Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub

kouse of the physician, Mr. Sparling, who has the 24 degrees since the last adjustment, they again management of the hospital, is at one extremity correct the central card. This is steering within of the building : and here it was that I resided. a quarter of a point, without aiming at greater To the attention and care of this gentleman, for exactness. The officer of the watch likewise corwhich he would receive no payment, I am proba rects the course for lee-way, by his own judgment, bly indebted for my life.

before it is marked down in the log board. They The hospital in the town is well attended, but heave no log : I was told that the Company do not the situation is so ill chosen, that it certainly allow it. Their manner of computing their run, would be the saving of many lives to build one in is by means of a measured distance of forty feet its stead up the river ; which might be done with along the ship's side : they take notice of any great advantage, as water carriage is so easy and remarkable patch of froth, when it is abreast the convenient. A great neglect in some of the com foremost end of the measured distance, and count manders of the shipping here, was suffering their half seconds till the mark of froth is abreast the people to go dirty, and frequently without frock, after end. With the number of half seconds thus shirt, or any thing to cover their bodies ; which, obtained, they divide the number forty-eight, besides being a public nuisance, must probably be | taking the product for the rate of sailing in geoproductive of ill health in the most robust consti

cal miles in one hour, or the number of tution.

Dutch miles in four hours... The governor-general gave me leave to lodge It is not usual to make any allowance to the all my people at the country hospital, which I sun's declination, on account of being on a difthought a great advantage, and with which they ferent meridian from that for which the tables were perfectly satisfied. The officers, however, are calculated : they in general compute with the at their own request, remained in the town.

numbers just as they are found in the table. From The time fixed for the sailing of the packet ap all this it is not difficult to conceive the reason proaching, I settled my accounts with the Sabandar, why the Dutch are frequently above ten degrees leaving open the victualling account, to be closed out in their reckoning. Their passages likewise by Mr. Fryer, the master, previous to his de are considerably lengthened by not carrying a parture ; whom I likewise authorised to supply the sufficient quantity of sail. men and officers left under his command, with December 16th, in the afternoon we anchored one month's pay, to enable them to purchase in Table Bay. The next morning I went on sh clothing for their passage to England.

and waited on his Excellency M. Vander Graaf, I had been at great pains to bring living plants who received me in the most polite and friendly from Timor, in six tubs; which contained jacks, manner. The Guardian, commanded by Lieut. nancas, karambolas, namnams, jambos, and three Riou, had left the Cape about eight days before, thriving bread-fruit plants. These I thought might with cattle and stores for Port Jackson. This day be serviceable at the Cape of Good Hope, if | anchored in Table Bay, the Astrée, a French brought no farther : but I had the mortification | frigate, commanded by the Count de St. Rivel, of being obliged to leave them all at Batavia. I from the Isle of France, on board of which ship took these plants on board at Coupang, on the was the late governor, the Chevalier d'Entrecas20th of August: they had experienced a passage treaux. Other ships that arrived during my stay of forty-two days to my arrival here. The bread at the Cape, were, a French forty gun frigate, an fruit plants died to the root, and sprouted afresh East India ship, and a brig of the same nation :

m thence. The karambolas, jacks, nancas, and likewise two other French ships, with slaves from namnams, I had raised from the seed, and they were the coast of Mosambique, bound to the West in fine order. No judgment can hence be formed Indies : a Dutch packet from Europe, after a of the success of transporting plants, as in the

four months' pas

nonths' passage : and the Harpy, a South present trial they had many disadvantages.

Sea whaler, with 500 barrels of spermaceti, and This morning, Friday 16th, before sun-rise, I 400 of seal and other oils. There is a standing embarked on board the Vlydte packet, commanded order from the Dutch East India Company, that by Captain Peter Couvret, bound for Middleburgh. no person who takes a passage from Batavia for With me likewise embarked Mr. John Samuel, I Europe, in any of their ships, shall be allowed to clerk, and John Smith, seaman. Those of our leave the ship before she arrives at her intended company who staid behind, the governor promised port; according to which regulation, I must have me should follow in the first ships, and be as little gone to Holland in the packet. Of this I was not divided as possible.--At seven o'clock the informed till I was taking leave of the governorpacket weighed, and sailed out of the road. general, at Batavia, when it was too late for him

On the 18th we spoke the Rambler, an Ameri to give the captain an order to permit me to land can brig, belonging to Boston, bound to Batavia. in the channel. He however desired I would After passing the Straits of Sunda, we steered to make use of his name to Governor Vander Graaf, the north of the Cocos Isles. These islands, Cap | who readily complied with my request, and gave tain Couvret informed me, are full of cocoa-nut the necessary orders to the captain of the packet, trees : there is no anchorage near them, but a copy of which his Excellency gave to me ; and good landing for boats.

at the same time, recommendatory letters to In the passage to the Cape of Good Hope there people of consequence in Holland, in case I should occurred nothing worth remark. I cannot, how be obliged to proceed so far. ever, forbear noticing the Dutch manner of pavi I left a letter at the Cape of Good Hope, to be gating. They steer by true compass, or rather forwarded to Governor Phillips, at Port Jackson, endeavour so to do, by means of a small moveable by the first opportunity ; containing a short accentral card, which they set to the meridian: and | count of my voyage, with a descriptive list of the whenever they discover the variation has altered | pirates : and from Batavia I had written to Lord

fron

Cornwallis ; so that every part of India will be Batavia, were provided with passages in the prepared to receive them.

earliest ships ; and at the time we parted, were We sailed from the Cape, on Saturday, 2nd Jan- apparently in good health. Nevertheless they uary, 1790, in company with the Astrée French did not all live to quit Batavia. Mr. Elphinstone, frigate. The next morning neither ship nor land master's mate, and Peter Linkletter, seaman, was in sight. On the 15th, we passed in sight of died within a fortnight after my departure ; the the island St. Helena. The 21st, we saw the Island | hardships they had experienced having rendered Ascension. On the 10th of February, the wind them unequal to cope with so unhealthy a climate being at N. E., blowing fresh,our sails were covered as that of Batavia. The remainder embarked on with a fine orange-coloured dust. Fuego, the board the Dutch fleet for Europe, and arrived westernmost of the Cape de Verd islands, and the safe at this country, except Robert Lamb, who nearest land to us, on that day at noon bore N.E. by died on the passage, and Mr. Ledward, the surE. I E., distance 140 leagues. On the 13th of geon, who has not yet been heard of. Thus March, we saw the Bill of Portland, and on the of nineteen who were forced by the mutineers evening of the next day, Sunday March the 14th, into the launch, it has pleased God that twelve I left the packet, and was landed at Portsmouth, I should surmount the difficulties and dangers of by an Isle of Wight boat.

the voyage, and live to revisit their native Those of my officers and people whom I left at country.

APPENDIX;

CONTAINING

ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS RESPECTING THE MUTINY ON BOARD THE BOUNTY, AND A RELATION

OF THE FATE OF THE MUTINEERS, AND OF THE SETTLEMENT IN PITCAIRN'S ISLAND.*

CAPTAIN Bligh's account of his voyage has been own person, as was usual in small vessels, the given precisely as he published it, in 1792, with- offices of captain and purser. Many irritating out any alteration, saving the suppression of those altercations occurred, which were met by Captain parts where he records his observations of the Bligh with much heat of temper, but when passed, latitude, longitude, bearings and soundings of though forgotten by him, were remembered by particular places, of no interest to any but the others. His conduct in the voyage out, when his mariner, and even to him now rendered almost, judicious regulations preserved the health of his if not quite useless, by subsequent and more ac ship's company in a very trying season, and the curate surveys.

remarkable steadiness of his management of his The superiority of the pleasure derived from men, when exposed in the boat, and tried to the reading a journal of facts, recorded day by day utmost by their behaviour, even then unruly, while the immediate impression remains, over a prove him to have been not only fully equal, but formal narrative, is so great, as to render it very | worthy to command. Six months' relaxation from desirable that the original should be presented to the strict reins of discipline on the fascinating the public, rather than a vamped and tinselled shores of Otaheite, were not calculated to make substitute. In many cases however, the original the renewed curb sit easy. Disputes again began, is not adapted for that purpose ; but the present and the captain's temper again got the better of is far otherwise, and we trace the daily progress him. Christian, who had received kindness from of the skilful mariner, on whose life the existence the captain with one hand and insults with the of his fellow sufferers depended, with earnest hope other, took a sudden resolution which he afterand eager expectation. His narrative is like a wards repented bitterly; he found ready helpmoving picture ; full of horrors, it is true, but of mates, but none rallied round the captain. All horrors that fix our gaze upon them.

save the captain's clerk on the one side, and those Captain Bligh's character stood deservedly high whom Christian had, in the first instance, called in his profession, in which he afterwards rose to on, on the other, were for a time paralysed, and the rank of a flag officer, but his temper was infirm, slowly took their determination biassed by fear or and when under its influence he suffered himself hatred in all their actions, but none by love, if we to use language both to his crew and officers, which except the compassionate sailor who fed the capit is now surprising to believe was not quite un- tain with shaddock. common at that period, even from gentlemen hold Captain Bligh considered the mutiny as the ing the rank he did, at the time of the mutiny. result of a conspiracy, but no evidence to support

Disputes began early between him and his officers that opinion was ever produced ; on the contrary, and crew, and appear to have originated from the in a journal kept by Morrison the boatswain's mate, circumstance of the commander combining in his an account of its origin is given, professedly from

Christian's own relation, and this is the only dis* The authorites chiefly relied on are the papers of

tinct narrative of it that has ever been made public. Capt. Heywood, first made public in 1835; the narrative of the voyage of the Pandora, by Mr. Hamilton; the voyage

It appears that Christian, feeling himself much of the Briton, by Mr. Shillibeer; and the narrative of Capt.

| aggrieved at the captain's treatment, bad formed Beechey's voyage in the Blossom.

the resolution of quitting the ship on the evening

preceding the mutiny, and for that purpose had to form a settlement; but, in consequence of provided himself with a stout plank, to which he quarrels among themselves, and with the natives, had fixed several staves. On this frail raft he and the want of many things which could be prodetermined to trust himself, hoping to reach the cured at Otaheite, but which could not be obtained island of Tofoa ; and with this view had, with the at Toobouai, they determined to go to Otaheite, assistance of two midshipmen, Stewart and Hay | but with no intention of remaining there. On ward, who were privy to his design, filled a bag their arrival (on the 6th of June) they told the with provision. The ship making very little way, Otaheiteans that Captain Bligh had fallen in with prevented him from executing his design. About | their old friend Captain Cook, who was engaged half past three he lay down to sleep, and at four | in forming a settlement on an island called Whywas roused to take the watch. On going on deck tootakee, and that Captain Bligh and the rest of he found his mate, Mr. Hayward, asleep, and the the crew had stopped with him ; that the comother officer, Mr. Hallett, did not appear. He in mand of the vessel had been transferred to Chrisstantly determined to seize the ship, went forward, tian, who had been sent to obtain a fresh supply spoke to some of the crew he thought he could of stores. This story was readily believed by the trust, put arms in their hands, and proceeded as Otaheiteans, who immediately set about collecting Captain Bligh relates.

provisions, and in a few days sent on board 312 This appears from all the various accounts of hogs, 38 goats, 8 dozen of fowls, a bull, and a cow, the evidence on the Court Martial, afterwards and a large quantity of bread-fruit, plantains, held on the mutineers, to have been the true bananas, and other fruits. Christian peremptorily state of the case ; but the moral obligation of obe forbade any person to remain at Otaheite, and diencesto discipline in a ship, must have been | his partisans kept so close a watch on those who totally forgotten by both officers and crew, when were suspected of any inclination to leave them, such a sudden determination was thought capable that none could contrive to escape; and as soon of execution, and not one soul stepped forward to as the stores were all on board, they again set oppose it.

sail and returned to Toobouai, where they again When the boat containing Captain Bligh and went to work to build a fort, but finding it imposhis companions was cast off, there remained on sible to agree together, it was at last determined board the Bounty

to abandon Toobouai, take the ship back to OtaFletcher CHRISTIAN, Master's Mate, and acting Lieutenant,

heite, and land all who chose to quit her there. afterwards murdered at Pitcairn's Island.

They arrived in Matavai Bay on the 20th of SepPETER HEYWOOD, Midshipman, surrendered himself to | tember, when sixteen men were put on shore; Captain Edwards of the Pandora; was tried, condemn the small arms, powder, and stores, were equally ed, pardoned, and afterwards attained the rank of cap divided between the two parties; and on the tain in the service.

night of the 21st September, Christian and his EDWARD YOUNG, Midshipman, died at Pitcairn's Island.

companions again set sail, carrying with them GEORGE STEWART, do., drowned on board the Pandora.

seven Otaheitean men, and twelve women. Where CHARLES CHURCHILL, Master-at-Arms, murdered by

they intended to go was not known, but Christian Thompson, at Otaheite. John Mills, Gunner's Mate, murdered at Pitcairn's Island. | had been heard to say, that he should seek for an JAMES MORRISON, Boatswain's Mate, tried, condemned, | uninhabited island, where there was no harbour, and pardoned.

and should there run the ship ashore and break Thomas BURKITT, Seaman, tried, condemned, and exe | her up. cuted.

The natives treated their guests with the MATTHEW QUINTAL, do., put to death by Adams and

greatest hospitality, and several of the EnglishYoung at Pitcairn's Island.

men married Otaheitean women, and when they JOHN SUMNER, do., drowned on board the Pandora. JOHN MILLWARD, do., tried, condemned, and executed.

were seized in 1789, many of them had children. WILLIAM M.Koy, do., committed suicide at Pitcairn's Mr. Stewart, in particular, had married the daughter Island.

of a chief, who possessed a very large tract of HENRY HILLBRANT, do., drowned on board the Pandora. country; and when the Pandora arrived was MICHAEL BYRNE, do., tried and acquitted.

living with her as a man of property and conWILLIAM MUSPRAT, do., tried, condemned, and pardoned.

sequence*. Morrison, Heywood, and Stewart, ALEXANDER SMITH (alias JOHN ADAMS), do., died at Pit

when at Toobouai, had formed a plan of seizing cairn's Island in 1829.

the ship's boat, and escaping to Otaheite, but JOHN WILLIAMS, do., murdered at Pitcairn's Island. THOMAS ELLISON, do., tried, condemned, and executed.

abandoned the design, finding that the condition Isaac MARTIN, do., murdered at Pitcairn's Island.

of the boat was too bad to give them a chance of RICHARD SRINNER. do., drowned on board the Pandora. success. Morrison now undertook to build a MATTHEW THOMPSON, do., put to death by the natives at schooner, which, with the assistance of the carOtaheite, for the murder of Churchill,

penter, the cooper, and some others, he completed. WILLIAM BROWN, Gardener, murdered at Pitcairn's Island.

His object was to reach Batavia in time to join Joseph COLEMAN, Armourer, tried and acquitted.

the next fleet bound to Holland, and he and six CHARLES NORMAN, Carpenter's Mate, do. do. Thomas M'INTOSH, Carpenter's Crew, do. do.

of his companions actually set sail, but found

themselves obliged to return, as their stores When Captain Bligh's boat was cast off, Chris

proved too small for so long an expedition, and tian assumed the command of the Bounty; he

the natives, who did not wish to part with them, steered for Toobouai, an island situated in latitude

refused to give them more. This schooner ac200 13' S., and longitude 149° 33' W., where they anchored on the 25th May, 1789. All the bread

* The parting of poor Stewart and his wife and child is fruit plants were thrown overboard, and the pro

described in the first missionary voyage of the ship Duff perty of the officers and men sent adrift was

as having been heart-rending. His wife died of a broken divided among the mutineers. Here they intended | heart two months after his departure.

companied the Pandora when she left Otaheite, by Stewart and Heywood, who voluntarily surrenparted company with her near the Palmerston dered themselves; they, however, met with a very İslands, but arrived safely at Samarang, in Java, ungracious reception from Captain Edwards, who after a voyage in which the crew suffered dread- | ordered them to be put in irons immediately. A fully from want of water and provisions. She party was sent after the rest of the mutineers, who was an admirable sailer, and was afterwards em- were soon secured ; and the whole were lodged ployed in the sea-otter trade, and subsequently together in a small prison erected for the purpose bought at Canton by the late Captain Broughton, on the quarter-deck, the only entrance to which to assist in the survey of the coast of Tartary. was by a scuttle in the roof, about eighteen inches

Stewart and Heywood did not join Morrison in square, and confined with both legs and feet in this expedition, considering it much better to | irons. ' “ The prisoners' wives," says Mr. Hamilremain at Otaheite, where it was certain that ton, in his account of the Pandora's voyage, some European vessel would touch before a long “ visited the ship daily, and brought their chiltime elapsed.

dren, who were permitted to be carried to their When Captain Bligh arrived in England and the unhappy fathers. To see the poor captives in account of the mutiny was given to the world, a irons weeping over their tender offspring, was too universal feeling of sympathy for the sufferers, moving a scene for any feeling heart. Their and of indignation against the mutineers, took wives brought them ample supplies of every possession of the public mind. It was felt, and delicacy that the country afforded while we lay justly, that any breach of that discipline which is there, and behaved with the greatest fidelity and the main stay of the navy, the bulwark of Britain, affection to them.” is deserving of severe punishment; and that the Sixteen men had left the Bounty at Otaheite; perpetrators of so flagrant a violation of the first fourteen were now on board the Pandora; the of a seaman's duties should be pursued even to remaining two had both died violent deaths. One the uttermost parts of the earth, and brought of these, Churchill, was murdered by his compaback to answer for their crime to their injured nion Thompson, for some insult he had received; country. The Admiralty were fully possessed of and Thompson was in return stoned to death by these sentiments, and determined to make every | the natives, the friends of the murdered man, effort to secure the offenders : with this view the who had attained the rank of a chief. Pandora frigate, Capt. Edward Edwards, mount- | The Pandora set sail on the 8th May, and ing twenty-four guns and manned by a crew of proceeded to make a search, prolonged for three 124 men, was commissioned, and so well victualled months, among the various groups of islands, but that, to use the expression of Mr. Hamilton the without meeting with any trace of Christian and surgeon, who has written an amusing, though his companions, except on one of the Palmerston rather coarse account, of a most disastrous voyage, Islands, where a mast and some spars belonging to 6 they were obliged to eat a hole in their bread the Bounty were found. On the 29th of August they before they had room to lie down." They sailed arrived off New Holland, and ran along the barrier in August, 1790, with orders to proceed in the reef, a boat being sent out to look for an opening, but first instance to Otaheite, and, not finding the in the night the ship struck, and she immediately mutineers there, to visit the different groups of began to fill with water; all hands were employed the Society and Friendly Islands, and the others at the pumps and baling from the hatchways, but in the neighbouring parts of the Pacific; using to no effect: the leak increased, and the ship beat their best endeavours to seize and bring home in over the reef into the deep water on the other confinement the whole or such part of the delin side. It was evident that she was sinking, and quents as they might be able to discover.

the people took to the boats. Three only of the On the voyage the crew suffered much from an prisoners had been liberated to work at the pumps, infectious fever, and at one time thirty-five men but the prayers of the others to be allowed to were laid up sick in their hammocks. An alarm assist were totally disregarded; the guard over of a Spanish frigate bearing down, put them to them had been doubled, and all would have been much inconvenience from the lumbered state of drowned if the armourer, either by accident or from the vessel ; but when the bulk-heads were all design, had not dropped his keys into the prison, down and the ship cleared for action, the supposed and with them they set themselves free; one of enemy turned out to be a good friend, his Majesty's the sailors, at the risk of his life, held on by the ship the Shark.

coombings, and drew out the long shackle bolts, They touched at Rio Janeiro, where Captain | and thus all but four, who miserably perished, Edwards was entertained by the viceroy. His saved themselves at the moment that the ship went palace was handsome, and its interior decorations down, and when the whole deck was under water. were very beautiful and singularly appropriate. Stewart was one of those who were thus unfortuIn various apartments, paintings on the ceilings nately lost. displayed all the objects of natural history pecu | All who had contrived to escape made for a sandy liar to the country. In one apartment appeared | key about three miles from the wreck, and on musthe quadrupeds, in another the fishes, in a third | tering the hands it was found that 89 of the ship's the birds and shells were displayed in groups and company and ten of the mutineers, were saved; but borderings. This elegant mode of adorning rooms thirty-one of the ship's company, and four of the is well worthy of imitation.

mutineers, had gone down with the wreck. The voyage from Rio was prosperous, and the The survivors were now distributed in the boats, vessel arrived in Matavai Bay on the 23rd of and after a miserable voyage arrived at Coupang March, 1791. Immediately on her arrival, Cole on the 15th of August, where they remained three man, the armourer of the Bounty, put off in a weeks. Here the prisoners were again confined in canoe, and went on board; he was quickly followed | irons in the castle, and were treated in the same way

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

at Batavia, whither they were transported in a Dutch seemed sunk in the deepest melancholy : yet he ship. From thence they set sail in a Dutch India- told Captain Beechey that Christian was always man, but falling in with the Gorgon man-of-war at cheerful ; that his example was of the greatest the Cape, they were transferred to that vessel, service in exciting his companions to labour ; that and arrived at Spithead on the 19th June, 1792. he was naturally of a happy ingenuous disposition,

The Court-Martial met on the 12th of September, and won the good opinion and respect of all who and after an investigation which lasted six days, served under him. It does not seem improbable gave their judgment that the charges had been that before he had effected his object, and whilst proved against Peter Heywood, James Morrison, he was in continual dread of seizure by some Thomas Ellison, Thomas Burkitt, John Millward, British vessel, doubts and fear might cloud his and William Musprat; but recommended Hey- mind, and deaden his spirit, yet that when he wood and Morrison to mercy. Norman, Coleman, found himself as he believed free from all danger MʻIntosh, and Byrne, all of whom had expressed and in the full command of those from whom their desire to go into the boat, were acquitted. he exacted and received obedience, he should beEventually, a free pardon was granted to Hey-| come all that Adams stated him to be to Captain wood, Morrison, and Musprat; but the other Beechey. three suffered the penalty of their crime, and were It has generally been supposed that he was a · hung on board the Brunswick, on the 29th of prey to remorse, and that this feeling continually October

| weighing upon and irritating his mind, rendered The case of Heywood was particularly hard, him morose and savage, and that the indulgence and was generally so considered. He had done no of such feelings cost him his life. This idea was act which could be construed into assisting in the grounded upon Captain Bligh's statement in his mutiny; but his case is an instance which should narration, “that when he reproached Christian never be forgotten by the seaman, of that salutary with his ingratitude, he replied, "That is what it rule, which determines that he who does not oppose is, Mr. Bligh ; I am in hell, I am in hell !”” and a mutiny, makes himself a party to it. There were, upon Adams's statement of his conduct on the however, so many extenuating circumstances in voyage to Pitcairn's Island. The evidence on the Heywood's case, as almost to take it out of the | Court Martial shows that Captain Bligh was quite reach of even this strict interpretation. He was mistaken in the words of Christian and their imonly fifteen years of age, and this was his first port. The master, Mr. Fryer, in his evidence stated voyage; waked from his sleep by the news of a that on coming on deck he said to Christian, “ Conmutiny, he came on deck, found the captain a sider what you are about,” to which he replied, prisoner, heard two of the officers (Hayward and “Hold your tongue, sir ! I have been in hell for Fryer, who were afterwards forced into the boat) weeks past: Captain Bligh has brought all this on terrified at the idea of being turned adrift, en- himself ;" alluding to the frequent quarrels that treat to be left in the ship, and saw that no effort they had had, and the abuse he had received from was made by his superiors or any other to oppose Captain Bligh. With respect to Christian's secluthe mutineers. He at first very naturally deter- sion and apparent melancholy on the subsequent mined rather to risk himself in the ship than in voyage, that has already been noticed and an exthe boat, of whose safety he despaired ; but he planation attempted. changed this determination, and had with Stewart Again, it has been stated that Christian's own gone to his berth to get some things together, act, in forcibly taking away the wife of one of the when, by order of the mutineers, the two young Otaheitans, was the occasion of his death; that he men were confined below, and not permitted to come was shot by the injured husband. It will be seen upon deck till the boat with Captain Bligh had in the subsequent narration, that this was not the put off. All these circumstances were duly appre- case ; that Williams and not Christian was the ciated; Mr. Heywood was permitted, against the offending party, and that his crime was the immeusual practice in such cases, to resume his profes diate, though not the only cause, of a general insion,* in which his career was prosperous and hon- surrection of the black men against the whites, ourable. He saw much hard service, and attained in which Christian fell; not a single victim, but the rank of captain. He died in the year 1825. with others. It is also worthy of remark, that on

It is now time to return to Christian, and pursue the visit of the English to Pitcairn's Island the his unfortunate career. All the accounts of his young natives on being questioned concerning reliproceedings and of the fate of his companions, are gion, said it had been first taught by Christian's derived from Alexander Smith, or as he after order. The mid-day prayer which they said he wards called himself, though from what cause is appointed is remarkable : “I will arise and go to not known, John Adams. His varying statements my father and say unto him, Father, I have to the different persons who saw him at Pitcairn's sinned against heaven and before thee, and am no Island regarding Christian, though apparently not more worthy to be called thy son.” This prayer, very consistent, may perhaps be both true, espe or rather confession, they said Christian had apcially as no motive for falsehood is apparent. To pointed to be said every day at noon, and that Captains Staines and Pipon, who first visited him, | the practice was never neglected. he stated that Christian was never happy, that he All this tends to prove that Christian's feelings appeared full of shame and misery, after the des were more those of healthy repentance than morperate act he had performed; and that on the voy bid remorse. age to Pitcairn's Island, he shut himself up in his From this digression we will now return to our cabin, scarcely ever appeared, and when he did, narrative.

When Christian left Otaheite, there were on * Lord Hood, who sat as President on his trial, received | board, besides himself, eight of the most despehim as a midshipman on board the Victory.

| rate of the mutineers, and six men and twelve

« ForrigeFortsæt »