Billeder på siden
PDF
ePub
[graphic][merged small]

HE First and Second Parts of this Volume are reprinted from the fourth edition of Reliquiæ Wottonianæ, a collection of Sir Henry Wotton's

smaller pieces, which was published by Izaak Walton some years after their author's death : *—the one contains such poems as were known to be Wotton's own compositions ;—the other, some miscellaneous poems by various writers which were found among his papers. As several pieces contained in the Second Part have been ascribed to Sir Walter Raleigh without sufficient reason, it

• The first edition of Rel. Wotton, was published, with Walton's Life of Wotion prefixed, in 1651, and was dedicated to Mary, Baroness Wotton (widow of Wotton's nephew, Thomas, second Lord Wotton of Marley), and her three daughters, Ladies Stanhope, Tufton, and Hales. The second edition appeared in 1654, with the sanje Dedication.—The third, in which many additions and improvements were introduced, was published in 1672, and dedicated to Philip, Earl of Chesterfield, son of the Lady Stanhope named above.- In the fourth, which was published in 1685, the edition of 1672 was reprinted, page by page, without any material alteration; and a Collection of Wotton's early Letters to Lord Zouch (1591-3) was added at the end.—The ed. of 1685 is always used in this volume, except where any other is specified.

b

seemed proper to annex, as a Third Part, a few of the other poems to which Raleigh's name has been appended, mostly on much better grounds, with as complete a statement of the evidence in each case as I could supply. It formed do portion of my plan to collect the whole of Raleigh's Poems; but an examination of the remainder will be found in a later part of this Introduction.

SIR HENRY WOTTON.

IN
N reprinting the Poems contained in Rel. Wotton., I

have followed the order of the original editions, except that the last piece in Part I. is taken from among the Letters. Mr. Dyce, who has lately edited Wotton's own Poems for the Percy Society, in a separate form, has adopted an arrangement which comes much nearer to the order in which they would be composed; but we have not sufficient information to determine the exact date of every poem.*

None of Wotton's extant poems have been traced to an earlier date than 1602: but when very young, he wrote a tragedy called Tancredo, which is now lost, for the “private

• The following is a summary of the chronological facts already knowu. - No, i was printed in 1602, and was perhaps written some years earlier. No. ii may also be regarded as a youthful composition. No. xiii could not be written till after 1604, and may bave been composed at a much later date. No, viii is said to bave been printed in 1614, and can be traced soon afterwards. If No. iv was really addressed to Buckingham, it falls later than August, 1616, when he was raised to the Peerage. It would be laying too much stress on the MS. title to fix it after he was made a Duke in 1023. No. vii was written either in 1615 or 1621, probably the former; No. iii about 1620; No, si in 1625 ; and No. xii in 1627. If No. x was written in pursuance of the design mentioned in the Introduction to it, we must place it in or after 1627. No. v was written in 1630 ; No. vi in 1633; No. ix after Wotton was seventy years old, as Walton tells us,—therefore in 1638 or 1639; and No. xiv in one of the same years, probably in 1638. – Mr. Dyce arranges them thus:—i. ii. iv. viii. xiii. vii. iii. xi. xii. V. vi. ix. x. xiv.

use" of the members of Queen's College, Oxford.* He also speaks himself in one place of the pain it gave him to “re-visit the Fancies of (his] Youth,” which his “judgement" told bim were “all too green;" and in another, of his “ Lines" having “serv'd [his] Youth to vent some wanton cries.”+ If these expressions refer to any “ Amatory” songs, they may be still concealed

among

the

many scattered poems of the Elizabethan age to which no author's name can be attached with certainty. No such inference, however, can be drawn from the following Epigram, which was addressed to him in or before 1598:

EPIGR. 4. AD HENRICUM WOTTONUM,
* Wotton, the country and the country swayne, -
How can they yeelde a Poet any sense?
How can they stirre bim vp, or heat his vaine ?
How can they feede him with intelligence?
You baue that fire which can a witt enflame,
In bappy London, Englands fayrest eye:
Well may you Poets baue of worthy name,
Which hane the foode and life of poetry.

And yet the country orse) the towne may swaye,
Or beare a part, as clownes doe in a play."

(Bastard's Chrestoleros, 1598, Lib. ii. p. 29.) Zouch thought that Wotton was here addressed “ as a poet;"

See Walton's Lives, p. 125, ed. 1796. (That edition is always used in the following references.) The remarks in the Introd. to No. i should not bave been confined to Bastard's Epigram; for thongb I was not referring to the Tragedy, Wotton's own expressions ought to bave been mentioned.Mr. Gilebrist had a volume entitled “ A Courtie controversie of Cupid's Caulels," &c. “ translated out of French by Henry Wotton," 1578 (Cens. Lit. x. 318, ed. 1815); but the future Sir Henry was then only ten years old. There were others who bore the same name at an earlier period. (See Wood's A. 0. i. 227, and Fasti, i. 149, 161, 180.)- Sir Henry's balfbrother, John, (who was born April 11: 1550: and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth, and whose“ death in bis younger years," says Wallon," pat a period to bis growing hopes,") is supposed by Brydges to bave been the author of two poems in England's Helicon (pp. 49, 65, repr.), which bear the signature of " lohn (and I.) Wootton."

+ See this vol. pp. 23, 41.-Wotton seems to speak of another unknown poem, written at a much later date, in Rel. Wollon. Pp. 444, 566.

« ForrigeFortsæt »