a natural feeling of the year 1808 leite
fifty and sixty. He took the captains to his own reverence for him, the oldest of the community, on of the settleme
house, which stood at one end of the square, round whose wisdom taught them how to supply those he Topaz, Capt, Filip which the houses, which all exhibit traces of wants which they felt, and how to secure the . Folger was astutis European construction, are placed ; the centre is happiness they experienced by pursuing a life of dants of the mutne a green, fenced in for the poultry, of which they peace and concord. Being himself taught by exce of young peni have a large stock.
ample, his pupils profited by his experience withnhood, and speaker Sir Thomas Staines made a proposal to Adams out being exposed to the shares and temptations an Huently. Here to go home with him, which he appeared anxious of corrupt society. great order and be to do; but when he spoke of his desire to his family, What would have been the result, had this I thirtv-five, més a touching scene of sorrow was immediately dis- society been permitted to remain unmolested on
father and as played, and his daughter flinging her arms round their sea-girt and rock-embattled fortress for publish any 2002 his neck, asked him who would then take care two or three generations, it is impossible to denoticed in the more of all his little children?" He could not resist termine; the enemy have surprised the fort, the cated by a me such entreaties, and although it was perhaps the wolf has found his way into the sheepfold ! eutenant Fitzua
strict duty of the captains to take him, yet they When John Adams was dying, he called his felt themselves justified in waiving its execution | children, as the islanders may not improperly be in this peculiar case.
termed, around him, and after exhorting them to en two fricca
They found every thing regulated with the most remember the good counsels he had given them, anded bris
exact order ; every family possessed its separate and never to fail in their religious and moral
residing on the island, each of whom, from his Adams was accustomed to perform the ceremo- | presumed superior knowledge, was by the unsonies of baptism and marriage, but had not ventured phisticated simplicity of the islanders considered to administer the sacrament.
better fitted to command than one of themselves, After a stay of two days only, the Briton and and who would probably have refused to obey Tagus departed, and the next account of the island one of those whom they considered as their pupils. is that of Captain Beechey, who visited it in 1825; Had a choice been made among the Englishmen, he gives an equally pleasing account of the people there was (from their character and various preor as it may not improperly be described, the tensions) every probability of a contest for power. family of Pitcairn's Island, and of the patriarch One of them, by marriage with Adams's daughter, Adams. He found a new-comer among them, a was possessed of property in the island, and as man named Buffett, who had belonged to a whaler, such might perhaps have claimed the succession but was so much delighted with the society of this as the legitimate representative of the last chief; little settlement, that he begged to remain. He Buffett had long lived among them, exercising the
was a man of a religious turn of mind, and being honoured offices of their schoolmaster and spiir Met
possessed of some information made himself very ritual teacher; whilst George Nunn Hobbs, who useful both as schoolmaster and clergyman. Cap- appears to have been an ignorant fanatic, was tain Beechey attended church, where John Adams already disputing the latter function with Buffett. read the prayers of the Church of England and They feared that discord and contention would Buffett preached, but for fear any of his sermon result from any choice under these circumstances, might be forgotten he repeated it three times over. I and as ambition had not yet lighted her unhal
ruising in the net hich, from te
at position 2 en they were des
d put it's: 35 "De now!" 12
not be mad aard; ITH aches hace of tire lente
lowed flame on the pure altar of their innocentners have been already noticed, were scarcely hearts, none among themselves attempted to claim inferior to the men. George Young and Edward superiority, and from the death of Adams they Quintal, two of the islanders, have each carried, continued without a chief, or any authorised check at one time, a kedge-anchor, two sledge-hammers, upon disorder. The natural results have suc | and an armourer's anvil, weighing together upceeded, and the once happy family is scattered | wards of six hundred pounds; and Quintal once and divided.
carried a boat twenty-eight feet in length. They The island is from six to seven miles in circum had begun to build regular keeled boats, instead ference, and contains an area of about 2500 acres, of canoes, and if left to themselves would have one-twelfth of which only was cultivated at the found means of emigration when the time came, time of Captain Waldegrave's visit in 1830. The and a surplus population made such a proceeding population was then only 79, and Captain Walde necessary; but by their more recent visitors they grave computed that the soil, if fully cultivated, appear to have been inoculated with this foolish would support one thousand souls, which is per | fear of exhausting their resources, and if any are haps an excessive estimate. The soil naturally | now left they are but a remnant. produces the cocoa-nut, plantains, bananas, yams, In consequence of a representation made by sweet potatoes, taro-root, the cloth-tree, the ban | Captain Beechey, a supply of various articles of yan ( ficus Indicus), and the mulberry; the bread dress and agricultural tools were sent out from fruit (brought by Christian), water-melons, pump Valparaiso in the Seringapatam, Capt. the Hon. kins, potatoes, tobacco, the lemon, and orange, W. Waldegrave, who arrived in March 1830. He had been cultivated with success.
found that two new visitors had come among them, From remains of ancient morais, or burying- John Evans, the son of a coach-maker in Long places, and some rudely carved images, and | Acre, and George Nunn Hobbs ; this latter had hatchets found on the island, it appears to have assumed the office of clergyman and schoolmasbeen formerly inhabited, .but abandoned, either ter, before exercised by Buffett, and had in fact from the population exceeding the means of sup created a sort of schism in the once peaceful society, ply, or, which is quite as likely, from the death of whilst the religious doctrines he taught appeared to all the inhabitants.
savour more of cant than true piety. Captain The dread of over-peopling their islands seems Waldegrave found that Adams had died in the quite a disease among the inhabitants of the Poly preceding year, 1829. The population at the nesian islands; and to this may be attributed the time of Captain Waldegrave's visit was estimated institution of the detestable society of Arreoys, | at 79, and already the people had begun to specuwhose professed object is to lessen the population, late on removing to a larger island. This idea which it does very effectually. Their wars are | has since been encouraged by the missionaries also a constant drain, and their indolent and engaged in the South Sea Islands; and it is unintemperate life induces maladies which also serve derstood that, about three years ago, the design to thin the population. All these causes have was carried into execution, and the inhabitants operated so efficiently, that there is every reason transported to Otaheite and other neighbouring to believe that the population of the various islands. The destruction of such a society, so islands was as great, if not larger, two or three pure and so happy, cannot be contemplated with hundred years ago, as it is at present; yet the out a sigh. Never perhaps was there an instance dread of over-population still continues.
of such good seed springing from so evil a stock ; How different was it with the natives of Pit and the example of Adams, who from a man of cairn ! bred up in temperance and virtue (for violence and blood became the venerated patriarch the fate of Quintal and M-Koy produced its due of a thriving colony, who owed all they knew to his effect), they were as remarkable for vigorous care and instruction, may serve to teach a useful health and extraordinary muscular power, as for lesson, proving as it does that man, having the will, the rectitude of their moral conduct. It was an still has the power to retrace his steps in the path easy feat for the men to swim round their island; of evil, and to turn them, though tardily yet surely, and the women, whose beauty and engaging man- | to the path of good,
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