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This was afterwards conceded by Brydges himself; but as he did not follow up his general acknowledgement, in any of his numerous publications with which I am acquainted, by a minute examination of the evidence, it has failed of its effect. His Collection, with the exception of a single piece (No. iv), has been admitted into the best edition of Raleigh's entire Works, to which those who wish for specimens of his poetry most naturally turn; and hence poems to which Raleigh has no kind of litle are perpetually ascribed to him on the authority of that publication,
Eleven “Additional Poems" were given in that edition (which was published at Oxford in 1829), with the following titles and references. I have prefixed the numbers, as before, carrying them on from the former list:
XXIX. The Lover's Maze.— From Le Prince d'Amour. XXX. Farewell to the Court.- From Le Prince d'Amour. XXXI. The Advice.- From Le Prince d'Amour.
XXXII. Verses by Sir Walter Ralegh.- From the Ashmolean MSS.
XXXIII. Moral Advice.--From the Ashmolean MSS. XXXIV. A Lover's Verses.- From the Bodleian MSS.
XXXV. False Love and True Love. From the Bodleian MSS.
XXXVI. The Answer to the Lie.- From the Ashmolean MISS.
XXXVII. Erroris Responsio.- From the Ashmolean MSS.
XXXVIII. Epitaph on Secretary Cecil.—See Osborne's Traditional Memoires, 1658, p. 89, and Oldys's Life, p. 424.
XXXIX. A Riddle. From a MS. in the Bodleian writ. ten ubout 1589.
Ten of these poems need not detain us long. Two of them are printed at length in this volume, and four others
are quoted and described ;* the rebus on the name Noel, which is all that belongs to Raleigh in No. xxxix, has been ascribed to him by other authorities, but it is sometimes given to no less a personage than Queen Elizabeth herself;t and as to the three which are taken from the Collection of Poems appended to Le Prince d'Amour, 1660, though the evidence is not so unimpeachable as might be wished, it is right to give Raleigh the full advantage of it, till better can be found.
But the other poem in the list (No. xxxii) is a very different matter. Though the only authority cited here is that of the Ashmolean MSS., the piece was expressly ascribed to Raleigh by Puttenham as early as 1589, when he quoted
• No. xxxiij=III. iv. p. 114, and No. XXXV=III. vii. p. 120.-On No. xxxiv, see p. 121, note.-On Nos. xxxvi-vii, see pp. 95, 96.-On No Xxxviii, see p. 122, note.
+ Manningham, who entered both riddles in his Diary under the date of Dec. 30: 1602: reverses the order of them, beginning “ Sir W. Rawly made this rime upon the name of a gallant, one Mr. Noel;" and then adding “ Noel's answere. (Collier's Hist. Dram. P. i. 336, note.) They are arranged as in the Oxford ed. in MS. Mal. 19, p. 42.---The two are often found apart; as that on Rawly in Aubrey, Letters from the Bodl. ii. 512; and D’Israeli, Cur. of Lit. p. 259 (with a different second line):and that on Noel in Walpole's Royal and Noble Authors, i. 85, ed. Park (from Collins), where it is ascribed to Queen Elizabeth; and Halliwell's Nursery Rhymes, No. ccxxxvii, where no author's naine is given.
| They were mentioned by Oldys, p. 423, note.— The signature to each of the three poems is W. R. (Pr. d'Am. pp. 131-3). There is a more complete copy of No. xxis in Davison's Rhapsodie, in the earlier editions of which it was entitled “ A Reporting Sonnet;" but afterwards “ In the grace of wit, of tongue, and face." (P. 144, ed. 1621=i. 102, Lee Priory ed.)--There is also another copy of No, xxxi in Ms. Rawl. Poet. 85, fol. 116, subscribed only, “ Finis. Written to Mris A. V.”
That is, I presume, MS. Ashm. 781, p. 138. Signature,“ Sr Wa: Ra. leigh."-Oldys (pp. 130-1) mentioned another copy in Wil's Interpreter, 1671, p. 205, where it is beaded, “ By Sir Walter Raleigh."-- There is an anonymous copy of this poem also in MS. Rawl. Poet, 85, fol. 104, vo.I have remarked above, that Cayley inserted it in the Appendix to his Life of Raleigh (p. 107) between two poems which Brydges took on his authority, when this was overlooked.--This omission on the part of Brydges is the more inexplicable, because he had given it at length from Oldys in bis ed. of Phillips, p. 314; but indeed I am equally at a loss to understand why he borrowed so little from Oldys in 1800 (for be missed bis inost im
the concluding couplet of it as an instance of “ Ploche, or the Doubler,”—“a speedie iteration of one word, but with some little intermission by inserting one or two words betweene, as in a most excellent dittie written by Sir Walter Raleigh these two closing verses :
• Yet when I sawe my selfe to you was true,
I loved my selfe, bycause my selfe loved you. This evidence was mentioned by Oldys, who printed a much better text than that in the Oxford edition, from a transcript which was traced originally to Lady Isabella Thynne, with the title, “The Excuse. Written by Sir Walter Ralegh in his younger years."
This completes our examination of the poems ascribed to Raleigh in the largest Collection of his Works. Had it not been for the discovery, that most of the anonymous poems in Davison were written by A. W., the list would have been much longer; for their “internal evidence" led Brydges to announce a design of reprinting them as Raleigh's, in the form of a second volume of his Poems. Of the eight pieces
а which he did assign to Raleigh, with considerable hesitation, in his reprint of Davison, one only need be added to our enumeration, viz. :
portant references); and why even that little was forgotten when he collected Raleigh's Poems in 1813.
• Arte of English Poesie, p. 168, repr.--A Madrigal in Davison (p. 205, ed, 1621) closes with a couplet of somewhat similar construction :
“And if my life I love, then must I too
Loue your sweele selfe, for my life lines in you." + There is no intimation of such an intention in the Lee Priory Collection of Raleigh's Poems; but it was annonnced a few months afterwards.-The Catalogue of A. W.'s Poems was printed in the second volume of the Lee Priory Davison : when the first vol. of that work was published, Brydges still intended to give Raleigh the anonymous poems. In one case especially, that of the poem beginning “It chanced of late a shepherd's swain," he mentioned his suspicion that Raleigh wrote it (p. 40); but it was afterwards found to be by A. W. (ii. 70. Cf. Exc. Tudor. ii. 123. The poem is in Percy, i. 316, ed. 1767, and Ellis, iii. 18, ed. 1811.)
XL, A Poesie to prove Affection is not Love.—W. R.*
There are several other poems by Sir Walter Raleigh which have never been collected. The two following were mentioned by Malone :-+
XLI. “An Epitaph vpon the right Honourable Sir Phillip Sidney knight: Lord gouernor of Flushing," among those appended to Spenser's Astrophel (Sign. K. 2).
XLII. “To the Translator :" Fourteen lines prefixed to Sir A. Gorges' Translation of Lucan's Pharsalia, folio, 1614, with the signature “ W. R.”
The Epitaph on Sidney, which consists of sixty lines in fifteen stanzas, has no signature; but the last stanza supplies evidence that Raleigh wrote it :
“That day their Hanniball died, our Scipio fell,
Sir John Harington is supposed to be alluding to these lines, when he speaks of “our English Petrarke, Sir Philip Sidney, or (as Sir Walter Raulegh in his Epitaph worthely calleth him) the Scipio and the Petrarke of our time."I
• It is in this volume, III. vi. p. 117. Two of the others, wbich had no signature, answer to Nos x and xxviii in our list. The rest were all marked Ignoto in one or other of the four editions of Davison. They are, two short pieces entitled “A Dialogue betwixt the Louer and his Lady;"_" An Invectige against Women;"_"The True Loves knot;" — and an Eclogue, beginning “Come, gentle heardman, sit by me"—(pp. 57, 145, 216, 187, ed. 1621).
+ Shakespeare by Boswell, ii, 580.- Malone also referred to the “ Poesie to prove Affection is not Love,” and “The Lie;" but he thought the latter doubtful, because it has no signature in Davison. Of Raleigh's Cynthia, too, which is mentioned by Spenser, be adds another notice; viz. tbat Gabriel Harvey, in some MS, notes on Chaucer, called it " a fine and sweet invention."
Translation of Ariosto, 1591, p. 126. (In the notes on Book xvi.)- So also Drummond, in bis Character of several Autbors, says, “SW. R., in an
This quotation (which supplies a different reading) seems sufficiently close to establish the fact of Raleigh's authorship; and if so, the following stanza (which is the third) deserves the notice of his Biographers :
“And I, that in thy time and living state,
With words and leares now waile thy timelesse fate." The lines prefixed to Gorges' Translation of Lucan are too remarkable to be omitted :*
“ Had Lucan bid the truth to please the time,
He had beene too vnworthy of thy Penne,
By flattery, or seeking worthlesse men.
Do beautifie no lesse then those wounds do,
Though thou hast bled by both, and bearst them too.
with a manly faith resolues to dye,
Soch was lny Lucan, whom, so to translate,
Epitaph on Sidney, calleth him our English Petrarch." (Appendix 10 Conversations of Jonson and Drummond, p. 49, Shakesp. Soc. ed. The editor, who seems to have overlooked the Epitaph quoted above, says, “ An Epitaph on Sir Philip Sidney, attributed to Sir Walter Raleigh, is included in the Roxburghe volume, ' Sidneiana,' published by Dr. Butler, Bishop of Lichfield, in 1837. This, however, is not the epitaph that Drummond refers to." Zouch says, that “Sir Walter Raleigh, in an epigram written on Sidney, calls him our English Petrarch.” Life of Sidney, p. 304, ed. 1809.)—The Elegy which immediately follows Raleigh's in Astro. phel is entitled " Another of the same ;” and as this expression is more likely to mean the same writer than the same subject, we should suspect that Raleigh wrote it also. Malone (who remarks that there is another copy in the Phænix Nest) thought, from the metre, that it was Sir Edward Dyer's; bat Raleigh sometimes used that metre, as in his second poem on the Faery Queen. It begins thus:
“ Silence augmenteth grief; writing encreaseth rage; Staid are my thoughts, which lou'd, & lust, the wonder of our age;" &c. * They have been previously reprinted in Brit. Bibl. i. 455, in an account