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Vitel. ovi Sol.
Tinctures of Fresh Herbs.
A lozenge or troche, Lozenges or troches.
The last ordered.
Fiat, let be made.
To be used.
To make use of.
A glass vessel.
A vehicle, or menstruum.
Bleeding in the arm.
Dissolved in the yolk of an egg.
Yolk of egg.
Vomiting being severe.
NOTE. For the dangerous abbreviations, see ante, page 451, under the title PRESCRIPTION WRITING.
Attention is particularly directed to the accentuation of words commonly mispronounced; as, for example, acètas, átropa, chimáphila (kima), chlòridum, codèia, conìum, énema, iódidum, radicis, ricinus, sinapis, syrupus, éczema, umbilicus, abdomen, brómidum, páresis.
The Verbs used in prescription writing are nearly all in the imperative mood, giving directions to the compounder, and having their object in the accusative case. Such are
A few verbs are found in the subjunctive mood, taking their subject or predicate in the nominative case. The most usual are
Bulliat, let boil.
Capiat, let take.
Detur, let be given.
Participles or Verbal Adjectives are occasionally used, and should agree with their respective nouns in gender, number and case. Such are the following, viz. :—
Those in the first column require the noun following to be in the accusative case,— those in the second column require the ablative case.
Dividendus, -a, -um, to be divided.
Adhibendus, -a, -um, to be administered.
Ad, to, up to.
Ana, of each,--governs the genitive case:
WORDS AND PHRASES, IN MOST FREQUENT USE.
GENITIVE CASE ENDINGS, ETC.
Quantum sufficiat, as much as necessary.
Asclepias, -adis; Mas, Maris.
Cataplasma, Enema, Physostigma, Aspidosperma and Gargarysma, all have the genitive in -atis. Coca is unchanged, though the genitive Coca is written by some authorities. Folia is plural, gen. Foliorum.
Rhus, Rhois; Flos, Floris; Bos, Bovis; Limon, Limonis; Erigeron, -ontis. Fructus, Cornus, Quercus, Spiritus, Haustus, Potus, do not change, being of 4th declension.
Pulvis, -eris; Arsenis, -itis; Phosphis, -itis; Sulphis, -itis, and all salts ending in -is, have genitive in -its.
* But some authorities give Apiolum, -i; Sumbul, -i; Amyl, Amylis; Coca, -æ.