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The men and boys are not less attended to: thirds allowance of bread; I also directed the they are employed in coarser work, blanketing water for drinking to be filtered through dripand all kinds of common woollens : if they become stones that I had bought at Teneriffe for that infirm, they spend the remainder of their days | purpose. here comfortably, and under a watchful inspector, We ran all night towards the S.S.W., having who attends them in the same manner as the the wind at S.E. The next morning we could see governess does the girls. They are all visited nothing of the land. I now made the ship's comevery day by the governor, and a clergyman pany acquainted with the intent of the voyage ; attends them every evening. By this humane in and, having been permitted to hold out this enstitution a number of people are rendered useful couragement to them, I gave assurances of the and industrious, in a country where the poor, from certainty of promotion to every one whose endeathe indulgence of the climate, are too apt to prefer vours should merit it. a life of inactivity, though attended with wretched The winds, for some days after leaving Teneness, to obtaining the comforts of life by industry riffe, were mostly from the southward. Fishingand labour.
lines and tackle were distributed amongst the The number of inhabitants in the island, I was people, and some dolphins were caught. informed, were estimated at between eighty and On the 17th the wind came round to the N.E., one hundred thousand. Their annual export of and continued steady in that quarter till the 25th, wine is twenty thousand pipes, and of brandy half on which day, at noon, we were in 3° 54' N. As that quantity. Vessels are frequently here from the cloudiness of the sky gave us reason to expect St. Eustatia, and from thence a great quantity of much rain, we prepared the awnings with hoses Teneriffe wine is carried to the different parts of for the convenience of saving water, in which we the West Indies, under the name of Madeira. were not disappointed. From this time to our
Teneriffe is considered of more value than all meeting with the S.E. trade wind we had much wet the other Canaries : the inhabitants, however, in | weather, the air close and sultry, with calms, and scarce seasons receive supplies from the Grand | light variable winds, generally from the southward. Canary ; but their vineyards here are said to be On the 29th there was so heavy a fall of rain greatly superior. Their produce of corn, though that we caught seven hundred gallons of water. exceedingly good, is not sufficient for their con- On the 31st, latitude at noon, 2° 5' N., found a sumption; and, owing to this, the Americans have current setting to the N.E., at the rate of fourteen an advantageous trade here for their flour and miles in the twenty-four hours. The thermometer grain, and take wine in return.
was at 82° in the shade, and 811° at the surface The town of Santa Cruz is about half a mile in of the sea, so that the air and the water were extent each way, built in a regular manner, and within half a degree of the same temperature. At the houses in general large and airy, but the eight o'clock in the evening we observed a violent streets are very ill paved. I am told that they rippling in the sea, about half a mile to the N.W. are subject to few diseases; but if any epidemic of us, which had very much the appearance of distemper breaks out, it is attended with the most breakers. This I imagine to have been occafatal consequences, particularly the small-pox, the sioned by a large school (or multitude) of fish, as bad effects of which they now endeavour to coun- it was exactly in the track the ship had passed, so teract by inoculation. For this reason they are that if any real shoal had been there, we must very circumspect in admitting ships to have com- have seen it at the close of the evening, when a munication with the shore without bills of health. careful look-out was always kept. However, if it
A sloop from London, called the Chance, Wil- had appeared ahead of us, instead of astern, I liam Meredith, master, bound to Barbadoes, out should certainly have tacked to avoid it. To such nineteen days from the Downs, came into the road appearances I attribute the accounts of many the day before we sailed. She had suffered much shoals within the tropics, which cannot be found by the bad weather ; but, having brought no bill any where but in maps. Our latitude at this time of health, the governor would not allow any person was 2° 8' N., and longitude 19° 43' W. The next to come on shore, unless I could vouch for them day we had more of these appearances, from the that no epidemic disease raged in England at the number of schools of fish by which the ship was time they sailed, which I was able to do, it being surrounded. nearly at the same time that I left the land ; and Saturday the 2nd. This morning we saw a sail by that means they had the governor's permission to the N.Ň.W., but at too great a distance to disto receive the supplies they wanted, without being tinguish what she was. obliged to perform quarantine.
Monday the 4th. Had very heavy rain; during Having finished our business at Teneriffe, on which we nearly filled all our empty water casks. Thursday the 10th, we sailed with the wind at S.E., So much wet weather, with the closeness of the our ship's company all in good health and spirits. air, covered every thing with mildew. The ship
I now divided the people into three watches, was aired below with fires, and frequently sprinkled and gave the charge of the third watch to Mr. | with vinegar; and every little interval of dry Fletcher Christian, one of the mates. I have weather was taken advantage of to open all the always considered this as a desirable regulation, hatchways, and clean the ship, and to have all the when circumstances will admit of it, on many people's wet things washed and dried. accounts; and am persuaded that unbroken rest With this weather, and light unsteady winds, not only contributes much towards the health of we advanced but 21 degrees in twelve days; at a ship's company, but enables them more readily the end of which time we were relieved by the to exert themselves in cases of sudden emergency. S. E. trade wind, which we fell in with on the 6th
As it was my wish to proceed to Otaheite with-at noon, in latitude 1° 21' N., and longitude out stopping, I ordered every body to be at two- | 20° 42' W.
The next afternoon we crossed the equinoctial squalls, some butterflies, and other insects, like line, in longitude 21° 50'W. The weather became what we call horse-flies, were blown on board of fine, and the S. E. trade wind was fresh and steady, us. No birds were seen except sheerwaters. Our with which we kept a point free from the wind, distance from the coast of Brazil at this time was and got to the southward at a good rate.
above 100 leagues. The weather continuing dry, we put some of Sunday, March 2nd, in the forenoon, after seeing our bread in casks, properly prepared for its re that every person was clean, divine service was ception, to preserve it from vermin: this experi- performed, according to my usual custom on this ment, we afterwards found, answered exceedingly | day. I gave to Mr. Fletcher Christian, whom I well.
had before directed to take charge of the third On the 16th, at daylight, we saw a sail to the watch, a written order to act as lieutenant. southward. The next day we came up with her, Saturday, 8th. We were at noon in latitude and found her to be the British Queen, Simon 36° 50' s., and longitude 52° 53' W. The last Paul, master, from London, bound to the Cape of four days, we several times tried for soundings, Good Hope on the whale-fishery. She sailed from without finding bottom, though considerably to Falmouth the 5th of December, eighteen days the westward of Captain Wallis's track, who had before I left Spithead. By this ship I wrote to soundings at fifty-four fathoms depth, in latitude England. At sunset she was almost out of sight 35° 40' S., and longitude 49° 54' W. This day astern.
we tried with two hundred and forty fathoms of Monday the 18th. At noon we were in latitude line, but did not find bottom ; at the same time, 20° 44' S., and longitude 31° 23' W. In our ad- observing a rippling in the water, we tried the vances towards the south, the wind had gradually current by mooring a keg with one hundred veered round to the east, and was at this time at fathoms of line, by which it appeared to run to E.N.E. The weather, after crossing the Line, had the N.N. W., at the rate of a mile and a half per been fine and clear, but the air so sultry as to hour. By the noon observation, however, we were occasion great faintness, the quicksilver in the eighteen miles to the southward of our reckoning. thermometer, in the day-time, standing at between In the afternoon we saw a turtle floating, and, not 81 and 33 degrees, and one time at 85 degrees. having much wind, hoisted a boat out, and sent In our passage through the northern tropic, the after it ; but it was found to be in a putrid state, air was temperate, the sun having then high south with a number of crabs feeding upon it. declination and the weather being generally fine. The change of temperature began now to be till we lost the N. E. trade wind ; but such a thick sensibly felt, there being a variation in the therhaze surrounded the horizon, that no object could mometer, since yesterday, of eight degrees. That be seen, except at a very small distance. The haze the people might not suffer by their own neglicommonly cleared away at sunset, and gathered gence, I gave orders for their light tropical clothing again at sunrise. Between the N. E. and S. E. | to be put by, and made them dress in a manner trade winds, the calms and rains, if of long con- | more suited to a cold climate. I had provided tinuance, are very liable to produce sickness, for this before I left England, by giving directions unless great attention is paid to keeping the ship for such clothes to be purchased as were necesclean and wholesome, by giving all the air pos sary. sible, drying between decks with fires, and drying Monday, 10th. In the forenoon we struck and airing the people's clothes and bedding. soundings at eighty-three fathoms depth ; our Besides these precautions, we frequently wetted latitude 40° 8' S., and longitude 55° 40' W. This with vinegar ; and every evening the pumps were I conclude to have been near the edge of the used as ventilators. With these endeavours to bank ; for, the wind being at S.S. W., we stood secure health, we passed the low latitudes without towards the S. E.; and, after running fourteen a single complaint.
miles in that direction, we could find no bottom The currents we met with were by no means with one hundred and sixty fathoms of line. In regular, nor have I ever found them so in the the night we stood towards the W.S. W., with a middle of the ocean. However, from the channel southerly wind, and got again into soundings. to the southward, as far as Madeira, there is gene The next day we saw a great number of whales rally a current setting to the S.S. E.
of an immense size, that had two spout-holes on On the evening of the 21st, a ship was seen in the back of the head.—Upon a complaint made to the N.E., but ať too great a distance to distinguish me by the master, I found it necessary to punish of what country. The next day the wind came Matthew Quintal, one of the seamen, with two round to the N. and N. W., so that we could no | dozen lashes, for insolence and mutinous behalonger consider ourselves in the trade wind. Our viour. Before this, I had not had occasion to latitude at noon was 25° 55' S., longitude 36° punish any person on board. 29' W. Variation of the compass three degrees On the 12th, we caught a porpoise, by striking east.
it with the grains. Every one ate heartily of it ; Sat. 23rd, towards night the wind died away, and it was so well liked, that no part was wasted. and we had some heavy showers of rain, of which On the 14th, in the afternoon, we saw a landwe profited, by saving a ton of good water. The bird like a lark, and passed part of a dead whale next day we caught a shark and five dolphins. that had been left by some whalers after they had
Tuesday, 26th, we bent new sails, and made taken the blubber off. Saw, likewise, two strange other necessary preparations for encountering the sail. weather that was to be expected in a high latitude. On the 19th, at noon, by my account, we were Our latitude at noon was 29° 38' S., longitude 41° | within twenty leagues of Port Desire ; but the 44' W. Variation 7° 13' E. In the afternoon, wind blowing fresh from the N.W. with thick the wind being westerly, and blowing strong in | foggy weather, I did not attempt to make the land. We passed a good deal of rock-weed, and had ever met with before ; and the sea, from the saw many whales, and albatrosses and other sea frequent shifting of the wind, running in contrary birds.
directions, broke exceeding high. Our ship, howOn the 20th, in the afternoon, the wind, which ever, lay to very well, under a main and fore stayhad for some time past been northerly, suddenly sail. The gale continued, with severe squalls of shifted to the W.S.W. and blew hard. We steered hail and sleet, the remainder of this, and all the to the S.S.E.; and on the 23rd, at two o'clock in next day.—On the 4th, the wind was less violent, the morning, we discovered the coast of Terra but far from moderate. With so much bad del Fuego bearing S.E. At nine in the forenoon weather, I found it necessary to keep a constant we were off Cape St. Diego, the eastern part of fire, night and day; and one of the watch always Terra del Fuego. The wind being unfavourable, attended to dry the people's wet clothes: and this,
hought it more advisable to go round to the I have no doubt, contributed as much to their eastward of Staten Land, than to attempt passing health as to their comfort. through Straits le Maire. The two opposite coasts Our companions in this inhospitable region, of the Straits exhibited very different appearances. were albatrosses, and two beautiful kinds of birds, The land of Terra del Fuego hereabouts, though the small blue petterel, and pintada. A great the interior parts are mountainous, yet near the many of these were frequently about the wake of coast is of a moderate height, and, at the distance the ship, which induced the people to float a line we were from it, had not an unpromising appear- with hooks baited, to endeavour to catch them ; ance. The coast of Staten Land, near the Straits, and their attempts were successful. The method is mountainous and craggy, and remarkable for its they used, was to fasten the bait a foot or two high peaked hills. Straits le Maire is a fair before the hook, and, by giving the line a sudden opening, which cannot well be mistaken; but if | jerk when the bird was at the bait, it was hooked any doubt could remain, the different appearances in the feet or body. of the opposite shores would sufficiently make the On the 6th the weather was moderate, and conStraits known.
tinued so till the 9th, with the wind veering I did not sail within less than six leagues of the between the N. W. and S.W.; of which we were coast, that we might have the wind more regular, able to take advantage. and avoid being exposed to the heavy squalls that On the 10th we saw some fish, which appeared came off from the land.
spotted, and about the size of bonetos : these were The sight of New Year's Harbour almost the only fish we had seen in this high latitude. tempted me to put in ; but the lateness of the The stormy weather continued with a great sea. season, and the people being in good health, deter The ship now began to complain, and required to mined me to lay aside all thoughts of refreshment, be pumped every hour ; which was no more than until we should reach Otaheite. At two o'clock we had reason to expect from such a continuance in the afternoon, the easternmost of New Year's of gales and high seas. The decks also became so Isles, where Captain Cook observed the latitude leaky, that I was obliged to allot the great cabin, to be 55° 40' S., bore from us south four leagues. of which I made little use, except in fine weather, We saw the entrance isles of New Year's harbour; to those people who had wet births, to hang their at the back of which the land is very craggy hammocks in ; and by this means the betweenand mountainous. This must be a very con decks was less crowded. venient port to touch at, as the access to it is safe Every morning all the hammocks were taken and easy.
down from where they hung, and when the weather About two leagues to the westward of Cape St. was too bad to keep them upon deck, they were John, I observed the separation of the mountains put in the cabin ; so that the between-decks were that Captain Cook has taken notice of, which has | cleaned daily, and aired with fires, if the hatchways the appearance of Staten Land being there divided could not be opened. With all this bad weather, into two islands.
we had the additional mortification to find, at the Monday, 24th. We had stood to the southward end of every day, that we were losing ground; for all night, with the wind at W.S. W. and S. W. notwithstanding our utmost exertions, and keeping At eight in the morning, Cape St. John bore on the most advantageous tacks, (which, if the N.W., ten leagues distant. Soon after we lost weather had been at all moderate, would have sight of the land.
sufficiently answered our purpose) yet the greater From the time we lost sight of the land, to the part of the time, we were doing little better than end of the month, we were struggling with bad drifting before the wind. weather and contrary winds : but on the morning Birds, as usual, were about the ship, and some of the 31st the wind came to the N.N.E., and of them caught ; and, for the first time since we made us entertain great hopes that we should be left Staten Land, we saw some whales. This able to accomplish our passage round the Cape morning, owing to the violent motion of the ship, without much difficulty. At noon we were in the cook fell and broke one of his ribs, and another latitude 60° 1' S., and in 71° 45' W. longitude, man, by a fall, dislocated his shoulder. The gunwhich is 8° 26' W. of the meridian of Cape St. ner, who had the charge of a watch, was laid up John. This flattering appearance was not of long with the rheumatism : and this was the first sick continuance: in the night the wind became vari list that appeared on board the ship. The time of able, and next day settled again in the W. and full moon, which was approaching, made me enN. W., with very bad weather.
tertain hopes, that, after that period, we should On April 2nd, in the morning, the wind, which experience some change of wind or weather in our had blown fresh all night from the N. W., came favour ; but the event did not at all answer our round to the S. W., and increased to a heavy gale. | expectations. The latitude, at noon this day, was At six in the morning the storm exceeded what I | 58° 9' S, and longitude 76° 1' W.
As we caught a good many birds, but which were The passage round Cape Horn, into the South all lean, and tasted fishy, we tried an experiment Seas, during the summer months, has seldom been upon them which succeeded admirably. By keep- attended with difficulty, and is to be preferred, in ing them cooped up, and cramming them with the moderate seasons, to the more distant route ground corn, they improved wonderfully in a short to the eastward, round the Cape of Good Hope and time ; so that the pintada birds became as fine as New Holland. If we had been one month earlier, ducks, and the albatrosses were as fat, and not or perhaps less, I doubt not but we should have inferior in taste to fine geese. Some of the latter effected our passage. birds were caught that measured seven feet between the extremities of the wings, when spread. This unexpected supply came very opportunely ;
CHAPTER III. for none of our live stock remained except hogs, the sheep and poultry not being hardy enough to PASSAGE TOWARDS THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE-ARRIVAL AT stand the severity of the weather.
FALSE BAY-OCCURRENCES THERE-REPORTS CONCERNING This morning, the wind died away, and we had | THE GROSVENOR'S PEOPLE-DEPARTURE FROM THE CAPE. a calm for a few hours, which gave us hopes that The westerly winds and stormy weather conthe next would be a more favourable wind. A hogtinuing, gave me no reason to repent of my deterwas killed for the ship’s company, which gave | mination. On the 25th at noon, we were in latitude them an excellent meal. Towards noon, to our 54° 16' S., and longitude 57° 4' W. The nearest of great disappointment, the wind sprung up again the Falkland Islands, by my reckoning, then bore from the westward, and in the afternoon blew N. 13° W.; distance 23 leagues. Our stock of strong, with snow and hail storms.
water being sufficient to serve us to the Cape of This was the second day after the full moon ; Good Hope, I did not think it worth while to but, as I have remarked before, it had no influence stop at these islands, as the refreshment we might on the weather. At noon our latitude was 58° 31' obtain there would scarce repay us for the expense S., and longitude 70° 7' W., which is near seven of time: we therefore continued our course towards degrees to the eastward of our situation on the the N.E. and E.N.E. morning of the ninth instant, when we had advanced Thursday 22, at two in the afternoon, we saw the the farthest in our power to the westward, being Table Mountain of the Cape of Good Hope. As it then in 76° 58' W., three degrees to the west of is reckoned unsafe riding in Table Bay at this time Cape Deseada, the west part of the Straits of of the year, I steered for False Bay. The next Magellan; and at this time we were 3° 52' to the evening we anchored in the outer part, and on the east of it, and hourly losing ground.
forenoon of the 24th got the ship secured in Simon's It was with much concern I saw how hopeless, Bay, which is in the inner part of False Bay. We and even unjustifiable it was, to persist any longer found lying here, one outward-bound Dutch Indiain attempting a passage this way to the Society / man, five other Dutch ships, and a French ship. Islands. We had been thirty days in this tem- | After saluting the fort, which was returned by pestuous ocean. At one time we had advanced so an equal number of guns, I went on shore, and far to the westward as to have a fair prospect of dispatches were sent away to Cape Town, to acquaint making our passage round; but from that period the governor of our arrival. A Dutch ship at this hard gales of westerly wind had continued without time lying in Table Bay, bound for Europe, I sent intermission, a few hours excepted, which, to letters by her to the Admiralty. It is very unusual borrow an expression in Lord Anson's voyage, for ships to be in Table Bay so late in the year, on were “like the elements drawing breath to return account of the strong N.W. winds. April is the upon us with redoubled violence.” The season time limited. was now too far advanced for us to expect more I gave the necessary directions for getting our favourable winds or weather, and we had sufficiently wants supplied. The ship required to be caulked experienced the impossibility of beating round in every part, for she was become so leaky, that against the wind, or of advancing at all without the we had been obliged to pump every hour in our help of a fair wind, for which there was little passage from Cape Horn. This we immediately reason to hope. Another consideration, which set about, as well as repairing our sails and rigging. had great weight with me, was, that if I persisted The severe weather we had met with, and the in my attempt this way, and should, after all, fail leakiness of the ship, made it necessary to examine to get round, it would'occasion such a loss of time, into the state of all the stores and provisions. Of that our arrival at Otaheite, soon enough to return the latter, a good deal was found damaged, parin the proper season by the East Indies, would be ticularly the bread.—The time-keeper I took on rendered precarious. On the other hand, the | shore to ascertain its rate, and other instruments, prevalence of the westerly winds in high southern to make the necessary astronomical observations. latitudes, left me no reason to doubt of making a -Fresh meat, with soft bread, and plenty of vegequick passage to the Cape of Good Hope, and thence tables, were issued daily to the ship's company, to the eastward round New Holland. Having | the whole time we remained here. A few days maturely considered all circumstances, I deter after our arrival, I went over to Cape Town, and mined to bear away for the Cape of Good Hope ; / waited on his excellency M. Vander Graaf, the and at five o'clock on the evening of the 22d, the | governor, who obligingly arranged matters so wind then blowing strong at west, I ordered the | much to our advantage, that we scarcely felt the helm to be put a-weather, to the great joy of every inconvenience of being at a distance from the Cape person on board. Our sick list at this time had Town, whence we received all our supplies. increased to eight, mostly with rheumatic com During our stay here, I took care to procure plaints : in other respects the people were in good seeds and plants that would be valuable at Otaheite, health, though exceedingly jaded.
and the different places we might touch at in our
way thither. In this I was greatly assisted by mean time at Greenwich, and its rate of going 3" Colonel Gordon, the commander of the troops. In per day, losing. The thermometer, during our company with this gentleman, the loss of the stay here, was from 51 to 66 degrees. Grosvenor East Indiaman was mentioned : on We had been thirty-eight days at this place, this subject, Colonel Gordon expressed great con and my people had received all the advantage that cern, that, from anything he had said, hopes were could be derived from the refreshments of every still entertained to flatter the affectionate wishes kind that are here to be met with. We sailed at of the surviving friends of those unfortunate peo- | four o'clock this afternoon, ard saluted the platple. He said that, in his travels into the Caffre form with thirteen guns as we ran out of the bay, country, he had met with a native who described which were returned. to him, that there was a white woman among his countrymen, who had a child, and that she frequently embraced the child, and cried most vio
CHAPTER IV. lently. This was all he (the colonel) could understand ; and, being then on his return home, with PASSAGE TOWARDS VAN DIEMEN'S LAND--MAKE THE ISLAND his health much impaired by fatigue, the only
OF ST. PAUL-ARRIVAL IN ADVENTURE BAY-NATIVES SEEN thing that he could do, was to make a friend of -SAIL FROM VAN DIEMEN'S LAND. the native, by presents, and promises of reward, We lost sight of the land the day after leaving on condition that he would take a letter to this False Bay, and steered towards the E.S.E., having woman, and bring him back an answer. Accor- | variable winds the first week, with much thunder, dingly he wrote letters in English, French, and lightning, and rain. The remainder of this pasDutch, desiring, that some sign or mark might be sage, the winds were mostly between the S. and returned, either by writing with a burnt stick, or W., blowing strong. There were almost every by any means she should be able to devise, today great numbers of pintada, albatrosses, blue satisfy him that she was there ; and that on re-petterels, and other oceanic birds, about us; but ceiving such token from her, every effort should it was observed, that if the wind came from the be made to ensure her safety and escape. But
northward, only for a few hours, the birds genethe Caffre, although apparently delighted with the rally left us, and their presence again was the commission which he had undertaken, never re- forerunner of a southerly wind. turned, nor has the colonel ever heard any thing On Sunday the 22nd, at noon, we were scudding more of him, though he had been instructed in under the fore-sail and close-reefed main-top-sail, methods of conveying information through the the wind blowing strong from the west. An hour Hottentot country.
afternoon the gale increased, and blew with so much To this account, that I may not again have oc- | violence, that the ship was almost driven forecastle casion to introduce so melancholy a subject, I shall | under, before we could get the sails clewed up. add the little information I received respecting it, | As soon as the sails were taken in, we brought the when I re-visited the Cape, in my return towards ship to the wind, lowered the lower yards, and got Europe.-A reputable farmer, of the name of the top-gallant-masts upon deck, which eased the Holhousen, who lives at Swellendham, eight days' ship very much. We remained lying to till eight journey from the Cape, had information from some | the next morning, when we bore away under a Caffre Hottentots, that at a crawl, or village, in reefed fore-sail. In the afternoon the sea ran so their country, there were white men and women. high, that it became very unsafe to stand on : we On this intelligence, Mr. Holhousen asked per therefore brought to the wind again, and remained mission of the governor to make an expedition, lying to all night, without accident, excepting that with some of the farmers, into the country, re the man at the steerage was thrown over the quiring a thousand rix-dollars to bear his expenses. wheel, and much bruised. Towards noon, the The governor referred him to Mr. Wocke, the violence of the storm abated, and we again bore landros of Graverennet, a new colony, in his way. away under the reefed fore-sail. In the afternoon But from the place where Mr. Holhousen lives, to saw some whales. the landros Mr. Wocke's residence, is a month's We continued running to the eastward, it being journey, which he did not choose to undertake at an my intention to make the island St. Paul. On uncertainty, as Mr. Wocke might have disapproved | Monday the 28th, at six in the morning, we saw of the enterprise. It was in October last that Mr. the island, bearing E. by N., 12 leagues distant: Holhousen offered to go on this service. He was between 10 and 11 o'clock, we ran along the south one of the party who went along the sea-coast in side, at about a league distant from the shore. search of these unfortunate people, when a few of
There was a verdure that covered the higher parts them first made their appearance at the Cape. I of the land; but I believe it was nothing more am, however, informed, that the Dutch farmers than moss, which is commonly found on the tops are fond of making expeditions into the country,
of most rocky islands in these latitudes. We saw that they may have opportunities of taking away
several whales near the shore. The extent of this cattle ; and this, I apprehend, to be one of the
island is five miles from E. to W.; and about two chief reasons why undertakings of this kind are or three from N. to S. As we passed the east end, not encouraged.
we saw a remarkable high sugar-loaf rock, abreast On the 13th of June, the Dublin East Indiaman of which, I have been informed, is good anchor arrived from England ; on board of which ship in 23 fathoms, the east point bearing S.W. by S., was a party of the 77th regiment, under the com- by true compass. I ha
by true compass. I had this information from the mand of Colonel Balfour.
captain of a Dutch packet, in which I returned to On the 29th, being ready for sea, I took the Europe. He likewise said there was good fresh time-keeper and instruments on board. The error water on the island, and a hot spring, which boiled of the time-keeper was 3' 33", 2 too slow for the fish in as great perfection as on a fire.