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Infirmity ; so much Vileness and so much Purity ; for nothing is more precious than God, nothing more vile than dirt. The second is no less wonder. ful, for by the Ear of Man it was never heard, nor by the Heart of Man ever conceived, that a Virgin should bring forth, and become a Mother, and should at the fame Time remain a pure Virgin ; the third is inferior to both first and second, yet not less strange, that Man's Heart should have l'ower to believe this.
Q. Of what Wood was the Cross of Christ made, and whether of one entire Tree, or of di. vers Sorts of Wood ?
A. The Cross of Christ, (as we have it by Tradition) was made of three divers Sorts of Wood: which was Cyprus, Pine and Cedar, all significant, and not without their Mystery : The Cyprus being an Emblem of Diffolution and Death; for being cut and wounded it withers and wastes away : T'he Cedar of Immortality, because it withstands the Consumption, and wastes Time to a dateless Perpetuity : The Pine, a navigable Wood, and therefore the most useful for Ships, to fignify that Death fhould have no more Power over him, nay, less to overwhelm him, than the Pine is subject to drowning by the Violence of the Waters.
Q. Of what Wood was the Temple of Solomon built, dedicated and consecrated unto God ?
A. Of Cedar and Sichem Wood, and that by the Command of God himself; and some Reason thereof may be this: First, because the Cedar is always green, odoriferous and sweet, neither will it bend; but supports itself with its own Strength : Secondly, for that i hich is truly verified in it, that is spoken of Irish Wood, that neither Worms nor Moths live in it, or breed near unto it: Thirdly, that it is neither maffy nor ponderous to load or opprefs the the Walls but Itrong, and Light.
Q. Of the Apples of Paradise, or Adam's Apples, what is related of them?
A. That those Apples, so called, are of exceed. ing Sweetness, when they come to their full Maturity and Ripeness, and are called of some, Musks, or Muk Apples; and it is thus observed of them, that at what Part soever you cut, there appears a Crucifix in it ; and it is reported for a Truth, or rather conjectured upon pregnant Probabilities, that the forbidden Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil was of that Likeness.
Q. What Apple or Fruit was that, that Adam by eating drew Sin and Death upon himself and his Pofterity?
A. It is uncertain ; and cannot rightly be known, for the Scripture mentions it not, yet some Wri. ters, to satisfy the Curious, have brought in their Arguments ; some think it was a Perpan Apple, that at this Day grows in the East, where Paradise was fituate; some think it was a golden Apple that was sweet to taite and delightful to behold; Lome think it was a Cherry, fome a Pear, all these are uncertain, but this is certain, Adam, primus bomo, damnabat fecula pomo.
Q. Why was the Tree in Paradise forbidden Adam to taste ?
A. Many wonder hereat ; and one of the Fathers in his admiration hereof, hath thus brought in Adam, expoftulating the Case with himself, If it be good why may not I touch it, if it be evil, what doch it in Paradise ; but to this, divers of the primitive Writers answer, that the Command of God in that, was rather for the Trial of his Obedience, than for any Danger which might have happened to Adam in eating thereof.
Q. From whom, for the most part, do we hear Truth?
A. From Childishness, from Foolishness, from Sleep, from the Drunk, from the Mad. Lewis XI.
would often fay, that all Things were plenty in his Court, only Truth was scarce; of which faith Tully in the Commendation thereof, it hath so much Power, that by no Deceit, Wit, or Cunning it can be overthrown, and tho’ it hath no Patron, nor Defender, yet it defends itself ; and, like the Blood of the Goat, will break the Stone in Pic
Q. Who were the best Orators, and what are the chiefest Parts of Oratory?
A. Tully and Demofthenes ; Tully was more admired for his Tongue, than for his Heart ; Ariftotie more for his Heart than for his Tongue; Plato for both: Of Tully it is said that he had none like him ; and of Demosi benes that he had but few : And for Oratory ; as Wit is the Ornament of Man, so Eloquence is the Ornament of Wit, which doth no Way so much become itself, as by displaying the Power thereof, in perswading to Truth, and diswading from Falshood.
Q. What two Philosophers were those, who were so eminent for two contrary Qualities ?
A. Democritus and Heraclitus ; the first where. of always laughed, the other continually wept ; which two different Passions, are much canvass'd by Authors, to know which of them is most suitable to human Nature ; indeed our Appetites are molt greedy to desire the first; but found Reason, if rightly weighed, will conclude for the second: Besides, Solomon tells us, That it is better to go • into the House of Mourning, than into the • House of Laughter, and that the Laughter of • Fools is Madness :? And if we consider our blessed Saviour, we cannot find in Scripture, that he laughed ; but that he wept, we read these three Times: First, when Lazarus was dead : Secondly, over Jerufalem : Thirdly, upon the Cross, when he delivered up his Spirit with Cries and Tears.
Q. Which Heretick in his Time had moft FolJouers?
A. Arius, a Priest of Alexandria, who denied the Divinity of Christ; to beat down which Herefy, the firit Council of Nice was called, wherein. was made the Nicene Creed, and the Clause of one Substance with the Father, proved to be agreeable to the Word. Conftantine, being then Emperor, sent for Arius to subscribe to the Decrees of this. Council, which he did, and made a Recantation of his Heresy ; however after he died, his Herefy died not, but overspread so far, that one of the Fathers complain'd, the whole world is turned
l. What Country in the World is the most defolate and folitary?
A. The Country of the Sodomites, where Satan won so much Ground, that whereas, according to Strabo's Description, stood thirteen Cities fitue ate in one of the most fruitful Soils in the whole Earth, even a second Eden, or Garden of Paradise for pleasure and Beauty, from whence sprung, those clustering Grapes, from those Vines of Engedi, so renown'd in Spripture, stands not now one of those Cities to magnify herself above her Fellows; but ali, with Sodom, the chiefest of them all, desolated and destroyed, not one Stone left upon another, nor any other Witness of their sometimes being, more than the Smell of Fire and Brimftone, the heavy Justicers of God that destroyed them ; and for the Fruit of the Vine that made glad the Heart of Man in them perverted from its true Use to Sin and Drunkenness, are only found now, Apples of a beauteous Appearance, but touch them, and they are but Alhes, and of a su phureous Savour, an Air of so poisonous a Vapour ; above, as Historiographers write, ftifles the Fowls that fly over it, that they fall down dead, and the Fishes in that dead Sea under it, poisoned as they
fall in, or float from, the filver Streams of Jordan, that thence empty themselves into the fulphureous Lake.
Q. What are the Causes of the ebbing and flowing of the Sea ?
A. The Opinions of Writers are so divers, that I know not certainly what to determine ; but to give some Satisfaction, these are held to be the principal Causes : The one supernatural, the other natural ; the supernatural God and his Spirit, moving upon the Waters, moveth the Waters, which Job exprefleth by the Similitude of Fire put under a Pot; for he saith, It is God that maketh the Sea to boil like a Pot; which Fire is to be taken, partly in the Saltness of the Waters, the Froft moving them in the same: Secondly, for that the Earth hath more Fire in it than the Water, which Fire lieth hid in the subterraneous Stores, which Fire doth partly cause the Motion of the Sea, an Element of itself liquid and active, and subject to Motion, which thereto when once by this Fire occasioned, the precedent' Part is thrust forward by the subsequent. Another Reason, is, from the Moon, who, by her approaching to the South, doth by her Beams and Influences make warm the Sea, from whence Rifings and Exhalations do proceed, wherewith so swelling, to empty itself, it floweth to the Shores and Havens, as her Beams by little and little diminish, the Waters do fall and abate, which maketh her Ebb, and these altogether by the Ordinance of God doch effect it.
Q. Whereupon doth the Base, or huge Part of the World rely?
A. It is a Secret fought of all Men, unknown of many, and perceived of few : To which yet I answer from the Scripture, that the huge Weight thereof relies on nothing, and Job himself teftifies upon no material Thing, but is only fupported by the Power of God himself.