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spending time to gratify a curiosity of so little importance to you, as I shall decline it for the present; suffice it to know that, one of the ancient ways is Buchquhane; but the most modern is Buchan, which signifies, in the language of the Gauls, "' payer of tribute of oxen and sheep, with which, (at the time
its name,) it abounded. Cumyn was the original of your surname; and from Cumyn, earl of Buchan, you are lineally descended. As it is but right you
should know how this change was brought about, it was as follows ;- In the time of the civil commotion, and dispute which happened between John Baliol and Robert Bruce, for the crown of Scotland, and which kept the nobility in a ferment, the Cumyns were a powerful people, and had great interest and influence over the principal families of thạt nation, and also with Edward, king of England ; so that John, commonly called the red Cumyn, being aided and assisted with his relations, the flower of the Scottish noblemen, and having encouragement from Edward, flattered himself with becoming king of Scotland, as being heir to Donald Bane, and cousin-german to John Baliol. Various attempts were made for the accomplishment of this purpose, but they were always, by some means or another, frustrated. The last attempt was at the battle of Inverurie, where he measured swords with king Robert Bruce, was defeated, and afterwards killed by him in the Franciscans Church of Dumfries in the year 1306. His lands and estates, of course, were confiscated to the king, who bestowed them
others whom he considered more deserving of them. To cover this, and some of the former guilt, the family changed their name of Cumyn to that of their designation and title, Buchan, which years brought into use.
The first of the race, and descendants of°Cumyn, earl of Buchan, who had returned from England, (whither they went after the discomfiture with Bruce,) that I can read of, and who uses the name publicly, was a colonel Buchan, who resided for sometime in the parish of Rathen, where he had his seat. This colonel Buchan you will find mentioned in the Cloud of Witnesses, as one of the persecutors of the poor and oppressed Covenantors, in the time of the impious Charles the second. From this family, on the father's side, you are descended. And from that ancient and most respectable family of Drum, on
the mother's side; your great-grand-mother's name being, Margaret Irvine, grand-daughter to -- Irvine, Esq. of Drum. This is but a short sketch ofyour pedigree, but it is sufficient for the present, as you can make yourself more acquainted with it when you come to those years of wisdom, in wirich you will be consulting the records of your country. I do not give you this information to raise your vanity above your teliows, but that you may walk worthy of your noble descent, be an honour to the fanilies from which you have sprung, the name you bear, and to the country to which you belong. May beco.ne intolerable to society, and to the company in which they are placed, by vainly boasting of their ancestors, (which is often all they have to boast of,) their ill-suited frivolities, and disgusting egotism.
Be not therefore, like them, my dear Charles, but rather endeavour to be the first of an honourable race than the last of an ancient.
In all your transactions and dealings with the world. be guided by the laws of justice, and actuated by the principles of honour. Do unto every mm as you expect, or would wish him to do unto you in the same situation. Flattery, to a weakminded and choleric man, is like pouring oil upon the rufiled waves of the fiery ocean, it smooths and allays the fury of the clouded brow: but although this is often practised by the mean and selfish to gain their private ends, I would not, by any means, have you guilty of such siliy devices; besides, it is taking advantage of an unguarded hour: for some, by means of having their vanity flattered, could be made to do any thing. Although you may not always be successful in the world, never repine ;-the race is not always to the swift, nor the battle to: the strong. It is the common lot of most men, at some period or other of their lives, to be ship-wrecked in their passage through life; to run on the rocks of disappointment, and be dashed to and fro on the sands of adversity, by the relentless waves of despair. Yet often a twinkling ray of hope darts thro' the thickened gloom when least expected, and brightens the darkened night, and gladens the cheerless mind. Adversity is a school wherein one may learn much; for in it in one day more wisdom is to be got than in twenty in the school of fortune; but its frowns, however, are hard to be borne. The fa- : vours of fortune are not always to be courted; for, like the sting
of the asp, it tickles so as to make one laugh, till the poison by little and little gets to the heart, and then it pains more than ever it delighted. Be ye then like the righteous Agur, Who? prayed thus, Prov. xxx. 8 & 9, Give me neither poverty nor riches ; feed me with food convenient for me: lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain. Also, follow the example of the indefatigable and praise-worthy Paul, who, in whatsoever state he was in, had therewith learned to be content. Diogenes, although a heathen, had more contentment in his tub which sheltered him from the injuries of the weather, and with his wooden dish to eat and drink in, than Alexander had with the comforts of half the world.
As you approach the verge of life, you will find the road, in may places, strewed with thorns and briers ; yet, on these briers are to be found roses of inestimable value; because, if plucked with the hand of piety, like Aaron's rod, their fragrance and beauty will swallow up every other evil that may
fall in the way. There are also two paths which you will observe in the commencement of your journey, the path of VIRTUE, and the path of vice. The one leadeth to corruptible pleasures here, the other to incorruptible hereafter. Choose ye, therefore, before your sun be clouded, the path of virtue, and walk, ye therein : for, as you are but a probationer here on earth, there are many temptations to which you will be liable; but endeavour to shun those that lead to the gates of death and destruction. The most besetting sins that attend youth in their first entrance on the stage of the world, are sabbath-breaking, drinking, and bad company, particularly that of women. .
You are desired to remember the sabbath-day, and to keep it holy. This can only be done by refraining from pursuing your own pleasures ; seeking the communion and fellowship of God in prayer; walking with him in faith, and praising him for the bountiful mercies which you are daily permitted to receive at his hand. That want of reverence and holy respect which, is due to the sabbath, has sunk many one in perdition, who would otherwise have been good and useful members in society.
Drinking, i. e. to excess, is also a vice of considerable magnitude, which I wish you by all means to avoid ; for it is not only an evil of itself in wasting your substance, perhaps many
years' hard-earned gettings; robbing you of your health, the most precious temporal blessing we enjoy under heaven, but leaves you a prey to every other temptation and evil. cient Greeks used to punish crimes committed when drunk with double severity. A curious story is thus told of a young man and the devil. The young inan had made a contract with the devil, to comply with one of three requests he should make him, viz.-Murder his father, debauch his own sister, or get drunk. The young man choose the last, as by far the least shocking; but when he had got drunk, the devil took that opportunity of tempting him (which till he was drunk he never could effectually do.) to commit both the other. Thus he was drawn into commit all the devil wanted; whereas if either of the other had been his choice, he would probably have escaped so complicated a guilt.
The company of bad women is also very pernicious to the morals of youth; and may be compared to a ship richly laden wrecking in the harbour before ever she put to sea. Solomon was aware of this, which made him urge his son so strongly to beware of the alluring smiles of harlots. He who gives himself up to their embraces, may be said to renounce his God and his Saviour: and he who lives without God in the world, must be in a hopless condition. When you visit them, you must not go empty-handed ; a present must be the harbinger of your welcome-Your business neglected to serve them— Expences incurred to please them-Your friend sacrificed to their whimYour self no longer your own master, but a slave to the dupe of their ambition, and all to gratify the hypocritical smiles and fáir blandishments of one who is at heart your professed, tho' not open enemy; and will, like the deceitful Delilah, shake off the mask in the end. Think of this, my dear Charles, and go not within the portals of their gates. Jerome tells a story of a Christian soldier, whom, when the pretor could not by any torments remove from Christianity, he commanded him to be laid on a bed in a pleasant garden, among the flourishing and fragrant flowers ; which done, all others withdrawing, a most beautiful harlot came to him, and used all her art to destroy his soul; but the Christian soldier, being filled with the royal gift! of the spirit, bit off his tongue with his teeth, and spit it in ber face as she was tempting hiin, and so got the victory over all'
temptations. Better to go thus halt and mame into heaven, than with all the limbs and faculties entire into hell.
When I wish you to guard against the enticements of bad women, I do not mean women in general; nor that you should abandon the company of all the sex without distinction, to live a life of celibacy. Man's happiness here, were it not for the sweet society of angelic woman, would be but formal and dull.
Woman, man's chiefest good, by heaven design'd
And lull the passions as we walk through life.
The bitter sweat in drops shed from his manly brow
I have now given you an outline of those snares that
unwary and unguarded youth in their outset in life, and hope you will benefit thereby.
The next things I shall offer to your consideration are, the choice of companions and amusements, on which depend great part of your happiness. Never go to a gaming-tabie nor ale. house to seek a companion or friend. Those that frequent gaming-houses mind me much on flocks of ravens, they only, meet to pick the carcase of some unfortunate victim that has fallen a prey to their devouring talons. In an alehouse, though you see a company of bacchanalian topers friendly set, who, in the midst of their jollity, when their hearts are warmed with wine; their heads light with strong drink ; their boon compan