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dress be presented to his Majesty, expressing our unfeigned thanks to his Majesty for his Majesty's gracious communication of the treaty of navigation and commerce concluded between his Majesty and the most Christian King; that, ever solicitous to encrease the sources of mutual prosperity in Great Britain and Ireland, we humbly entreat his Majesty to accept our grateful acknowledgments for the present signal instance of royal attention to our common interests in treaties with foreign states; and we retain the firmeft confidence of an equal care in his royal breast on all similar occafions. That we humbly thank his Majesty for the provisions made by this treaty to secure and extend our manufactures upon such a liberal foundation of reciprocity as gives aflurance that the treaty will be permanent; and that we trust that an habitual intercourse of commercial interests and good offices with the kingdom of France will excite in uş a friend. ly emulation in the industrious arts of peace; that we shall immediately enter upon the confideration of the proper means to give effect to the conditions of the treaty, and to enable his Majesty fully to carry into execution engagements which appear to us to be founded in wisdom and equity, and to afford a beneficial encouragement to the encreasing efforts of the nation in manufacture and commerce.”'

The motion for the address passed without a division.

The house having met on the 13th March, the Speaker reported that the house had attended his Grace the Lord Lieutenant with the address of both houses of parliament to his Majesty, and that thereupon his Grace was pleased to return the answer following.

« My Lords and Gentlemen,

, I will immediately transmit this dutiful and loyal address to be laid before his Majesty."


On the fame day, the Chancellor of the Exchequer prefented to the house, according to order, a bill for continuing “an act for facilitating the trade and intercourse between this kingdom and the united states of America."

Mr. Grattan also moved the house to come to the followa ing resolution, viz. that if it shall appear at the commencement of the next session of Parliament, that public tranquility has been restored in those parts of the kingdom that have been lately disturbed, and due obedience paid to the laws, this house will take into consideration the subject of Tythes, and endeavour to form some plan for the honorable support of the clergy, and the ease of the people.”

After much debate, the question was put for going into the order of the day (for the purpose of superceding Mr. Grattan's motion) and it was carried without a division.

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Bill introduced to limit the arount of pensions--speech of Mr:

Forbes-state of national education-speech and motion of Secre.

tary Orde thereupon-resolutions principal bills passed this Sefion-close of the Seffion 1787--Lord Lieutenant's speech prorogationdeath of the Duke of Rutlandlord Justices apo pointed-Marquis of Buckingham appointed Lord Lieutenant.

A Bill was introduced for limiting the amount of Peria

fions which had now so considerably increased that the pension lift amounted to the sum of £ 104,133 : 19:11

Mr. Forbes having moved that this bill should be read a second time, the Chancellor of the Exchequer observed that the fame bill was introduced before and rejected and as noa thing had occurred to make the bill more proper now, than heretofore, he would move that it should have its second reading on the ift of August.

Mr. Forbes in reply said that he felt himself encouraged tó persevere in urging the present measure respecting pensions, from the mode of resistance offered by the enemies to that measure, both this feffion and the laft; inftead of mov. ing to adjourn the consideration of his bill to a distant day, they would have met it with a direct negative, were they not conscious that the principle of the bill could not be controverted; therefore, from the conduct of the House, he was VOL. II.



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warranted in affirming that the principle of the bill was ads mitted; he derived confidence also from the reflection, that as great a necessity exifted for the measure in this session as the last, considering the bill either as a measure of constitu. tion or economy; of constitution, as administration granted fince last feffion a pension during pleafure to a member of the House; of economy, as the experience of this seflion had proved that unless some system of retrenchment was adopted, no increase of revenues however considerable could equalize the expences of the country to its income, and prevent the further accumulation of debt.' He stated the excefs of the public expence over its income for the four last years, and that from the statement of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the like excess was to be apprehended next year. He observed, that in the present situation of the finances, parliament were reduced to the alternative of either imposing new taxes, or adopting a system of retrenchment. That from the present circumstances of the country, it was impoffible aay additional taxes could be productive ; additional taxes must annihilate our manufactures by encreasing the price of the neceffaries of life, and of course that of labour; the mass of the people could not bear any greater burthens. It had been stated in the Houfe this feffion, that a considerable portion of the inhabitants of this country, the Peafantry of the South, were in a most wretched and distressed condition; he asked if any additional taxes could be paid by them; if there was any attempt made to tax then, could any thing be extracted from their poverty and misery, but tears and execrations? If addition of tax was impofed on the land, the landed intereft, already depressed, must be absolutely impoverished.

Under these circumstances it was a duty incumbent on the House to adopt an effectual fyftem of economy, and adhere to it with firmness and perseverance. Influenced by thefe confiderations, he said that he and fome of his friends had applied themselves to the investigation of the public accounts this?


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Tersion, and had proposed many measures in the committee of accounts for the purpose of effecting retrenchment in different articles of the public expenditure ; but every proposition of this nature had been refifted by the minister. His reasons for preferring a bill on the subject of pensions, to refolutions, was that expérience had proved the insufficia ency of the lattér. That he objected to refolutions, as if they were directed against particular pensions, they might have appearance of personality, which hê wished to avoid.

He observed, that after every other attempt to establish a system of retrenchment had been frustrated, to the present measure he had resorted as the last expedient for the relief of the country ; and the resistance of the minister to this meae sure, could not fail of convincing the House and the country, that administration had formed a determination to refift every proposition which tended to establish a system of retrenchment. He then adverted to the division he had made of the fubject; in point of economy and constitution. Viewing his bill as a measure of economy, he said, that every impartial man must adniit that; from the present enormous amount of the pension list, it was one of the most obvious and proper objects for retrenchment. He also observed, that in the amount of pensions, which he had stated, he had not included falaries of a certain description, which were, in effect, pensions ; as confiderable salaries within a few years, added to packers and featchers in ports where a ship never enters, or a bale of goods never lands; allo to offices, sto which no othet duty is annexed than that of going twice in a year to the treasury to receive those salaries, and coming down to the House to support the minifter. He said that the present pena fiofi lift was not now necessary to the support of government as an instrument of patronage, as of late years the number of new places which had been created, were so confiderable as to be sufficient to satisfy the most rapacious ministerial dependent. He then proceeded to thew that the penfion list,

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