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O ,

Mortal form, what dost thou mean,

To make such long delay;
Keeping thy soul so poor and lean,

Against the dreadful day?
To which we all must once appear,

To receive our sentence deep;
The sorrowing heart, and terrible fears,

Making our souls to weep.
Two things there are to us propos’d,

Whilst we on earth do dwell;
In chusing one, the other's lost,

Let it be heaven or hell.
Then must our choice be circumspect,

Without a worldly mind :
Lest God one day do us reject,

And we no mercy find.
If heaven we choose, then hell is lost,

We cannot it embrace;
But to the glory of joy we must,

Swallowed be in endless grace.
If hell we choose, the world is gain'd,

Which is that flesh desires :
Then need we nothing to refrain,

That pride and lust requires. Such are our lusts and covetousness,

The belly and back to please; With selling and buying, dissembling and lying,

Yet we cannot live at ease.
But still in discontent abide,

Desiring after more:
Our envy would that all had died,

That loved not the whore.
Her merchants they do howl and weep,

Their traffick none will buy:
They wishing now to sow or reap,

One year before they die.
In Revelation, Chap. nineteen,

In truth there you may read;
Who 'tis shall bear the scepter,

When the old whore is dead.
Thus to the wise in their conceit,

As I myself have been :
They now shall know that once they might,

Have left the greatest sin.
O England then repent

For the misery thou art in,
Which have all, by consent,

Liv'd on each others sin.
If pride should banish'd be away,

Then tradesmen out would cry,

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Come let us kill, eat, and slay,

Or else for want we die.
Then would the gentry mourn,

Without pride they cannot live;
And slaves to get them corn,

Whilst they themselves deceive.
Thus pride becomes our God,

And dear to us as life;
Whose absence makes us sad,

And cannot please our wife.
If the poor labouring men,

Live of their own increase;
Where are your gentry then,

But gone among the beasts?
If any would know who is the author,

Or ask whose lines are these,
I answer, one that drinketh water,

And now a liver at ease.
In drinking cannot be drunk,

Nor am I mov'd to swear:
And from wenching am I sunk,

My bones are kept so bare.
For it is the grossness of the flesh

That makes the soul to smart,
And is the cause of his own lust,

That commits adultery in his heart.



Of such inventious, as at present I can call to mind to have tried and

perfected, which, my former notes being lost, I have, at the instance
of a powerful friend, endeavoured now, in the year 1655, to set these
down in such a way as may sufficiently instruct me to put any of
them in practice.

Artis & naturæ proles.
London, printed by J. Grismond in 1663. Twenty-fours, containing ninety-

one pages.

To the King's most excellent Majesty.
Scire meum nihil est, nisi me scire hoc sciat alter, saith the poet, and
I most justly in order to please your majesty, whose satisfaction is my

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& happiness, and whom to serve is my only aim, placing therein my summum bunum in this world: Be therefore pleased to cast your gracious eye over this summary collection, and then to pick and chuse. I confess I made it but for the superficial satisfaction of a friend's curiosity, according as it is set down; and if it might now serve to give aim to yonr majesty, how to make use of my poor endeavours, it would crown my thoughts, who am neither covetous nor anubitious, but of deserving your majesty's favour upon my own cost and charges; yet, according to the old English proverb, “It is a poor dog that is not worth whistling after.' Let but your majesty approve, and I will effectually perform, to the height of my undertaking: Vouchsafe but to command, and with my life and fortune, I shall chearfully obey, and maugre envy, ignorance, and malice, ever appear

Your majesty's
Passionately devoted,
Or otherwise disinterested,
Subject and servant,


To the right honourable, the lords spiritual and temporal, and to the

knights, citizens, and burgesses of the honourable House of Commons, now assembled in parliament.

My lords and gentlemen, BE not startled if I address to all, and every of you, this century of summary heads of wonderful things, even after the dedication of them to his most excellent majesty; since it is with his most gracious and particular consent, as well as indeed no ways derogating from my duty to his sacred self, but rather in further order unto it, since your lordships, who are his great council, and you gentlemen, bis whole kingdom's representative, most worthily welcome unto him, may fitly receive into your wise and serious considerations, what doth, or may publickly concern both his majesty, and his tenderly beloved people.

Pardon me if I say, my lords and gentlemen, that it is jointly your parts to digest to his hand these ensuing particulars, fitting them to his palate, and ordering how to reduce them into practice in a way useful and beneficial, both to his majesty and his kingdom.

Neither do I esteem it less proper for me to present them to you, in order to his majesty's service, than it is to give into the hands of a faithful and provident steward, whatsoever dainties and provisions are intended for the master's diet; the knowing and faithful steward being best able to make use thereof to his master's contentment, and greatest profit, keeping for the morrow, whatever should be overplus, or needless for the present day, or at least to save something else in lieu thereof. In a word, my lords and gentlemen, I humbly conceive this simile not improper since you are his Majesty's provident stewards, into whose hands I commit myself, with all properties fit to obey you; that is to say, with a heart harbouring no ambition, but an endless aim to serve my King and country. And if my endeavours prove effectual, as I am confident they will, his Majesty shall not only become rich, but his people likewise, as treasurers unto him; and his peerless Majesty, our King, shall become both beloved at home, and feared abroad; deeming the riches of a King to consist in the plenty enjoyed by his people.

And the way, to render him to be feared abroad, is to content his people at home, who then, with heart and hand, are ready to assist him; and whatsoever God blesseth me with to contribute towards the increase or his revenues in any considerable way, I desire it may be employed to the use of his people; that is, for the taking off such taxes or burthens from them, as they chiefly groan under, and by a temporary necessity only imposed on them; which being thus supplied, will certainly best content the King, and satisfy his people; which, I dare say, is the continual tendency of all your indefatigable pains, and the perfect demonstrations of your zeal to his Majesty, and an evidence that the kingdom's trust is justly and deservedly reposed in you. And if ever parliament acquitted themselves thereof, it is this of yours, composed of most deserving and qualified persons ; qualified, I say, with your affection to your prince, and with a tenderness to his people; with a bountiful heart towards him, yet a frugality in their behalfs.

Go on therefore chearfully, my Lords and gentlemen, and not only our gracious King, but the King of Kings, will reward you, the prayers of the people will attend you, and his Majesty will with thankful arms embrace you. And be pleased to make use of me and my endeavours to inrich them, not myself; such being my only request unto you, spare me not in what your wisdoms shall find me usesul, who do estrem myself not only by the act of the water-commanding engine, which so chearfully you have past, sufficiently rewarded, but likewise with courage enabled to do ten times more for the future ; and my debts being paid, and a competency to live according to my birth and quality sritled, the rest shall I dedicate to the service of our King and country by your disposals; and esteem me not the more, or rather any more, by what is past, but by what is to come; professing really from my heart, that my intentions are to out-go the six or seven-hundred-thousand pounds already sacrificed, if countenanced and encouragedby you, ingenuously confessing that the melancholy, which hath lately seized upon me, the cause whereof none of you but may easily guess, hath, I dare say, retarded more advantages to the publick service than modesty will permit me to utter. And now, revived by your promising favours, I shall infallibly be enabled thereunto in the experiments extant, and com. prised under these heads, practicable with my directions by the unparalleled workman both for trust and skill, Casper Kaltoff's hand, who hath been these thirty-five years, as in a school under me employed, and still at my disposal, in a place by my great expences made fit for publick service, yet lately like to be taken from me, and consequently from the service of King and kingdom, without the least regard of above ten-thousand pounds expended by me, and through my zeal to the common good; my zeal, I say, a field large enough for you, my Lords and gentlemen, to work upon.

The treasures buried under these beads, both for war, peace, and pleasure, being inexhaustible; I beseech you, pardon me if I say so; it seems a vanity, but comprehends a truth; since no good spring but becomes the more plentiful, by how much more it is drawn; and the spinner, to weave his web, is never stinted, but further inforced.

The more then that you shall be pleased to make use of my inventions, the more inventive shall you ever find me, one invention begetting still another, and more and more improving my ability to serve my King and you; and as to my heartiness therein there needs no addition, nor to my readiness a spur. And therefore, my lords and gentlemen, be pleased to begin, and desist not from commanding me till I flag in my obedience and endeavours to serve my King and country.

For certainly you'll find me breathless first t'expire,

Before my hands grow weary, or my legs do tire. Yet abstracting from any interest of my own, but as a fellow-subject and compatriot, will I ever labour in the vineyard, most heartily and readily obeying the least summons from you, by putting faithfully in execution, what your judgments shall think fit to pitch upon, among this century of experiences, perhaps, dearly purchased by me, but not frankly and gratis offered to you. Since my heart, methinks, cannot be satisfied in serving my King and country, it it should cost them any thing; as I confess when I had the honour to be near so obliging a master as his late Majesty of happy memory, who never refused me bis ear to any reasonable motion. And as for unreasonable ones, or such as were not fitting for him to grant, I would rather to have died a thousand deaths, than ever have made any one unto him.

Yet whatever I was so happy as to obtain for any deserving person, my pains, breath, and interest employed therein satisfied me not, unless I likewise satisfied the fees; but that was in my golden age.

And even now, though my ability and means are shortened, the world knows why my heart remains still the same, and be you pleased, my lords and gentlemen, to rest most assured, that the very complacency, that I shall take in the executing your commands, shall be unto me a sufficient and an abundantly satisfactory reward.

Vouchsafe, therefore, to dispose freely of me, and whatever lieth in my power to perform ; First, in order to his Majesty's service; Secondly, for the good and advantage of the kingdom ; Thirdly, to all your satisfactions for particular profit and pleasure to your individual selves, professing, that in all, and each of the three respects, I will ever demean myself as it best becomes,

My Lords and Gentlemen, Your most passionately bent fellow subject in his Majesty's service, compatriot for the publick good and advantage, and a most bumble servant to all and every of you,


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