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in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh, and to all | age the one hunared and twentieth. Before his servants, and to all his land, and in all his death, he uttered a clear and distinct prethat mighty hand, and in all the great ler- diction of the Messiah, which, in “ the fulness ror which Moses showed in the sight of all of time,” was exactly accomplished; and he Israel."
appeared in person on mount Tabor to lay This truly great man died in the year of all his glory and honour at the feet of the the world two thousand five hundred and Saviour of the world. We shall have finished fifty-three; and before the birth of Jesus our plan, after we have suggested a few reChrist one thousand four hundred and fifty- flections on this prediction of Moses, and on one ; eight hundred and ninety-seven years this his appearance, in company with Elias, after the flood; and before the building of i to do homage to the Son of God, "the Solomon's temple four hundred and forty ; in Author and finisher of our faith.” To Him the fortieth year from the Exodus, or depar- “ be glory and dominion for ever and ever. ture of Israel from Egypt; and of his own Amen."
HISTORY OF MOSES.
The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me;
unto him ye shall hearken. According to all that thou desiredst of the Lord thy God in Horeb, in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, neither let me see this great fire any more that I die not. And the Lord said unto me, They have well spoken thai which they have spoken. I will raise them up a prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto ine; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.-DEUTERONOMY XUL. 15—18. Acts iii. 22.
In the frame and course of nature, who ; a presumption, at least, that he who made, does not perceive evident marks of wisdom upholds, and governs the universe, is like in design, order in execution, energy in wise the Author of salvation; in all whose operation? All is plan, system, harmony. works and ways a noble and important end Every thing bespeaks a Being provident, is obviously kept in view; and that end puro omnipotent, unremittingly attentive: whose sued and attained by means the wisest and works, indeed, infinitely exceed our compre- the best. The Mosaic and Christian are hension; but which by their beauty, sim- not separate, unconnected, independent displicity, and usefulness, fill the mind with 'pensations, but corresponding and harmonious wonder and delight, while their variety, members of the same great building of God. lustre, magnificence, and immensity asto- Nature and grace have one source, one date; nish and overwhelm. The government of they proceed in a parallel direction, they are the world, it is equally evident, is the hastening to one common consummation. result of contrivance; it evinces a con- Or to speak more properly, the system of stant, superintending care. Event arises out external nature and the scheme of redemp of event, link runs into link. What to tion are the well-adjusted, the harmonized the first glance appeared an assemblage parts of the one great plan of eternal Proviof scattered fragments, is found on a more dence, which contains the whole purpose of careful and attentive inspection, to be a re- the glorious CREATOR concerning man-his gular, beautiful, well proportioned fabric, a first formation, his present state and charac* body fitly joined together, and compacted ter, and his final destination. by that which every joint supplieth, accord- Turn up the inspired volume at whatever ing to the effectual working in the measure page you will, and you have a person, or an of every part.”
event, or a service, or a prediction unfolding, It must be pleasing to every serious mind in one form or another, the merciful “ purto observe in the work of redemption a simi- pose of Him who worketh all things aiter lar uniformity of design, progress, and exe- the counsel of his own will, that we should cution. We find patriarchs, prophets, apos- be to the praise of his glory.” Transport tles remote from, unknown to one another, yourself in thought to whatever period of at different ages, in different regions, declar- the world you will, and you still find the gosing the same purpose, promoting the sanie pel preached; whether in the sacrifice of plan, aiming at the same end. This affords I righteous Abel, the translation of Eroch, the
ark of Noah, the promise made to Abraham, and recollected, is misunderstood, misapplied. the predictions of dying Jacob; from the But during every instànt of the extended seat of Moses, the throne of David, the dun- period, the eternal eye has been watching geon of Jeremiah. They all speak an uni- over it; in solemn silence attending its proform language, all give witness to the same gress, triumphing over both neglect and person, all disclose their own peculiar portion opposition ; and a slumbering world is roused of the gospel treasure, for the illumination at length to see and to acknowledge the truth of an ignorant, the reformation of a corrupt- and faithfulness, the power, wisdom, and ed, the salvation of a perishing world. grace of the Most High.
The writings of Moses exhibit a singular The day of Moses then, in the eye of God, display of this grand combined plan. He runs down to that of Christ; as his, in retraces nature up to her birth, and instructs turn, ascends to the earliest of the promises us “how the heavens and earth rose out of and predictions, illuminating, quickening, chaos.” He conducts us through the mazes confirming, fulfilling all that is written. of the moral government of the Great Su- Placed at whatever point of the system of preme, and there too unfolds wild uproar nature, whether on our own planet or on any reduced to order, and * the wrath of manother, to the north, or to the south, in sumworking the righteousness of God.” He mer, or winter, the eye is still attracted to draws aside the curtains of the night, and the common centre of all, the great “ Light “the dayspring from on high" dawns on of the world." In like manner, at whatever fallen humanity. He attends us through the distance we are placed, and in whatever dimorning of that bright day, and, constrained rection we contemplate the system which at length to retire, leaves behind him the redeeming love has framed, from under the assurance, that “the fulness of the time” shade of the tree of life in Eden, from the would come, that “the morning light” would summit of Ararat, Moriah, or Pisgah, in the advance with growing splendour unto “ the plain of Mamre, or from a pinnacle of the perfect day.” He presents to our astonished temple; with Abraham, viewing the Saviour eyes the vast
, the complicated, the beautiful and his day afar off, or with Simeon embramachine; wheel within wheel put in motion, cing him, the same “Sun of righteousness” preserving from age to age its steady majes- sheds his glory around us; we see the light, tic tenor, with native, unwearied, 'undimi- we feel the influence of him who quickeneth nished, force; referring us still to its divine and enlighteneth every man that cometh into AUTHOR, who made and upholds all “ by the the world. word of his power," and for whose “pleasure As we find Moses plainly and unequivothey are and were created."
cally referring men to Christ, so the Saviour Moses not only in what he wrote, but in as explicitly refers to Moses for a testimony what he was and acted, illustriously displayed concerning himself; thereby plainly insinuthe grace of God in the redemption of the ating, that if the Jewish prophet deserved world. Not only did he write and testify any credit, possessed any respectability, this concerning the great Deliverer, but his per- credit, this respectability were ministering son, his character, his offices, were a pre- servants to the dignity of his own person, figuration of " Him who was to corne,” and the sacredness of his character thre divinity to whom “all the prophets give witness.” of his mission. And this is accompanied
The prediction which has been read, and with a severe denunciation of judgment the pointed application made of it by the against such as admitted the authority of apostles to their divine Master, constitute Moses, but rejected that of Christ; to introthe proof of what we have just advanced. duce, recommend, and confirm which was Moses, under the direction of the spirit of the end for which Moses was raised up. prophecy, raises the expectation of mankind “Do not think I will accuse you to the Fato the appearance of a prophet, like, indeed, ther; there is one that accuseth you, even but far superior to himself; and the apostles Moses, in whom ye trust. For had ye bepoint with the finger to Jesus of Nazareth, lieved Moses, ye would have believed me; saying, “We have found him of whom for he wrote of me. But if ye believe Moses, in the law, and the prophets did not his writings, how shall ye believe my write."
words?" A limited creature, of threescore years This reciprocal testimony, therefore, of and ten, is lost in the contemplation of a the founders of the ancient and new econoperiod of fifteen hundred and eleven years, my, throws light on both, and communicates for such was the distance of this prophecy mutual credibility and importance. Moses from its accomplishment. The shortlived satisfies himself with simply delivering the creature loses sight of it, feels his interest prediction which he had in charge; he forms in it but small, is at little pains to transmit no plan, enters into no arrangement to bring the knowledge of it to those who shall come it into effect, but leaves to Providence the after him; the next generation it is neglect- care of leading forward to the accomplish: ed, overlooked, forgotten; or, if observed | ment, in the proper time and method. Christ
simply points to what was written, and was foundation, and it standeth sure, and the generally known, received, and respected as building rises; "he willeth, and none can a revelation from heaven, and requires to be let it.” “ God made man upright;" and to believed and obeyed no farther than he bore maintain or restore that uprightness is his the characters under which Moses had an- great aim and end, under every dispensation nounced him ; particularly that of “the great of his providence, under the law and the gosProphet which should come into the world." pel, by Moses and by Christ.
T'he proper character of a prophet is to A prophet must have the necessary qualicommunicate the special will of Heaven to fications for his office, must be instructed in men. God, indeed, writes his will on the the mind of God, be filled with zeal for his mind of every man, as he comes into the glory, be animated with ardent love to manworld; interweaves it with the very consti- kind, be fortified against the assaults and optution and frame of his being, so that, in position of ignorance, and prejudice, and truth, every man is a law, is a prophet to envy. And such an one was Moses,“ whom himself. But the characters are quickly the Lord knew face to face," with whom he erased, effaced; education, example, super-conversed as a man with his friend ; his zeal stition, vicious propensities, obliterate the was inextinguishable; for the good of Israel writing of God; habit and the commerce of he was ready to make the sacrifice of self; the world harden the heart, and lull the con- his meekness was unruffled, his patience not science asleep, and the hearts of men are to be subdued, his perseverance indefatigaset in them to do evil.” Hence the necessity ble, his resolution undaunted. How much of a prophet, of a messenger, of a minister more eminently conspicuous were these chafrom heaven, to republish the original law, racters of a prophet, in the great " Author to restore the obliterated characters, to call and Finisher of the Christian faith?" The men back to God from whom they have re-only begotten Son who is " in the bosom of volted.
the Father, he hath declared him;" the And such an one was Moses; raised up of zeal of thine house hath eaten me up." "I God at a period of singular darkness and de- came not to do mine own will, but the will pravity, divinely commissioned to promulgate of him that sent me." “The cup which my the royal law. Not to settle a different, a Father giveth me, shall I not drink it!" novel constitution, not to new-model human“ This is my beloved Son, in whom I am nature, but to revive and enforce the primi- well pleased.* tive constitution, to proclaim in the ear what Moses conversed forty days with God in nature whispered from the beginning, to the mount; but thus saith uncreated Wishang up the conspicuous tablet before the dom, “The Lord possessed me in the begin. eye, whose contents are the exact counter- ning of his way, before his works of olu: 1 part of what the finger of God, in the very was set up from everlasting, from the beginformation of man, engraved on the living ning or ever the earth was;”. “ before Abratables of the heart.” And when Christ came, ham was, I am.” “ In the beginning was the the Prophet after his similitude, was it not Word, and the Word was with God, and the in like manner to rebuild what was broken Word was God. The same was in the bedown, not to rear a totally different edifice? ginning with God. All things were made by to magnify the law and make it honourable, him; and without him was not any thing to clear it from misinterpretation and perver- made that was made. In him was life, and sion, to restore it to its native purity and the life was the light of men.”+ simplicity, and to extract the spirit out of the The spirit of Moses was sometimes stirred letter ? " Think not,” says he, “ that I am within him; he dashed the tables of the law come to destroy the law or the prophets : 1 to the ground, " he spake unadvisedly with am not come to destroy but to fulfil
. For his lips;" he incurred the displeasure of his verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth heavenly Father, he drew down a sentence pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise of just condemnation upon his head; but the pass from the law, till all be fulfilled."* This spirit of the Christian Leader was in no one confirms the observation we have been all instance discomposed.“ He did no sin, neialong endeavouring to inculcate respecting ther was guile found in his lips." He suffered the uniformity and perseverance of the di- indeed and died, but it was without a crime, vine procedure. Men start from purpose to "the just for the unjust, that he might bring purpose, from pursuit to pursuit; they lose us unto God.” Moses expressed a willing sight, they tire of their object; they waste ness to be blotted out of God's book, to be their strength, they are discouraged by op-deprived of his personal right as a son of position, they began to build before they Israel, provided İsrael might receive the recounted the cost. But“ known to God are mission of sin, have their rights preserved, all his works from the beginning.” He forms and the covenant of promise be confirmed. his plan, and undeviatingly pursues it. “ I am But Christ became “a curse for us," was the Lord, I change not." He lays his “hanged on a tree," was cut off from the
* Matt. v. 17, 18.
• Matt. iii. 17.
| John i. 1.4
land of the living," became “a propitiation, High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; for sin," " bare our sins in his own body on who was faithful to him that appointed him, the tree," " became sin for us, though he as also Moses was faithful in all his house. knew no sin, that we might be made the For this man was counted worthy of more righteousness of God in him.”
glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath A prophet must exhibit the signs of his mis- builded the house hath more honour than the sion. Men will not believe him on his own house. For every house is builded by some report, will suspect him of attention to his man; but he that built all things is God. own fame, or interest, or authority. To prove And Moses verily was faithful in all his therefore that he came from God, that he house as a servant, for a testimony of those speaks in his name, that he is vested with things which were to be spoken after; but his authority, he must do the works of God. Christ as a son over his own house: whose And thus was Moses commissioned and per- house are we, if we hold fast the confidence mitted to prove his mission. By sign upon and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the sign he demonstrated that the Lord had ap- end."* "We ought to give the more earnest peared unto him, and spake by him; earth, heed to the things which we have heard, and water, and air bore their united testi- lest at any time we should let them slip. mony to his divine legation; and the most For if the word spoken by angels was steadenlightened nation of the globe was made to fast, and every transgression and disobedifeel his ascendant by arguments addressed ence received a just recompence of reward; at once to the senses and the understanding. how shall we escape if we neglect so great Is it needful to say that the great Prophet, salvation, which at first began to be spoken “ Apostle, and High Priest of our profession," by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by by similar means, by more irresistible evi-them that heard him; God also bearing them dence, evinced that he was “a teacher sent witness, both with signs and wonders, and from God?” I shall say nothing respecting with divers miracles, and gifts of the Holy the greater number, variety, and notoriety of Ghost, according to his own will ?”+ Christ's miracles; though every one of these that despised Moses' law, died without mercy, circumstances furnishes ample matter of dis- under two or three witnesses: of how much cussion; I satisfy myself at present with sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be mentioning two particulars which strikingly thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot establish Christ's prophetic character, and the Son of God, and hath counted the blood give it a clear and decided superiority to that of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctiof Moses. The latter acted by a delegated fied, an unholy thing, and hath done despite authority according to a prescribed form; he unto the Spirit of grace?"I assumed nothing to himself, but was check- Having now, in the course of these exered, reproved, condemned, the moment he pre-cises, through a series of years, endeavoured sumed to arrogate independence, to speak or to trace the history of mankind, in a series act for himself
. But Jesus Christ wrought of characters, from Adam to Moses, copied miracles in his own name, by his own power, from the original portraits which the pencil as the Lord of nature, as possessed of inde- of inspiration has itself vouchsafed to delipendent sovereignty. Again, the signs which neate; the whole in general, and every one Moses exhibited were of a mixed nature, in particular, referring themselves to one they declared both the mercy and judgment great ORIGINAL, from whom their meaning, of God, they poured down hail, and tempest, use, and importance are derived,—I hasten and pestilence on Egypt, as well as dropped to conclude my plan, by turning over to the manna on the tents of Israel; whereas the gospel history, which exhibits that same signs which Jesus adduced in support of his Moses, whom we saw expire on mount Nebo, mission were all miracles of mercy; the and “buried in a valley in the land of Moab, powers of hell alone felt the rod of his anger; over against Beth-Peor;" whose dying beneand the miracles by which he confirmed his diction yet trembles on our ear, and whose doctrine, breathed its meekness, and gentle funeral elegy we attempted to sing, alive ness, and charity.
again on mount Tabor, and giving personal “Of the things which have been spoken testimony and homage to him whom he prethis is the sum: we have such an "High figured and foretold. The history of Moses Priest, who is set on the right hand of the is not properly ended till then; and in vanishthrone of the Majesty in the heavens. Aing from our sight on the mount of transfiguminister of the sanctuary, and of the true ration, he becomes a glorious harbinger of tabernacle which the Lord pitched, and not the “ life and immortality which are brought
“ Holy brethren, partakers of the to light by the gospel.” heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and
| Heb. ii. 1-4. * Heb. viii. 1,2
Heb. x. 26, 29.
* Heb. iii. 1-6.
And it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Peter, and John, and James, and went
up into a mountain to pray. And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was altered, and his raiment was white and glistering. And behold there talked with him two men, which were Muses and Elias, who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem. But Peter and they that were with him, were heavy with sleep: and when they were awake, they saw his glory, and the iwo men that stood with him. And it came to pass, as they departed from him, Peter sand unto Jesus, Master, it is good for us to be here ; and let us make three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias : not knowing what he said. While he thus spake, there came a cloud, and overshadowed them: and they feared as they entered into the cloud. And there came a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, hear him.-LUKE ix. 28–35.
In the narrowness of their conceptions and
Celestial voices to the midnight air, the presumptuousness of their pride, men are
Sole, or responsive each to other's note,
Singing their great Creator? On in bands, apt to consider themselves as the only, or, at While they keep watch, or nightly rounding walk, least, the chief inhabitants of the creation With heavenly touch of instrumental sounds,
In full harmonic number join'd, their songs of God. A false patriotism, or rather a spirit Divide the night, and lift our thoughts to heaven." of insolence and selfishness has gone farther, has ascribed the consequence of a whole uni- We foolishly imagine the world of spirits verse to some insignificant little region or to be at a vast distance, whereas in truth we district of this little globe, and has repre- are upon its very confines. We consider its sented the men who breathe on such a spot, inhabitants as entire strangers to us, whereas and converse in such a language, as the only they are constantly about our path and our persons who are worthy of consideration. I bed, attending our going out and coming in, We reflect not, what a speck our own coun
our lying down and rising up. If our eyes try is, compared with the whole irth; what were not held, we should even now behold a point the earth is, compared to the vast so- them joining in and assisting our praises
, lar system; and how the solar system itself rejoicing together, when, by the ministry of is lost in the contemplation of infinite space. the word of divine grace, sinners are con We reflect not on the myriads of "just men verted, and saints edified. Little did the made perfect," from the death of righteous three disciples think, when they ascended Abel,” down to the expiring saint, whose dis- mount Tabor, that they were so near to an engaged spirit is just now on the wing to interview with Moses and Elias. Moses, the bosom of his God; of those who, lost to and Elias, and Christ are not får from us; us, yet live to their Creator. We reflect not it is our folly and infirmity to think ourselres on the myriads of, probably, more glorious far from them. beings, who people the greater and more
When we look back to the latter end of glorious worlds which surround ours. We Moses, the man of God, we attend him up to reflect not on the myriads of pure spirits mount Nebo, and behold him taking from Pisa who never left their first estate, that innu- gah a last look and a last farewell of the glory merable company of angels who “excel in of this world. We see his eyes closing in strength,” “the least of whom could wield peace, and breathe a sigh over his tomb, and these elements."
bid him a long farewell, and think we hare Sound reason and “the wisdom which is lost him for ever. But it is not an everlastfrom above" correct our narrowness of ing adieu. On Tabor we have found him thought and pride of heart; and teach us to again, after a lapse of fifteen centuries; we say, in the words which our immortal bard find not only his name, his memory, his writputs in the mouth of Adam, first of men, ad- ings, his predictions, his spirit, alive and in dressed to his fair consort
force, but his very person, still employed in
ministering to the salvation of the Israel of , That heaven would want spectators God want praise. lapse of a few years more, at the
armed with that fiery law which condemns
and consumes, but a' minister and a fellowIf our ears were not dull and limited as partaker of that grace which redeems and our spirits"How often, from the steep
We cannot consider ourselves therefore Or echoing hill or thicket should we hear,
as having yet concluded the history of Moses,