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REMARKS

OF THE

PUBLISHING COMMITTEE.

In presenting this work to their constituents, and to the public, the Publishing Committee have allowed each author to express his own views in his own way; and it is matter of surprise, that articles prepared without consultation or mutual acquaintance of their writers, upon topics of highest interest on which Christians often disagree, should accord in doctrine, as these dissertations and discourses do, both among themselves, and with the great body of the Conference. Any exception to this, worthy of notice, is found in two par. ticulars : 1. Prescribing a date for the time of the second advent; 2. Regarding the return of the Jews.

As to prescribing the time, the Committee state the fact of difference : com. ment is unnecessary. Those who prefix the date, give the reason ; and the reason is interesting and worthy of close attention, though it fails to convince. A date there is, in which this most stupendous event will take place, and disclaiming the knowledge of it does not allow one to refuse the right hand of fellowship to others who think they have found it.

As to the return of the Jews, the main body of the Conference think they are not to return in this world, but only in “life from the dead.Some, however, think they return in this world. This is a point of deepest interest to the Jews, and the wise will not rush to a conclusion respecting it; but will rather search with deference the mind of the Spirit portrayed in the Bible.

A plausible objection has been made to the antiquity of the doctrine of the near coming of the Lord, which deceives some, to wit, That a hope cherished, by the apostles, and by them soon expected to be realized, is not a proper hope for us to cherish, and to expect soon to realize ; because the experience of eighteen hun. dred years is enough to prove it a false hope, an ignis fatuus, which no man in his senses can cherish and pursue.

This objection lurks in the bosom of men, who are restrained from uttering it hy its manifest impiety ; men who will not reject a doctrine of the apostles, neither can they readily discover a defence from the charge of insanity, in following a faith which many generations have failed apparently to realize. For . them we observe :

( Far” and “near” are wholly comparative ; their value and power depend on their connexion, whether with time and this world, or with eternity and

At night, morning draws near; and in the sleep of death, the morning of the resurrection. Eternity admits of points of time two thousand years in duration, scarcely visible to faith ; and infinite space admits of points two millions of miles in diameter, scarcely visible, yea, invisible to the natural eye. The holy and blessed God shows to finite mortals works of his hands so remote, that the diameter of the earth's orbit around the sun is a mere point in space compared with their immeasurable distance : even a thousand millions of miles is to their infinite distance, as nothing, in the eyes of an astronomer! O

infinite space.

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fool to think, and mad to say, that with Him whose works are so extended, eternity is limited; and two thousand years of experience is enough to prove the delusion of His promise ; and the ages of the church are sufficient to convict His holy apostles of mistaking the times; and also to warrant the wise at this day in departing from His counsel, and from the example of the primitive church! The mighty God, who regards the nations as the fine dust of the balance; who stretches out the heavens as a curtain; who marshals their innumerable hosts, and calls every one by its name; who slings the moon about the earth by invisible cords, the earth about the sun, and the sun with its planetary train around some centre, as of the cluster of the Milky Way: He can speak to his creature man of a period of two thousand years, as a very short time. The sun in the heavens has moved during that period many thousand miles every hour, without having very sensibly receded from one portion of the heavens, or approached the other ; and the period of two thousand years may be, and probably is, less to the whole time of the sun's circuit around his un. known centre, than two days are to the earth's circuit around the sun. The mighty God is able to announce the near approach of the Sun of Righteousness, and to require the apostles, and the generations from their age to this, to believe, and to proclaim it; and also to fulfil his word, though many ages sleep in death yet, before his glorious appearing.

We are children in knowledge, and our duty is, to believe implicitly what our heavenly Father tells us. When first told the earth is round, who did not suppose it was a round plane ? and when further told it is a globe, inhabited beneath and all around, what child ever failed to know better? it being self-evident to chil. dren that men cannot live in the antipodes, and walk and do business, without falling off. The mysteries of the world to come are greater to the profoundest human intellect, than the things of this world are to little children; and their folly in disputing with their teachers is incomparably less, than that of the man who sets up the experience of the world, to refute the promise of the world's Maker, Redeemer, and coming King. If the child cannot believe the earth is inhabited all around, it is due to his teacher, and to the wisdom of age, to submit his judgment, and to restrain his unbelief. No less is it due to the word of God by his apostles, to hearken to what they say; and if any doctrine of theirs seems to contradict our common sense, it becomes us to consider that we are of yesterday and know nothing ;-the great Newton himself being, in his own esteem, a child playing with pebbles on the shore of know. ledge, while the great ocean stretched beyond him.

The objector insists : “ If the event was at hand in the apostles' days, reason, manhood and philosophy cry out upon him who thinks it has not already come to pass."

Reason, manhood, and philosophy do no such thing. They admit and approve of paradoxes in the visible world greater than this. The passage of light is in this world instantaneous: it is only by the eclipses we learn to measure its flight; and by following on to know, we learn that stars are visible by the telescope, whose light has been longer in coming to us than this world has had a being :—that is, a thing instantaneous on earth, is above six thousand years in heaven! And the great and incomprehensible One, who made all worlds, and made the light to traverse his realms with messages of his glory, (which messages time has not been long enough for light to bear through the vast regions of his empire,) is faithful and true to his word, and will fulfil it to the letter, notwithstanding he promised eighteen hundred years ago to come quickly, and

has not appeared yet; and notwithstanding men do scoff, and ask, in the words of the prophet, “Where is the promise of his coming ?”

The Almanac of heaven is made up of seasons and of cycles imperfectly known to man; and when it records the sign of the coming of the Son of Man, in language to make every reader of the holy word, in every age and generation, look out for the day of judgment and of righteous retribution, it mercifully regards his nature, to neglect what comes not within the reach of his own time and arm; and it urges him to holiness by the very highest motive, if he will receive it; at the same time no delusion is practised, for the dead realize, what the living will soon prove to be accurately true, the fidelity of the promise : “Surely I come quickly : Amen.”

The dissertations in this Report are prepared by men of devout habits, of independent and thinking minds, who do not fear to combat error because it is intrenched in high, and even in holy places : men who fear God, and reverence high and holy places; but able, at the same time, to distinguish between the place and the tenant; men willing to engage with angels of light for the truth of Jesus and his word, not with scoffing and railing, but in the fair exhibition of his faith, doctrine, and life. The discourses on the Chronology of Prophecy exhibit patient industry, close reflection, and a formidable conclusion ; seeing that many ages have been wont to regard the time of this world as only six thousand years. The discourses on the Judgment, the Second Advent, and the Restoration of Israel, are fraught with revealed truth, set in plain light and clear, with fresh aspects of the most solemn, personal, and joyful interest. 'We are of “ Israel," or we have no part in Christ; and we have part in " Isra. el's” promises, chief among which is that of a restoration. But our Holy Land is 'not Palestine under the curse ; our holy city is not Jerusalem which is in bondage with her children ; our King is not the prince of this world : but our hope, our promised land, our holy city, is in the world to come with “ JESUS AND THE RESURRECTION," where there shall be no more curse." ** The former things are passed away ;- behold, I make all things new.”

The discourse on the Millennium contains matter of high interest, drawn from original fountains; and seems completely to overset the commonly received doctrine on that subject. For it must be confessed by intelligent divines, that the popular doctrine of the millennium is a modern one, totally unknown to the primitive and martyr church : so modern that it has never a place in the formula of the faith of any church, Catholic, Greek, Roman, or Protestant; but all their creeds involve the contrary : a doctrine alike opposed to the divine economy with all past ages, and opposed to the promises relating to this world, and to the destiny of man;—the law and the prophets uniting with the gospel to teach the vanity of this life, and the reality of the resurrection, and of the world to come.

The attention of divines is called to these subjects. We hope that learned and gifted minds will be faithful to examine, and bold to speak the truth on this world's Millennium, with a view to dissipate the thick-darkness which shrouds from the sight of thousands - the blessed hope and glorious appearing of the great God, and our Savior Jesus Christ.”

*HENRY DANA WARD, JOSHUA VAUGHAN HIMES, WILLIAM CLARK.

OPENING OF THE CONFERENCE, AND REMARKS OF THE CHAIRMAN, p. 7.
Shortness of time, p. 8, 12. “Little while,” | St. Justin Martyr, 11. Clement of Alexandria,
8. Domitian and Julian, 9, 10, 12. St. Clem- 11. St. Cyprian of Carthage, 11. St. Cyril of
ent of Rome, 10. St. Ignatius of Antioch, 11. | Jerusalem, 12. John Milton, 12.

ORGANIZATION OF THE CONFERENCE, p. 13.

EXTRACTS FROM VARIOUS CREEDS, BY H. JONES, p. 14.
Reformed Dutch, Presbyterian and Congregational, p. 14. Episcopal and Methodist, p. 15.

ADMINISTRATION OF THE COMMUNION, p. 17.

CIRCULAR ADDRESS OF THE CONFERENCE, p. 19.
A DISSERTATION ON THE SECOND ADVENT, BY JOSIAH LITCH, p. 25.
Promise to David, p. 26. Christ the promised | The manner and objects of his second advent,
Son of David, 23. He will dwell on earth, 31. | 33, 35. The true seed of Abraham, Jews, 38.

A DISSERTATION ON THE CHRONOLOGY OF PROPHECY, BY JOSIAH LITCH.

Designation of the time, p. 41,---12, 21. Pro- | Solomon to the captivity, 48. Nebuchadnezzar
phecy began in Eden, 42. Runs through time to Darius, 49. Darius to Artaxerxes' seventh
into eternity, 43. Sabbath a type of the seventh year, 50. Difficulty, 2 Kings xiv. 16–23, and
Millennium, 43. Chronology from Adam to xv. 1, p. 50. The Julian period, 53. A. M. 6000
Abraham, 44. From Abraham to Judges, 45. is A. D. 1843, p. 55, 58.
Judges to Samuel, 46. Samuel to Solomon, 47.
A DISSERTATION ON THE RESTORATION OF ISRAEL, BY HENRY JONES, p. 59.

Closely connected with the second advent, p. have a land in Mt. Zion above, 66, 68. Chris-
59. Belongs to all saints: “ Israel" and its paral. | tians more than Jews, 71. Americans more
lels means saints, 60. Promises to Israel too than Jews, 73. Jews of N. York not to Pales.
large for time, 61, 68. Flatter carnal men with tine, 74. J. H. Stewart, and Chief Rabbi, S.
a carnal hope, 63, 70. A heavenly country for Herschell, 76, 78. Lyons and Isaacs, Rabbis of
endless possession, 61. Ten tribes are lost: N. York, 79. All agree in their glorious return
Abraham not heir of this world, 64. Saints | to a heavenly Jerusalem, 82.

DISSERTATION ON PROPHETIC CHRONOLOGY, BY WILLIAM MILLER, p. 83.
Prophetic times fulfilled, p. 81. Unfulfilled, 89. 2300 days of Daniel, 88. A. D. 1798, 91,
86. 1260 days of Daniel and of Apocalypse, 87, 87. Days of prophecy are years of time, 92.

A DISSERTATION ON THE JUDGMENT, BY WILLIAM MILLER, p. 95.
After the resurrection, p. 95. At the second | Objections to a future judgment answered, 99,
advent, 96. That day is 1000 years, 98. The 100.
un just come to trial in the end of that day, 98.

DISCOURSE ON THE MILLENNIUM.

PART I. FROM THE BEGINNING TO A. D. 373.
The meaning of Millennium, p. 1. Jerome, of this future bliss, 7. The Telescope divine, 8.
Cyprian, Chrysostom on "Thy kingdom come, Testimony of apostles, martyrs, creeds, 10.
p. 1, Note. St. Barnabas, Mede, Gill, Daubuz, p. ! The millennium a comet, 11, 62. Quotation
2, Note. The promises restore what the serpent i from Justin Martyr, 12. Irenæus, 15. Others
took, innocence, peace, and endless life, 3. of the second century, 17. Tertullian, Origen,
Mede, Gill, Gamaliel, Rabhi Kimchi, 4, Note. Novatian, 3d century, 18. Cyprian, Dionysius,
Promise to Adam, Abraliam, to David, 3, 4, 5. Methodius, 19. Downfall of the doctrine, Lac-
Understood of the resurrection, 4. Natural | tantius, 4th century, Jerome, 20, 21. Dr. Gres-
Jews err in understanding them, 5. The pro. well, 22, 33.
phecies of this heavenly kingdom, 6. Gospel

PART II. FROM THE REFORMATION TO THIS DAY.
The doctrine separates from Christ's coming, I a type, literally, 33, 44, 54. Smith's Chris.
23. The Pope searches for Antichrist, 24. The Appeal, Josh. Spaulding, 35. Millenist absur-
Anabaptists and Luther, 25. The Augsburg diiy, 35, 36. Whitby, Edwards, and Hopkins,
confession condemns it, 26. King John of 37. 38. Dr. Urwick of Dublin, 40. New York
Munster and his doctrine, 27. The same con- Sermon, 41. “No cross,” new gospel, 41, 42.
demned by Eng. reformers, 29. Judaism, 29. American Encyclopedia of Religious Know-
Until the 18th century, :30. Modern millena- | ledge, 43. Hope of Adam and Abraham not of
ries of ancient school, 20. Joseph Mede, 31. carnal Jews, 44.
M'Neile and David's tabernacle, 32. The Jew is

PART III. THE MODERN DOCTRINE TRIED BY FAITH AND THE BIBLE.
Bears no analogy to christian faith, p. 47. Is Whitby, 37, 59. Four views of Millennium, 60.
opposed to faith, 49. Contraclicts the holy No prophecy its own interpreter, 63. Five Syn-
word, 53. Who are the Jews of promise, &c., chronisms, 63, 66. A Discursion, 66. Ezek.
54. The gospel expires when millennium and Apoc. in latter portions parallel, 68. Sum-
joines, 53.

Millenisi doctrine received by | mary in conclusion, 72.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE

OF THE CONFERENCE

ON THE SECOND COMING OF OUR LORD JESUS

CHRIST, HELD IN BOSTON, MASS., OCTOBER 14, 15, 1840.

The brethren assembled in the Chardon St. Chapel, Oct. 14, at 10 o'clock A. M. J. V. Himes, the pastor officiating in this Chapel, took the desk, and read the following call of the Conference, with appropriate remarks.

The undersigned, believers in the Second Coming and Kingdom of the Messiah “at hand,cordially unite in the call of a general Conference of our brethren of the United States, and elsewhere, who are also looking for the advent near, to meet at Boston, Mass., Wednesday, Oct. 14, 1840, at 10 o'clock A. M., to continue two days, or as long as may then be found best.

The object of the Conference will not be to form a new organization in the faith of Christ; nor to assail others of our brethren who differ from us in regard to the period and manner of the advent; but to discuss the whole subject faithfully and fairly, in the exercise of that spirit of Christ in which it will be safe immediately to meet him at the judgment seat.

By so doing, we may accomplish much in the rapid, general, and powerful spread of “the everlasting gospel of the kingdom at hand,” that the way of the Lord may be speedily prepared, whatever may be the precise period of his coming.

Having read the call,, a chairman pro tempore was called for, and Henry D. Ward was chosen. David Millard addressed the Throne of Grace.

The chairman made the following remarks on the object of the meeting:

My "BRETHREN AND FRIENDS:- We have convened on a great and solemn consideration, the near coming of our Lord in his kingdom. It becomés us to understand, and to let others know, that ours is not a new doctrine. · Sound Christians in every age have cherished it; it was the universal faith of the primitive church; it is the plain doctrine of the New Testament. The novelty which seems to characterize our views, takes its color from the errors of a fallen church, and will be entirely removed by the inspection of

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