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the sword, destroying it utterly, and all that is therein, and the cattle thereof, with the edge of the sword. 1 Samuel xv. 3, Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, oy and sheep, camel and ass. Ezek. xiv. 13 and 21, Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut offman and beast from it: For thus saith the Lord God, How much more when I send my four sore judgments upon

Jerusalem, the sword, and the famine, and the noisome beast, and the pestilence; to cut off from it man and beast? Zeph. 1. 3, I will consume man and beast; I will consume the fowls of the heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the stumbling blocks with the wicked; and I will cut off man from off the land, saith the Lord.

As they are thus subject to the changes and vicissitudes which sin has caused on the the earth, God was pleased to remember them in his covenant with Noah, Gen. ix. 9 & 10, And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed afier you; and with every living creaiure that is with you, of the

fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. He also commands that they shall partake of that rest on the Sabbath which he has appointed for man, Exod.xx.10, But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-servant, nor thy maid-servant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. XXII. 12, Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest; that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid and the stranger may be refreshed.

Man is also enjoined to assist and show lenity to the brute part of the creation, Deut. XXII. 4, 6 & 7, Thou shalt not see thy brother's ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them; thou shalt surely help him to lifi him up again. If a bird's nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree,or on the ground, whether they be young ones or eggs, and the dam sitteth

the young, or on the eggs, thou shalt not take the dam with the young; But thou shalt in any wise let the dam go, and take the young to thee: that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days. And our Saviour commends acts of mercy shown to animals, Math.xii. 11, And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? Luke xv. 4, What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and



after that which is lost, until he find it? As a further proof of God's regard for the brutes, we may see that it was partly upon their account that, He was pleased to spare from the impending destruction that threatened that spacious city of Nineveh, Jonah iv. 11, And should I

spare Nineveh, that great city, wherein are more than sixscore thousand persons that cannot discern between their right hand and their left hand; and also much cattle? For we are informed by the writings of the same prophet 111. 7 & 8, That the beasts as well as men were clothed in sackcloth, and commanded by the king of Nineveh tu fast, and cry mightily unto God, and turn from their evil ways,that they might avert the ruin that hung over them.

We are certain that, previous to man's fall, the brutes were made, and enjo ed a more perfect and happy state than at present; for we are informed by Moses that, their Maker,

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after their formation, pronounced them good. They were placed in the garden of Eden, and enjoyed all its privileges and sweet repose, as well as man. They did eat of its delici, ous fruits, and sported harmlessly together under the cool and refreshing shadow of its green spreading trees—Their drink was from the

pure and purling stream which gave moisture to this earthly Paradise-Their beds were among the lilies and sweet scented flowers, and their covering the gold-tinted canopy of heaven,

Pride then was not; nor arts, that pride to aid :
Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the shade ;
The same his table, and the same his bed ;
No murder cloth'd him, and no murder fed.
In the same temple, the resounding wood,
All vocal beings hymn'd their equal God.

In this innocent and happy state they would have continued immortal, had not man, by his disobedience, offended the great Author of his being

As we now see from what original the cause of their misery has sprung; doth it not therefore become us, to strive to alleviate their sufferings to the utmost of our power, and to show that charity towards them, as their several cases require, as we wish the

angels in heaven, our superiors, to show unto

us ? — They are part of God's creation and i care as well as we, and sprung from the same

materials : for God said,

" Let th' earth bring forth soul living in her kind,

Cattle, and creeping things, and beast of th' earth,
Each in their kind. The earth obey’d, and straight
Op’ning her fertile womb. teem'd at a birth
Innumerous living creatures, perfect forms,
Limb’d and full grown ; out of the ground up-rose,
As from his lair, the wild beast where he wons
In forest wild, in thicket, brake, or den ;
Among the trees in pairs they rose, they walk'd ;
The cattle in the fields and meadows

Those rare and solitary, these in flocks
Pasturing at once, and in broad herds up sprung.
The grassy clods now calvd, now half appeared
The tawny lion, pawing to get free
His hinder parts, then springs as broke from bonds
And rampant shakes his brinded mane : the ounce,
The libbard, and the tyger, as the mole,
Rising, the crumbl’d earth above them threw
In hillocks: the swift stag from under ground
Bore up his branching head : scarce from his mould
Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheav'd
His vastness : Aleec'd the flocks and bleating rose,
As plants: ambiguous between sea and land
The river horse and scaly crocodile.
At once came forth whatever creeps the ground,
Insect or worm: those wav'd their limber fans
For wings and smallest lineaments exact
In all the liveries deck'd of summer's pride,
With spots of gold and purple, azure and green:
These as a line their lang dimension drew,
Streaking the ground with sinuous trace; not all
Minims of nature ; some of serpent kind,


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