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Asisium, of which the latter must have the preference, if Lachmann's conjecture of Asisi for Asis in Prop. v. 1. 125 be admitted. Clinton places the date of his birth in B.C. 51, which would make him eight years the senior of Ovid, and yet allow them to call themselves sodales. Propertius appears to have been intended for an advocate, but, like Ovid, to have relinquished his profession for the practice of poetry. He was deprived of a portion of his patrimony by one of the distributions of land among the veteran soldiers, but soon attracted the notice of Maecenas by his poetical talents. His principal mistress was CYNTHIA, a native of Tibur, whose real name is said to have been HOSTIA, his entanglement with whom appears to have wasted a great portion of his life. The ambition of Propertius was to riva the later Greek Elegiac poets, and this causes many of his poems to be less attractive to modern minds than the simplicity of Tibullus. It is singular that he never mentions Horace or Tibullus, although he expresses the highest opinion of Virgil. Quintilian (x. 1. 93) says that the opinion of his day divided the palm of Elegiac poetry between Propertius and Tibullus, but that he himself preferred Tibullus. The last Elegy of the last book of Propertius is one of the most beautiful poems of antiquity. The date of his death is unknown; but he appears to have married after the death of Cynthia and left a family, a descendant of which, Passienus Paulus, a man of equestrian rank, is mentioned by Pliny the Younger (Ep. vi. 15) as a writer of elegies.
METRES EMPLOYED BY CATULLUS.
I.—THE GALLIAMBIC METRE, Or Metre of thE ATTIS OF CATULLUS.
THIS has long been known in Germany, although not generally recognized in this country, to be an adaptation of the IONIC A MINORE TETRAMETER CATALECTIC. It consists of two Ionic a minore dimeters, the second of which is catalectic, thus closely resembling the Priapean metre, the last or Pherecratean half of which is identical with the first or Glyconic half, with the exception of being one syllable shorter.
The normal scheme of the metre is this (the last syllable being common, according to the usual rule) :—
No complete pure Ionic a minore line occurs in the Attis, but we obtain one by piecing together the first half of line 54 and the last half of line 60.
Et ĕār' ōm/ni' ǎdīrēm || stădĭ' ēt gym năsĭīs.
The first thing to notice now is, that the Ionic a majore (——~~) is admissible in the first place of each hemistich. Hence we obtain
An instance of this we find in line 22,
Tibīcěn ŭbĭ cănīt Phryx || cūrvō grăvě | călămō, which is a pure Ionic, though not a pure Ionic a minore
Secondly, we must remark the free use of resolved syllables, two short representing one long one, as in line 4, which in other respects is a pure Ionic line. Stimŭlātus ibi fŭrēnti || răbĭē văgus | ănĭmīs.
We thus obtain the following scheme :
But we come now to the grand crux, which, added to the foregoing variations, has rendered the metre so difficult to explain, that most British metrists have given it up in despair. Between the 1st and 2nd and the 3rd and 4th Ionic feet there is much more frequently than otherwise an ANACLASIS or fracture, i. e. the last syllable of the one foot is run into the first syllable of the other, which is the great thing that gives the metre its peculiar and charming cadence. If we represent this by means of a fraction, taking one half of a long syllable with the first, and the second half with the second foot of a hemistich, we shall arrive at a clear representation and understanding of the case.
Let us take line 1, in the first half of which this anaclasis occurs at the end of an Ionic a minore.
Supĕr altă věct | věctůs "Attīs || cělěrī rătě | mărĭã.
And line 91, where it occurs in the last half of the
Děǎ māgnă děļă Cỹbēbē || děă dămînă Dĭn | Dĭndỹmei.
N.B.-The anaclasis here occurs at the end of a resolved foot.
In verse 73 it occurs in both halves of the verse at the end of an Ionic a majore.
Iām iām dělět | lět quòd ēgī || iam iamque poe | poenĭtět.
represent a long syllable thus divided by an anaclasis between two Ionic feet. In the case of the Ionic a minore foot, we obtain,—
We are now in a position to give a complete scheme of the metre, which will account for every line of the Attis on a definite principle.
II.-GLYCONIC AND PHERECRATEAN SYSTEMS.
The Glyconic and Pherecratean metres, as well as the Priapean, which is a union of the two, must be considered together.
In Carm. xxxiv. we find a stanza of 3 Glyconic lines followed by one Pherecratean line, thus:
(and once in Carm. lxi.)
O Latonia maximi
Quam master prope Deliam
In Carm. Ixi. the Glyconic line is repeated four times, and the iambus never occurs at the beginning of a verse. There is a synaphea throughout every stanza, and we only once find a short syllable at the end of a Glyconic line, viz. in line 223, where 'Noscitetur ab omnibus' is immediately followed by Et pudicitiam | suae.'
In Carm. xvii. it is hard to say whether we ought to consider the Glyconic and Pherecratean metres as forming separate verses, or as united into one long line whether the poem should be scanned
O Colonia quae | cupis || ponte | ludere longo.
In a Priapean poem ascribed to Catullus, but not generally considered to be genuine, we find the Glyconic portion of the line twice ending with a short syllable, a