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hid in the ground. Nor should our alms be done before men, nor with the supercilious air of one giving for ostentation, to see himself ranked with the respectable donors of the poor. In the case of benevolence, we are desired not to let the left hand know what the right hand doeth. · He who giveth with vain show, and to hurt the tender feelings of the dejected and downcast that have seen better days, is certainly very repre. hensible in the sight of all good and modest men. Boaz,in the book of Ruth 11. 9, 15 & 16, presents us with one of the most beautiful and modest lessons in relieving the needy, that is to be found. He did not go about promulgating his divine intentions

among his neighbours; nor did he wound the faithful heart of the pensive Ruth, nor raise the conscious blush of innocence on the wan and famished cheek by his lordly demean

The two last verses mentioned, (15 & 16) may serve as a specimen of his becoming behaviour on this trying but friendly occasion.—And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let ber glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: And let fail also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not. This judicious stratagem saved him the apology of offering her the gleanings publicly, and of ranking her with the common paupers. · It had another good effect, it saved her the confusion and shame of a formal acknowledgement. Giving in season to those in need, is like showers of rain to the parched ground.

On thee, O heaven, my hope and comfort lie

For competence of wealth,-be health my lot,
That I the wailing orphan may supply

With bread ;-the needy, in the humble cot.

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That pleasure mine,—the drooping soul to cheer,

The weary pilgrim, and the widow's moan;
To dry the furrow'd cheek of many a tear,

And make, O poverty, thy case my own!
But while I aid the poor,-thy tender care,

With temp'ral mercies, may they ne'er despise
The hand that feeds them from above; but share

The promis'd bliss beyond immortal skies!

In this short letter, I cannot point out to you all that is necessary for you to believe concerning God, nor the duty that He requires of man. But one thing I must recommend unto you, and that is, a careful and attentive perusal of your BIBLE, for in it you will find the duty of a Christian while here, and a topographical description of the country and its inhabitants to which he would wish to steer his course hereafter. It is the compass without variation; and the most correct chart of your voyage to the New Jerusalem, the haven of rest, by the best Authors. Also, in it is to be found the words of eternal life. Seek

ye then, fir: i the righteouness of Christ, and all other things will be adried unto it.— The knowledge of God is great gain. I have read somewhere of a poet, who,with many others were going as passengers from one distant country to another on shipboard ; but on their way a storın arose, and the ship was lost. During the gale, many of the passengers were busily engaged packing up their most valuable jewels and riches, when one of them observed the poet going about quite unconcernedly, and asked him why he was not securing his riches, he calmly replied, " I carry them always about me." Many of the passengers with the weight of their money, &c. sunk be-' neath the briny waves to rise no more, and so made their beds with the fishes in the deep. Others, on their landing on the shore, were either murdered or plundered by the natives of the place, that they might become possessed of their all; but, a noblemen who had had read the poet's works, and esteemed them much, hearing of his being among the unfortunate, waited upon him personally, took him to his house, fed him at his table, and clothed him as one of the family. Sometime after the poet met with a few of his companions in distress, begging their bread from door to door, and said unto them, “ you now see that I carry my jewels along with me," Such is the superiority of the intellectual jewels. Be then, like the poet, my dear Charles, trust not in perishable riches, but in that grace which is able to build you up, and make you wise unto Salvation.

As it is necessary for the followers of Christ to become member of some congregation or Church, it is very natural for you to suppose I will recommend the one in which I have been brought up and belong, but not so ; nor will I recommend

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any other in preference. I wish to leave you at liberty to chose for yourself-conscience should be free from the shackles of another. Their is no one particular form of Church-government, or discipline, (although many consider it the principal part of their creed,) that I know that is more capable of carrying you to heaven than another, provided that your heart, your lite, and your

actions do not accord with the commands of God. But if these agree with the written testimony handed down to us by His inspired prophets and apostles, any of them is sufficient; it is not the outward form but the inward heart. And certain am I that, there will be in heaven, giving glory to the Lamb that sitteth on the throne, people out of all countries, out of all nations, of all churches, denominations, sects, kindred and tongues.

The disputes that have arisen among Christians,and the opprobrium and vile epithets which the one party has lavishly bestowed upon

the other for their religious tenets, are truly disgraceful in a country where evangelicalpreaching may be heard in its greatest perfection. The one goes about crying, I am of Paul ; another, I am of Appollos. One he is a follower of John Calvin, the other of John Arminius.

Even in the present day, with shame be it spoken, how many religious, under the name of praying associations, are established, where little þut hypocrisy and guile are practised ? They measure their sanctity by the length and loudness of their prayers a parcel of unmeaning words jumbled together, blasphemously telling God what He is, and charging Him with their sins and sorrows. They worship God with their lips, but their hearts are far from Him.

Religion ever pleas'd to pray,
Possess'd the precious gift one day ;
Hypocrisy, of Cunning born,

Çrept in and stole it ere the morn.
Their meetings are more to feed rancour, and to rail upon one .
another, than to glorify God. On beholding the behaviour of
Calvinists, to Arminians, and Arminians to Calvinists, you will
say, Where is the Charity that Christ taught his disciples ?
Where is the Love that he showed, and commanded them to
practise towards one another, whereby all men might know,

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toe that they were his disciples? In their dealings,one with another, cho they are seldom according to equitg and justice, the beam al

ways preponderates in favour of one of their own party. This re is a proof that the heart is not right toward God. ic

Each zealot thus elate with ghostly pride,
Adores his God, and hates the world beside.

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Although I despise the hypocritical cant and lengthened face

of the narrow-minded partisans, I by no means think lightly enor disrespectfully of religious associations, for we have the toa promise of Christ, that, where two or three are gathered to

gether in His name, there will He be in the midst of them, to bless' them and to do them good.

I have been there, and still will go, hero

'Tis like a little heaven below. aka

Seeming devotion doth but gild the knave,
That's neither faithful, honest, just, or brave,
But where religion does with virtue join,
It makes a hero like an angel shine.

These are my reasons for leaving you to the freedom of your own will in the choice of the church to which you will become a member. I have therefore, only to request of you not to follow the example of these party-spirited bigots, but follow the

Christian and praiseworthy, example of Jehu when he met with 05 Jehonadab, 2 Kings x. 15, Who, when he had saluted him iru said, “ Is thine heart right as my heart is with thy heart? And

Jehonadab answered, it is. If it be, give me thine hand.” Jehu did not say to Jehonadab, are you a Jew, or are you ą Gentile ? Are you a Pharisee, or are you a Sadducee? Are you of the house of Jesse and of the tribe of Judah ? He did not say, are you Circumcised, or are you Uncircumcised? No! All that he wanted to know was, if his heart were right as his

heart, i. e. with God: If it were, to give him his hand. Your id Saviour, my dear son, was no respecter of persons ; it is true 1 he loved John more than any of the other disciples, but is it

was upon account of his youth and piety-he had begun early po to seek the Lord, although but one in the humblest sphere of of life, 4 poor fisherman.

fisherman. Our Saviour enjoined by precept, and

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showed by his own divine example that, we should love ALL mankind, our enemies as well as our friends. Therefore, when you meet with a person of merit, salute him, whether Protestant or Papist, Presbyterian or Episcopalian, Methodist or Burgher, Calvinist or Arminian, if his heart be right with God, give him thine hand.

'Tis possible the reader may inquire,

To what distinction I myself aspire. As this Dedication has insensibly swollen upon me beyond the bounds allotted it, even upwards of twenty pages, (which will be found in addition to those marked at the end of the book,) I must postpone for the present many things I have to say: Hoping the few hints and advices contained in it will be a means in the hand of God, with your own reflection and judgment, when a little more matured with the experience of years, of keeping you free from many of the vanities and vices of unguarded youth ; which, if strictly attended to, will confer the highest honour upon one who has the happiness to wish you a portion of the Grace of God, and to be, with pleasure,


Your Most Affectionate Father,

, }

PETER BUCHAN. PETERHEAD, January 1st, 1824. P.S. Years roll on apace.--Since writing the preceding, another year has Aed, and has waftedon its wings the spirits of thousands to regions unknown. Time is in subjection to none—it conquors all, and lays the mighty low. Husband well then, that portion of time which God has given you, so as you may glory in giv. ing an account of it at last. I should be happy to see many flourishing years crown your youthful head, and in which you can say you have found much pleasure. With the prospects of the joys of many comuning year, be my prayers for

your fare here, and your unclouded happiness hereafter.


P. B.

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