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After what has paffed in this House and upon the notoriety of the commotions referred to, I should think myself ustifiable in now moving an address to the Crown, declaring that we were ready to give the most decided support to government in suppressing them, did I not think it necessary to stop for one moment, to answer the charges that have been made against government, and to lay before the House what has come to my knowledge respecting the proceedings of the insurgents.

Their commencement was in one or two parishes in the county of Kerry, and they proceeded thus:--The people affembled in a mass-house, and there took an oath to obey the laws of Captain Right, and to starve the clergy. They then proceeded to the next parishes on the following Sunday, and there swore the people in the same manner, with this addition that they (the people last sworn) should, on the ensuing Sunday, proceed to the chapels of their next neighbouring parishes, and swear the inhabitants of those parishes in like manner.

Proceeding in this manner they very soon went through the province of Munster. The first object of their reformation was tithes; they swore not to give more than a certain price per acre-not to take from the minister at a great price —not to aflift or allow him to be allisted in drawing the tithe, and to permit no proctor. They next took upon them to prevent the collection of parish cesses--then to nominato parish clerks, and in some cases curates—to say what church should or should not be repaired; and in one case to threaien that they would burn a new church if the old one wag not given for a mass-house.

At last they proceeded to regulate the price of lands, to raise the price of labour, and to oppose the collection of the hearth-money and other taxes.

In all their proceedings they have shewn the greatest ada dress, with a degree af caution and circumspection which is the more alarming, as it demonstrates system and design. Bodies of 5000 of them have been seen to march through the country unarmed, and if met by any magiftrate, who had {pirit to question them, they have not offered the smallest rudeness or offence; on the contrary, they have allowed perfons, charged with crimes, to be taken from amongst them by the magistrates alone, unaided with any force. Where ever they went they found the people as ready to take an oath to cheat the clergy as they were to propose it; but if any one did resist, the torments which he was doomed to undergo were too horrible even for favages to be fupposed guilty of. In the middle of the night he was dragged from his bed, and buried alive in a grave lined with thorns, or he was fet naked on horseback, and tied to a faddle covered with thorns ;-in addition to this, perhaps his ears were sawed off. There is this day an account received of two military men, who had exerted themselves in the line of their duty, being attacked by a body of rightboys, and I fear murdered, for there is but little hope of their recovering of their wounds. The way in which the rightboys perpetrated this crime was, the two men were walking together, armed, they let a dog at them, when one of the men fired; he had no sooner thrown away his fire, than a multitude rushed upon the two from behind the ditches, and wounded them in a most shocking manner.

Now, upon the best enquiry that I have been able to make, it does not appear that there is the least ground to accuse the clergy of extortion.. Far from receiving the tenth, 1 know of no instance in which they receive the twentieth part, I am very well acquainted with the province of Munfter, and I know that it is impossible for human wretchedness to exceed that of the miserable peasantry in that province. I know that the unhappy tenantry are ground to powder by


relentless landlords-I know that, far from being able to give the clergy their just dues, they have not food or raiment for themselves, the landlord grasps the whole; and sorry I am to add, that not satisfied with the present extortion, some landlords have been so base to instigate the insurgents to rob the clergy of their tithes, not in order to alleviate the diftresses of the tenantry, but that they might add the clergy's fhare to the cruel rack-rents already paid. I fear it will require the utmost ability of parliament to come to the root of those evils. The poor people of Munster live in a more abject state of poverty than human nature can be supposed able to bçar-their miseries are intolerable, but they do not ori, ginate with the clergy; nor cap the legislature stand by and see them take the redress into their own hands: Nothing can be done for their benefit while the country remains in a state of anarchy.

Upon the beft consideration that I have been able to give the subject, two circumstances, which have contributed to spread the commotions, require to be immediately çor. rected.

The firft is, that under the present existing law the kind of combination which perpades the province of Munster is deemed but a misdemeanor ; it is a bailable offence, and no magistrate can refuse to take bail for it.

The second is, the insufficiency and criminal neglect of magistrates throughout the great county of Cork; there is fcarcely a magistrate that will act. In the neighbourhood of the city of Cork indeed one gentleman, Mr. Mannix, exerted himself, much to his own honour and the public benefit. In the west of the county, Mr. Cox also behaved with great propriety. If other magistrates had acted in the same manner these two gentlemen did, the commotions would not have existed for a month.

A right A right honourable friend of mine has declared, that he thinks it odd that government should have, upon a former occasion, prosecuted the steelboys for high treadon, and they Thould have indicted the rightboys for a misdemeanor only. -I thall tell him why? It would be very wicked and very oppressive, indeed, for any lawyer to indict a man for high treafon, where the law had particularly described his crime and called it a misdemeanor only; besides, I am free to own, that if by any ingenuity these combinations could be tortured into high treason, I would not be very, ready to declare the whole province of Munster in rebellion. At Clonmel, a man was indicted capitaly, and though his offence was of a very black dye, and complicated with treachery, yet it was a matter of great difficulty to prevail on a jury to find him guilty, and when they did, they strongly recommended him to mer, cy.

A charge has been made against government for fuppreffing informations against a fherift's bailiff, and from this it has ever wisely been inferred that government abets the rightboys. Now as I have the information in my hand, I shall submit them to the House, and whether it was poffible to ftrain an indictment out of it,

This is the information of Daniel Duggan, theriff's bailiffi, who acknowledges, that on the evening of Monday the 12th of June, returning home to Cloyne, he had occasion to stop

. He further confeffed, that he was then overtaken by two men, one of them a slender man in black clothes, who asked his name and where he dwelt; which being told, he asked if he knew Nick Dalton, John Ahern, and William Power? He said he did ; on which he desired him to go and tell them, Captain Right would be with them on Saturday night. He bid the man in black go himself, who faid, if he did not go, he would make an example. Being therefore in dread of his life, he went to the house of Dalton,


and delivered him 'the faid message; afterwards meeting Ahern on the road, he delivered him said message : And further sayeth not

The next is the infoamation of Catherine Ahern, wife of John Ahern. She swears, that she came up to her husband, on the road between Cloyne and her house: that he was conversing with Daniel Duggan : that, on her coming up, her husband told her Duggan had a summons for him from the whiteboys: that Duggan made no reply: that deponent and her husband returned home; and that the man in company with Duggan never spoke one word. And further this depoaent fayeth not.

The next is the information of John Ahern. He was met on the road to Cloyne about ten o'clock at night, on the 12th of June, by Daniel Duggan, who asked him to drink a pot of porter, which he refused, it being late, Duggan then put bis hand in his pocket, pulled out some papers, and said he had a sum of money for deponent. Deponent apprehending faid summons was a notice from the persons called whiteboys, faid he would not take it. Duggan then pulled out a handful of papers, which by the little light that then was, depo. nent believes were summonses; and Duggan said, he had one for him, one for Nick. Dalton, one for James Garvan, and one for William Power, from those gentlemen, meaning, as deponent believes, the whiteboys. The man in black fpoke not one word, and further this deponent sayeth not.

Now, I am bold to fay, that upon these informations it would puzzle all the crown lawyers in the three kingdoms to form an indictment, and if I had been in the place of the learned and honourable gentleman, that was sent down to profecute, I should not have hesitated a moment to have fuperseded the committal, and discharged the man without bail.A man pulls out papers, which in the night, another


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